Chief of Party (COP) - Pact - Hanoi, Vietnam

Description    Pact is recruiting a Chief of Party (COP) for an upcoming USAID-funded program that aims to strengthen human, organizational, and systems capacity to lead the national...

Technical Director, HIV/AIDS - Pact - Hanoi, Vietnam

Description    Pact is recruiting a Technical Director, HIV/AIDS for an upcoming USAID-funded program that aims to strengthen human, organizational, and systems capacity to lead the...

The Urban Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Social and Behavior Change Communications Implementation Kit

The Urban Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Social and Behavior Change Communications (SBCC) Implementation Kit provides a selection of Essential Elements and tools to guide the...

Shuga: Engaging Tanzanian Young People in HIV Prevention through Edutainment Radio - Final Report


Shuga: Engaging Tanzanian Young People in HIV Prevention through Edutainment Radio

Programme Summary: Shuga: Engaging Tanzanian Young People in HIV Prevention through Edutainment Radio - Tanzania - the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Tanzania in collaboration with the...

When Do Gain-Framed Health Messages Work Better than Fear Appeals?

"Message framing is one of the most researched, yet least conclusively understood, phenomena in health communication. Positive or gain-framed messages are sometimes effective, but negative or loss-...

Bolstering State Efforts to Implement the National HIV/AIDS Strategy

"Four years since the release of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States [US], significant activities have taken place in states and communities throughout the country to strengthen the...

Youth Chhlat, Cambodia

"Youth Chhlat is a cross-media life skills programme that enables and encourages young people to engage with gender, sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues. It combines a computer-...
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Thanks to UNAIDS for supporting this space. Editorial decisions are by The CI. If interested in a space for your priority please email Warren

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership convenes the communication and media for development, social and behavioural change community to share knowledge, connect, debate relevant issues, and critically review each other's work in order to advance effective development action across and between all development priorities. Contact Warren


Programme Summary: The Volunteer Community Mobilizer: Promotion of ANC Attendance, Uptake of PMTCT Services, Anambra and Benue states, Nigeria, the United Nations Children's Fund (...

Launched in November 2013 and ongoing through 2017, this social and behaviour change communication (SBCC) campaign was carried out as part of the National AIDS Control Program’s (NACP) efforts in Haiti to create a collective, national response to...

Moyo ndi Mpamba Health Campaign

Moyo ndi Mpamba, Usamalireni (Life is Precious, Take Care of It) is an interactive communications campaign designed to address public health challenges in Malawi. Moyo ndi Mpamba includes a radio drama, which encourages listeners to interact with...

"HIV self‑testing may provide people with an additional pathway to HIV prevention, care and treatment."

This document is designed "to synthesize experiences, research and policies on HIV self‑testing to inform stakeholders who are...

"Wazazi Nipendeni (Love me, Parents) is a national safe motherhood social and behavior change communication (SBCC) campaign that aims to encourage Tanzanian women and their partners to take steps for a healthy pregnancy and safe delivery."

"Don't take the place of adolescents and young people in decision-making, but listen to us and support us, and together we will end AIDS." - Cédric Nininahazwe, executive director of the Burundian National Network of young people living with...

"At the individual level, youth lack access to appropriate SRH [sexual and reproductive health] information and confidential, low-cost, and stigma-free SRH services. Institutional responses are hampered by sociocultural sensitivities to youth...

Launched in Ghana in January 2013, No Yawa is a youth project developed by DKT Ghana (DKT), Marie Stopes International Ghana (MSIG), and the Grameen Foundation (with funding from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Ghana) that links...

Lilian Kiefer

Author: Lilian Kiefer, June 19 2015 - Discrimination and marginalisation have lasting effects in that they take away human dignity. Discrimination means to be treated in a negatively different way because of certain real or perceived...

Author: Nokholo Mhluzani, April 30 2015 - Towards the end of the year 2014 Action IEHDC [Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication] produced a television talk show under the Wize Up, your decision your life campaign....

