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Strengthening Community and Health Systems for Quality PMTCT: Applications in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Ethiopia

pmtcsystems.jpg
May 1, 2013
Affiliation: 

Pathfinder

This 12-page report by Pathfinder discusses experiences as well as recommendations based on programmes for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. According to the report, barriers to implementing programmes for PMTCT in resource-limited settings fall into common biomedical, behavioral, and structural categories.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Pathfinder website on July 7 2013.

GenARDIS 2002 - 2010: Small Grants that Made Big Changes for Women in Agriculture

Author: 
Jennifer Radloff
Helen Hambly Odame
Sonia Jorge
September 1, 2010
Affiliation: 

Association for Progressive Communications (Radloff), University of Guelph (Hambly Odame)

This document discusses the work of the Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in the Information Society (GenARDIS) small grants fund, which was initiated in 2002 to support work on gender-related issues in information and communications technologies (ICTs) for the African, Caribbean, and Pacific regions. The small grants fund was disbursed to diverse projects in order to counter barriers to women living in rural areas. This document records the process and results, and is intended to contribute to more gender-aware ICT policy advocacy.

Source: 

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website, February 16 2011 and March 30 2012.

http://www.comminit.com/files/Genardis_EN_cover.feature.jpg

Alive & Thrive (A&T) in Ethiopia

Alive & Thrive (A&T) is 6-year initiative (2009-2014) funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to improve infant and young child nutrition by increasing rates of exclusive breastfeeding and improving complementary feeding practices. The goal is to reach more than 16 million children under 2 years old in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Viet Nam, and to inform policies and programmes around the world.

Communication Strategies: 

In Ethiopia, A&T's advocacy, behaviour change, and private sector activities are grounded in the following strategies.

Strategy 1: A&T is working to: heighten attention to and resources for IYCF at the federal, regional, and district levels through an advocacy campaign; develop and disseminate an advocacy video and related materials to build support for nutrition within the Federal Ministry of Health; build partnerships to advance infant and young child nutrition by engaging women's associations as IYCF champions; and engage the media to improve awareness and coverage of nutrition and IYCF.

Strategy 2: Community-based activities are being implemented by the Integrated Family Health Program (IFHP) and in collaboration with other organisations in support of the government delivery system. These activities will involve, for example: enhancing supervision of health extension workers (HEWs); improving the communication and counselling skills of HEWs through enhanced counselling tools and capacity building; engaging family and community members through "community conversations"; reinforcing messages through the radio; using mobile phone technology to refresh and motivate HEWs; and conducting operations research of timed and targeted counselling by HEWs and peer mothers.

Strategy 3: Having observed that local foods often do not meet all of the nutritional requirements of children between the vulnerable ages of 6-24 months, A&T will conduct a stakeholder analysis and qualitative research on eating and consumer purchasing habits and test the acceptability of a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) and consumers' willingness to pay for the product.

Strategy 4: A&T will evaluate the impact of the programme strategies as well as the process for delivering the interventions. Organisers conducted a baseline survey in 2010 of 3,000 children less than 5 years old and will carry out an endline survey in 2013 to evaluate the impact of the community component on IYCF practices and stunting. A&T will also assess the impact of A&T on the policy process, from agenda setting to policy formulation and change to policy implementation.

Development Issues: 

Children, Nutrition.

Key Points: 

With areas of chronic food insecurity and high rates of infectious disease, Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Challenges include:

  1. 1. Limited recognition of sub-optimal IYCF practices: Breastfeeding is the cultural norm, but less than half of women practice timely introduction of complementary food. Almost half of children under five are stunted, yet there is limited recognition of the extent of the problem or the long-term consequences on learning capacity and economic productivity.
  2. Limited experience with preventive models: Nutritional interventions often focus on food distribution in emergency situations, with less emphasis on promoting specific behaviors to improve IYCF.
Partner Text: 

AED manages A&T, with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Other partners in Ethiopia include: the Federal Ministry of Health, Ministry of Women's Affairs and various women's associations, World Vision, and the Integrated Family Health Program (funded by the United States Agency for International Development - USAID).

