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Vaccine Refusals Spur Outbreak Fears

Author: 
Maria Danilova
Publication Date
March 25, 2009
Affiliation: 

Associated Press

Source: 
http://images.theglobeandmail.com/archives/RTGAM/images/20090325/wvaccine0325/0325vaccine500.jpg

Interpersonal Communication and Counseling for Clients on Tuberculosis and HIV and AIDS

Publication Date
Publication Date: 

September 2009

This training curriculum for tuberculosis (TB) health care workers in Ukraine introduces principles of interpersonal communication and counselling of clients on TB and HIV. It provides a framework for the development of experience in TB and HIV counselling skills in a three-day workshop.

Publisher: 
Source: 

Stop TB Partnership website, December 28 2010.

Press Prizes for Russia and Eastern Europe

The Norwegian Fritt Ord Foundation and the German ZEIT Foundation are cooperatively announcing a competition for press prizes to journalists and media in Russia and Eastern Europe.

Deadline Date
Deadline Date: 
October 17, 2010

CEI SEEMO Award for Outstanding Merits in Investigative Journalism

The Central European Initiative (CEI), in cooperation with the South East European Media Organisation (SEEMO), invites applications for the CEI Award for Outstanding Merits in Journalism, with a foc

Deadline Date
Deadline Date: 
May 31, 2010

A Communication Approach on the Ukrainian Forest

Author: 
Lars Tallert
Petter Bolme
Publication Date
January 1, 2005
Affiliation: 

Sida

This study analyses the communications aspects of Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)-financed Urban Forest Strategic Management Plan (UFSMP) project in the Ukrainian forest se

Source: 

Sida Communication for Development report A Communication Approach to the Ukrainian Forest, January 2005.

Lessons Learned from SIAs: Magnification of the Opportunities and Risks to Routine Immunization Programmes

Author: 
Rebecca Martin
Publication Date
February 19, 2009
Affiliation: 

Communicable Diseases Unit, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Emails from Ellyn Ogden and Rebecca Fields to The Communication Initiative on February 25 2009 and March 2 2009, respectively.

Impact Data - Nasha Ulitsa (Our Street) Radio Drama

Date: 
December 1, 2002
Methodologies: 

InterMedia carried out 4 focus group discussions with 32 young (15-19 year-old men and women) in Simferopol and Sevastopol, Crimea. During the 2-hour discussions - one with young Ukrainians and Russians and one with young Crimean Tatars in each city - participants were asked how close they felt to other ethnic groups before and after they had listened to the entire radio drama series.

Attitudes: 
  • After listening to "Our Street", the participants' perceptions of distance (on a 6-point Bogardus scale) between the groups in question decreased, in some cases measurably. Mean changes in attitudes towards other ethnic groups (where 1 represents the closest possible relationship - kinship by way of marriage - and 6 represents the most distant relationship - living in the same city or region) were recorded. Groups 1 and 3 consisted of Russians and Ukrainians; Groups 2 and 4 consisted of Crimean Tartars only.
    • The results varied by group but, on average, the Ukrainian and Russians felt somewhat closer to Tatars after hearing the drama series. For example, in Group 1, the mean perceived distance was 2 before listening and 1.8 after. In Group 3, that number improved from 2.8 to 2.
    • The change in attitudes of the Crimean Tatars toward the Russians and Ukrainians was even more pronounced: the Tatars viewed the Russians and Ukrainians in a more favorable light. For example, prior to listening, Group 2 members on average rated Russians at 2.9 on the scale; afterward, they felt closer to this group (1.9). Among this same group, there was a similar change in perception of distance toward Ukrainians (from 2.8 to 1.9). In Group 4, the perceived distance toward Russians improved from 2.4 to 1.5; this number shifted from 1.9 to 1.6 with regard to Ukrainians. Evaluators explain that some of this change may be attributed to the way the radio drama plot unfolded, especially those moments where a few Russian-Ukrainian characters helped the Tatars in difficult situations.
  • After listening, some focus group participants took an interest in ethnic groups other than their own and expressed a desire to understand them better. One participant (Group 1) said, "I have never even thought about the Tatars having been deported...now I felt the situation from their side - how painful and hurtful it is. Now I understand them better."
  • Listeners seemed to recognise the importance of comprehending a situation before responding to it, and of trying to resolve a conflict peacefully rather than attempting to overcome the opponent. Many respondents said the serial gave them new methods and skills for resolving conflicts (although others did not discover any methods in the programmes), as follows:
    • "In principle, there is just one method here: Treat people well." (Group 1)
    • "One doesn't have to use fists to resolve something; one can do it peacefully." (Group 1)
    • "I would no longer get too excited if something was wrong. I'd stop and think." (Group 1)
    • "One shouldn't give way to emotions - this won't lead to anything good; this leads to aggression." (Group 1)
    • "When someone starts insulting you, be silent and count to 10." (Group 2)
    • "Problems shouldn't be resolved by determining who is the better drinker or the faster racer." (Group 3)

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

 

"The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to expand on previous systematic reviews to examine the overall effectiveness of mass media-delivered HIV interventions and to identify predictors of changes in condom use and HIV-related knowledge."

