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Executive Summary: Independent Evaluation of Major Barriers to Interrupting Poliovirus Transmission

Author: 
Ali Jaffer Mohamed
Peter Ndumbe
Andrew Hall
Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Michael J. Toole
Peter Wright
October 20, 2009

This 16-page Executive Summary offers an overview of an independent, external evaluation of the Global Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

WHO Polio website, accessed December 16 2009. Image credit: WHO

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The Station Television Series - Nigeria

The Station is a television drama series which was created and produced in 2006 by Common Ground Productions (CGP) in Lagos, Nigeria.

Communication Strategies: 

The storyline revolves around Action News, a fictional television news station. Through the eyes of the many people that work at the station - journalists, anchors, camera people, businesspeople - the viewer experiences the problems and conflicts that exist among Nigeria's ethnically diverse population. It also offers a glimpse into the world of television journalism. The Station is not designed to provide solutions to the problems Nigerians face in their daily lives, but, rather, raises questions, promotes peaceful alternatives, and provides positive role models for viewers.

Organisers say that The Station is one of the most ambitious productions ever undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of cast, crew, set design, and filming style. To fully capture the complexity, dynamism, and energy of television journalism, a dilapidated warehouse in Lagos was transformed into a production studio that includes a Cable News Network (CNN)-style newsroom as well as domestic and office interior sets.

Several principal characters were cast through The Academy, a documentary/reality television show created and produced in Nigeria by Common Ground Productions in association with Nestlé. The show was created to celebrate Nigeria's wealth of creative talent and offered a glimpse into the world of acting. The series featured 20 aspiring actors and actresses who put their performance skills to the test for the chance to win lead roles in The Station.

Development Issues: 

Conflict, Gender, HIV/AIDS.

Key Points: 

Common Ground Productions (CGP) is the media arm of Search for Common Ground. Using television, radio, and internet programming, CGP works to transform the way individuals and societies deal with conflict - away from adversarial approaches and toward cooperative solutions.

See video
Source: 

Search for Common Ground website on November 11 2009.

Wetin Dey

Created by the BBC World Service Trust (WST), Wetin Dey ('What's Up?') is an HIV/AIDS television drama exploring social realities facing young people aged 15-24 in Nigeria.

Communication Strategies: 

Wetin Dey is a multi-strand, multi-character weekly television drama. Set in peri-urban Nigeria, the drama is designed to focus on lower socio-economic groups, with an emphasis on the daily lives of ordinary Nigerians. While each Wetin Dey episode is designed with a message brief in mind, the drama is not necessarily always directive in determining what meanings viewers should take away. It expects that messages retained by the audience will vary according to their social realities. For example, some characters in Wetin Dey are shown to abstain from sex, while others use condoms.

In recognition that audiences are heterogeneous, the characters speak to the diversity of the intended audience, which varies by age, gender, ethnic affiliation, religion, first language, education, and sexual activity. For instance, Yetunde is a character from a lower socio-economic class whose mother dies of HIV/AIDS. Because of this, she faces frequent discrimination, and struggles to find work and care for her younger sisters. Aisha is a rich girl whose father wants her to marry the son of a senator, yet she already has a boyfriend, named Hakim. Bilkisu is a female sex worker, who "sells fish" as a cover. Chike is a mechanic who falls for Bilkisu and wants to keep her from prostitution. Bayo is a 17-year-old aspiring football player who has run away from home. Chris is a policeman who is diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. He is in a troubled marriage, and both he and his wife Stella are, at times, unfaithful to each other (Stella is having an affair with a married man - Aisha's father).

