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Executive Summary: Independent Evaluation of Major Barriers to Interrupting Poliovirus Transmission

Author: 
Ali Jaffer Mohamed
Peter Ndumbe
Andrew Hall
Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Michael J. Toole
Peter Wright
October 20, 2009

This 16-page Executive Summary offers an overview of an independent, external evaluation of the Global Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

WHO Polio website, accessed December 16 2009. Image credit: WHO

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The Station Television Series - Nigeria

The Station is a television drama series which was created and produced in 2006 by Common Ground Productions (CGP) in Lagos, Nigeria.

Communication Strategies: 

The storyline revolves around Action News, a fictional television news station. Through the eyes of the many people that work at the station - journalists, anchors, camera people, businesspeople - the viewer experiences the problems and conflicts that exist among Nigeria's ethnically diverse population. It also offers a glimpse into the world of television journalism. The Station is not designed to provide solutions to the problems Nigerians face in their daily lives, but, rather, raises questions, promotes peaceful alternatives, and provides positive role models for viewers.

Organisers say that The Station is one of the most ambitious productions ever undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of cast, crew, set design, and filming style. To fully capture the complexity, dynamism, and energy of television journalism, a dilapidated warehouse in Lagos was transformed into a production studio that includes a Cable News Network (CNN)-style newsroom as well as domestic and office interior sets.

Several principal characters were cast through The Academy, a documentary/reality television show created and produced in Nigeria by Common Ground Productions in association with Nestlé. The show was created to celebrate Nigeria's wealth of creative talent and offered a glimpse into the world of acting. The series featured 20 aspiring actors and actresses who put their performance skills to the test for the chance to win lead roles in The Station.

Development Issues: 

Conflict, Gender, HIV/AIDS.

Key Points: 

Common Ground Productions (CGP) is the media arm of Search for Common Ground. Using television, radio, and internet programming, CGP works to transform the way individuals and societies deal with conflict - away from adversarial approaches and toward cooperative solutions.

See video
Source: 

Search for Common Ground website on November 11 2009.

Wetin Dey

Created by the BBC World Service Trust (WST), Wetin Dey ('What's Up?') is an HIV/AIDS television drama exploring social realities facing young people aged 15-24 in Nigeria.

Communication Strategies: 

Wetin Dey is a multi-strand, multi-character weekly television drama. Set in peri-urban Nigeria, the drama is designed to focus on lower socio-economic groups, with an emphasis on the daily lives of ordinary Nigerians. While each Wetin Dey episode is designed with a message brief in mind, the drama is not necessarily always directive in determining what meanings viewers should take away. It expects that messages retained by the audience will vary according to their social realities. For example, some characters in Wetin Dey are shown to abstain from sex, while others use condoms.

In recognition that audiences are heterogeneous, the characters speak to the diversity of the intended audience, which varies by age, gender, ethnic affiliation, religion, first language, education, and sexual activity. For instance, Yetunde is a character from a lower socio-economic class whose mother dies of HIV/AIDS. Because of this, she faces frequent discrimination, and struggles to find work and care for her younger sisters. Aisha is a rich girl whose father wants her to marry the son of a senator, yet she already has a boyfriend, named Hakim. Bilkisu is a female sex worker, who "sells fish" as a cover. Chike is a mechanic who falls for Bilkisu and wants to keep her from prostitution. Bayo is a 17-year-old aspiring football player who has run away from home. Chris is a policeman who is diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. He is in a troubled marriage, and both he and his wife Stella are, at times, unfaithful to each other (Stella is having an affair with a married man - Aisha's father).