See video
Source: 

Ethiopia page on the A&T website, February 16 2011. Image credit: Agnes Guyen

UNICEF's Child-Friendly Schools: Ethiopia Case Study

May 1, 2010

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), this case study examines UNICEF Ethiopia's establishment, since 2007, of child-friendly schools (CFS) in Ethiopia, covering all 9 regional states and the 2 city administrations in the country. As detailed here, the CFS model is structured around a child-seeking, child-centred, gender-sensitive, inclusive school that emphasises teaching effectiveness and community involvement.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

UNICEF website and UNICEF Ethiopia website - both accessed on February 11 2011. Image credit: © UNICEF/Ethiopia/UN/Debebe

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Beye Kenu Le Hiwot (Everyday for Life) ART Communication Programme

Launched in 2006, the "Beye Kenu Le Hiwot" or "Everyday for Life’ ART (anti-retroviral therapy) Communication Programme of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs - AIDS Resource Center (JHU/CCP-ARC) in Ethiopia aims to provide accurate and up-to-date information in order to strengthen the delivery of health services and increase client uptake and adherence to ART. The programme also strives to motivate communities to be more supportive of people living with HIV.

Communication Strategies: 

All communication undertaken in this programme is strategically designed as per the National ART Communication Framework, March 2005.

The ART Communication Programme targets:

  • Men and women 30-50 years old, adolescents 10-15 years old who are already taking ART in urban and rural areas
  • Treatment providers (physicians, nurses, counsellors including those providing paediatric care)
  • Pharmacists
  • Religious leaders
  • Treatment supporters (PLWHA associations and family or friends) and home-based caretakers.

More than 45 communication products have been developed to date. One of the key components of the programme is the newly designed SMART campaign, intended to improve ART adherence by enhancing client and service provider relationships. The campaign advocates that an improvement in the relationship between clients and providers can lead to improved health outcomes. This is confirmed by HIV/AIDS treatment literature which verifies that the client-provider relationship is a key indicator for adherence to ART.

The campaign is directed at both clients and providers, and encourages clients to be SMART or ‘ASTEWAI’ and providers to also be SMART or ‘TAGASH’ (Astewai and Tagash are translations of smart in Amharic). Communication products developed include: a low literacy community conversation flip-chart for clients, 2 videos, one for clients and the other for providers, and a series of radio spots for clients. The flipchart and videos are accompanied by discussion guides to be used by facilitators and co-facilitators who guide discussions to ensure that they cover the relevant topics and reinforce key messages.

The tagline used for materials developed for clients is: "ASTEWAI clients take responsibility for their lives!" Clients are encouraged to realise that they themselves play a significant role in their own health care and promote their assertiveness.

The tagline used for materials developed for service providers is: "TAGASH service providers know how to work in challenging circumstances!" Materials recognise the challenges that service providers face in their practice and remind them of simple techniques that they can use daily to make their jobs easier and more satisfactory.

JHU/CCP-ARC held an exhibition called "Lives in Color" in April 2010, where people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS represented their life stories visually. The event was an opportunity for individuals to share their stories and learn from each other. Participants involved in body mapping workshops earlier in the year were able to illustrate the impact of HIV on their body and soul in life-sized paintings. The exhibition of the paintings was opened at The National Museum of Ethiopia. According to the organisers, and the comments received from the public, the event was remarkably successful in opening the doors to the true life experiences of people living with HIV and educating the public to reduce the stigma against them.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS - Treatment, Care and Support

Key Points: 

JHU/CCP-ARC is the national communication center for HIV/AIDS related information in Ethiopia and works in partnership with Ethiopia's HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO). JHU/CCP-ARC is funded by the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). JHU-CCP provides technical assistance to the work undertaken by ARC.

Partner Text: 

President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), Ethiopia's HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO), Ethiopian Ministry of Health (MOH), and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

AIDS Resource Center website on January 10 2011.