Formative research helped establish the general parameters and objectives of the campaign, providing insight into the knowledge, attitudes, behaviours, values, tastes, decision-making processes, information needs, and media consumption patterns and preferences of the intended audience. This formative research included a large qualitative study, which in turn informed a baseline quantitative study. In addition, prior to producing and launching the first series of Wetin Dey, the production team produced a pilot of the drama to be pre-tested with the intended audience and their parents in a qualitative study involving 20 focus group discussions across Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to guide the formation of dramatic concepts, and inform key production decisions. It helped to refine the drama in terms of tone, language, relevance, and appropriateness. The findings were also used by the writers in Nigeria to develop characters and plotlines. In fact, the majority of Wetin Dey episodes were pre-tested before they were broadcast. Pre-testing generally focused on the appeal of an episode, and provided a measure of audience reaction with respect to specific issues such as language, appropriateness, believability, and audience expectations. In addition, it attempted to identify which themes (from storylines or specific sub-plots) were clear to the audience, which themes are unclear, and whether the audience picked up any additional (unintended) themes.

The BBC WST trained a Nigerian team to produce Wetin Dey through workshops that focused on script-writing, editing, and production of reality TV programmes. Many of the international television/film makers and advertising directors who worked on the project are members of the African Diaspora. In addition to teaching technical production skills, training courses promoted increased and more accurate coverage of HIV and AIDS in all media, and aimed to counter the stigma and discrimination faced by people living with HIV and AIDS. The series was shot entirely on location in Nigeria.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Youth.

Key Points: 

National Population Commission figures (2002) indicate that approximately 25% of Nigeria's total population are 15-34 years old and nearly 51% are 14 years old or younger. Life expectancy is 46 years, and HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death is. In the 15-49 age group, the HIV/AIDS rate is more than 1 in 20 (World Health Organization (WHO), 2006). The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimated in 2006 that more than 2.5 million people in Nigeria over the age of 15 were living with HIV/AIDS.

Wetin Dey was created as part of a wider project - "Stop HIV" - funded between 2005 and early 2008 by the United Kingdom (UK) Department for International Development (DFID) to address HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive health among young Nigerians. The project, delivered in partnership with the Society for Family Health (SFH), was a mass media intervention that included a broad array of mutually reinforcing outputs on radio, television, and film - including Wetin Dey.

Source: 

"Wetin Dey: Good Girls/Bad Girls in TV Drama in Nigeria", by Emily LeRoux-Rutledge, Linda Nwoke, Anna Godfrey, and Timothy Cooper, July 2009 - sent via email from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009; BBC WST website, accessed October 21 2009.

STOP HIV Campaign

In April 2005, the BBC World Service Trust (WST) began working in partnership with a range of Nigerian broadcasters and media professionals to raise awareness and change behaviour around HIV and AIDS

Communication Strategies: 

The project used various types of media to offer dialogue and advice to young people on how they can protect themselves against HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The BBC WST sees HIV and AIDS as part of the social dimension of young people's lives, and addresses the issue within its social context. This translates into discussion on-air on all things that matter to young people between 15 and 24, including the role of gatekeepers like parents and community leaders. The mass media output produced was designed to contribute to National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA)'s national strategy on behaviour change communication (BCC). The BBC WST sought to complement the objectives and approach of SFH and recognised the potential for mass media to deliver important information to different audiences using different outputs simultaneously. By appreciating that audiences can be at many different points of the decision-making continuum, the BBC WST sought to respond to the variety of information needs of a heterogeneous audience. Within each of the project's outputs, thinking was informed by a range of attitude change, persuasion, and media effects literature. In particular, the BBC WST's approach to using mass media explicitly recognises the importance of stimulating interpersonal communication (IPC) in behaviour change.

The STOP HIV approach was based on the principles of social marketing, where entertainment is used to promote acceptance and recall of messages on sexual health. The BBC WST produced:

  • Two radio discussion programmes - Flava and Ya Take Ne, weekly radio talk shows in Nigerian English/Pidgin and Hausa, respectively, explored issues around HIV and AIDS, sexual health, and gender. The programmes featured a mix of discussion, music, interviews, features, phone calls from listeners, and letters. Topics covered included: the stigma of being HIV-positive at work and at home, how to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child, HIV and marriage, family planning, women's rights, and HIV in schools. The programmes aimed to serve as an open forum for young people to talk about issues that concern them, including relationships, personal development, life-skills, youth culture, and sexual and reproductive health. Flava was broadcast in English by 50 radio stations, while Ya Take Ne was broadcast in the Hausa language by 35 stations.
  • Radio and television public service announcements (PSAs) - Hundreds of PSAs were produced in Nigeria's 4 most widely spoken languages (English, Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba). The spots ranged in length from 30 to 60 seconds and drew on a variety of formats, such as drama, personal testimony, comedy, music, and celebrity endorsements to carry HIV- and AIDS-related messages. The PSAs were played on most radio and TV stations across the country.
  • A television drama series - Wetin Dey ('What's Up?'), a 30-minute weekly TV drama series exploring the social realities facing young people in Nigeria. Fifty-two episodes were produced by a Nigerian team trained by the BBC WST, and broadcast at peak viewing times by the Nigerian Television Authority's network of television stations.
  • Films - Stop HIV worked in partnership with the Nigerian video film industry ("Nollywood") to incorporate HIV- and AIDS-related messages into the storylines of a number of films. The films were produced (on low budgets) by local directors and production teams with guidance from the BBC WST. The storylines and messages of the films relate to HIV and AIDS, but do not focus exclusively on these issues and are designed to appeal to large audiences. Messages include promoting condom use and discussing discrimination against people living with HIV and AIDS. The BBC WST also took advantage of the fact that video films are well distributed across Nigeria, primarily through regional film "markets" and video clubs.

As part of STOP HIV, the BBC WST provided radio and television production training to broadcast partners. Radio workshops included training in talk show and radio spots production, and training in integrating audience feedback into programme production. Television and film training focused on script-writing, PSA production, editing, and production of reality TV programmes. In addition to teaching technical production skills, training courses promoted increased and more accurate coverage of HIV and AIDS in all media, and aimed to counter the stigma and discrimination faced by people living with HIV and AIDS.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Youth.

Key Points: 

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS, 2006), one-quarter of all Africans live in Nigeria, the country with the third-highest number of HIV cases in the world (an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million-4.2 million] people were living with the virus in 2005).

A baseline survey was carried out in 6 Nigerian states - Abuja, Kaduna, Kano, Lagos, Cross Rivers, and Enugu - at the beginning of the project to assess the media consumption habits of the intended audience. Midway through the project, a midline survey was carried out in the same 6 states to assess the impact that STOP HIV was having on audiences.

At the Asia Media Summit, "Stella", a STOP HIV PSA, won the World Award for best PSA on HIV and AIDS.

Partner Text: 

BBC WST and SFH, with DFID funding.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

"Media and Behaviour Change: A Case Study of the BBC World Service Trust's 'Stop HIV' intervention in Nigeria - Midline Research Report", by Femi Akinlabi, Tim Cooper, Linda Nwoke, and Anna Godfrey - sent from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009; and BBC WST website, accessed October 21 2009.

Wetin Dey: Good Girls/Bad Girls in TV Drama in Nigeria

Author: 
Emily LeRoux-Rutledge
Linda Nwoke
Anna Godfrey
Timothy Cooper
May 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

BBC World Service Trust

This paper details the work of the BBC World Service Trust (WST)'s drama for development work in Nigeria focusing on the HIV/AIDS television drama Wetin Dey.

Source: 

Email from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009.

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Tools, Principles or Policies?

Author: 
Andy Hall
Rasheed Sulaiman
Tesfaye Beshah
Elias Madzudzo
Ranjitha Puskur
September 1, 2009
Affiliation: 

United Nations University (Hall); Centre for Research on Innovation and Science Policy (CRISP; Sulaiman); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI; Beshah, Madzudzo, Puskur)

Source: 

Capacity.org, Issue 37, September 2009.

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Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches

Author: 
Annalise Moser
October 1, 2007
Affiliation: 

UNIFEM

This United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) document focuses on specific thematic areas of good practice in the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and women's participation in peacebuilding. The study was developed as a background document to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The programme is supported by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

 

The study looks at five areas of intervention:

Contact Information: 
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Effective Vaccine Uptake: Lessons Learned from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative

Author: 
Bruce Aylward
June 15, 2009
Affiliation: 

World Health Organization (WHO)

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Judith Kaufmann to The Communication Initiative on July 24 2009; image credit: WHO.