Formative research helped establish the general parameters and objectives of the campaign, providing insight into the knowledge, attitudes, behaviours, values, tastes, decision-making processes, information needs, and media consumption patterns and preferences of the intended audience. This formative research included a large qualitative study, which in turn informed a baseline quantitative study. In addition, prior to producing and launching the first series of Wetin Dey, the production team produced a pilot of the drama to be pre-tested with the intended audience and their parents in a qualitative study involving 20 focus group discussions across Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to guide the formation of dramatic concepts, and inform key production decisions. It helped to refine the drama in terms of tone, language, relevance, and appropriateness. The findings were also used by the writers in Nigeria to develop characters and plotlines. In fact, the majority of Wetin Dey episodes were pre-tested before they were broadcast. Pre-testing generally focused on the appeal of an episode, and provided a measure of audience reaction with respect to specific issues such as language, appropriateness, believability, and audience expectations. In addition, it attempted to identify which themes (from storylines or specific sub-plots) were clear to the audience, which themes are unclear, and whether the audience picked up any additional (unintended) themes.

The BBC WST trained a Nigerian team to produce Wetin Dey through workshops that focused on script-writing, editing, and production of reality TV programmes. Many of the international television/film makers and advertising directors who worked on the project are members of the African Diaspora. In addition to teaching technical production skills, training courses promoted increased and more accurate coverage of HIV and AIDS in all media, and aimed to counter the stigma and discrimination faced by people living with HIV and AIDS. The series was shot entirely on location in Nigeria.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Youth.

Key Points: 

National Population Commission figures (2002) indicate that approximately 25% of Nigeria's total population are 15-34 years old and nearly 51% are 14 years old or younger. Life expectancy is 46 years, and HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death is. In the 15-49 age group, the HIV/AIDS rate is more than 1 in 20 (World Health Organization (WHO), 2006). The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimated in 2006 that more than 2.5 million people in Nigeria over the age of 15 were living with HIV/AIDS.

Wetin Dey was created as part of a wider project - "Stop HIV" - funded between 2005 and early 2008 by the United Kingdom (UK) Department for International Development (DFID) to address HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive health among young Nigerians. The project, delivered in partnership with the Society for Family Health (SFH), was a mass media intervention that included a broad array of mutually reinforcing outputs on radio, television, and film - including Wetin Dey.

Source: 

"Wetin Dey: Good Girls/Bad Girls in TV Drama in Nigeria", by Emily LeRoux-Rutledge, Linda Nwoke, Anna Godfrey, and Timothy Cooper, July 2009 - sent via email from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009; BBC WST website, accessed October 21 2009.

STOP HIV Campaign

In April 2005, the BBC World Service Trust (WST) began working in partnership with a range of Nigerian broadcasters and media professionals to raise awareness and change behaviour around HIV and AIDS

Communication Strategies: 

The project used various types of media to offer dialogue and advice to young people on how they can protect themselves against HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The BBC WST sees HIV and AIDS as part of the social dimension of young people's lives, and addresses the issue within its social context. This translates into discussion on-air on all things that matter to young people between 15 and 24, including the role of gatekeepers like parents and community leaders. The mass media output produced was designed to contribute to National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA)'s national strategy on behaviour change communication (BCC). The BBC WST sought to complement the objectives and approach of SFH and recognised the potential for mass media to deliver important information to different audiences using different outputs simultaneously. By appreciating that audiences can be at many different points of the decision-making continuum, the BBC WST sought to respond to the variety of information needs of a heterogeneous audience. Within each of the project's outputs, thinking was informed by a range of attitude change, persuasion, and media effects literature. In particular, the BBC WST's approach to using mass media explicitly recognises the importance of stimulating interpersonal communication (IPC) in behaviour change.

The STOP HIV approach was based on the principles of social marketing, where entertainment is used to promote acceptance and recall of messages on sexual health. The BBC WST produced:

  • Two radio discussion programmes - Flava and Ya Take Ne, weekly radio talk shows in Nigerian English/Pidgin and Hausa, respectively, explored issues around HIV and AIDS, sexual health, and gender. The programmes featured a mix of discussion, music, interviews, features, phone calls from listeners, and letters. Topics covered included: the stigma of being HIV-positive at work and at home, how to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child, HIV and marriage, family planning, women's rights, and HIV in schools. The programmes aimed to serve as an open forum for young people to talk about issues that concern them, including relationships, personal development, life-skills, youth culture, and sexual and reproductive health. Flava was broadcast in English by 50 radio stations, while Ya Take Ne was broadcast in the Hausa language by 35 stations.
  • Radio and television public service announcements (PSAs) - Hundreds of PSAs were produced in Nigeria's 4 most widely spoken languages (English, Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba). The spots ranged in length from 30 to 60 seconds and drew on a variety of formats, such as drama, personal testimony, comedy, music, and celebrity endorsements to carry HIV- and AIDS-related messages. The PSAs were played on most radio and TV stations across the country.
  • A television drama series - Wetin Dey ('What's Up?'), a 30-minute weekly TV drama series exploring the social realities facing young people in Nigeria. Fifty-two episodes were produced by a Nigerian team trained by the BBC WST, and broadcast at peak viewing times by the Nigerian Television Authority's network of television stations.
  • Films - Stop HIV worked in partnership with the Nigerian video film industry ("Nollywood") to incorporate HIV- and AIDS-related messages into the storylines of a number of films. The films were produced (on low budgets) by local directors and production teams with guidance from the BBC WST. The storylines and messages of the films relate to HIV and AIDS, but do not focus exclusively on these issues and are designed to appeal to large audiences. Messages include promoting condom use and discussing discrimination against people living with HIV and AIDS. The BBC WST also took advantage of the fact that video films are well distributed across Nigeria, primarily through regional film "markets" and video clubs.

As part of STOP HIV, the BBC WST provided radio and television production training to broadcast partners. Radio workshops included training in talk show and radio spots production, and training in integrating audience feedback into programme production. Television and film training focused on script-writing, PSA production, editing, and production of reality TV programmes. In addition to teaching technical production skills, training courses promoted increased and more accurate coverage of HIV and AIDS in all media, and aimed to counter the stigma and discrimination faced by people living with HIV and AIDS.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Youth.

Key Points: 

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS, 2006), one-quarter of all Africans live in Nigeria, the country with the third-highest number of HIV cases in the world (an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million-4.2 million] people were living with the virus in 2005).

A baseline survey was carried out in 6 Nigerian states - Abuja, Kaduna, Kano, Lagos, Cross Rivers, and Enugu - at the beginning of the project to assess the media consumption habits of the intended audience. Midway through the project, a midline survey was carried out in the same 6 states to assess the impact that STOP HIV was having on audiences.

At the Asia Media Summit, "Stella", a STOP HIV PSA, won the World Award for best PSA on HIV and AIDS.

Partner Text: 

BBC WST and SFH, with DFID funding.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

"Media and Behaviour Change: A Case Study of the BBC World Service Trust's 'Stop HIV' intervention in Nigeria - Midline Research Report", by Femi Akinlabi, Tim Cooper, Linda Nwoke, and Anna Godfrey - sent from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009; and BBC WST website, accessed October 21 2009.

Wetin Dey: Good Girls/Bad Girls in TV Drama in Nigeria

Author: 
Emily LeRoux-Rutledge
Linda Nwoke
Anna Godfrey
Timothy Cooper
May 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

BBC World Service Trust

This paper details the work of the BBC World Service Trust (WST)'s drama for development work in Nigeria focusing on the HIV/AIDS television drama Wetin Dey.

Source: 

Email from Emily LeRoux-Rutledge to The Communication Initiative on October 1 2009.

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Tools, Principles or Policies?

Author: 
Andy Hall
Rasheed Sulaiman
Tesfaye Beshah
Elias Madzudzo
Ranjitha Puskur
September 1, 2009
Affiliation: 

United Nations University (Hall); Centre for Research on Innovation and Science Policy (CRISP; Sulaiman); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI; Beshah, Madzudzo, Puskur)

Source: 

Capacity.org, Issue 37, September 2009.