The Regional Livelihoods Advocacy Project (REGLAP)

Launched in October 2009, The Regional Livelihoods Advocacy Project (REGLAP) is a Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO) funded project working to reduce the vulnerability of pastoral communities by bringing about changes in policy and practice in the Horn and East Africa. The goal of the project is to raise awareness among planners and policy makers about the full potential of pastoral systems to make a significant contribution to the economies of the region.

Communication Strategies: 

The first phase of the project focused on building evidence around five thematic areas and establishing a policy and practices baseline. As part of this phase, the project produced a number of documents for the media including a handbook for journalists and a media summary of pastoralism. The journalists’ handbook is designed to help journalists appreciate the success of pastoralism and understand how it works. The media summary was produced to highlight the negative bias of coverage which tends to portray pastoralists as war-like, hungry, backward, and aid-dependent.

Click here to download "Get To Know Pastoralism - It Works!: A handbook for journalists".
Click here to download "Pastoralists Get a Bad Press: Why?".

Other studies and papers written during this phase included a review of laws and policies in the Horn and East Africa; a paper on pastoralism and climate change; a paper on demographic trends, settlement patterns, and service provision in pastoralism; a paper on social protection and preparedness planning; and a paper on mobile pastoral systems and international zoosanitary standards. Each of the reports is intended to present evidence-based research findings to overcome misconceptions and misunderstandings regarding particular aspects of pastoral livelihoods, and highlight appropriate policy recommendations that favour pastoralist systems. The reports also present evidence to help inform thinking in order that policymakers can keep abreast of new opportunities and threats in the rangelands. Click here to access these papers in PDF format (under REGLAP papers).

The second phase of the project ran for 12 months from July 2009 - June 2010. This part of the project undertook to influence governments, donors, and regional bodies on the need to apply a holistic approach to addressing pastoral vulnerability. Organisers say drought risk reduction offers an opportunity to do this. Phase two audiences included governments of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda, regional governmental bodies, and also policy influencers and decision-makers among international donors, United Nations agencies, non-governmental organisations, and media. This phase of the project was designed to create an advocacy space that would promote necessary policy and practice change. To achieve its objectives, the project tackled the common misconceptions that prevent swifter and more appropriate action, and enhanced understanding on issues of climate change and population expansion as global challenges that policy-makers must act quickly to address. Key activities included knowledge and good practice gathering; policy dialogue; promoting policy and practice change; and building civil society capacity for advocacy related to pastoral livelihoods.

Development Issues: 

Natural Resource Management, Economic Development, Climate Change, Pastoralism

Key Points: 

Pastoral communities in the Horn and East Africa have adapted over the ages to thrive in some of the harshest conditions – hot and dry regions with low and erratic rainfall. Today pastoralism makes a significant contribution to the GDP of many Horn and East African countries, and contributes to the livelihoods of millions of people. However, pastoralism continues to be neglected, undervalued, and overlooked by governments and policy makers. Recent recurrent droughts, land fragmentation and other drivers of change are now stretching pastoralists’ coping strategies to breaking point. Many of the less fortunate have fallen into destitution and increasing poverty.

According to REGLAP, governments and international agencies have yet to find effective solutions to the complex natural and political vulnerabilities of pastoral communities. Responses have not always respected the complexity of pastoral livelihoods. A focus on short-term interventions has failed to address the underlying causes of problems and in some cases has compounded them.

Partner Text: 

Oxfam UK, Save the Children, Veterinarians without Borders Belgium, Care, Cordaid, Reconcile, and Overseas Development Institute (ODI).

Source: 

Kibing HIV Awareness Films

Produced by No Strings International, in partnership with the Irish organisation Trócaire, the Kibing puppet films form part of an education package designed for children ages 8-12 and older.

Communication Strategies: 

The central character of the films is the mysterious Kibii Kabooka Kibing who appears, from nowhere, with his speaking crow and monkey, on the pretext of offering big money prizes to the lucky ones chosen to play one of their three games. In reality, their aim is to make that person – the learning character – confront their prejudices or lack of awareness about HIV. In each film, taking part in the game leads to a change of attitude and an accumulation of wisdom, allowing that person to make better choices that will help them stay healthy, and to be more thoughtful of others in their community.

