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Interventions to Strengthen the HIV Prevention Cascade: A Systematic Review of Reviews
July 21, 2016

Interventions to Strengthen the HIV Prevention Cascade: A Systematic Review ...

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"Much progress has been made in interventions to prevent HIV infection. However, development of evidence-informed prevention programmes that translate the efficacy of these strategies into population effect remain a challenge." This paper ...

AIDSFree Prevention Update
March 18, 2016

AIDSFree Prevention Update

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The Prevention Update is an online library that provides a sample of summaries and abstracts of recent published articles - some available as free, open source documents and others available by purchase or subscription only - on global HIV ...

HIV/AIDS Vulnerabilities, Discrimination, and Service Accessibility among Africa’s Youth: Insights from a Multi-country Study
July 17, 2015

HIV/AIDS Vulnerabilities, Discrimination, and Service Accessibility among ...

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"At the individual level, youth lack access to appropriate SRH [sexual and reproductive health] information and confidential, low-cost, and stigma-free SRH services. Institutional responses are hampered by sociocultural sensitivities to youth ...

Effective Approaches for Programming to Reduce Adolescent Vulnerability to HIV Infection, HIV Risk, and HIV-Related Morbidity and Mortality: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
July 2, 2014

Effective Approaches for Programming to Reduce Adolescent Vulnerability to ...

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"HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

HIV Prevention and Treatment for Adolescents: A Social Study of Africaid Whizzkids United's Comprehensive Model
October 29, 2013

HIV Prevention and Treatment for Adolescents: A Social Study of Africaid ...

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This document describes a case study done on behalf of Oxfam in order to describe the "social aspects" of the work of Africaid Whizzkids United (WKU). Africaid is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that provides HIV prevention, treatment, and ...

The Effect of HIV/AIDS Education on Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago
August 26, 2013

The Effect of HIV/AIDS Education on Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago

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"This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an HIV/AIDS educational intervention on adolescents' knowledge about and perceptions of susceptibility and severity of HIV/AIDS. We also examined whether providing information about ...

The Influence of Age, Gender and Parental Education on Adolescents' HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge in Badan Metropolis, Nigeria
August 23, 2013

The Influence of Age, Gender and Parental Education on Adolescents' ...

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In this study, adolescents' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to HIV and AIDS were examined based upon their age, gender, and parents' educational status. Data from several parts of Nigeria point to sexual activity in unmarried ...

Effectiveness of School-based Education on HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior among Secondary School Students in Wuhan, China
August 21, 2013

Effectiveness of School-based Education on HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitude, and ...

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"School-based HIV/AIDS health education may be an effective way to prevent the spread of AIDS among adolescents."

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action
August 19, 2013

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action

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According to author Cynthia Gómez, "The task of enabling most African-American and Latino women to remain uninfected with HIV goes well beyond how to use condoms, learning how to ask for condoms during sex through role-playing, or learning ...

Equipping Educators to Address HIV and AIDS: A Review of Selected Teacher Education Initiatives
August 13, 2013

Equipping Educators to Address HIV and AIDS: A Review of Selected Teacher ...

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"While the need to prioritize HIV and AIDS education for teachers is increasingly recognized, much more still needs to be done in terms of equipping teachers to address the epidemic." This article presents a survey of the spectrum of educational ...

+CLICK: Harnessing Web-based Training to Reduce Secondary Transmission Among HIV-positive Youth
August 2, 2013

+CLICK: Harnessing Web-based Training to Reduce Secondary Transmission Among ...

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This journal article shares findings of a United States (US) study to pilot-test "+CLICK", a web-based, sexual risk reduction intervention for HIV-positive youth. The theory-based application, developed for perinatally and behaviourally infected ...

Better Learning in Schools to Improve Attitudes Toward Abstinence and Intentions for Safer Sex Among Adolescents in Urban Nepal
July 29, 2013

Better Learning in Schools to Improve Attitudes Toward Abstinence and ...

