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November 14, 2016

NEW: What keeps you up at night with worry about your work?

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Why is it so difficult for others to understand the value of what I do? Are we making a long-term difference? Where will the money come from? On no, not another strategic review or organisational ...

Understanding Key Terms and Data Related to HIV: Handbook for Adolescents and Young Key Populations at Higher Risk of HIV Exposure in Asia and the Pacific
November 7, 2016

Understanding Key Terms and Data Related to HIV: Handbook for Adolescents ...

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"There are a lot of data about HIV and AIDS. How much of it do you really understand? Have you ever read a document, watched a presentation or talked with your friends about HIV data and not understood the meaning of certain terms?"

HIV Prevention Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women - Putting HIV Prevention Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women on the Fast-Track and Engaging Men and Boys
September 7, 2016

HIV Prevention Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women - Putting HIV ...

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“The number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa remains exceptionally high. In 2015, 450 000 [380 000–530 000] new infections occurred among adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 24 years, ...

We need to start talking about AIDS again
August 31, 2016

We need to start talking about AIDS again

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Author: Caroline Sugg, August 31 2016 - In the early days of HIV, communication was at the heart of many successful prevention efforts but has never been fully integrated into the global response. Caroline Sugg explains why this needs to change, ...

Relational Accountability in Indigenizing Visual Research for Participatory Communication
August 26, 2016

Relational Accountability in Indigenizing Visual Research for Participatory ...

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This article attempts to re-focus the discussion about participatory communication by examining elements of an indigenous approach to communication for social change research strategies. It is based on a larger research project undertaken in the ...

The Effectiveness of Social Marketing in Global Health: A Systematic Review
August 15, 2016

The Effectiveness of Social Marketing in Global Health: A Systematic Review

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"Evidence exists that social marketing can influence health behaviours and health outcomes. Better documentation of social marketing interventions is needed when evaluating these programs." This article reviews evidence of the effectiveness of ...

Does Mass-Media Public Communication Campaign Normalize Discussion, Attitude and Behavior about Condom Use among Married Men in India?
August 11, 2016

Does Mass-Media Public Communication Campaign Normalize Discussion, Attitude ...

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"The effectiveness of mass media campaigns for normalizing condom discussion is largely mediated by demographic and socio-economic variables. Future campaigns need to address these variables to be more effective."

AIDSFree HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
July 27, 2016

AIDSFree HIV Prevention Knowledge Base

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The AIDSFree HIV Prevention Knowledge Base is an online collection of research and tools to help people who plan and implement evidence-based HIV prevention activities find what works in prevention. Each knowledge base topic is introduced with a ...

Interventions to Strengthen the HIV Prevention Cascade: A Systematic Review of Reviews
July 21, 2016

Interventions to Strengthen the HIV Prevention Cascade: A Systematic Review ...

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"Much progress has been made in interventions to prevent HIV infection. However, development of evidence-informed prevention programmes that translate the efficacy of these strategies into population effect remain a challenge." This paper ...

Changing the River's Flow - A Gender Transformative Programme for Young People
July 19, 2016

Changing the River's Flow - A Gender Transformative Programme for Young People

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SAfAIDS in partnership with Sonke Gender Justice is implementing a 2-year gender programme that seeks to transform gender roles and promote more gender-equitable relationships in order to reduce HIV and gender-based violence (GBV) and promote ...

HIV/AIDS Network
April 27, 2016

HIV/AIDS Network

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The HIV/AIDS Network provides the community space for people involved or interested in HIV/AIDS issues to share knowledge and strategic thinking derived from their work and experiences; and, to provide peer support on the issues and challenges ...

AIDSFree Prevention Update
March 18, 2016

AIDSFree Prevention Update

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The Prevention Update is an online library that provides a sample of summaries and abstracts of recent published articles - some available as free, open source documents and others available by purchase or subscription only - on global HIV ...

The Urban Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Social and Behavior Change Communications Implementation Kit
November 4, 2015

The Urban Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Social and Behavior ...

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"The social and cultural context surrounding young people growing up in urban areas is...different, in both positive and negative ways, affecting the health behaviors of young men and women, which can develop into repeated behaviors and habits ...

A Short Technical Update on Self-Testing for HIV
July 27, 2015

A Short Technical Update on Self-Testing for HIV

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"HIV self‑testing may provide people with an additional pathway to HIV prevention, care and treatment." This document is designed "to synthesize experiences, research and policies on HIV self‑testing to inform stakeholders who are considering or ...

HIV/AIDS Vulnerabilities, Discrimination, and Service Accessibility among Africa’s Youth: Insights from a Multi-country Study
July 17, 2015

HIV/AIDS Vulnerabilities, Discrimination, and Service Accessibility among ...