According to the producers, the learning character in each film is key to stimulating reflection about certain behaviours which in turn can lead to a change in behaviour. In each film the learning character undergoes the main change in attitude and through them the viewer also challenges the way they approach things. Although the characters are generally likeable, the viewer realises that this does not mean that one cannot be critical of these characters – because they lack awareness, they do lots of things that can be harmful to themselves or to those around them.

Although the films are intended primarily for children, they could be equally effective for older children and even adults, where they can be used to inspire a more complex and mature analysis of the pressures, problems, and anxieties they may face.

The following are the story outlines of the three films, each focusing on a particular issue - stigma, prevention, and gender equality:

Do You Know It All? (Stigma) This film features Simon Mukuba who thinks he knows a lot about HIV/AIDS. He makes it his business to share that knowledge with everyone else so that they don’t get infected. He tells everyone that HIV is a curse and caused by evil spirits and that one can even get it from touching a ball an orphaned boy has kicked. When Kibii Kabooka Kibing appears through his cloud of dust, it is Simon he picks to play the big cash prize "Do You Know It All" challenge. The wheel spins, the crowd holds its breath, and it stops at the HIV sign. For each correct answer, Simon keeps a $100 bill, and for each incorrect answer, the crow snatches it away. Needless to say, his first three answers are hopelessly wrong. The final question is: Is Simon Mukuba HIV positive? He says he is not as he is healthy as a buffalo. But as Kibing points out, there is no way of knowing unless one is tested. Simon loses the game, but both he and the other villagers are made to reflect on the fact that perhaps people living with HIV or AIDS deserve their support, not their fear, and that they should all get tested as testing means you can get medicines and stop the virus from spreading.

Will This Be Your Life? (Prevention) This film is about young Daisy Johnson. When walking home from school with her friend, Frances, and little brother, Daniel, she is flattered when Clifford, a guy on a motorbike, wants to talk to her. Rita and Tanya, the cool slightly older girls, are smoking cigarettes and watching. Daisy wants to be like them. When Kibing appears and offers her the amazing opportunity to choose between two futures, represented by Clifford, or Frances and Daniel, she does not hesitate and chooses the "cool" lifestyle. She is given a magical Return Button: at any point she can press it and return to the present with no harm done. At first, things seem great. Daisy grows up fast, smoking, drinking, hanging out in bars. Then she gets pregnant, loses her Return Button, and finds out she is HIV positive, even though Clifford seemed so healthy. With only Clifford to turn to, she arrives to find him disgusted, flinging her old school bag out of his house. Inside the school bag she finds the Return Button, and Daisy is able to go back to the present and to Frances and Daniel. She tells all her friends her story and warns them that they do not have the luxury of a Return Button.

The 24 Hour Challenge (Gender Equality) This film is about Joseph and Matthew who are two ordinary young school friends without a care in the world. They dream of motorbikes and cell phones and new sunglasses. They have no idea that each of their older sisters would love the same opportunity to go to school and that one of them is due to marry a much older man the very next day, and the other is plagued by the attentions of a lustful young drunk, Ruti. Kibing’s lesson takes the form of the 24-Hour Challenge. If each boy agrees to spend 24 hours as their sisters, the boys can have bikes and phones to their hearts’ content. When the exchange happens, Joseph is horrified to find he’s about to be wed the next day, and Matthew is terrified by Ruti’s menacing advances. In addition, both situations carry a risk of HIV. The police blame the ‘girls’ for being out late when they try to complain. With the fiancé and Ruti hot on their tails, there is only one thing to do - go back to Kibing and admit defeat, a mere 12 hours into the challenge. They realise, however, that it is their sisters who are the real losers and for whom life can be very unfair. They form a pressure group, seeking fairness and equality for all.

To date, the films have been dubbed in Swahili, Luganda, and African English dialect, with French, Kikongo, and Lingala versions currently nearing completion and with more languages to follow.

