Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed nations in the world. According to the CIA The World Factbook, the country has astronomical unemployment rate of 46% and GDP per capita is just US $1,200. About a quarter of Nepal's population lives below the poverty line and ongoing political crisis has made life even more difficult for ordinary citizens.
It is thus pretty obvious that development must be the main goal of the Nepali government and also the civil society. But you would be surprised.
Up until 1950, Nepal was ruled by the Rana clan. A dictatorship, where the people were mere servants - with no rights but lots of duties and obligations. While neighboring India was rising up against the British rule and demanding freedom and self-determination; Nepal was still hold up in medieval age where the ruling class - the Ranas, and the Royal family were the absolutes. They could do whatever they wanted and the mass was still not aware of the concept of "democracy" and "rights".
Compared to the rising level of awareness and organization in South Asia and the world, Nepal was nowhere. February 1951, the Rana regime was finally ousted, thanks to endless efforts of handful of political parties and their supporters. Despite the atrocities committed by the Ranas, struggle against their regime was pretty much limited to few educated and aware citizens - there was no mass uprising.
From 1951 until 2011, Nepal has not been able to fully grasp numerous political and social changes that took place in the span of last 60 years. There have been three democratic "revolutions", decade-long insurgency and long periods of economic and social uncertainty; and yet the country always finds itself drawn towards the negative rather than learning from history and not repeating it.
All three "revolutions" concluded in huge disappointment for the people. Promises of democracy, people's rights and above all - a developed Nepal, all inevitably go up in flames once the parties have to get down to the basics of governing the country. It is as if Nepal has turned into an ungovernable wild wasteland, where only things that flourish are fake promises.
For a desperately poor nation which has had 50 years to get it straight, or at least try to get it straight - Nepal sure seems to be completely incapable of facing the truth.
Instead of prioritizing development, the political establishment has always preferred fighting each other for lucrative government jobs and positions of influence. The people, sadly, have been pushed so far that it all about survival for them. As a result there is very limited civic activism culture in Nepal.
Combine this with various regional and global factors related to economy and access, Nepal's development goals are severely lagging behind.
The only way for Nepal to get back on track and start its engines, is by cutting off the government and the establishment from its development efforts. Cancel all government-funded programs and put the public in charge instead. As the public becomes aware of their rights and responsibilities, they will make sure that petty politics and influence mongering does hurt their efforts to make things better.
I am not a Ronald Reagan fan, but his expression does ring true in Nepal's case - "Government does not solve problems, it subsidizes them." If people of Nepal want to see their country progress, they have to limit the government and take charge of their future.