"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"
This report from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) set out to answer the question above on prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS. It contains maps and charts on the importance of location and population and information focused on specific at-risk groups including: young women, sex workers, people who inject drugs, gay men and other men who have sex with men, transgender people, migrants, prisoners, disabled people, African-American women, people who are over the age of 50 years, displaced people, pregnant women, and intimate partners. People living with HIV (children and adults) are included as members of all of the populations above. The document focuses on gaps in addressing those populations, specific to various regions.
The document includes regional "snapshots" of the epidemic in: Sub-Saharan Africa; Caribbean; Asia and the Pacific; Middle East and North Africa; Latin America; North America, Western and Central Europe; and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It then focuses on chapters addressing each unique population and includes information and strategies focused on each.
For example, in the focus on migrants, communication-related strategies include:
- working with governments in border regions to develop cross-border strategies, such as allowing migrants to return home regularly for clinic checkups and access to antiretrovirals;
- designing programmes that are responsive to migrants’ different backgrounds and needs;
- designing HIV information in the languages that migrants feel most at ease with when making decisions about their health and personal behaviour;
- mobilising communities by engaging people from within migrant and ethnic minority populations in order to ensure that their needs are being met and that programmes are culturally appropriate;
- strengthening civil society leadership to counter stigma and social exclusion; and
- meaningfully including migrants, as well as members of their families, in community health programmes at the local level.
UNAIDS website, October 24 2014.