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Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches

Author: 
Annalise Moser
October 1, 2007
Affiliation: 

UNIFEM

This United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) document focuses on specific thematic areas of good practice in the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and women's participation in peacebuilding. The study was developed as a background document to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The programme is supported by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

 

The study looks at five areas of intervention:

Contact Information: 
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Engaging Development: Environment and Content of Radio Broadcasting in Nigeria

Author: 
Dr. Ayobami Ojebode
Dr. Tunde Adegbola
December 1, 2007

According to this publication, Nigeria has developed a relatively huge radio broadcasting sector.

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Effective Vaccine Uptake: Lessons Learned from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative

Author: 
Bruce Aylward
June 15, 2009
Affiliation: 

World Health Organization (WHO)

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Judith Kaufmann to The Communication Initiative on July 24 2009; image credit: WHO.

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The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

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Featured

Author: Willie Ngumi, September 15 2014 - It’s not the first time I’ve heard of Ebola.  Every time the epidemic has raised its ugly head, it has been a fairly safe distance from me.  And like any other human being, I figured it was "their problem".  Even on this occasion it didn’t raise any flags for me personally until it...

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

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Digital

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

Some trainees at one of the training sessions in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Author: James Ayodele, September 8 2014 - The computer and other information technology (IT) equipment are becoming commonplace across the justice sector in Nigeria. However, the lack of, or insufficient, IT skills is limiting the use of the computer by justice sector officials. Although some judicial administrative units are equipped with...

"[D]igitally literate women can bring about a lot of change in culture, thinking and social welfare."

Through collaboration between Google and the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF), amongst other partners (see below),  with training through Community Information Resource Center (CIRC) of women, adolescent girls, and "dropout"...

Helping Women Get Online (HWGO) is a website, YouTube video channel, and training project (see Related Summaries below) aimed to increase knowledge and access of Indian women to information and communication technology (ICT) usage through the internet and a telephone hotline.

The website includes a step-by-step guide, covering, for...

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"Today more than ever smallholders and rural communities require access to information and communication to make their voices heard and change their lives for the better. Communication for Development [ComDev] facilitates dialogue and collaborative action, combining participatory methods with communication tools ranging from community media...

"[W]hile technology has the potential to amplify citizens' voices, it must be accompanied by clear political goals and other factors to increase their clout."

Drawing upon case studies from 9 programmes around the world and a citizen participation theory of change, this case study from the United States (US)-based National...

"...[T]he media children use can have a profound impact - both positive and negative - on learning, social development, and behavior. The only way to maximize the positive impact of media on children is to have an accurate understanding of the role it plays in their lives: which platforms they are using, the activities or content they are...

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Strategic Thinking

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

This group of papers on the use of mobile phones in India for social and behaviour change is the product of research and a two-day multi-stakeholder consultation in May 2013 sponsored by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF), leading to the formation of the organisation Mobile Social &...

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"All over the world, irrespective of income levels, class or culture, children are faced with violence and abuse in schools.... In fact, child helplines worldwide receive an average of ten contacts per day, every day, about violence and abuse."

"Today more than ever smallholders and rural communities require access to information and communication to make their voices heard and change their lives for the better. Communication for Development [ComDev] facilitates dialogue and collaborative action, combining participatory methods with communication tools ranging from community media...

"[W]hile technology has the potential to amplify citizens' voices, it must be accompanied by clear political goals and other factors to increase their clout."

Drawing upon case studies from 9 programmes around the world and a citizen participation theory of change, this case study from the United States (US)-based National...

"Deep concerns have been expressed as policies and practices that exploit the vulnerability of digital communications technologies to electronic surveillance and interception in countries across the globe have been exposed."

From United Methodist Communications (UMCom), this discussion paper explores the use of information and communication technology (ICT) as a tool for economic and social development. It captures "best practice" in the use of mobile phones and other low-cost communications technologies through a series of interviews with 8 experts and...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

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Evaluations

"[W]hile technology has the potential to amplify citizens' voices, it must be accompanied by clear political goals and other factors to increase their clout."

Drawing upon case studies from 9 programmes around the world and a citizen participation theory of change, this case study from the United States (US)-based National...