According to the producers, the films are culturally sensitive, with characters and sets familiar to their target audiences. The message content was developed with local partners in sub-Saharan Africa, many of whom are now active in their dissemination. The shoot took place at the Henson Studio Annex in New York City, NY, United States, in May 2009, with two of the No Strings in-country team there to provide advice on content, assist with arising issues relating to cultural sensitivity, and to ensure the films are created in line with full expectations of local partner experts.

As an educational tool, the No Strings films are intended to be used as an engaging means to present vital information that leads to further discussion and reflection. The stories present many important issues, and the characters are meant to form easy reference points for an exploration of real-life issues. Children watch the films in groups, and a visiting trained facilitator takes them on the journey from the film's fantasy world to the real world. Facilitators are trained during in-country No Strings workshops. Facilitators may be field workers with local partner organisations or teachers. They may be sent to attend a No Strings workshop in person, or they may be trained in subsequent sessions run by more senior staff who have themselves attended the No Strings workshop for training of trainers. As part of the workshop, No Strings also sends two leading puppeteers to conduct hand puppet training classes so that facilitators can introduce characters for specific educational roles which help reinforce their learning and deepen their understanding of the many pressures, fears, and sense of isolation that young people may experience. Locally-produced hand puppets are provided, along with a facilitator’s guide detailing the overall methodology.

No Strings held a five-day facilitators workshop in October 2009 for 36 delegates from Trócaire’s local partner organisations in 8 sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Mozambique, Angola, and Zimbabwe.

An assessment visit was conducted in March 2010, in which a number of partners using the films in Kenya and Uganda were visited. Findings from the assessment were incorporated into a Facilitator's Guide and Training Manual, which were distributed to facilitators using the programme.

Click here to view photos from the production on Flickr.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS and Gender

Key Points: 

Now registered in three countries, No Strings was founded six years ago by some of the staff from the original Muppet Show, Fraggle Rock, and many other TV and film favourites, and an experienced humanitarian aid team. Their work is based on a simple idea - how to get through to people with crucial information in a way they will enjoy, engage with, and remember. No Strings works globally to create films that challenge behaviours linked to issues such as peace building, HIV/AIDS, health, and safety.

No Strings films are being used by organisations such as Trócaire, Plan International, the International Organisation for Migration, and Save the Children, while in the Philippines, their natural disasters-awareness programme is being incorporated by the Department of Education as part of the national curriculum across the schools system.

Partner Text: 

No Strings International and Trócaire.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

AIDSAlliance Blog, and email from Rosie Waller to Soul Beat Africa on September 3 2010.

(Photo by: Jeffery Price)

The Team Radio Series - Ethiopia

The Team, known locally as Tena Budin which means Health Team in Amharic, is a serial radio drama designed to encourage Ethiopians to look collectively at community problems and work collaboratively to find non-violent solutions to conflicts. The 50-episode radio drama, created by Search for Common Ground (SFCG), PACT Ethiopia, and Zeleman Productions, was broadcast nationwide throughout 2009 and covered topics and issues that were meant to be have special appeal and meaning for youth.

Communication Strategies: 

The series revolved around members of a football team and followed the emerging love story between two of the main characters and the many problems they confront. They are shown working through these conflicts constructively, becoming role models for other young people. The series focused on promoting a change of attitude among Ethiopians regarding how to manage and resolve various community conflicts, while at the same time providing entertainment. The Team tackled issues of ethnicity, religion, and class, and focused on themes of violence, dialogue, tolerance, mutual respect, social responsibility, and empowerment. According to organisers, the programme served as a launching point for Ethiopians as a whole – and youth in particular – to discuss issues of diversity and interpersonal conflict. Click here to read episode summaries from Series 1.

According to the producers, the Ethiopian radio show was a challenge because the visual aspects of the team, specifically the football games, had to be interpreted aurally. To overcome this challenge, the Ethiopian writers came up with a clever and humorous character called "Abush" (common slang for neighbourhood kid), who become the self-appointed commentator for The Team and made humorous play-by-play announcements about the game.