 

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Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

 

"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

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Launched on December 1 2014, this national campaign is mobilising South Africans to engage in dialogue and debate around social attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLWHV), while encouraging greater openness and disclosure by PLWHV about their status. Themed 'I Can't Change My HIV Status But You Can Change Your Attitude, Zero Stigma, Zero...

This evaluation report outlines key findings related to Community Media Trust’s (CMT) Siyayinqoba Beat It! programme in South Africa based on The Third National HIV Communication Survey 2012. The objective of this analysis of the survey was to examine and measure awareness, knowledge, and exposure to Siyayinqoba Beat It! and to estimate impact...

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Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

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Empower Young People

 

"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

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Inside Story is a 98-minute African film that tells the story of the science of HIV transmission by combining the story of a rising soccer star with an animated journey of HIV infection through the human body.

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Developed by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication (IEHDC), this 13-part half-hour television talk show seeks to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in urban and rural areas of Zimbabwe in order to create awareness and discussion around sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The primary objective of...

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Enhance Social Protection

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

The Adolescents' HIV Prevention and Treatment Toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa is made up of 10 publications which are designed to help young people better understand HIV and what it means in their lives. The Toolkit, also known as Young Champions (YC) Support Pack, includes resources for facilitators or Young Champions working on HIV...

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Authors: David Patient and Neil Orr, November 26 2014 - This article is not about religion itself. Instead, it is about those who say "If you have faith, you don’t need to take your pills". It is also about why this kills people, specifically those living with HIV and those needing to take antiretroviral (ARV) medication every day. To make it...

This 53-page report (and subsequent 6-page abridged report) discusses findings from a study to synthesise existing research to better understand HIV/AIDS prevention and care among sex workers in Uganda and inform the National HIV/AIDS multi-sectoral response. The study was conducted by the HIV/AIDS Knowledge Management and Communication...

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

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Eliminate gender inequalities

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

Offered as part of See Us, a global awareness campaign focused on helping address challenges faced by women living with HIV, this series of dialogue tools is designed to strengthen conversations between healthcare providers and women living with HIV. Made available in advance of World AIDS Day, December 1 2014, the tools were created...

This 8-page project brief discusses the RESPOND Project's interventions to strengthen gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response efforts in two provinces in Burundi, Kayanza, and Muyinga.

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"It is a dangerous myth that perpetuates the idea that there is simply a bit of unfinished business to handle and then the era of AIDS will be behind us. The narrative leads inexorably to donors and governments committing less money in the long term, and it results in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and communities having diminished power...

Produced by Family Care International (FCI) and co-authored by partners in the Universal Access Project, "these briefing cards detail the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and other key development issues including environmental sustainability, gender equality, economic growth, educational attainment, and broader...

This 118-page report shares the findings of a qualitative audience reception analysis of the mass media component of the Brothers for Life campaign, which was launched in 2009 to promote the health and well-being of South African men, with a focus on HIV. Analysis found that the integrated, multi-faceted approach to communication used by...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

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Increase antiretroviral access

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

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"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

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This 34-page report shares findings from a study to better understand the situation related to integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming in Zambia. The assessment found that there is some integration of RH and HIV services in Zambia, particularly at public health facilities, and especially within antenatal and post-...

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV...

This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

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Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

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This 53-page audience reception report discusses the findings of a study conducted by the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication on the implementation of a programme on sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) among youths and key populations in Southern Africa.

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

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MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to...

"National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

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Featured

 

"The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to expand on previous systematic reviews to examine the overall effectiveness of mass media-delivered HIV interventions and to identify predictors of changes in condom use and HIV-related knowledge."

 

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

 

"The purpose of this review article was to apply a systems thinking approach, using the [World Health Organization (WHO)] health systems building blocks as a framework to examine the factors influencing the scale-up of the [voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC)] programs from 2008-2013." 

This 53-page report discusses evaluation findings related to the use of the Community Conversation Toolkit (CCT) developed by Communication for Change (C-Change) to foster interactive communication through group dialogues and to prompt engagement on HIV prevention issues among low-literacy adults.

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Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

Author: Lucy Maroncha, July 23 2014 - Activists at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne [Australia] this week have urged journalists to be more creative and to use less stigmatizing words which influence public opinion and attitudes.

...

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

"In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

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"...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

"It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

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