With the goal of providing a foundation for further investigation into the use of mobile health tools to support the performance and accountability of front-line health workers (FLHWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), this mHealth Alliance report outlines research that involved a 3-pronged approach:

"BBC Media Action's qualitative research explored the maternal and child health information that is available and needed [in Afghanistan], and analysed which people in households and the community have significant influence over pregnant women."

This research summary describes BBC Media Action's scoping study of the potential of maternal...

"Last month there was a village meeting with over 20 participants including villagers, NGO representatives, the village chief and youth... I expressed my opinion about the [problem of] clean water and diarrhoea... then I dialled the m-Loy9 code and we listened about this problem." m-Loy9 trial participant

For the monitoring of coverage in supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) carried out as part of the effort to eradicate polio in Pakistan (and, thus, globally), "automated systems based on short message service (SMS) texts appear to be an attractive and relatively inexpensive option." This is the conclusion of research conducted by Aga...

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)

"Technologies are not only critical components in today’s workforce, but also can complement and accelerate student learning....Since its launch in 2000, the [Intel® Teach] professional development program has equipped more than 10 million primary and secondary school teachers with skills to integrate technologies and project-based teaching...

@UNICEF

"The integration of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to the Communication for Development (C4D) toolbox offers an additional means for challenging unequal power relations and increasing participation of marginalized girls in social transformation."

BBC Media Action

"Working in collaboration, students from the London School of Economics (LSE) Master of Public Administration (MPA) programme and BBC Media Action examined the value that social media brings to governance programming aimed at influencing engagement and civic participation."

These international standards [PDF] for public relations (PR) and social media measurement (SMM) may be of interest to the non-profit community. They emerge from an international, collaborative...

"Today, little data exist on the effectiveness of mobile games as channels for social and behavior change communication - and in particular on their effectiveness in addressing health issues in developing countries."

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Experiences

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"[D]igitally literate women can bring about a lot of change in culture, thinking and social welfare."

Through collaboration between Google and the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF), amongst other partners (see below),  with training through Community Information Resource Center (CIRC) of women, adolescent girls, and "dropout"...

"Child health records help ensure every child receives the vaccines they need to live a healthy and productive life. However, many health records are lost or destroyed, not accurately maintained, or are simply too confusing to read."

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"The open data movement holds out the promise of improving transparency, accountability, citizen participation and economic opportunity across developing countries...Nevertheless, it is not yet clear if open data initiatives are truly delivering on their promises."

"What tools, campaigns or services might we design to support habit changes that stick?"

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"Cambodian government information technology policy has encouraged the use of open source programs and the uncensored transmission of information, resulting in an energetic IT community that has produced Khmer Unicode and indigenized software. ODC continues this tradition."

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

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...

CGNet Swara is a voice-based portal, freely accessible via mobile phone, that allows people in India to report and listen to stories of local interest. Reported stories are moderated by journalists and become available for playback online as well as over the phone. The cell-phone-based social media networking system operates inside sensitive...

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Materials

"Since the mobiles for development space is evolving rapidly, the handbook is intended to equip readers with a set of questions to ask when using or considering mobiles, rather than providing a prescription for how to use mobiles in a given country or sector."

Helping Women Get Online (HWGO) is a website, YouTube video channel, and training project (see Related Summaries below) aimed to increase knowledge and access of Indian women to information and communication technology (ICT) usage through the internet and a telephone hotline.

The website includes a step-by-step guide, covering, for...

"Today more than ever smallholders and rural communities require access to information and communication to make their voices heard and change their lives for the better. Communication for Development [ComDev] facilitates dialogue and collaborative action, combining participatory methods with communication tools ranging from community media...

This video explains the origin of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the year 2000 and the ways in which people are interacting to share opinions on the next set of post-2015 goals as the deadline for the first set, the MDGs, approaches.

"MediCapt is a mobile application, under development by the Program on Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones at Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), to help clinicians more effectively collect, document, and preserve forensic medical evidence of sexual violence to support the local prosecution of these crimes."

