Author: Soraya Carvajal B., originally published February 5 2018 - "Spain is fine, we are doing well in the digital field, but we could be better, especially in terms of education, because it is essential that new generations know how to move with digital skills, in Big Data, Cloud and artificial intelligence, "said César Alierta, president of the Fundación Telefónica, during the presentation of the report 'Digital Society in Spain 2017', which was held today in Madrid

Alierta remarked on this aspect by pointing out that in Spain "there is a need for 2.5 million boys and girls by 2020 to study to be experts in digitalization and to face the great demand in the sector" and for this reason he stressed that education should be a priority for governments, which must adapt to current times and needs, because in his opinion, "in our country is still teaching what was valid in 1980 and that can not be. Those who are in charge are not aware of the problem of lack of training, and that is worrisome."

This statement becomes more relevant when taking into account that, according to a LinkedIn study, "of the 10 professional skills most demanded in 2017 in that network in Spain, 9 were related to digital competencies", said José María Sanz-Magallón, general director of Fundación Telefónica.

Among the professional skills mentioned are: Cloud computing and distributed computing, statistical analysis and data collection, web architecture and infrastructure development, QA software and user testing, user interface design, SEO / SEM, engineering and data storage, middleware and integration software and systems integration software.

The Digital Society Report in Spain 2017 also maintains that Spanish society is already digital thanks to: the coverage and services of mobile access broadband; the leadership in the deployment of fiber optics to the home, with more clients than Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy combined, consolidating as the third largest fiber access network in the OECD countries; and since the country has a generation that is practically "mobile first or mobile only", as well as since 50% of young Spaniards consume between 90% and 100% of their time on the network on a mobile screen and 86% already use a smartphone and use it as a reference device.

But, paradoxically, only 31% of Spaniards have advanced digital skills and only 23% have basic digital skills. That is to say, practically half of the population does not have the necessary digital skills to deal adequately with digital transformation.

Thus, Spain is ranked 17 out of the 28 countries that make up the European Union, in the indicator of Human Capital included in the DESI, a situation of disadvantage.

For all this, and taking into account that the skills most in demand in the future will be related to ICT and data analysis, the report points out that digitization requires the urgent adaptation of the teachings and knowledge of students to this new paradigm.

In contrast, by focusing on the positive aspects, we find that digitization is an essential tool so that educational improvement can occur and be able to reach all areas, including the most vulnerable.

In this sense, Sanz-Magallón pointed out that, according to the SED [1] report, in Spain 68% of Internet users have used the Internet as a tool to improve their training and the visualization of training videos is increasing. Also, 7 out of 10 users consider that their training has improved thanks to the internet and almost 80% of the adolescents who access training videos do so to complement their regulated training.

And, although the videos of learning that continue to attract more interest are related to hobbies, this is a declining trend, while the viewing of regulated training videos increases and in 2017, 54.3% of Internet users accessed them, 10 percentage points more than in 2016.

This growth occurred in 30% among young people aged 14 to 19 years and 69.2% among users aged 25 to 34 years. The study also established that men more than women access videos related to work and regulated training and that 8 out of 10 users use video for training purposes, a process -the training- that is increasingly longer, because the job market requires young people to continue learning.


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