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Community-Based Conservation: Is It More Effective, Efficient, and Sustainable?

Subtitle: 
Summary of Scientific Evidence Relating to Community-based Conservation
Author: 
Michael A. Rechlin
Daniel Taylor
Jim Lichatowich
Parakh Hoon
Beberly de León
Jesse Taylor
Publication Date
March 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

Future Generations Graduate School of Applied Community Change and Conservation

Through a global literature review and an analysis of 4 case studies, this 134-page report offers an analysis of current thinking and trends in community-based conservation.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Traci Hickson to The Communication Initiative on September 22 2009; and Future Generations website, November 9 2009.

http://www.comminit.com/files/Nepal_Certified forest area-Photo -ANSAB-compressed.jpg

Multiple Concurrent Partnerships Mass Media Campaign: Assessment of Reach, Recall and Effectiveness

Publication Date
September 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

Population Services International (PSI) Botswana

This 52-page report, published by Population Services International (PSI) Botswana with funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), is an evaluation of a mass media campaign

Source: 

PSI website on March 10 2009.

PSI Multiple Concurrent Partnerships Mass Media Campaign

This HIV prevention campaign, implemented by Population Services International (PSI) Botswana in 2008, focused on the HIV risk associated with the pattern of multiple concurrent partnerships (MCP).

Communication Strategies: 

The campaign's mass media channels included billboard, print, and radio. Between March and August 2008, 37 billboards were erected in a number of cities around the country, 1,059 radio spots were broadcast, and 116 print spots were published. Billboards contained headline messages; print spots provided additional information about why concurrent or overlapping partnerships are risky; and radio spots portrayed typical, everyday scenarios in which the behaviours and values represented in the common sayings play out. All media were produced in both English and Setswana.

The campaign also included community-based interpersonal communication projects such as: peer education in homes, schools, churches, and shebeens (unlicensed drinking establishments); community theatre; and the use of bar and club DJs.

The campaign used common sayings like "It is said that small houses strengthen relationships, but having small houses spreads HIV" and "a man cannot be contained in one kraal (village), but he can spread HIV from one kraal to another".

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS

Key Points: 

According to PSI, Southern Africa is the region in the world worst affected by HIV/AIDS: all the highest HIV prevalence countries are in this region. However, comparison of HIV prevalence with the "traditional" sexual behaviour indicators, such as age of sexual debut, lifetime number of sexual partners, and rates of condom use, does not explain the global distribution of HIV infections. Therefore, the focus has shifted in recent years to the pattern of sexual partnerships rather than the overall number of sexual partners as the driver of HIV transmission. Looking to the pattern of sexual relationships as a driver of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is not new, but it is only in recent years that it has gained widespread credibility and acceptance as an explanation of high HIV rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Expert Think Tank Meeting on HIV Prevention in High Prevalence Countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in May 2006 pointed to high levels of multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships by men and women, with insufficient consistent, correct condom use, combined with low levels of male circumcision, as the key drivers of the HIV epidemic in the region.

One communication objective of the campaign was to encourage people engaged in MCP to reflect on their own behaviour. According to evaluations conducted by PSI, the campaign succeeded in provoking thought about multiple partners and HIV risk, with people expressing a wish to change behaviour, or actually changing it. It also aimed to get people talking about the issues related to MCP; evaluations suggest it had some success in this regard as well, mostly in private discussion between friends and partners.

Partner Text: 

National AIDS Coordinating Agency (NACA) and African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships (ACHAP)

Multiple Concurrent Partnerships Among Men and Women aged 15-34 in Botswana

Author: 
Diana Gourvenec
Noah Taruberekera
Obakeng Mochaka
Toby Kasper
Publication Date
December 1, 2007
Affiliation: 

PSI Botswana

This 53-page report, published by PSI (Population Services International) Botswana, documents the findings of a national tracking survey of youth and adults aged 15-34.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

PSI website on January 23 2009.

Soul City Institute Regional Programme 2002 - 2007 Impact Evaluation Summary

Publication Date
May 1, 2008

This is an evaluation of the Soul City Regional Programme (SCRP), an HIV/AIDS communication project which involves 8 southern African countries and combined the adaptation of local communication materials with a large-scale capacity building programme. The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication identified local partners in each country who then, with support from Soul City, set up their own health communication programme. The 8 countries produced a total of 20 titles in the 5-year period from 2002 to 2007.

Source: 

Soul City website on November 20 2008.

Southern African Journalists' Bursary

The International Journalists' Programmes (IJP) is offering a bursary to as many as 6 young Southern African and as many as 5 young German journalists.