This article describes a suite of resources that provides implementation guidance for mHealth initiatives, particularly in less developed countries. The suite includes an "eLearning course, online guide, evidence database, and a High-Impact Practices brief, along with the mHealth Working Group and website."

"Cambodian government information technology policy has encouraged the use of open source programs and the uncensored transmission of information, resulting in an energetic IT community that has produced Khmer Unicode and indigenized software. ODC continues this tradition."

"Environmental stories are broad by their very nature and it's the job of a reporter to help readers pin down the often interconnected influences that drive environmental change. The growth of large, publicly available datasets about environmental topics has presented the media community with a new opportunity."

What kind of apps are available in the Education category? What are some lessons learned from the 'edutainment' era? How do teachers use games in the classroom?"

"By analyzing first-hand accounts from administrators of emergency notification incident management systems, the behavior of end users and recipients of broadcasts, and expert insights from industry professionals such as Dr. Robert Chandler, author of Emergency Notification, one can glean the best practices behind the science of message mapping...

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Awards

"The initiative comes in the wake of the disclosure of 'diversity' figures by major tech companies, including Google, Facebook, Yahoo and LinkedIn, which reveal that, across the board, the number of women in tech jobs is well under 20 per cent, with the percentage of women in leadership roles not much better - reflecting a global lack of...

The Manthan Award was created to recognise best practices in the areas of e-content, creativity, innovation, and development in internet content in India. This specific competition is a regional award for eleven states of southwest India. The core objective of the Manthan Award process is "giving visibility to the already existing content and...

"If you use digital technologies to create content addressing socially relevant issues, this could be your chance to bring your project to a stage of global recognition."

Centre for Communication and Social Change Awards 2014

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Manthan South Asia & Asia Pacific Award

The Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) and .ORG, in association with Vodafone, present the Manthan South Asia & Asia Pacific Awards, open to participants located in South Asia and Asia Pacific.

The core objective of the Manthan Award process is: making visible the digital contents that already exist, thus demonstrating the richness...

GSMA mWomen Design Challenge aims to redefine and meet the needs of resource-poor women by improving the smartphone user experience. Designers, programmers, and innovators of all kinds are invited to consider the user experience of resource- poor women and re-imagine the smartphone’s core user interface to be more intuitive and accessible....

The Global Integrity Innovation

TESTING 1 2 3 is Global Integrity's Innovation Fund set up to invest up to US$10 000 in each brand new idea that addresses the challenges of transparency and accountability .  Global Integrity is seeking proof of concepts that are high-risk/high-reward and can be tested in up to 6 months post-investment.

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Radio

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

This group of papers on the use of mobile phones in India for social and behaviour change is the product of research and a two-day multi-stakeholder consultation in May 2013 sponsored by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF), leading to the formation of the organisation Mobile Social &...

"[W]hile technology has the potential to amplify citizens' voices, it must be accompanied by clear political goals and other factors to increase their clout."

Drawing upon case studies from 9 programmes around the world and a citizen participation theory of change, this case study from the United States (US)-based National...

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

Nervious Siantombo

Author: Nervious Siantombo, August 5 2014 - Citizen participation is a critical element in the development of Zambia’s agriculture sector, which is the mainstay of the majority of the country’s population.

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

"The initiative comes in the wake of the disclosure of 'diversity' figures by major tech companies, including Google, Facebook, Yahoo and LinkedIn, which reveal that, across the board, the number of women in tech jobs is well under 20 per cent, with the percentage of women in leadership roles not much better - reflecting a global lack of...

Elias Banda

Author: Elias M. Banda, May 9 2014      The advancement in mobile phone technologies has brought about unlimited opportunities for seeking, storing and sharing of information.

Ten years ago, mobile phones appeared to be a preserve for a select few, mostly urban based. But the number has been rapidly growing. According to...