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The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

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Featured

"[T]he internet is re-shaping societies and economies in the Arab region in new ways."

This white paper examines trends across four dimensions of internet usage in the Arab world:

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

For the monitoring of coverage in supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) carried out as part of the effort to eradicate polio in Pakistan (and, thus, globally), "automated systems based on short message service (SMS) texts appear to be an attractive and relatively inexpensive option." This is the conclusion of research conducted by Aga...

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Digital

At this conference session from the 3rd National Community Radio (CR) Sammelan held on February 9-11 2013 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India, Osama Manzar, Director of the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) shared his views on how CR stations can be empowered with digital media tools. The annual conference brings together about 200 CR...

"[T]he internet is re-shaping societies and economies in the Arab region in new ways."

This white paper examines trends across four dimensions of internet usage in the Arab world:

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

"Environmental stories are broad by their very nature and it's the job of a reporter to help readers pin down the often interconnected influences that drive environmental change. The growth of large, publicly available datasets about environmental topics has presented the media community with a new opportunity."

What kind of apps are available in the Education category? What are some lessons learned from the 'edutainment' era? How do teachers use games in the classroom?"

"[I]f the post-2015 agenda reflects what matters and what works in delivering socio-economic development, then there can be no better guide for prioritising research that makes a difference, and that has a real-world impact."

"By their very nature, videogames can engage players in ways that enable players to make their way through the intricacies of policy problems. As players begin to understand them in all their complexity, games may well help their governments forge solutions."

"By analyzing first-hand accounts from administrators of emergency notification incident management systems, the behavior of end users and recipients of broadcasts, and expert insights from industry professionals such as Dr. Robert Chandler, author of Emergency Notification, one can glean the best practices behind the science of message mapping...

"Is there a link between new digital technologies and good governance? What, if any, are the connections between increasingly digitally equipped populations and political change?... Is it legitimate to talk about 'liberation technology’?"

"Health care professionals (HCPs) have been shown to have a strong beneficial effect on STI [sexually transmitted infection] vaccine uptake, yet studies demonstrate that many HCPs fail to discuss or recommend them to adolescent patients."

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Strategic Thinking

At this conference session from the 3rd National Community Radio (CR) Sammelan held on February 9-11 2013 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India, Osama Manzar, Director of the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) shared his views on how CR stations can be empowered with digital media tools. The annual conference brings together about 200 CR...

For the monitoring of coverage in supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) carried out as part of the effort to eradicate polio in Pakistan (and, thus, globally), "automated systems based on short message service (SMS) texts appear to be an attractive and relatively inexpensive option." This is the conclusion of research conducted by Aga...

"[I]f the post-2015 agenda reflects what matters and what works in delivering socio-economic development, then there can be no better guide for prioritising research that makes a difference, and that has a real-world impact."

"By their very nature, videogames can engage players in ways that enable players to make their way through the intricacies of policy problems. As players begin to understand them in all their complexity, games may well help their governments forge solutions."

"By analyzing first-hand accounts from administrators of emergency notification incident management systems, the behavior of end users and recipients of broadcasts, and expert insights from industry professionals such as Dr. Robert Chandler, author of Emergency Notification, one can glean the best practices behind the science of message mapping...

"Is there a link between new digital technologies and good governance? What, if any, are the connections between increasingly digitally equipped populations and political change?... Is it legitimate to talk about 'liberation technology’?"

"Inside media development, it is vital to focus on campus/community radio as an influential source of empowerment, especially for disenfranchised and marginalized groups in society....The implications of a socially connected world though ICTs and social media force the adoption of new media into most organizations in order to remain visible...

"Health care professionals (HCPs) have been shown to have a strong beneficial effect on STI [sexually transmitted infection] vaccine uptake, yet studies demonstrate that many HCPs fail to discuss or recommend them to adolescent patients."