Deadline Date
Deadline Date: 
January 31, 2011

One Love: Multiple and Concurrent Sexual Partnerships in Southern Africa

Subtitle: 
A Ten Country Research Report
Author: 
Michael Jana
Mzwethu Nkambule
Dorothy Tumbo
Publication Date
August 1, 2008
2008
August

This report was designed to inform the development of an HIV prevention campaign by the Soul City Regional Programme (SCRP) aimed at reducing new infections in the southern Africa region by focusing on reducing Multiple Concurrent Partnerships (MCP). The research was conducted in each of the 10 countries which form part of the Soul City Regional Programme: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Source: 

Soul City website on October 20 2008.

Untold: Stories in a Time of HIV and AIDS

Untold is a series of 9 short films from 9 Southern African countries - Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The series forms part of a cross border regional collaboration, led by the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication, and is an effort to act together as a region to help deal with the HIV epidemic in southern Africa. Over an 18-month period, producers, scriptwriters, and directors from each of the 9 countries were trained in filmmaking and the edutainment process.

Communication Strategies: 

According to the Soul City Regional Programme, as HIV and AIDS does not respect borders, the success in curtailing the epidemic depends on a coordinated regional response, which not only allows organisations in the different countries to share best practice, but also ensures synergy of health messages.

The series of 24-minute films aims to change complex patterns of particular sexual behaviour that put people at risk of HIV infection. According to Soul City, this cannot be done through simple messages. Through drama, it is, however, possible to deal with the journey of complex characters facing complex choices, whilst entertaining and educating. The series aims to reach people with authentic local stories that will get people talking and challenge them to reflect on their own lives and the lives of the people around them. The films are shot in the local languages of the respective countries.

According to the organisers, television is an important vehicle for reaching large audiences and has the potential to contribute significantly to Africa’s development. For that reason, the project also aimed to create opportunities for local filmmakers to develop their skills to tell new stories and grow the local content of quality dramas on television across the region.

Filmmakers and writers across the region attended an intensive 18-month accredited training course in script writing and drama film production in order to make the edutainment films. The multifaceted training programme consisted of: workshops with writers and filmmakers from across the region; follow-up assignments; and mentorship and technical support provided by well-known directors and producers on set and during pre- and post-production.

The filmmakers worked closely with the local NGO partners of the Soul City Regional Programme, who provided input on the content and messaging of the films, and were involved in much of the research and testing that formed part of the production process.

The series consists of the following 9 films (partner organisations indicated in brackets):

The Test - Malawi (Pakachere)
This is a comedy about facing fear. A successful, ambitious young Malawian man is too scared to have an HIV test at the request of his girlfriend, even though this may jeopardise his relationship.

Secrets and Lies - South Africa (Soul City)
A couple, who are unable to communicate with each other, seek comfort and pleasure elsewhere. This films looks at how HIV can enter a relationship and how keeping secrets can put people's lives at risk.

A Tempestade (The Storm) - Mozambique (N'weti Comunicação para Saúde) [See the video, below]
This is a story about domestic violence in a small fishing community in Mozambique. A young fisherman must risk his relationship with his father to save his mother from harm at the hands of his father.

Ulendo wa Rose (Rose's Journey) - Zambia (Kwatu)
This is a story about a young HIV-positive orphan in need of care and support and the choices faced by her extended family who are considering taking care of her.

Batjele (Tell Them) - Swaziland (Lusweti)
This film, set in the foothills of Manzini, tells the story of a young Swazi girl who is being abused by her teacher. In order to expose the abusive teacher, she must stand up against a community that does not believe her.

Rebel Rhymes - Botswana (Choose Life)
This is a fast paced musical drama about growing up and taking responsibility. An angry young rebel rapper, in search of fame, suddenly becomes a parent to his orphaned siblings.

Mapule's Choice - Lesotho (Phela Health and Development Communications)
A young garment worker from Maseru must keep her HIV-positive status a secret to please her abusive husband. This forces her to travel long distances to get ARVs and means she does not get the emotional support she needs. She has to choose between her husband and saving herself.

Chipo’s Promise - Zimbabwe (Action)
This is the story of a young girl, living in the heart of a township in Harare, who is forced to be a mother to her orphaned younger brother and sister, after their parents pass away due to AIDS. The film shows how they struggle to make ends meet in a community that does not want them.

