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The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

Polio Summer Internships at WHO

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative of the World Health Organization is currently accepting applications from students and recent graduates interested in spring/summer internships in 2015.

The deadline for submission is 30 April 2015.

Featured

This TED-Ed lesson includes a focus on disease eradication efforts, such as smallpox ("the first and only human disease to be permanently eliminated [in 1980, after decades of global efforts, including household visits]") and polio, which, according to this lesson, has involved efforts that have prevented 13 million cases of paralysis and 650,...

This document outlines the strategies developed by the Afghanistan Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) programme as part of its revision of the National Emergency Action Plan (NEAP).

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Research and Strategy

This document outlines the strategies developed by the Afghanistan Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) programme as part of its revision of the National Emergency Action Plan (NEAP).

"The development of an effective behavior change communication strategy requires an indepth understanding of the many stakeholder viewpoints, perceptions, and norms. There is considerable evidence that focused messages to inform parents about where and when to go for complete immunization is the most important and effective communication...

"Media and social media can create a negative or positive vaccine sentiment and can provide a platform for lobbies and key opinion leaders to influence others....Community leaders and influencers, including religious leaders in some settings, celebrities in others, can all have a significant influence on vaccine acceptance or hesitancy."...

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Experiences

Dhibcaha Nolosha (Drops for Life) is a radio show that aims to improve understanding about polio and challenge negative attitudes towards vaccination. Created in response to a polio outbreak in Somalia that started in May 2013 (a country with no outbreaks in the previous 6 years), the 15-minute magazine show is broadcast on the BBC...

"Hundreds of Pakistani labourers have been shown a short film that hopes to show them the importance of polio vaccinations."

Image Nation Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emerites (UAE), developed a film- and radio-based campaign running from June to September 2014 in an effort to create strong awareness about polio and polio vaccination...

"Child health records help ensure every child receives the vaccines they need to live a healthy and productive life. However, many health records are lost or destroyed, not accurately maintained, or are simply too confusing to read."

"[Y]outh's productive engagement in the polio/RI programme will provide it with a source of continued dynamism and productive energy. This is especially so as the Polio Eradication programme is transcending into a crucial phase, as for over three years no wild polio transmission is reported in the country (India), whereas the associated '...

"Public radio show games conducted in local languages for the communities by the communities is the approach likely to promote lasting change and to support communication activities in immunization and polio eradication. Such programmes increase participation, community ownership..." - Bruno Maes, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)...

"On the morning of 8 November, scores of Syrian refugee children at the Omariya informal settlement in east Lebanon held a joyful demonstration amongst the tents in their camp. Accompanied by social worker from the Lebanese NGO [non-governmental organisation] Beyond, they held colourful placards with the word 'polio' in Arabic crossed out,...

As carried out in Nigeria, from early 2007 to mid-2009, IMMUNIZATIONbasics (IMMbasics) worked with government agencies at all levels (Federal, State, and Local Government Area (LGA) levels) and international partners in Bauchi and Sokoto states, with a focus on developing the human and organisational capacity needed to strengthen delivery of...

The NSEWA Project (which is a contraction of North-South-East-West Africa) is working to close the gap between health services and road safety through specially designed driver safety training and health-related programmes directed at the Road Freight Industry. Led by North Star Alliance and Fleet Forum, the NSEWA training and certificate...

The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and their partners in Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe are working to intensify cross border social and behaviour change communication (SBCC) interventions with a particular focus on high risk groups such as sexworkers, truckers, and migrant populations. The project involves...

Media's pH (Public Health) Value

This initiative, launched in India by Newslaundry in partnership with Who’s There? Yes (WTY), a global journalism and health mentoring initiative of Chitra Subramaniam Duella and Franklin Apfel, is intended to inspire public debate in India on health issues starting with tobacco control. It was timed for debate during the lead up to the Delhi...

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Publications

"Clearly, this partnership between countries and sharing of expertise and know-how can go a long way to eradicating polio globally."

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Communication Reviews

"Public awareness was the key for the success we had - in the schools, the mosques - but now keeping polio-free is more important than becoming polio-free." - Governor of Kandahar, Afghanistan

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Community Participation

"The development of an effective behavior change communication strategy requires an indepth understanding of the many stakeholder viewpoints, perceptions, and norms. There is considerable evidence that focused messages to inform parents about where and when to go for complete immunization is the most important and effective communication...