"Research indicates that mass media campaigns increase knowledge, skills and awareness of sexual and reproductive health issues, yet are most effective when combined with other complementary activities, including peer led interventions and...

This guide was produced to help journalists and writers to report on sex work in South Africa in a respectful and sensitive way. It sets out basic facts about the sex work industry and contains sections on appropriate terminology, use of images,...


"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."


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The Language of Water

Implemented by Arca-MED, the communications branch of Arca Consulting, this film project involved the production of 4 documentarie

Communication Strategies: 

The 4 documentaries, each 52 minutes in length, explore water issues in 4 different sectors: water and peace, water conservation, water and health, and water and ecosystems. The contents were developed through a participatory field research process that involved interviews with personnel, acquisition and analysis of relevant documentation, and analysis of emblematic cases and success stories of individuals and communities. There were few formal interviews, since the strategy was to tell the stories with a creative approach by illuminating the daily life and activities of relevant community members. Themes highlighted in the stories concerning water include: innovation; changes in behaviour and practices; cultivations able to withstand water scarcity; examples of community participation or community-based initiatives; and examples of networking, south-south cooperation, and pooling of experience.

The films were produced through co-production agreements with television stations in each of the countries concerned. They have obtained, in exchange, the right to broadcast all 4 documentaries on their channels. The intended audience is within the Arabic speaking region, within the European region, and - internationally - via BBC World or the Arab television channels.

Click here to access, in PDF format, a dossier describing the films and the process in more detail.

Development Issues: 

Environment, Natural Resource Management, Peace, Health, Rights.

Key Points: 

Arca-MED explains that the various models developed by scientists in order to predict the effects of climate change indicate that the rise in temperatures and the change in rainfall patterns will produce more severe effects in some areas, including the Mediterranean. One of the consequences is the "intensification" of the water cycle - meaning that rainfall will be concentrated in fewer, severe storms, giving less time for the soil to absorb and store humidity. At the same time, the amount of precipitation in the Mediterranean will diminish. In conclusion, there will be less rain in absolute terms, and, of that rain, a larger share will be lost because of torrential runoff. All of this will happen in a region where water shortage is a centuries-old problem. "We can tell the story of conflicts about water, of how it affects life in the cities, on the farms and the steppe [per Wikipedia: a biome region characterised by grassland plain without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes]. Of how it affects and is affected by the quality of the environment, and the importance of conserving forests and even desert shrubs to save water resources. Of how cultures and society have developed different norms on its use and ingenious ways to make the best of it. Of the commitment of modern society, and of its failures."

Arca-MED continues: "Across our cultural and social differences, we share the awareness that water is a pressing issue, and of the need to develop synergies to address it. From being the subject of competition and even conflict, water can and must become a cross-cutting theme of cooperation, bridging our differences. Our objective is to use the universal language of water as a means to give birth to debate and meeting of minds and cultures, across the borders of religion, politics, and social layers, aiming at the development of practical, implementable solutions."

See video

Email from Emanuela Gasbarroni to The Communication Initiative on May 24 2010; and Arca-MED website, May 27 2010.

Religious Leaders Become Advocates for Reproductive Health

Publication Date
June 15, 2007
Contact Information: 

Email from Pathfinder Communications to The Communication Initiative, June 27 2007.

"Safe Age of Marriage" in Yemen: Fostering Change in Social Norms

A Case Study
Leah Sawalha Freij
Publication Date
June 1, 2010

Extending Service Delivery (ESD) Project

This brief describes how the Extending Service Delivery (ESD) Project, in partnership with the Basic Health Services (BHS) Project in Yemen and the Yemeni Women's Union (YWU), implemented the "Safe Age of Marriage" programme as part of Yemen's national effort to reduce maternal and neonatal mortalities. The pilot programme drew on voluntary community educators to communicate messages about ending marriage before the age of 18 and improving the poor health and social outcomes of young girls by changing entrenched social/gender norms and by stressing the importance of girls' education.