"Affording citizens with MIL competencies contributes to free, independent and pluralistic media and information systems, thereby improving the quality of information they provide. While free media is perhaps taken for granted in the western world, more than a third of the world's population lives in countries where media and other...

"Indian families are willing to pay for mobile phones even before they have toilets. They need to be aware that these phones can also be used to enquire about polio vaccination and provide tracking information."

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Evaluations

For the monitoring of coverage in supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) carried out as part of the effort to eradicate polio in Pakistan (and, thus, globally), "automated systems based on short message service (SMS) texts appear to be an attractive and relatively inexpensive option." This is the conclusion of research conducted by Aga...

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)

"Technologies are not only critical components in today’s workforce, but also can complement and accelerate student learning....Since its launch in 2000, the [Intel® Teach] professional development program has equipped more than 10 million primary and secondary school teachers with skills to integrate technologies and project-based teaching...

BBC Media Action

"Working in collaboration, students from the London School of Economics (LSE) Master of Public Administration (MPA) programme and BBC Media Action examined the value that social media brings to governance programming aimed at influencing engagement and civic participation."

These international standards [PDF] for public relations (PR) and social media measurement (SMM) may be of interest to the non-profit community. They emerge from an international, collaborative...

"Today, little data exist on the effectiveness of mobile games as channels for social and behavior change communication - and in particular on their effectiveness in addressing health issues in developing countries."

Youth and Digital Mapping

"There is growing interest in the integration of new technology and community development, particularly on the value that Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can add to community voices in setting development agendas. In the digital age, youth are emerging as leaders in capturing, packaging, and sharing information about their communities."...

mHealth Interventions

"This article aims to describe the steps and themes in the mHealth development process, using the examples of a mobile phone video messaging smoking cessation intervention and a mobile phone multimedia messaging depression prevention intervention, to stimulate discussion on these and other potential methods."

"...while mHealth applications proliferate, technology has not been greatly deployed in the training of community health workers, whose work is essential to reaching Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4, 5, and 6 as well as to reducing the associated burdens of child and maternal mortality and HIV/AIDS."

"The issue of engagement, not only from the perspective of the health communication messages and approach, but from the initial step of taking action to open or access the Web-based intervention, is critical to the ultimate test of effectiveness."

"In developing nations, especially in rural regions, women empowered with information and communication technologies can enhance their capacity to cope in diverse situations."

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Experiences

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

The Telecentre Women: Digital Literacy Campaign is a global initiative to help empower disadvantaged and underserved community women with knowledge of information and communication technology (ICT), entrepreneurship and employable digital skills, opportunities for higher schooling, and membership in a supportive global digital community.

...

CGNet Swara is a voice-based portal, freely accessible via mobile phone, that allows people in India to report and listen to stories of local interest. Reported stories are moderated by journalists and become available for playback online as well as over the phone. The cell-phone-based social media networking system operates inside sensitive...

Health Alliance International (HAI)

The Liga Inan ("Mobile Moms") Project is using mobile phones to connect expectant mothers with health care providers in Timor-Leste to improve the likelihood of a healthy pregnancy and birth. Funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)'s Child Survival and Health Grants Program, Liga Inan is implemented by Health...

"If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is worth a million."

HealthPhone™ is a resource using the medium of video transmitted through mobile phones that is designed to improve the health of economically poor and vulnerable populations around the world. "A mobile phone, with basic health information embedded on the...

Every year on October 24, people around the world organise activities to shine a spotlight on the importance of global polio eradication. World Polio Day, which in 2013 has an intensified social media presence, is a Rotarian initiative to help create awareness of polio and garner support for eradication efforts.

Freedom Polio is a mobile health (m-health) solution designed for effective community-level health management in India. The project was designed and developed by ZMQ Development (ZMQ), an information and communication technology for development (ICT4D) social enterprise, in partnership with CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP), which works in...