Author: Nikhil Patil, March 9 2015 - Non-compliance to polio immunization is a major challenge to effectively reaching 100% coverage of the vaccine across Nigeria and eliminate polio transmission. One solution to address non-compliance has been the introduction of health camps, mobile outreach services that provide basic health services,...

The aim of this guide is to help health workers use their own data to identify problems and causes of low immunisation coverage and to plan solutions to increase immunisation coverage. Jointly produced by the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) of the World Health Organization (WHO) Department of Vaccines and Biologicals and the United...

Author: Anne McArthur, March 4 2015 - I’ve been working on immunization programs for the past 14 years, including seven years as Immunization Advisor to the Partnership for Reviving Routine Immunization in Northern Nigeria/Maternal Neonatal and Child Health Initiative (PRRINN-MNCH), a DFID [Department for International Development]-Norwegian...

"[S]pecific communication challenges make it difficult for the public to perceive the risks of polio among other priorities, and hinder adequate support from governments, social and religious institutions, the media, community leaders and other stakeholders."

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Advocacy

This document outlines the strategies developed by the Afghanistan Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) programme as part of its revision of the National Emergency Action Plan (NEAP).

"Popular demand for and acceptance of these new vaccines (primarily pentavalent, pneumococcal conjugate, and rotavirus vaccines) was relatively high due to knowledge and fear of the target diseases for the new vaccines and to successful communication activities."

"[S]pecific communication challenges make it difficult for the public to perceive the risks of polio among other priorities, and hinder adequate support from governments, social and religious institutions, the media, community leaders and other stakeholders."

This webpage from the Council on Foreign Relations serves as a resource for communication practitioners and others seeking to understand - and access resources about - the global effort to eradicate polio. Clicking on each of the subheadings in the background brings the reader to information and multiple URLs leading to further data - for...

"Following the attacks on polio workers in December 2012 and in 2013, the overall aim of the communications programme has shifted towards positioning polio vaccination so that community, political and religious leaders view OPV as an essential trusted commodity."

From the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), Ministry of Public Health, Afghanistan, this report narrates the epidemiological situation with regard to polio, the status of supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs), acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance, and communication activities implemented in 2013 and planned for 2014.

"...Polio program in Afghanistan has identified 6 key intervention areas that will be essential to assure the implementation of strategies [including]:...Communication directed to increased community demand and ownership..."

"To address anti-polio sentiments and violence targeting polio workers early in 2013, the program intensified social and community mobilization activities providing opportunities for community leaders to engage in the response and become advocates for the program's success."

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Nigeria

Author: Nikhil Patil, March 9 2015 - Non-compliance to polio immunization is a major challenge to effectively reaching 100% coverage of the vaccine across Nigeria and eliminate polio transmission. One solution to address non-compliance has been the introduction of health camps, mobile outreach services that provide basic health services,...

Author: Anne McArthur, March 4 2015 - I’ve been working on immunization programs for the past 14 years, including seven years as Immunization Advisor to the Partnership for Reviving Routine Immunization in Northern Nigeria/Maternal Neonatal and Child Health Initiative (PRRINN-MNCH), a DFID [Department for International Development]-Norwegian...

This document reports on preliminary findings from polls conducted as part of a global research initiative to understand and respond to parents' views and experiences receiving polio vaccine. As the researchers - who hail from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) as part of a collaboration between the Harvard Opinion Research Program (...

This webpage from the Council on Foreign Relations serves as a resource for communication practitioners and others seeking to understand - and access resources about - the global effort to eradicate polio. Clicking on each of the subheadings in the background brings the reader to information and multiple URLs leading to further data - for...

"To address anti-polio sentiments and violence targeting polio workers early in 2013, the program intensified social and community mobilization activities providing opportunities for community leaders to engage in the response and become advocates for the program's success."

From the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), the Global Polio Emergency Action Plan (EAP) aims to boost vaccination coverage in Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the 3 remaining polio-endemic countries. It builds on India's success in stopping polio transmission and outlines a range of new strategies and initiatives to better support...

Author: Sherine Guirguis, January 2 2015 - I'm often asked how the largest-ever public health movement - to end polio - has boosted the world’s ability to fight other deadly infectious diseases.

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Pakistan

This document reports on preliminary findings from polls conducted as part of a global research initiative to understand and respond to parents' views and experiences receiving polio vaccine. As the researchers - who hail from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) as part of a collaboration between the Harvard Opinion Research Program (...

