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Vaccine Refusals Spur Outbreak Fears

Author: 
Maria Danilova
March 25, 2009
Affiliation: 

Associated Press

Source: 
http://images.theglobeandmail.com/archives/RTGAM/images/20090325/wvaccine0325/0325vaccine500.jpg

Interpersonal Communication and Counseling for Clients on Tuberculosis and HIV and AIDS

Publication Date: 

September 2009

This training curriculum for tuberculosis (TB) health care workers in Ukraine introduces principles of interpersonal communication and counselling of clients on TB and HIV. It provides a framework for the development of experience in TB and HIV counselling skills in a three-day workshop.

Publisher: 
Source: 

Stop TB Partnership website, December 28 2010.

Press Prizes for Russia and Eastern Europe

The Norwegian Fritt Ord Foundation and the German ZEIT Foundation are cooperatively announcing a competition for press prizes to journalists and media in Russia and Eastern Europe.

Deadline Date: 
October 17, 2010

CEI SEEMO Award for Outstanding Merits in Investigative Journalism

The Central European Initiative (CEI), in cooperation with the South East European Media Organisation (SEEMO), invites applications for the CEI Award for Outstanding Merits in Journalism, with a foc

Deadline Date: 
May 31, 2010

A Communication Approach on the Ukrainian Forest

Author: 
Lars Tallert
Petter Bolme
January 1, 2005
Affiliation: 

Sida

This study analyses the communications aspects of Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)-financed Urban Forest Strategic Management Plan (UFSMP) project in the Ukrainian forest se

Source: 

Sida Communication for Development report A Communication Approach to the Ukrainian Forest, January 2005.

Lessons Learned from SIAs: Magnification of the Opportunities and Risks to Routine Immunization Programmes

Author: 
Rebecca Martin
February 19, 2009
Affiliation: 

Communicable Diseases Unit, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Emails from Ellyn Ogden and Rebecca Fields to The Communication Initiative on February 25 2009 and March 2 2009, respectively.

Impact Data - Nasha Ulitsa (Our Street) Radio Drama

Date: 
December 1, 2002
Methodologies: 

InterMedia carried out 4 focus group discussions with 32 young (15-19 year-old men and women) in Simferopol and Sevastopol, Crimea. During the 2-hour discussions - one with young Ukrainians and Russians and one with young Crimean Tatars in each city - participants were asked how close they felt to other ethnic groups before and after they had listened to the entire radio drama series.

Attitudes: 
  • After listening to "Our Street", the participants' perceptions of distance (on a 6-point Bogardus scale) between the groups in question decreased, in some cases measurably. Mean changes in attitudes towards other ethnic groups (where 1 represents the closest possible relationship - kinship by way of marriage - and 6 represents the most distant relationship - living in the same city or region) were recorded. Groups 1 and 3 consisted of Russians and Ukrainians; Groups 2 and 4 consisted of Crimean Tartars only.
    • The results varied by group but, on average, the Ukrainian and Russians felt somewhat closer to Tatars after hearing the drama series. For example, in Group 1, the mean perceived distance was 2 before listening and 1.8 after. In Group 3, that number improved from 2.8 to 2.
    • The change in attitudes of the Crimean Tatars toward the Russians and Ukrainians was even more pronounced: the Tatars viewed the Russians and Ukrainians in a more favorable light. For example, prior to listening, Group 2 members on average rated Russians at 2.9 on the scale; afterward, they felt closer to this group (1.9). Among this same group, there was a similar change in perception of distance toward Ukrainians (from 2.8 to 1.9). In Group 4, the perceived distance toward Russians improved from 2.4 to 1.5; this number shifted from 1.9 to 1.6 with regard to Ukrainians. Evaluators explain that some of this change may be attributed to the way the radio drama plot unfolded, especially those moments where a few Russian-Ukrainian characters helped the Tatars in difficult situations.
  • After listening, some focus group participants took an interest in ethnic groups other than their own and expressed a desire to understand them better. One participant (Group 1) said, "I have never even thought about the Tatars having been deported...now I felt the situation from their side - how painful and hurtful it is. Now I understand them better."
  • Listeners seemed to recognise the importance of comprehending a situation before responding to it, and of trying to resolve a conflict peacefully rather than attempting to overcome the opponent. Many respondents said the serial gave them new methods and skills for resolving conflicts (although others did not discover any methods in the programmes), as follows:
    • "In principle, there is just one method here: Treat people well." (Group 1)
    • "One doesn't have to use fists to resolve something; one can do it peacefully." (Group 1)
    • "I would no longer get too excited if something was wrong. I'd stop and think." (Group 1)
    • "One shouldn't give way to emotions - this won't lead to anything good; this leads to aggression." (Group 1)
    • "When someone starts insulting you, be silent and count to 10." (Group 2)
    • "Problems shouldn't be resolved by determining who is the better drinker or the faster racer." (Group 3)

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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Author: Gideon Poki, originallly posted on World AIDS Day 2014 - World AIDS Day is a chance for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV and AIDS. It is a chance to show solidarity with the 35 million people living with HIV today and commemorate those who have died from AIDS.