I am deeply dissatisfied with the current state of public discourse about the role of media in international development. It appears to be dominated by 'techno-utopian' narratives which celebrate the apparent capacity of the media to directly deliver 'positive' benefits to communities.

At this conference session from the 3rd National Community Radio (CR) Sammelan held on February 9-11 2013 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India, Osama Manzar, Director of the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) shared his views on how CR stations can be empowered with digital media tools. The annual conference brings together about 200 CR...

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Television

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

"...[T]he media children use can have a profound impact - both positive and negative - on learning, social development, and behavior. The only way to maximize the positive impact of media on children is to have an accurate understanding of the role it plays in their lives: which platforms they are using, the activities or content they are...

"The initiative comes in the wake of the disclosure of 'diversity' figures by major tech companies, including Google, Facebook, Yahoo and LinkedIn, which reveal that, across the board, the number of women in tech jobs is well under 20 per cent, with the percentage of women in leadership roles not much better - reflecting a global lack of...

"BBC Media Action's qualitative research explored the maternal and child health information that is available and needed [in Afghanistan], and analysed which people in households and the community have significant influence over pregnant women."

This research summary describes BBC Media Action's scoping study of the potential of maternal...

I am deeply dissatisfied with the current state of public discourse about the role of media in international development. It appears to be dominated by 'techno-utopian' narratives which celebrate the apparent capacity of the media to directly deliver 'positive' benefits to communities.

"Affording citizens with MIL competencies contributes to free, independent and pluralistic media and information systems, thereby improving the quality of information they provide. While free media is perhaps taken for granted in the western world, more than a third of the world's population lives in countries where media and other...

The number of United Kingdom (UK) children who own a mobile phone is going down, as youngsters reject basic handsets and increasingly turn to tablet computers to access the internet. This is one of the findings shared in a report of communication trends published by Ofcom, the independent regulator and competition authority for the UK...

Joshua Masinde

Author Joshua Masinde, December 12 2013:       Information and communication technology has brought about a paradigm shift in agricultural practice by offering the sector a renaissance of some kind.

The increasing digitisation of agriculture has however, raised a lot of questions, many of which touch on...

Resource Media, a nonprofit public relations firm based in the United States (US) that develops and executes communications strategies for the environment and public health, offers an online toolbox containing practical guides, worksheets, and presentations on strategic communications. The offerings are divided into the following categories:...

Image credit: Wikipedia on Marshal McLuhan.

The Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies (OJCMT) is a quarterly international open access, peer-reviewed journal in the field of communication and its related fields. OJCMT is interested in research not only on theory and practice of communication and media studies but also new trends and developments, communication in...

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News Media

"This report focuses on the ways in which youth in Cambodia access and use different types of media and explores media as a source of information for young people. It also looks at how media can have an impact on their levels of civic participation as well as their attitudes."

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

"BBC Media Action's qualitative research explored the maternal and child health information that is available and needed [in Afghanistan], and analysed which people in households and the community have significant influence over pregnant women."

This research summary describes BBC Media Action's scoping study of the potential of maternal...

The Manthan Award was created to recognise best practices in the areas of e-content, creativity, innovation, and development in internet content in India. This specific competition is a regional award for eleven states of southwest India. The core objective of the Manthan Award process is "giving visibility to the already existing content and...

"This collaboration presents the opportunity to link citizen journalism, official elections monitoring, and traditional media coverage with a single platform that can provide a much more comprehensive picture of the election process than any of three could independently."

I am deeply dissatisfied with the current state of public discourse about the role of media in international development. It appears to be dominated by 'techno-utopian' narratives which celebrate the apparent capacity of the media to directly deliver 'positive' benefits to communities.

"The mapping tool should not be something that journalists should be afraid of, it is just a matter of being resourceful to know free, good apps, combined with imagination on how to use these tools to tell the story." - from a "Flag it!" participant

"Environmental stories are broad by their very nature and it's the job of a reporter to help readers pin down the often interconnected influences that drive environmental change. The growth of large, publicly available datasets about environmental topics has presented the media community with a new opportunity."

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