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AIDSFree Prevention Update
March 18, 2016

AIDSFree Prevention Update

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The Prevention Update is an online library that provides a sample of summaries and abstracts of recent published articles - some available as free, open source documents and others available by purchase or subscription only - on global HIV ...

Effectiveness of Behavior Change Communications for Reducing Transmission Risks Among People Living with HIV in 6 Countries in Central America
April 21, 2015

Effectiveness of Behavior Change Communications for Reducing Transmission ...

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  This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour ...

Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Transgender Women, Female Sex Workers, and People Who Inject Drugs
July 28, 2014

Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV among ...

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"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic ...

Lessons Learned From a Review of Interventions for Adolescent and Young Key Populations in Asia Pacific and Opportunities for Programming
June 23, 2014

Lessons Learned From a Review of Interventions for Adolescent and Young Key ...

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This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in ...

What HIV Programs Work for Adolescent Girls?
June 23, 2014

What HIV Programs Work for Adolescent Girls?

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In this study, in order to evaluate the high rates of HIV infection among adolescent girls and to present evidence on what works globally to address the risk, researchers reviewed evidence on programming for adolescents from 150 studies and ...

Masculinities and Condom Use Patterns among Young Rural South African Men: A Cross-Sectional Baseline Survey
April 3, 2014

Masculinities and Condom Use Patterns among Young Rural South African Men: A ...

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This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action
August 19, 2013

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action

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According to author Cynthia Gómez, "The task of enabling most African-American and Latino women to remain uninfected with HIV goes well beyond how to use condoms, learning how to ask for condoms during sex through role-playing, or learning ...

 Is Early Sexual Début a Risk Factor for HIV Infection Among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa
June 18, 2013

Is Early Sexual Début a Risk Factor for HIV Infection Among Women in ...

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"In many sub-Saharan African countries, there are disturbingly high levels of HIV infection among young women - with the discrepancies in ratios of HIV infection between 16- and 24-year-old girls compared with boys being eightfold higher in some ...

Modelling Cross-Gender and Sexual Relations: Exploring the Soul Buddyz Edutainment Initiative in South Africa
June 11, 2013

Modelling Cross-Gender and Sexual Relations: Exploring the Soul Buddyz ...

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This paper explores the representations of "positive" cross-gender relations, as well as associated constructs, in the Soul Buddyz edutainment initiative, which is primarily geared towards 8-12 year-olds, and intended to provide "positive" role ...

Sex Worker-Led Structural Interventions in India: A Case Study on Addressing Violence in HIV Prevention through the Ashodaya Samithi Collective in Mysore
June 5, 2013

Sex Worker-Led Structural Interventions in India: A Case Study on Addressing ...

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"Structural interventions have the capacity to improve the outcomes of HIV/AIDS interventions by changing the social, economic, political or environmental factors that determine risk and vulnerability."

A Mapping of Faith-based Responses to Violence against Women and Girls in the Asia-Pacific Region
June 5, 2013

A Mapping of Faith-based Responses to Violence against Women and Girls in ...

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This report presents findings from a mapping initiative by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) that aimed to capture how faith-based organisations (FBOs) respond to violence against women (VAW) and girls in the Asia-Pacific region. As a ...

Taxi 'Sugar Daddies' and Taxi Queens: Male Taxi Driver Attitudes Regarding Transactional Relationships in the Western Cape, South Africa
June 3, 2013

Taxi 'Sugar Daddies' and Taxi Queens: Male Taxi Driver Attitudes Regarding ...

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"Some information has begun to emerge, mainly anecdotal and in the media, about young women who travel with older mini-bus taxi drivers, and are thought to have sex with them in exchange for gifts and money."

Addressing Adolescent Pregnancy Challenges in Southern Africa In the Era of HIV
May 27, 2013

Addressing Adolescent Pregnancy Challenges in Southern Africa In the Era of HIV

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This two-page position paper discusses the growing prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and what can be done to address it. According to the publishers, SAfAIDS, approximately 16 million women aged between 15–19 years give birth each year, which ...

Impact Data - Violence against Women - Puntos de Encuentro
May 14, 2013

Impact Data - Violence against Women - Puntos de Encuentro

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Below is some of the evidence on the use of communication strategies to tackle violence against women from Puntos de Encuentro, a Nicaraguan feminist organisation that works with young and adult women in developing their capacities to exercise ...

Multimedia Library on Sexuality, HIV, and Violence - Biblioteca Multimedia sobre Sexualidad, VIH y Violencia
May 7, 2013

Multimedia Library on Sexuality, HIV, and Violence - Biblioteca Multimedia ...

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The organisation Puntos de Encuentro compiled this multi-media library on the issue of sexuality, HIV, and violence because "sexuality is an essential part of one’s wellbeing and development..., yet in the 21st Century violence against women, ...

HIV Prevention for South African Youth: Which Interventions Work? A Systematic Review of Current Evidence
May 6, 2013

HIV Prevention for South African Youth: Which Interventions Work? A ...

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"In countries where HIV prevalence has declined at population level, sexual behaviour change among young people has been cited as an important contributing factor. Yet, questions remain regarding how to achieve - and maintain - the ...

Engaging Men and Boys: A Brief Summary of UNFPA Experience and Lessons Learned
April 25, 2013

Engaging Men and Boys: A Brief Summary of UNFPA Experience and Lessons Learned

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"The key principle to bear in mind - whether programmes are working with men as supportive partners or as agents of social change - is that working with men represents an opportunity to address gender inequality and improve health outcomes."

We Will Speak Out Coalition: Working Together to End Sexual Violence
May 25, 2012

We Will Speak Out Coalition: Working Together to End Sexual Violence

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"We recognise that responding to sexual violence is essential in our work, in our communities and in our world. We commit to addressing sexual violence in our contexts to the best of our ability, aiming to end it in all its forms, together." From ...