Desert Soul - Namibia
Set in a funky hair salon in Windhoek, a friendship is put to the test, when the wealthy, smooth-talking boyfriend of one of the characters makes a move on her friend and business partner. Facing financial pressures due to an ailing father, she needs to make a choice between money and maintaining her friendship and new business.

From October to December 2008, these films were broadcast across the region in prime-time television slots.

The films are also available on DVD. In addition, a booklet has been developed to support discussion and debate on the issues raised by the films.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS

Key Points: 

The Soul City Regional Health Communication Programme was initiated by the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication in 2002. The project seeks to build a regional network of health communicators by working with identified partners in eight Southern African Development Community [SADC] countries - Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The project aims to have impact on health and development issues, in particular HIV/AIDS, by building local capacity for health promotion through training, adaptation of existing Soul City multimedia products (print, radio, and television), and, more recently, by supporting the creation of new media products in each country.

In 2009, Soul City evaluated the impact of the Untold series as a whole. It showed that "we - as individual countries and communities - are not alone and that as a region we face very similar problems. At the same time, it showed that AIDS, domestic violence and other social problems are above culture, ethnicity, language and other differences between countries."

With the film A Tempestade (The Storm), the Mozambican organisation N'weti (partner of the Soul City Regional Health Communication Programme) won the Golden Impala short Eastern Africa film award. It was conferred in 2010 at the Amakula Kampala International Film Festival: Domestic Violence is above Culture. The film was part of a mass media campaign about domestic violence, which had as a crucial objective the passing of a law against domestic violence by the Mozambican Parliament. Oxfam Novib and other affiliates supported this lobbying project for years through the partners Forum Mulher and Women and Law in Southern Africa; in August 2009, the Mozambican government adopted a law against domestic violence.

Partner Text: 

The series is sponsored by British Petroleum (BP), Royal Netherlands Embassy, European Union, Department for International Development - United Kingdom (DFID), and Irish Aid.

Source: 

Soul City website; email to Soul Beat Africa from Georgina Lefifi on October 9 2008; and Oxfam Novib website, May 23 2013.

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

 

"The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to expand on previous systematic reviews to examine the overall effectiveness of mass media-delivered HIV interventions and to identify predictors of changes in condom use and HIV-related knowledge."

 

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Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

 

"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

Launched on December 1 2014, this national campaign is mobilising South Africans to engage in dialogue and debate around social attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLWHV), while encouraging greater openness and disclosure by PLWHV about their status. Themed 'I Can't Change My HIV Status But You Can Change Your Attitude, Zero Stigma, Zero...

This evaluation report outlines key findings related to Community Media Trust’s (CMT) Siyayinqoba Beat It! programme in South Africa based on The Third National HIV Communication Survey 2012. The objective of this analysis of the survey was to examine and measure awareness, knowledge, and exposure to Siyayinqoba Beat It! and to estimate impact...

Author: Gideon Poki, originallly posted on World AIDS Day 2014 - World AIDS Day is a chance for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV and AIDS. It is a chance to show solidarity with the 35 million people living with HIV today and commemorate those who have died from AIDS.

For me, December 1st will be even more poignant as...

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

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Empower Young People

 

"HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

 

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

Inside Story is a 98-minute African film that tells the story of the science of HIV transmission by combining the story of a rising soccer star with an animated journey of HIV infection through the human body.

This booklet was produced as part of the Wize up, Your Decision Your Life campaign in Swaziland, which challenges young people to take control of their health and start thinking and talking about their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) (see Related Summaries below for more information on the campaign).

The Adolescents' HIV Prevention and Treatment Toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa is made up of 10 publications which are designed to help young people better understand HIV and what it means in their lives. The Toolkit, also known as Young Champions (YC) Support Pack, includes resources for facilitators or Young Champions working on HIV...

Developed by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication (IEHDC), this 13-part half-hour television talk show seeks to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in urban and rural areas of Zimbabwe in order to create awareness and discussion around sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The primary objective of...

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Enhance Social Protection

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

The Adolescents' HIV Prevention and Treatment Toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa is made up of 10 publications which are designed to help young people better understand HIV and what it means in their lives. The Toolkit, also known as Young Champions (YC) Support Pack, includes resources for facilitators or Young Champions working on HIV...

This evaluation report outlines key findings related to Community Media Trust’s (CMT) Siyayinqoba Beat It! programme in South Africa based on The Third National HIV Communication Survey 2012. The objective of this analysis of the survey was to examine and measure awareness, knowledge, and exposure to Siyayinqoba Beat It! and to estimate impact...