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This journal article is on school-based sex education in Nepal, conducted because, while "school-based sex education is an effective medium to convey health information and skills about preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and ...

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in Higher Education
July 11, 2013

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in ...

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"Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of ...

The Reproductive Health of Young People in Egypt
July 3, 2013

The Reproductive Health of Young People in Egypt

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Over one-third of the population in Egypt is between 10 and 29 years of age. According to this report, their needs for a safe and smooth transition to adulthood are particular to the requirements and challenges of their time. From the Population ...

"I Have Grown Up Controlling Myself a Lot." Fear and Misconceptions about Sex among Adolescents Vertically-Infected with HIV in Tanzania
June 18, 2013

"I Have Grown Up Controlling Myself a Lot." Fear and Misconceptions about ...

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"How adolescents grapple with their nascent sexuality and HIV status may have implications for their subsequent attitudes to sex, risk behaviour, health, and well-being."

 Young Men Who Have Sex with Men: Health, Access, and HIV
June 13, 2013

Young Men Who Have Sex with Men: Health, Access, and HIV

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"In every world region, men who have sex with men (MSM) face significantly higher rates of HIV than the general population." This policy brief examines HIV risk factors and access to services among young MSM (YMSM), using data from the Global ...

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and Testing Behaviours among Homeless Youth
June 13, 2013

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and ...

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This paper shares findings of a study to evaluate associations between online social networking and sexual health behaviours among homeless youth in Los Angeles, California, United States (US). According to the paper, HIV and other sexually ...

Combined Structural Interventions for Gender Equality and Livelihood Security: A Critical Review of the Evidence from Southern and Eastern Africa and the Implications for Young People
June 10, 2013

Combined Structural Interventions for Gender Equality and Livelihood ...

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"Behavioural HIV prevention interventions have had weak outcomes and a new generation of structural interventions have emerged seeking to challenge the wider drivers of the HIV epidemic, including gender inequalities and livelihood insecurities."

HIV Vulnerability in Out-of-School Adolescents and Youth in Yunnan, China
June 10, 2013

HIV Vulnerability in Out-of-School Adolescents and Youth in Yunnan, China

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"This study investigated multiple aspects of vulnerability to HIV in out-of-school adolescents and youth in Yunnan Province, a high HIV risk region in China."

Case Study: An Ethics Case Study of HIV Prevention Research on Facebook: The Just/Us Study
May 31, 2013

Case Study: An Ethics Case Study of HIV Prevention Research on Facebook: The ...

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"Using social media for research may allow researchers to readily access and engage network members; and requires utilization of rapidly evolving technical mechanisms to ensure confidentiality. It also requires utilization of new strategies to ...

Assessment of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge Level Among In-School Adolescents in Eastern Ethiopia
May 29, 2013

Assessment of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge Level Among In-School ...

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This 5-page journal article shares findings of a study to assess in-school adolescents' knowledge of HIV/AIDS in eastern Ethiopia. The study found that only about a quarter of in-school adolescents had comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and that ...

Challenges to Youths Accessing Sexual and Reproductive Health Information and Services in Southern Africa: A Review of Qualitative Research in Seven Countries
May 15, 2013

Challenges to Youths Accessing Sexual and Reproductive Health Information ...

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The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Regional Programme, involving partner organisations in Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, conducted qualitative formative audience research to explore ...

Vulnerabilities, Health Needs and Predictors of High-Risk Sexual Behaviour among Female Adolescent Sex Workers in Kunming, China
May 10, 2013

Vulnerabilities, Health Needs and Predictors of High-Risk Sexual Behaviour ...

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Adolescent female sex workers (FSWs) who accessed sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention services, including peer-education-based health promotion and condom access, reported improved sexual behaviour. This is one of the findings of a ...

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention for Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized and Nonrandomized Trials
May 6, 2013

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention for Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic ...

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"We undertook a systematic review, and a meta-analysis when appropriate, to assess effectiveness of interventions to reduce sexual risk behaviours, and consequent HIV infection, among young people (10-25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa." This study ...