Contact Information: 

Safe Age of Marriage Programme

The "Safe Age of Marriage" programme is part of Yemen's national effort to reduce maternal and neonatal mortalities. Launched in December 2008 by the Extending Service Delivery (ESD) Project, in partnership with the Basic Health Services (BHS) Project in Yemen and the Yemeni Women's Union (YWU), the 1-year pilot programme aimed to contribute toward ending marriage before the age of 18 and improving poor health and social outcomes of young girls by changing entrenched social/gender norms and communicating the importance of girls' education.

Communication Strategies: 

This initiative is based on interpersonal communication. To begin, organisers selected and trained 20 male and 20 female volunteer community educators, including religious leaders and nurse midwives. In February 2009, the community educators attended a 6-day participatory training workshop to conduct outreach educational activities with families in their communities. Using interactive training, the workshop challenged participants to re-examine socio-cultural and religious norms and practices related to child marriage. In October 2009, the community educators attended a 4-day refresher training to strengthen their facilitation skills and expand their knowledge on Islam's perspectives on child marriage, education, and family planning, as well as the emotional/psychological consequences of child marriage.

Each community educator was responsible for holding a minimum of 4 awareness-raising sessions per month, using a range of techniques, such as discussions, role-plays, storytelling, poetry recitations, and debates. The sessions were held in schools, literacy classes, health centres, mosques, YWU branches, and during other social gatherings. The community educators also organised and held monthly fairs, where BHS's mobile clinic was present to provide family planning, reproductive health, and maternal and child health services to mothers and children. Some health fairs featured speakers such as the governor, representatives from the Ministry of Public Health and Population, the Ministry of Education, and religious leaders. In addition, community educators set up information booths and showed a local movie about a Yemeni girl who was married off at a young age and died in labour. The movie was followed by a discussion facilitated by the community educators on the consequences of child marriage.

They were also involved in development and distribution of: 4 newsletters, a brochure, and 3 radio messages (aired 3 times daily for 4 months).

The strategy of awards and recognition is demonstrated in the following activities:

  • The community educators worked with the YWU coordinators to engage 9- to 15-year-old students to develop and perform school plays on the health and social consequences of early marriage and to launch a magazine competition between 20 schools. Students submitted stories, poems, and caricatures on the social and health consequences of child marriage and the importance of completing high school education. Copies of the winning magazine were distributed to community members.
  • The community educators were involved in the selection of 10 model families who not only delayed the marriage of their daughters but ensured that they completed 12th grade. These families were awarded a plaque for their role during the end-of-project ceremony officiated by the Amran governor.

The Ministry of Religious Affairs in Amran asked all religious leaders to disseminate messages on the health and social consequences of child marriage in their Friday sermons. Meanwhile, community members began mobilising to build a girls' school and hire female teachers, nominating a female community educator to become a school principal.

Development Issues: 

Girls, Education, Reproductive Health, Family Planning, Maternal and Neonatal Health.

Key Points: 

In Yemen, 47% of girls are married before the age of 17.

Through technical assistance from ESD and BHS, the pilot project is being scaled up in 2 Amran districts of Thula and Raydah. YWU is gradually assuming management of project activities. In addition, YWU has been actively lobbying with Yemeni government for a change in Yemeni law that would prohibit the marriage of girls under age 17.

Partner Text: 

ESD, BHS, and YWU. ESD is managed by Pathfinder International in partnership with IntraHealth International, Management Sciences for Health, and Meridian Group International, Inc. Additional technical assistance is provided by Adventist Development and Relief Agency International, the Georgetown University Institute for Reproductive Health, and Save the Children. Both ESD and BHS are funded by the United States Agency for International Development

Contact Information: 

IMF Youth Video Contest

This International Monetary Fund (IMF) contest invites young people across the Middle East, Pakistan, and North Africa to directly engage with the IMF on the issues of greatest concern to them by maki

Deadline Date
Deadline Date: 
September 30, 2010
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