Authors: David Patient and Neil Orr, November 26 2014 - This article is not about religion itself. Instead, it is about those who say "If you have faith, you don’t need to take your pills". It is also about why this kills people, specifically those living with HIV and those needing to take antiretroviral (ARV) medication every day. To make it...

This 53-page report (and subsequent 6-page abridged report) discusses findings from a study to synthesise existing research to better understand HIV/AIDS prevention and care among sex workers in Uganda and inform the National HIV/AIDS multi-sectoral response. The study was conducted by the HIV/AIDS Knowledge Management and Communication...

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

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Eliminate gender inequalities

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

Offered as part of See Us, a global awareness campaign focused on helping address challenges faced by women living with HIV, this series of dialogue tools is designed to strengthen conversations between healthcare providers and women living with HIV. Made available in advance of World AIDS Day, December 1 2014, the tools were created...

This 8-page project brief discusses the RESPOND Project's interventions to strengthen gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response efforts in two provinces in Burundi, Kayanza, and Muyinga.

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"It is a dangerous myth that perpetuates the idea that there is simply a bit of unfinished business to handle and then the era of AIDS will be behind us. The narrative leads inexorably to donors and governments committing less money in the long term, and it results in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and communities having diminished power...

Produced by Family Care International (FCI) and co-authored by partners in the Universal Access Project, "these briefing cards detail the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and other key development issues including environmental sustainability, gender equality, economic growth, educational attainment, and broader...

This 118-page report shares the findings of a qualitative audience reception analysis of the mass media component of the Brothers for Life campaign, which was launched in 2009 to promote the health and well-being of South African men, with a focus on HIV. Analysis found that the integrated, multi-faceted approach to communication used by...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

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Increase antiretroviral access

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This 53-page report (and subsequent 6-page abridged report) discusses findings from a study to synthesise existing research to better understand HIV/AIDS prevention and care among sex workers in Uganda and inform the National HIV/AIDS multi-sectoral response. The study was conducted by the HIV/AIDS Knowledge Management and Communication...

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

This 5-minute animated video, available in English and French, has been produced to help encourage pregnant women to be tested during pregnancy and to inform them about the process and steps a woman would ideally follow once she finds out she is pregnant and living with HIV, namely immediate and lifelong antiretroviral treatment. The animation...

This 34-page report shares findings from a study to better understand the situation related to integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming in Zambia. The assessment found that there is some integration of RH and HIV services in Zambia, particularly at public health facilities, and especially within antenatal and post-...

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV...

This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

"Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

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Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

This 53-page audience reception report discusses the findings of a study conducted by the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication on the implementation of a programme on sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) among youths and key populations in Southern Africa.

Author: Owen Nyaka, December 1 2014 -  What is it about lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people that ties broadcasters’ tongues and melts journalists’ minds in articulating stories on these neglected communities? An obvious answer to this is the four-letter word: fear.

This 53-page report (and subsequent 6-page abridged report) discusses findings from a study to synthesise existing research to better understand HIV/AIDS prevention and care among sex workers in Uganda and inform the National HIV/AIDS multi-sectoral response. The study was conducted by the HIV/AIDS Knowledge Management and Communication...

MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to...

"National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

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Featured

 

"The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to expand on previous systematic reviews to examine the overall effectiveness of mass media-delivered HIV interventions and to identify predictors of changes in condom use and HIV-related knowledge."

 

 

This region-wide Central American study aims to estimate prevalence of HIV-related risks (sexual behaviour, HIV disclosure, number of sex partners, and violence) and factors associated with these risks, as well as evaluate a behaviour change communications (BCC) programme intended to reach people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 6...

This evidence database is the centrepiece of a group of materials (See related summary below) from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for...

This group of materials from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs is centred around an evidence database (See related summary below) on strategically designed communication around HIV and AIDS, referred to as social and behavior change...

 

"The purpose of this review article was to apply a systems thinking approach, using the [World Health Organization (WHO)] health systems building blocks as a framework to examine the factors influencing the scale-up of the [voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC)] programs from 2008-2013." 

This 53-page report discusses evaluation findings related to the use of the Community Conversation Toolkit (CCT) developed by Communication for Change (C-Change) to foster interactive communication through group dialogues and to prompt engagement on HIV prevention issues among low-literacy adults.

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Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

"How do we close the gap between the people moving forward and the people being left behind?"

"The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

Author: Lucy Maroncha, July 23 2014 - Activists at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne [Australia] this week have urged journalists to be more creative and to use less stigmatizing words which influence public opinion and attitudes.

...

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

"In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

"Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

"...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

"It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

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