The Nature of Risk: HIV/AIDS and the Deaf Community in the United States
May 1, 2013

The Nature of Risk: HIV/AIDS and the Deaf Community in the United States

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This research explores why individuals in the United States (US) who are Deaf  are disproportionately vulnerable to HIV infection. "An analysis of the social, political, and attitudinal environments surrounding people who are Deaf reveals ...

A Situation Analysis of the Education Sector Response to HIV, Drugs and Sexual Health in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Timor-Leste
May 1, 2013

A Situation Analysis of the Education Sector Response to HIV, Drugs and ...

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"In order to provide an enabling environment for preventing HIV and drug abuse, it is important to have an educated population, one that does not hold misconceptions or is discriminatory towards PLHIV [people living with HIV] and key affected ...

Comprehensive Sexuality Education: The Challenges and Opportunities of Scaling Up
May 1, 2013

Comprehensive Sexuality Education: The Challenges and Opportunities of ...

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"Even in countries with the highest HIV rates, there are relatively few examples of scaled-up, sustainable programmes within educational curricula."

Young People's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Issues in Zimbabwe: Summary of Findings from SAfAIDS Baseline Survey in Five Provinces
March 18, 2013

Young People's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Issues in Zimbabwe: ...

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This 56-page report shares the results of a sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) baseline survey conducted by SAfAIDS (Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service) in five provinces in Zimbabwe, which looked at young ...

The Need to Promote Behaviour Change at the Cultural Level: One Factor Explaining the Limited Impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Rural Tanzania
January 21, 2013

The Need to Promote Behaviour Change at the Cultural Level: One Factor ...

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Published in the BMC Public Health Journal, this article discusses the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual health programme, exploring why such initiatives have had little impact in reducing the prevalence of HIV. According to the article, few of ...

Our Stories, Our Words: The Situation of Women Living with AIDS in 14 Latin American Countries - Nuestras historias, nuestras palabras: Situación de las mujeres que viven con VIH en 14 países de América Latina
June 8, 2012

Our Stories, Our Words: The Situation of Women Living with AIDS in 14 Latin ...

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The Secretariat for the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) began a dialogue in 2010 with the Movimiento Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Mujeres Positivas (Latin American and Caribbean Positive Women’s Movement - MLCM+) to learn ...

Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa
June 4, 2012

Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience ...

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This review discusses the education sector's role in preventing HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly focused on the “Accelerate Initiative”. It was assembled using data collated during the 2007 School Health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. ...

The Child Status Index Usage Assessment
May 9, 2012

The Child Status Index Usage Assessment

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This report evaluates a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) tool that was created in order to assess programmes designed to meet the needs of children who are orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. The Child Status Index (CSI), created in ...

Using Participatory Research and Action to Address the HIV-related Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls in Tanzania
April 27, 2012

Using Participatory Research and Action to Address the HIV-related ...

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"Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be HIV positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their mental and physical well being. Protecting girls from this ...

Vijana Tunaweza Newala: Findings from a Participatory Research and Action Project in Tanzania
April 26, 2012

Vijana Tunaweza Newala: Findings from a Participatory Research and Action ...

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From the Executive summary: "The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that ...

Assessment: Life-Skills Based Curriculum Project in Lao PDR
January 20, 2012

Assessment: Life-Skills Based Curriculum Project in Lao PDR

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This assessment from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Asia-Pacific Shared Services Center (APSSC) and East Asia and Pacific Regional Office (EAPRO) investigates the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours of students in Laos PDR regarding ...

The Effectiveness of Interventions to Change Six Health Behaviours: A Review of Reviews
January 19, 2012

The Effectiveness of Interventions to Change Six Health Behaviours: A Review ...

3.5

From the abstract of this United Kingdom-based study: "This paper reports the findings of a review of reviews of behavioural change interventions to reduce unhealthy behaviours or promote healthy behaviours. We included six different ...

January 10, 2012

Supporting Adolescent Orphan Girls to Stay in School as HIV Risk Prevention: ...