Cross-Generational Relationships: Perceived Norms and Practices in Jamaica
April 30, 2012

Cross-Generational Relationships: Perceived Norms and Practices in Jamaica

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This report from C-Change/ FHI 360 documents a study that sought to explore the dynamics of cross-generational relationships in Jamaica with the aim of informing communication programmes working to decrease cross-generational sexual practices and ...

Using Participatory Research and Action to Address the HIV-related Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls in Tanzania
April 27, 2012

Using Participatory Research and Action to Address the HIV-related ...

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"Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be HIV positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their mental and physical well being. Protecting girls from this ...

Vijana Tunaweza Newala: Findings from a Participatory Research and Action Project in Tanzania
April 26, 2012

Vijana Tunaweza Newala: Findings from a Participatory Research and Action ...

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From the Executive summary: "The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that ...

April 17, 2012

Evidence-Based Approaches to Protecting Adolescent Girls at Risk of HIV

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"Despite the increasingly lopsided ratio between female and male infections in young populations, policymakers have persistently failed to engage directly with girls, too often submerging girls' needs within generalized health sector activities, ...

Addressing Gender Dynamics and Engaging Men in HIV Programs: Lessons Learned from Horizons Research
January 27, 2012

Addressing Gender Dynamics and Engaging Men in HIV Programs: Lessons Learned ...

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"In the field of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, there has been increasing interest in the role that gender plays in HIV and violence risk, and in successfully engaging men in the response."

Boys and Girls in the Life Cycle: Sex-Disaggregated Data on a Selection of Well-Being Indicators, from Early Childhood to Young Adulthood
January 19, 2012

Boys and Girls in the Life Cycle: Sex-Disaggregated Data on a Selection of ...

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From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), this compilation of a selection of sex-disaggregated statistics on children and young people in the developing world was prepared and published by the Statistics and Monitoring Section, Division ...

January 10, 2012

Supporting Adolescent Orphan Girls to Stay in School as HIV Risk Prevention: ...

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Using a randomised controlled trial in rural eastern Zimbabwe, the researchers tested whether comprehensive support to keep orphan adolescent girls in school could reduce HIV risk. All orphan girls in grade 6 in 25 primary schools were invited ...

Soul City’s Theory of Social and Behaviour Change
December 21, 2011

Soul City’s Theory of Social and Behaviour Change

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"Effective social and behavior change communication interventions tend to be based on sound theory (often a range of theories or models, Jepson et al., 2006) that grounds the strategic framework whilst allowing enough flexibility to allow ...

Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Youth Policy Toolkit
December 14, 2011

Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Youth Policy Toolkit

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Youth Policy Toolkit is an online resource designed to improve youth reproductive health (YRH) and HIV/AIDS policy worldwide. It was funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

December 9, 2011

Program Guide for Integrating GBV Prevention and Response in PEPFAR Programs

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From the Case Study Series from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)'s AIDSTAR-One (AIDS Support and Technical Assistance Resources, Sector 1, Task Order 1), this guide is designed to serve as a tool for programme ...

December 5, 2011

Promoting HIV Prevention Behaviors in Malawi through the BRIDGE Project

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"Important improvements were observed in behavioral predictors, behaviorial intentions, and some of the behaviors themselves that protect Malawians from HIV & AIDS. Improvements have also been seen in stigmatizing attitudes toward people ...

Striving for Transformation through Empowered People (STEP)
November 22, 2011

Striving for Transformation through Empowered People (STEP)

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Implemented in Vietnam's southwestern province, the 4-year STEP programme (2008-2012) addresses gender and its effects on the behaviour and life choices of both men and women. The programme, a collaboration between CARE International in Vietnam ...

Building Support for Gender Equality among Young Adolescents in School
November 17, 2011

Building Support for Gender Equality among Young Adolescents in School

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This report shares evaluation results from the 3-year (2008-2011) Gender Equity Movement in Schools (GEMS) programme, which the International Center for Research on Women's (ICRW) implemented in Goa, Kota, and Mumbai, India, in an effort to ...

October 28, 2011

Effect of Communication on HIV Prevention and Living with HIV/AIDS

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Developed for advocacy purposes, this resource from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs (JHU CCP) offers 10 key points for discussion around the impact of communication on HIV prevention and ...

The Role of Traditional Leadership Preventing Violence Against Women
October 11, 2011

The Role of Traditional Leadership Preventing Violence Against Women

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This 4-page fact sheet, published by the Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Services (SAfAIDS), outlines how traditional leaders and traditional institutions can facilitate positive change in local communities working to ...

January 12, 2010

Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale

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Excerpts from "Horizons Operations Research Toolkit on HIV/AIDS" and "The Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale":   "The Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo developed the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale to directly ...

May 18, 2009

Catalyzing Personal and Social Change Around Gender, Sexuality, and HIV: ...

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Somos Diferentes, Somos Iguales (SDSI) is a communication for social change initiative that aims to prevent future HIV infections in Nicaragua by means of mass communication actions, including entertainment-education (edutainment) programmes, ...

Because I Am a Girl: So, What about Boys?
October 25, 2011

Because I Am a Girl: So, What about Boys?

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"Drawing on research and case studies, the report argues that working for equality must involve men and boys both as holders of power and as a group that is also suffering the consequences of negative gender stereotypes."

Triple Jeopardy: Female Adolescence, Sexual Violence, and HIV/AIDS
September 30, 2011

Triple Jeopardy: Female Adolescence, Sexual Violence, and HIV/AIDS

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This advocacy fact sheet describes the linkages between female adolescence, sexual violence, and HIV/AIDS, termed the "Triple Jeopardy"  and describes possible policy and programme responses. It is published by the International Women’s ...

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