For me, December 1st will be even more poignant as...

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

Authors: David Patient and Neil Orr, November 26 2014 - This article is not about religion itself. Instead, it is about those who say "If you have faith, you don’t need to take your pills". It is also about why this kills people, specifically those living with HIV and those needing to take antiretroviral (ARV) medication every day. To make it...

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Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

Author: Gideon Poki, originallly posted on World AIDS Day 2014 - World AIDS Day is a chance for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV and AIDS. It is a chance to show solidarity with the 35 million people living with HIV today and commemorate those who have died from AIDS.

For me, December 1st will be even more poignant as...

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

"Studies indicate that harmful gender norms and practices, cultural perceptions and beliefs surrounding pregnancy and childbirth, and a distrust of health-care services all can pose barriers to HIV prevention and treatment. In particular, women face difficulties related to unequal gender power relations and stigma."

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"It is a dangerous myth that perpetuates the idea that there is simply a bit of unfinished business to handle and then the era of AIDS will be behind us. The narrative leads inexorably to donors and governments committing less money in the long term, and it results in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and communities having diminished power...

"The role of the media in tackling HIV related stigma is crucial. It is seen as one of the drivers of HIV reduction, yet the media is far from reaching its full potential....Many of our interviewees believe there is fatigue with HIV in the mainstream media..."

This 34-page report shares findings from a study to better understand the situation related to integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming in Zambia. The assessment found that there is some integration of RH and HIV services in Zambia, particularly at public health facilities, and especially within antenatal and post-...

MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to...

"...reviewers have called for more rigorous outcome evaluation designs in the manner conducted here."

This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

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Empower Young People

Developed by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication (IEHDC), this 13-part half-hour television talk show seeks to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in urban and rural areas of Zimbabwe in order to create awareness and discussion around sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The primary objective of...

This Colombian project, begun in 2007 and now ongoing as Revela2, uses theory and evidence, ongoing research and university partnerships, monitoring and evaluation, strengthening of local and regional capacity, local participation, a focus on national, regional and local levels of intervention, inter-institutional and multisectorial work, and...

Edutainment +Mobilization = Social Change is a communication and mobilisation process, based in Colombia and on a multimedia edutainment platform, aimed at facilitating dialogue and behaviour change about sexual and reproductive rights (SRR) amongst adolescents and youth 12-19  years of age, with emphasis on the 15-19 age group.

Revela2 is a multimedia, TV, and social mobilisation edutainment for social change platform for adolescents and youth. The first of its kind in Colombia, it aims to facilitate dialogue and critical reflection about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and contribute to transforming individual and family behaviours and...

Lilian Kiefer

Author: Lilian Kiefer, August 14 2014 - Adolescence is a defining period in the growth of a young person. Supporting young people to successfully navigate this stage of life can help break the cycle of poverty and produce great benefits for individuals, communities, and countries.

During adolescence, a growing person has the possibility...

"National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

Author: Boyd Chibale, July 25 2014 - "Well, I am made of latex, and I come in lots of different brands, shapes and sizes. I am anything from small to extra-large, strawberry and banana flavoured," says Mr Condom, one of the stars of a brand new radio show in Zambia. "Sex is still sweet with me and you save yourself stress about STIs...

"HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery." From the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) East Asia and Pacific...

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Enhance Social Protection

Authors: David Patient and Neil Orr, November 26 2014 - This article is not about religion itself. Instead, it is about those who say "If you have faith, you don’t need to take your pills". It is also about why this kills people, specifically those living with HIV and those needing to take antiretroviral (ARV) medication every day. To make it...

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

Developed by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication (IEHDC), this 13-part half-hour television talk show seeks to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in urban and rural areas of Zimbabwe in order to create awareness and discussion around sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The primary objective of...

Published by Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication, this booklet offers a collection of personal stories that reflect how the availability and consumption of alcohol has had an impact on the Galeshewe community in the Northern Cape Province in South Africa.

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV...