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"At the individual level, youth lack access to appropriate SRH [sexual and reproductive health] information and confidential, low-cost, and stigma-free SRH services. Institutional responses are hampered by sociocultural sensitivities to youth ...

HIV-Related Discrimination among Grade Six Students in Nine Southern African Countries
April 24, 2015

HIV-Related Discrimination among Grade Six Students in Nine Southern African ...

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"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

Effectiveness of Behavior Change Communications for Reducing Transmission Risks Among People Living with HIV in 6 Countries in Central America
April 21, 2015

Effectiveness of Behavior Change Communications for Reducing Transmission ...

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  This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour ...

Audience Reception and Evaluation Study for Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) Communication Program in Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
January 22, 2015

Audience Reception and Evaluation Study for Sexual and Reproductive Health ...

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This 53-page audience reception report discusses the findings of a study conducted by the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication on the implementation of a programme on sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) among ...

In or Out? Asia-Pacific Regional Review of the Inclusion of Young Key Populations in National AIDS Strategic Plans
August 8, 2014

In or Out? Asia-Pacific Regional Review of the Inclusion of Young Key ...

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"National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not ...

Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Transgender Women, Female Sex Workers, and People Who Inject Drugs
July 28, 2014

Enhancing Benefits or Increasing Harms: Community Responses for HIV among ...

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"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic ...

Lessons Learned from HPV Vaccine Delivery in Low-Resource Settings and Opportunities for HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Care Among Adolescents
July 25, 2014

Lessons Learned from HPV Vaccine Delivery in Low-Resource Settings and ...

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"The low level of knowledge on cervical cancer and HPV found in baseline formative research on the part of health workers and teachers,...let alone community members, prompted governments to provide detailed training to them to ensure that they ...

Effective Approaches for Programming to Reduce Adolescent Vulnerability to HIV Infection, HIV Risk, and HIV-Related Morbidity and Mortality: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
July 2, 2014

Effective Approaches for Programming to Reduce Adolescent Vulnerability to ...

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"HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

Lessons Learned From a Review of Interventions for Adolescent and Young Key Populations in Asia Pacific and Opportunities for Programming
June 23, 2014

Lessons Learned From a Review of Interventions for Adolescent and Young Key ...

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This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in ...

Lessons Learned From Scale-Up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Focusing on Adolescents: Benefits, Challenges, and Potential Opportunities for Linkages with Adolescent HIV, Sexual, and Reproductive Health Services
June 23, 2014

Lessons Learned From Scale-Up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision ...

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"By December 2013, it was estimated that close to 6 million men had been circumcised in the 14 priority countries for scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), the majority being adolescents (10-19 years). This article discusses why ...

What HIV Programs Work for Adolescent Girls?
June 23, 2014

What HIV Programs Work for Adolescent Girls?

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In this study, in order to evaluate the high rates of HIV infection among adolescent girls and to present evidence on what works globally to address the risk, researchers reviewed evidence on programming for adolescents from 150 studies and ...

Ending HIV and AIDS in Adolescents: Programmatic and Implementation Science Priorities
June 20, 2014

Ending HIV and AIDS in Adolescents: Programmatic and Implementation Science ...

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This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to ...

Social context of HIV testing among men who have sex with men in urban Peru
May 17, 2014

Social context of HIV testing among men who have sex with men in urban Peru

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Author: Evan Krueger, May 19 2014 - In 2012, the UCLA Center for Digital Behavior (CDB) teamed up with Epicentro, an independent, nonprofit organization in Lima, Peru that works to improve the lives of the city’s gay men through community ...

Matching Supply with Demand: Scaling Up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in Tanzania and Zimbabwe
April 29, 2014

Matching Supply with Demand: Scaling Up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision ...

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"Radio is not a means in and of itself. It’s the air war that supports the ground troops." MCHIP Chief of Party

The Impact of Community Mobilisation on HIV Prevention in Middle and Low Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Critique
April 28, 2014

The Impact of Community Mobilisation on HIV Prevention in Middle and Low ...

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"While community mobilisation (CM) is increasingly advocated for HIV prevention, its impact on measurable outcomes has not been established.... One reason for the lack of systematic attention to CM is that it is used across categories of HIV ...

Masculinities and Condom Use Patterns among Young Rural South African Men: A Cross-Sectional Baseline Survey
April 3, 2014

Masculinities and Condom Use Patterns among Young Rural South African Men: A ...

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This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

Faith-Based Organisations and HIV Prevention in Africa
April 3, 2014

Faith-Based Organisations and HIV Prevention in Africa

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This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment
January 23, 2014

Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

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This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their ...