"Persons with intellectual disabilities are one of most poorly represented social groups in classical media in Croatia."

"Friends, neighbors, and emergency workers are your neighborhood helpers. Show your child that these trusted adults are people he can go to for help in an emergency."

mama.jpg

Launched in May 2013, the Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action (MAMA) supports country programmes in Bangladesh, India, and South Africa to provide pregnant women and new mothers with empowering, potentially life-saving information and support through their mobile phones. MAMA offers a set of free, adaptable messages that can be localised and...

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Materials

"Environmental stories are broad by their very nature and it's the job of a reporter to help readers pin down the often interconnected influences that drive environmental change. The growth of large, publicly available datasets about environmental topics has presented the media community with a new opportunity."

What kind of apps are available in the Education category? What are some lessons learned from the 'edutainment' era? How do teachers use games in the classroom?"

"By analyzing first-hand accounts from administrators of emergency notification incident management systems, the behavior of end users and recipients of broadcasts, and expert insights from industry professionals such as Dr. Robert Chandler, author of Emergency Notification, one can glean the best practices behind the science of message mapping...

Arab Spatial, originally launched in 2013, now features an upgraded version and a country-level tool, Iraq Spatial. The tool compiles, synthesises, and geographically displays data on more than 200 indicators of food security and development.

HealthMap.org is a collection of map, video, and print-based materials on infectious disease outbreaks and related topics from a team of researchers, epidemiologists, and software developers at Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts, United States. Founded in 2006, the site utilises "online informal sources for disease outbreak monitoring...

This online tool is an aid to identifying which vaccines a person in the United States (US) might need and where to find them. It is an interactive site that includes a map, a list of vaccines (see below), and a locator that gives an address of available vaccines of the type checked by the user in the list.

John Snow, Inc. (JSI) has developed a toolkit to help people working in the field of family planning better understand the major social media tools and networks available and how they can be used strategically to advance programme goals and increase visibility/awareness among audiences.

harnassingvideo.jpg

"Harnessing the Power of Videos is a training toolkit for community-based organizations on how they and the adolescent girls they serve can use visual media and technology to tell their stories and those of their communities; to be heard; and, in the process, to be empowered through increased skills and self-confidence."

"In a crisis situation, social networks are overloaded with situational updates, calls for relief, reports of new developments, and rescue information. Reporting the right information is often critical in shaping responses from the public and relief workers; it can literally be a matter of life or death."

"The ability to code computer programs is an important part of literacy in today's society. When people learn to code in Scratch, they learn important strategies for solving problems, designing projects, and communicating ideas."

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Awards

"If you use digital technologies to create content addressing socially relevant issues, this could be your chance to bring your project to a stage of global recognition."

Centre for Communication and Social Change Awards 2014

The Centre for Communication and Social Change is looking for outstanding and innovative individuals and organisations using communication and information and communication technology (ICTs) in communities to create meaningful change and facilitate social, economic, and technological development. The Award exists to recognise 'unsung heroes'...

Manthan South Asia & Asia Pacific Award

The Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) and .ORG, in association with Vodafone, present the Manthan South Asia & Asia Pacific Awards, open to participants located in South Asia and Asia Pacific.

The core objective of the Manthan Award process is: making visible the digital contents that already exist, thus demonstrating the richness...

ACP Media Competition on ICTs for Agriculture

The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) in collaboration with its national, regional, and international partners has launched the "2013 African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Media Competition on Information and Communications Technologies for Agriculture (ICT4ag)."

GSMA mWomen Design Challenge aims to redefine and meet the needs of resource-poor women by improving the smartphone user experience. Designers, programmers, and innovators of all kinds are invited to consider the user experience of resource- poor women and re-imagine the smartphone’s core user interface to be more intuitive and accessible....

The Global Integrity Innovation

TESTING 1 2 3 is Global Integrity's Innovation Fund set up to invest up to US$10 000 in each brand new idea that addresses the challenges of transparency and accountability .  Global Integrity is seeking proof of concepts that are high-risk/high-reward and can be tested in up to 6 months post-investment.