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Using a randomised controlled trial in rural eastern Zimbabwe, the researchers tested whether comprehensive support to keep orphan adolescent girls in school could reduce HIV risk. All orphan girls in grade 6 in 25 primary schools were invited ...

Levers of Success: Case Studies of National Sexuality Education Programmes
January 10, 2012

Levers of Success: Case Studies of National Sexuality Education Programmes

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"Effective sexuality education provides young people with age-appropriate, culturally relevant and scientifically accurate information. It also provides young people with structured opportunities to explore attitudes and values and to practise ...

Needs, Challenges & Opportunities: Adolescents and Young People Living with HIV in Zambia
December 30, 2011

Needs, Challenges & Opportunities: Adolescents and Young People Living with ...

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The aims of this qualitative study, carried out in 2010 by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, were twofold. The first was to explore and document the psychosocial, sexual, and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents (10-19) living with ...

Expanding Reproductive Rights Knowledge and Advocacy with HIV-positive Women and their Allies in Namibia - An Action-Oriented Initiative
December 16, 2011

Expanding Reproductive Rights Knowledge and Advocacy with HIV-positive Women ...

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This 28-page report, published by Ipas, looks at a Namibian project that was designed to increase awareness about gender and reproductive rights among members of the International Community of Women Living with HIV (ICW) and youth in order for ...

December 5, 2011

Promoting HIV Prevention Behaviors in Malawi through the BRIDGE Project

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"Important improvements were observed in behavioral predictors, behaviorial intentions, and some of the behaviors themselves that protect Malawians from HIV & AIDS. Improvements have also been seen in stigmatizing attitudes toward people ...

Stay Healthy: A Gender-Transformative HIV Prevention Curriculum for Youth in Namibia
November 23, 2011

Stay Healthy: A Gender-Transformative HIV Prevention Curriculum for Youth in ...

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This interactive curriculum from EngenderHealth and LifeLine/ChildLine is designed to apply a gender-transformative approach to HIV prevention in Namibian schools.

Securing the Future Today: Synthesis of Strategic Information on HIV and Young People
November 7, 2011

Securing the Future Today: Synthesis of Strategic Information on HIV and ...

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Security the Future Today: Synthesis of Strategic Information on HIV and Young People was written after the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010 in order to focus specifically on young ...

Pasión por la Vida Campaign - Passion for Life Campaign
November 7, 2011

Pasión por la Vida Campaign - Passion for Life Campaign

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On July 27 2009, the Regional Office of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) signed a cooperation agreement with the Huésped Foundation to strengthen the union between the main Latin American mass media regarding the regional response to ...

Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings
October 31, 2011

Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings

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  "Experimentation and risk-taking are normal during adolescence and are part of the process of developing decision-making skills ... the influence of at least one positive adult and a nurturing family are protective factors during this ...

October 28, 2011

Effect of Communication on HIV Prevention and Living with HIV/AIDS

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Developed for advocacy purposes, this resource from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs (JHU CCP) offers 10 key points for discussion around the impact of communication on HIV prevention and ...

Talking Frankly
October 24, 2011

Talking Frankly

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Developed with children in grades six through ten across Jordan, Talking Frankly is designed to make school a place to learn about making healthy lifestyle choices and adopting health behaviours. An initiative of the United States Agency for ...

October 11, 2011

Determinants of Self-Perceived HIV Risk in Young South Africans Engaged in ...

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This 12-page research article, published in the African Journal of Reproductive Health, examines factors that determine whether people in multiple concurrent relationships develop a perception of being at risk for HIV infection. Data was analysed ...

School-Based Sexuality Education Programmes: A Cost and Cost‐Effectiveness Analysis in Six Countries
September 26, 2011

School-Based Sexuality Education Programmes: A Cost and Cost‐Effectiveness ...

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This document reports on the results of a 2011 six-country study on the cost and cost-effectiveness of sexuality education programmes. It is the third major output of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) ...

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