In an evaluation attitude survey based on the first 10 episodes of The Team in Ethiopia, youth highlighted several topics in the series that were relevant to their lives. The following were among the issues identified:

  • Resolution of Conflict Between Groups - Participants said the various conflicts presented in the episodes related to their own lives since such conflicts and disagreements are common on football fields and elsewhere. They also said the ways different conflicts were resolved, using open discussion to reach mutual understanding, were very helpful.
  • Cooperation and Collective Responsibility - Participants said they learned from the series that they can solve many common problems in their community through cooperation and collective responsibility. According to SFCG, this message was successfully communicated through portraying activities like speaking out against illegal acts, cleaning up the environment, and turning in a thief.
  • Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equality - In the series, women are portrayed in key leadership positions and as effective and efficient decision makers. Participants characterised the women as understanding problems in the community and acting cooperatively to find solutions. Participants in the survey also said that the series showed them that women can be as successful as men if they work as hard, citing the success of Aresema – the lead female character – on the football field.
  • Strength and Rejection of Abuse - The survey participants revealed that sexual harassment by instructors is one of the major problems affecting many female students. Aresema’s confidence and strength in handling the sexual harassment she encountered was recognised as a good lesson for female students who are at risk of similar harmful and unethical practices in schools and universities.
Development Issues: 

Youth, Civic Participation, Conflict Resolution, Diversity

Key Points: 

The Team in Ethiopia is just one of a number of versions of the series produced in different countries for SFCG. Organisers say the production has merged the global appeal of football with radio and television soap opera to help transform social attitudes and diminish violent behaviour in countries grappling with deeply rooted conflict. The series addresses the very real divisive issues facing societies in a dozen African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries, using sport as a unifier to surmount barriers. Each production of The Team follows the characters on a football team who must overcome their differences – be they cultural, ethnic, religious, tribal, racial, or socio-economic – in order to work together to win the game.

All series of The Team are created and produced locally. Actors and scriptwriters, who have experienced violent conflict and divisions firsthand, are drawn from local populations. Local production companies and technicians take the lead, with additional technical assistance and support from Common Ground Productions.

Partner Text: 

Search for Common Ground, Zeleman Productions, and PACT Ethiopia.

Source: 

Understanding Community-Based Information Systems in the Millennium Villages

December 1, 2009

This website from newmediadev2009 was a project of a 2009 research seminar developed and taught by Professor Anne Nelson at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) in New York, the United States (US).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Anne Nelson to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

http://www.comminit.com/files/pill.jpg

Dagu Addis Youth Programme

Dagu Addis is a 30-minute youth radio programme that combines reality radio, listener group discussions, personal narratives, and games to portray challenges young Ethiopians face in practicing health

Communication Strategies: 

The show takes its name from the highly valued traditional communication system of the Afar ethnic group, where members exchange relevant and important information that affects their livelihoods. In the same way, Dagu Addis is designed to provide a safe and youth-friendly space for young people aged 15-24 to discuss and explore issues that affect their health and well-being. The programme uses a mix of reality radio, listener group discussions, vox pops, personal narratives, and games to highlight the challenges young people have with managing their day-to-day lives in a world where HIV prevalence is high. Through role modelling, exploration, and candid discussion, the programme seeks to prompt young people to make "wise" decisions rather than "right" decisions.

The show explores topics such as sexuality, relationships, peer pressure, gender, reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS from the perspective of adolescents and young adults. One segment of the show, for instance, followed a young girl and a boy as they prepare for and go out on a date. The conversations and the date itself are recorded and broadcast. According to the producers, the point is to encourage young people to discuss their issues in a culture where talking about such topics is usually taboo.

There are two hosts/producers, two producers, and three programme staff behind the radio show. Each episode is reviewed by an internal as well as an external reviewer before it is aired. In developing each show, producers conceptualise the programme details first, then look for a person whose life matches the story they want to work on. After finding the match, they establish a relationship with the subject(s) so that the storytellers will feel comfortable sharing their experiences. After this, a series of interviews take place to flesh out the story. The organisers state that the subject of the story has complete discretion as to whether she/he remains anonymous or is named during the broadcast. The programme is broadcast using language commonly spoken by young people (yarada kuanka).