This webpage from the Council on Foreign Relations serves as a resource for communication practitioners and others seeking to understand - and access resources about - the global effort to eradicate polio. Clicking on each of the subheadings in the background brings the reader to information and multiple URLs leading to further data - for...

"Following the attacks on polio workers in December 2012 and in 2013, the overall aim of the communications programme has shifted towards positioning polio vaccination so that community, political and religious leaders view OPV as an essential trusted commodity."

From the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), the Global Polio Emergency Action Plan (EAP) aims to boost vaccination coverage in Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the 3 remaining polio-endemic countries. It builds on India's success in stopping polio transmission and outlines a range of new strategies and initiatives to better support...

"It is clear that the level of political commitment, the extent of engagement of regional and local leaders, the quality of public health leadership and management, and the involvement of civil society are totally inadequate. Pakistan puts the entire global goal in jeopardy."

"What are some of the communication challenges in engaging people on polio immunization issues?"

This is one of the questions asked in this interview of Thomas Abraham, MA, who is affiliated with the Journalism and Media Studies Center (JMSC) at The University of Hong Kong and who is a consultant for the World Health...

Author: Heidi J Larson, PhD, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Dept. Global Health, University of Washington, September 5 2014 - The myriad of challenges contributing to the persisting spread of Ebola in West Africa - the biggest Ebola outbreak since the viral haemorrhagic fever was discovered in 1976 - echo some of the...

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Afghanistan

This document outlines the strategies developed by the Afghanistan Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) programme as part of its revision of the National Emergency Action Plan (NEAP).

From the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), Ministry of Public Health, Afghanistan, this report narrates the epidemiological situation with regard to polio, the status of supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs), acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance, and communication activities implemented in 2013 and planned for 2014.

"...Polio program in Afghanistan has identified 6 key intervention areas that will be essential to assure the implementation of strategies [including]:...Communication directed to increased community demand and ownership..."

From the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), the Global Polio Emergency Action Plan (EAP) aims to boost vaccination coverage in Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the 3 remaining polio-endemic countries. It builds on India's success in stopping polio transmission and outlines a range of new strategies and initiatives to better support...

"It is clear that the level of political commitment, the extent of engagement of regional and local leaders, the quality of public health leadership and management, and the involvement of civil society are totally inadequate. Pakistan puts the entire global goal in jeopardy."

"As the newly elected government establishes itself, it is critical that the national commitment to achieving polio eradication is maintained at the highest level."

"Eradicating polio requires that millions of parents allow their children to be given dose after dose of polio vaccine. Properly engaging them is key to success."

The above insight is one of those shared in the ninth report following from the tenth meeting of the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) of the Global Polio...

"Interpreting resistance to vaccination as essentially religio-cultural marginalises an understanding of resistance as the rational and strategic response by households and communities to systematic conditions of inequity and exclusion."

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India

"Popular demand for and acceptance of these new vaccines (primarily pentavalent, pneumococcal conjugate, and rotavirus vaccines) was relatively high due to knowledge and fear of the target diseases for the new vaccines and to successful communication activities."

From the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), the Global Polio Emergency Action Plan (EAP) aims to boost vaccination coverage in Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the 3 remaining polio-endemic countries. It builds on India's success in stopping polio transmission and outlines a range of new strategies and initiatives to better support...

This paper describes a cross-sectional study conducted to assess the impact of social mobilisation on families in Aligarh, India who are resistant to giving polio drops to their children. Considering that there is a history of Muslim resistance to the oral polio vaccine (OPV) due to mistrust and rumour, it was deemed significant that the...

"What are some of the communication challenges in engaging people on polio immunization issues?"

This is one of the questions asked in this interview of Thomas Abraham, MA, who is affiliated with the Journalism and Media Studies Center (JMSC) at The University of Hong Kong and who is a consultant for the World Health...

"The usefulness of household visitation as a strategy to improving coverage of routine polio vaccination, one of the four pillars of the global polio eradication strategy, has not been documented previously."

Recognising that strengthening routine immunisation (RI) is one of the 4 prongs of the Global Polio Eradication...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

"The introduction of any new vaccine into routine vaccination programs requires a complex set of activities including: mobilization and leverage of political will and country leadership; advocacy and communications; advanced planning...; broad engagement of stakeholders...; alignment of staff and resources; and, allocation of sufficient and...

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