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Radio

At this conference session from the 3rd National Community Radio (CR) Sammelan held on February 9-11 2013 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India, Osama Manzar, Director of the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) shared his views on how CR stations can be empowered with digital media tools. The annual conference brings together about 200 CR...

"Inside media development, it is vital to focus on campus/community radio as an influential source of empowerment, especially for disenfranchised and marginalized groups in society....The implications of a socially connected world though ICTs and social media force the adoption of new media into most organizations in order to remain visible...

"Affording citizens with MIL competencies contributes to free, independent and pluralistic media and information systems, thereby improving the quality of information they provide. While free media is perhaps taken for granted in the western world, more than a third of the world's population lives in countries where media and other...

Author: Dr. Arpita Sharma, February 20 2014:     Agriculture is the most important sector in developing countries, with the majority of the rural population depending on it. In our Indian scenario, it is said that the country lives in villages, which means that the farming and agriculture sector contributes to the GDP of the...

This article was written in French by journalist Inoussa Maïga from Burkina Faso, who discusses strategies for using the complementarity of different information and communication technology (ICT) tools to achieve sustainable impact on farmers.

Joshua Masinde

Author Joshua Masinde, December 12 2013:       Information and communication technology has brought about a paradigm shift in agricultural practice by offering the sector a renaissance of some kind.

The increasing digitisation of agriculture has however, raised a lot of questions, many of which touch on...

"ICT and agriculture have now found a home in each other and this is radically changing the face of a sector..."

Bangladesh Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) Network for Radio and Communication (BNNRC) has published an updated version of a Handbook on Community Radio: Voices for the Voiceless of Rural People with the support from Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Its purpose, according to BNNRC, is "to meet the basic needs and demands...

Author: AHM Bazlur Rahman, November 12 2013        In Bangladesh, 14 community radio stations aim to ensure empowerment and the right to information for the rural community. They are broadcasting altogether 120 hours of programs per day on information, education, local entertainment and development motivation...

Author: AHM Bazlur Rahman, November 11 21023       As part of addressing the risk of Cyclone Mahasen, six community radio (CR) stations in the coastal region of Bangladesh broadcast 514 program hours for 5 days continuously from May 11 to May 16, 2013.

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Television

"Affording citizens with MIL competencies contributes to free, independent and pluralistic media and information systems, thereby improving the quality of information they provide. While free media is perhaps taken for granted in the western world, more than a third of the world's population lives in countries where media and other...

The number of United Kingdom (UK) children who own a mobile phone is going down, as youngsters reject basic handsets and increasingly turn to tablet computers to access the internet. This is one of the findings shared in a report of communication trends published by Ofcom, the independent regulator and competition authority for the UK...

Joshua Masinde

Author Joshua Masinde, December 12 2013:       Information and communication technology has brought about a paradigm shift in agricultural practice by offering the sector a renaissance of some kind.

The increasing digitisation of agriculture has however, raised a lot of questions, many of which touch on...

Resource Media, a nonprofit public relations firm based in the United States (US) that develops and executes communications strategies for the environment and public health, offers an online toolbox containing practical guides, worksheets, and presentations on strategic communications. The offerings are divided into the following categories:...

Image credit: Wikipedia on Marshal McLuhan.

The Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies (OJCMT) is a quarterly international open access, peer-reviewed journal in the field of communication and its related fields. OJCMT is interested in research not only on theory and practice of communication and media studies but also new trends and developments, communication in...

Centre for Communication and Social Change Awards 2014

The Centre for Communication and Social Change is looking for outstanding and innovative individuals and organisations using communication and information and communication technology (ICTs) in communities to create meaningful change and facilitate social, economic, and technological development. The Award exists to recognise 'unsung heroes'...

Author: Harry Surjadi, October 7 2013        In November 14 2011, Hendrik - the Head of Asmoja Cooperative of oil palm farmers in Silat Hilir Sub-District, West Kalimantan, [Indonesia], blasted the SMS [text] message to the Cooperative members:

BBC Media Action

"Working in collaboration, students from the London School of Economics (LSE) Master of Public Administration (MPA) programme and BBC Media Action examined the value that social media brings to governance programming aimed at influencing engagement and civic participation."