Dagu Addis is part of a larger strategic communication process that incorporates: listener discussion groups where in- and out-of-school youth discuss the topics addressed in Dagu Addis; training in production of audio content around HIV prevention for youth; and the development of print communication materials.

To find out more and to listen to the programmes visit the Dagu website.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Youth

Key Points: 

According to National AIDS Resource Centre, listener response to the show has been positive, with young people saying that the show gives a space for youth to talk freely about their friends, and sexual and love relationships. Two programmes that seemed to have generated the most discussion were on day parties and transactional sex.

Partner Text: 

The Dagu Addis programme is produced by the National AIDS Resource Centre (ARC) and the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programmes (CCP) in collaboration with the Addis Ababa Education Bureau (AAEB). The broadcaster is Sheger FM 102.1 Funding is provided by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Etharc website on March 12 2010 and Dagu website on November 22 2010.

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Humanitarian Journalism Trainer - Internews - Conakry, Guinea

Description

Humanitarian Journalism Trainer (HJT) – Guinea

Location: Conakry and Nzérékoré, Liberia (Two trainers)

Duration: 6 months

Anticipated Start Date: Mid to Late November

Deadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled

PROJECT BACKGROUND

Health Communication Liaison Officer - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia

Description

Health Communication Liaison Officer (HCLO) – Liberia

Location: Monrovia, Liberia

Duration: 6 months

Anticipated Start Date: Mid-November

Deadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled

PROJECT BACKGROUND

Humanitarian Journalism Trainer - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia

Description

Humanitarian Journalism Trainer (HJT) – Liberia

Location: Monrovia, Liberia

Duration: 6 months

Anticipated Start Date: Early November

Deadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled

PROJECT BACKGROUND

Team Leader, Ebola Response - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia

Description

Team Leader, Ebola Response (TLER) – Liberia

Location: Monrovia, Liberia

Duration: 6 months

Anticipated Start Date: Early November

Deadline for Applications: On-going until position is filled              ...

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South Asia

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Background

Internews in Afghanistan supports efforts that empower the independent media sector, enhance transparent and fair media regulation by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, and promote increased access to information among civil society.

The Australian Government’s Department of Foreign...

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Background

In December 2013, USAID awarded the Afghan Civic Engagement program (ACEP) to Counterpart International Inc. and its partners, Internews and the Aga Khan Foundation USA.

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Radio

Senior Projects Manager - BBC Media Action - Juba, South Sudan

Job Introduction

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and support people in understanding their rights. To achieve this, it partners with civil society, local media and governments to:

•  Produce creative programmes in multi-media formats which inform and...

Executive Editor - BBC Media Action - Abuja, Nigeria

12 Months Fixed Term Contract or 24 Months
Fixed term contract
Competitive salary
Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9424

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and...

Project Director - BBC Media Action - Juba, South Sudan

12 Months Fixed term contract

Competitive salary

Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9436

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help reduce poverty and support people in understanding their rights. To achieve this, it partners...

Executive Editor - BBC Media Action -  Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

12 Months Fixed Term Contract or 24 Months Fixed term contract

Competitive salary

Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9425

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and support people in...

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Television

Senior Projects Manager - BBC Media Action - Juba, South Sudan

Job Introduction

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and support people in understanding their rights. To achieve this, it partners with civil society, local media and governments to:

•  Produce creative programmes in multi-media formats which inform and...

Executive Editor - BBC Media Action - Abuja, Nigeria

12 Months Fixed Term Contract or 24 Months
Fixed term contract
Competitive salary
Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9424

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and...

Project Director - BBC Media Action - Juba, South Sudan

12 Months Fixed term contract

Competitive salary

Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9436

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help reduce poverty and support people in understanding their rights. To achieve this, it partners...

Executive Editor - BBC Media Action -  Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

12 Months Fixed Term Contract or 24 Months Fixed term contract

Competitive salary

Job Reference: BBC/TP/139984/9425

Job Introduction:

BBC Media Action uses media and communications to help improve health, reduce poverty, and support people in...

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