Author: Warren Feek, August 14 2014 - All of us worry all of the time about both strategy and money! So the more we can share experiences and analysis the better for all. Some ideas and questions follow. Please do respond by logging in and commenting.

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

Author: Boyd Chibale, July 25 2014 - "Well, I am made of latex, and I come in lots of different brands, shapes and sizes. I am anything from small to extra-large, strawberry and banana flavoured," says Mr Condom, one of the stars of a brand new radio show in Zambia. "Sex is still sweet with me and you save yourself stress about STIs...

This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery." From the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) East Asia and Pacific...

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Eliminate gender inequalities

Offered as part of See Us, a global awareness campaign focused on helping address challenges faced by women living with HIV, this series of dialogue tools is designed to strengthen conversations between healthcare providers and women living with HIV. Made available in advance of World AIDS Day, December 1 2014, the tools were created by...

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"It is a dangerous myth that perpetuates the idea that there is simply a bit of unfinished business to handle and then the era of AIDS will be behind us. The narrative leads inexorably to donors and governments committing less money in the long term, and it results in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and communities having diminished power...

Produced by Family Care International (FCI) and co-authored by partners in the Universal Access Project, "these briefing cards detail the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and other key development issues including environmental sustainability, gender equality, economic growth, educational attainment, and broader...

This 118-page report shares the findings of a qualitative audience reception analysis of the mass media component of the Brothers for Life campaign, which was launched in 2009 to promote the health and well-being of South African men, with a focus on HIV. Analysis found that the integrated, multi-faceted approach to communication used by...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

Elias Banda

Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

"From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

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Increase antiretroviral access

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

This 5-minute animated video, available in English and French, has been produced to help encourage pregnant women to be tested during pregnancy and to inform them about the process and steps a woman would ideally follow once she finds out she is pregnant and living with HIV, namely immediate and lifelong antiretroviral treatment. The animation...

This 34-page report shares findings from a study to better understand the situation related to integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming in Zambia. The assessment found that there is some integration of RH and HIV services in Zambia, particularly at public health facilities, and especially within antenatal and post-...

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV...

This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

Authors: Julie Pulerwitz and John Bongaarts, crossposted on May 27 2014 - The achievement of an AIDS-free future will surely be a priority discussion topic at the upcoming International AIDS Society conference in Melbourne, Australia.

Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

"You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...


"In the end it is that which really spoke to me about this story: that from something unspeakably dark and inhuman a spark could be struck, that even one or two small, unknown, unconnected individuals could take on the most massive, powerful and unyielding of adversaries, and actually manage to change the world." - Dylan Mohan...

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Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to...

"National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

"HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

Rana Tassawar Ali

Author: Rana Tassawar Ali, May 29 2014 - We want an AIDS-free Pakistan, and indeed everyone Pakistani wants an AIDS-free Pakistan. The HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which causes and leads to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), is an incurable disease. In Pakistan, an estimated one hundred thousand people are infected with HIV....

"While community mobilisation (CM) is increasingly advocated for HIV prevention, its impact on measurable outcomes has not been established.... One reason for the lack of systematic attention to CM is that it is used across categories of HIV intervention usually considered separately, namely, biomedical, behavioural and structural interventions...

Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

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Featured

"Key messages should enable the target audience to self-select, emphasize key emotional and functional benefits of female condoms, and include a call to action. Messages should be based on formative research and tailored to..."

This 7-page executive summary shares the findings of a qualitative evaluation of the first series of Intersexions, a 26-part South African entertainment-education television drama series to communicate health- and HIV-related messages, with a focus on sexual networks. This report presents qualitative research findings about audience responses...

Produced by Family Care International (FCI) and co-authored by partners in the Universal Access Project, "these briefing cards detail the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and other key development issues including environmental sustainability, gender equality, economic growth, educational attainment, and broader...

Developed by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication (IEHDC), this 13-part half-hour television talk show seeks to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in urban and rural areas of Zimbabwe in order to create awareness and discussion around sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The primary objective of...

"I danced today to demand the female condom so women can control their sexual health...and have access to the female condom worldwide."

As part of the third annual Global Female Condom Day (GFCD), September 16 2014, this social media campaign is inviting sexual health and reproductive justice advocates to use music and dance to...

MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to...

"...reviewers have called for more rigorous outcome evaluation designs in the manner conducted here."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

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Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

Author: Lucy Maroncha, July 23 2014 - Activists at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne [Australia] this week have urged journalists to be more creative and to use less stigmatizing words which influence public opinion and attitudes.

...

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

"In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

"Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

"...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

"It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

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