BBC Media Action

Author: Yvonne MacPherson and Caroline Sugg, August 23 2013      In a fascinating recent article in The New Yorker, surgeon, health researcher and writer Atul Gawande examines why...

BBC Media Action

Author: Jackie Christie, August 1 2013     This is the first in a series of blogs from Jackie as she and her team travel around Kenya for the TV and radio debate show Sema Kenya. Now in its second series, the show brings together a panel of local leaders to answer questions from the people they serve.

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Community Action

HealthMap.org is a collection of map, video, and print-based materials on infectious disease outbreaks and related topics from a team of researchers, epidemiologists, and software developers at Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts, United States. Founded in 2006, the site utilises "online informal sources for disease outbreak monitoring...

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"Harnessing the Power of Videos is a training toolkit for community-based organizations on how they and the adolescent girls they serve can use visual media and technology to tell their stories and those of their communities; to be heard; and, in the process, to be empowered through increased skills and self-confidence."

"Crisis response has developed out of the need to create an enabling environment in which KPs [key populations] feel safe and confident enough to access HIV services and change high-risk behaviors. Crisis response also makes peer educators...safer from harassment or arrest..."

Role of Community Radio for Women’s Empowerment

[This is a continuation of two-part blog beginning with "Role of Information Communication Technology for Empowering Rural Women" by Arpita Sharma, based upon her research.]

"...while mHealth applications proliferate, technology has not been greatly deployed in the training of community health workers, whose work is essential to reaching Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4, 5, and 6 as well as to reducing the associated burdens of child and maternal mortality and HIV/AIDS."

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News Media

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

"Environmental stories are broad by their very nature and it's the job of a reporter to help readers pin down the often interconnected influences that drive environmental change. The growth of large, publicly available datasets about environmental topics has presented the media community with a new opportunity."

"Is there a link between new digital technologies and good governance? What, if any, are the connections between increasingly digitally equipped populations and political change?... Is it legitimate to talk about 'liberation technology’?"

"In a crisis situation, social networks are overloaded with situational updates, calls for relief, reports of new developments, and rescue information. Reporting the right information is often critical in shaping responses from the public and relief workers; it can literally be a matter of life or death."

Joshua Masinde

Author Joshua Masinde, December 12 2013:       Information and communication technology has brought about a paradigm shift in agricultural practice by offering the sector a renaissance of some kind.

The increasing digitisation of agriculture has however, raised a lot of questions, many of which touch on...

This guide is part of WITNESS’ Video for Change how-to series on filming safely, effectively, and ethically. It’s based on the best practices established over 20 years of training and supporting human rights activists in 90 countries to use video. This guide is for human rights activists, advocates, citizen journalists, citizen filmmakers,...

BBC Media Action

Author: Parul Agrawal, October 28 2013      In July this year, in a remote area of the central Indian state of Chattisgarh, a local farmer called Naresh Bunkar did something every one of us does every day: he made a phone call. But this was a call that had remarkable results.

BBC Media Action

Author: Radharani Mitra, October 8 2013       "Didi, please don’t let Mehendi die!" So begged Jyoti Bhadoria, a young mother of three from Madhya Pradesh, at a truly special event last week in Bhopal.

She had travelled from her tiny village after winning a competition on our radio show Khirki...

Author: Harry Surjadi, October 5 2013       For hundreds of years, journalism has been a monopoly of mainstream media. Only media has the authority to practice journalism. Outside of media, no one has the capability or authority to practice journalism.

After the vast and fast development of ICTs (information...

Author: Harry Surjadi, October 7 2013        In November 14 2011, Hendrik - the Head of Asmoja Cooperative of oil palm farmers in Silat Hilir Sub-District, West Kalimantan, [Indonesia], blasted the SMS [text] message to the Cooperative members:

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