Developing a Text Messaging Risk Reduction Intervention for Methamphetamine-Using MSM: Research Note
December 4, 2013

Developing a Text Messaging Risk Reduction Intervention for ...

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The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine ...

Alcohol Consumption, Sexual Partners, and HIV Transmission in Namibia
November 20, 2013

Alcohol Consumption, Sexual Partners, and HIV Transmission in Namibia

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This 104-page report, produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) presents the results of a qualitative research study undertaken to examine the impact of alcohol consumption on sexual partnerships and ...

Young People’s Views and Perceptions Regarding Female Condoms
November 15, 2013

Young People’s Views and Perceptions Regarding Female Condoms

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This 22-page report shares findings of a qualitative study conducted by Pakachere Institute for Health and Development Communication in Malawi to explore views regarding condom use among young girls and boys aged 15 to 24. Conducted in semi-urban ...

HIV Prevention and Treatment for Adolescents: A Social Study of Africaid Whizzkids United's Comprehensive Model
October 29, 2013

HIV Prevention and Treatment for Adolescents: A Social Study of Africaid ...

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This document describes a case study done on behalf of Oxfam in order to describe the "social aspects" of the work of Africaid Whizzkids United (WKU). Africaid is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that provides HIV prevention, treatment, and ...

Living Situation Affects Adherence to Combination Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adolescents in Rwanda
September 30, 2013

Living Situation Affects Adherence to Combination Antiretroviral Therapy in ...

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Researchers sought to address the problem of adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) among HIV-infected adolescents in Rwanda, a demographic group for whom adherence is challenging in spite of its importance for survival and ...

The Effect of HIV/AIDS Education on Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago
August 26, 2013

The Effect of HIV/AIDS Education on Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago

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"This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an HIV/AIDS educational intervention on adolescents' knowledge about and perceptions of susceptibility and severity of HIV/AIDS. We also examined whether providing information about ...

The Influence of Age, Gender and Parental Education on Adolescents' HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge in Badan Metropolis, Nigeria
August 23, 2013

The Influence of Age, Gender and Parental Education on Adolescents' ...

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In this study, adolescents' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to HIV and AIDS were examined based upon their age, gender, and parents' educational status. Data from several parts of Nigeria point to sexual activity in unmarried ...

Effectiveness of School-based Education on HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior among Secondary School Students in Wuhan, China
August 21, 2013

Effectiveness of School-based Education on HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitude, and ...

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"School-based HIV/AIDS health education may be an effective way to prevent the spread of AIDS among adolescents."

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action
August 19, 2013

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action

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According to author Cynthia Gómez, "The task of enabling most African-American and Latino women to remain uninfected with HIV goes well beyond how to use condoms, learning how to ask for condoms during sex through role-playing, or learning ...

Street-Based Adolescents at High Risk of HIV in Ukraine
August 19, 2013

Street-Based Adolescents at High Risk of HIV in Ukraine

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Through this study, the Centre for Population Studies of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine sought to "measure the extent and distribution of HIV risk behaviours among street-based adolescents in four Ukrainian cities as part of a ...

Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific
August 16, 2013

Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific

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This study was designed to: describe the diversity of laws that affect HIV responses in the context of sex work in the Asia Pacific region; assess the impact of laws, legal policies, and law enforcement practices on HIV responses in the context ...

Positive Learning: Meeting the Needs of Young People Living with HIV (YPLHIV) in the Education Sector
August 14, 2013

Positive Learning: Meeting the Needs of Young People Living with HIV ...

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"It is... necessary to broaden our understanding of the needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) and go beyond the well-established focus upon infants, orphans and vulnerable children, to include a more sophisticated and nuanced response to ...

If, When and How to Tell: A Qualitative Study of HIV Disclosure among Young Women in Zimbabwe
August 13, 2013

If, When and How to Tell: A Qualitative Study of HIV Disclosure among Young ...

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"In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status can be a central strategy to garner support for ...

Equipping Educators to Address HIV and AIDS: A Review of Selected Teacher Education Initiatives
August 13, 2013

Equipping Educators to Address HIV and AIDS: A Review of Selected Teacher ...

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"While the need to prioritize HIV and AIDS education for teachers is increasingly recognized, much more still needs to be done in terms of equipping teachers to address the epidemic." This article presents a survey of the spectrum of educational ...

Differential Challenges in Coalition Building Among HIV Prevention Coalitions Targeting Specific Youth Populations
August 12, 2013

Differential Challenges in Coalition Building Among HIV Prevention ...

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This research, whose authorship includes the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN), describes the differential challenges in coalition processes that may facilitate or hinder coalition building to achieve HIV ...

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