Most Recent Knowledge Shared from the Network

March 10, 2017

What Works to Prevent HIV Among Adolescent Girls?

“AIDS is the leading cause of death among adolescents (aged 10-19) in ESA [East and Southern Africa]. Adolescents (aged 10-19) are the only age group in which AIDS deaths rose between 2001 and 2013.”

January 31, 2017

Ending the AIDS Epidemic for Adolescents, with Adolescents: A Practical Guide to Meaningfully Engage Adolescents in the AIDS Response

The purpose of this document from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is to provide guidance to programme designers, implementers, policymakers, and decision makers on how to...

January 26, 2017

Gender and Tuberculosis: Discussion Paper

"Making the investment case for programming that addresses the specific vulnerabilities and needs of both males and females who are affected by or at risk of tuberculosis [TB]."

January 26, 2017

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Uptake Through Soccer in Zimbabwe

"Despite progress in supply scale-up, Zimbabwe is falling well short of its target of 80 per cent VMMC coverage by 2015 (WHO 2011), underlining the urgent need to identify and scale up effective...

January 26, 2017

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Uptake Through Soccer in Zimbabwe

"Despite progress in supply scale-up, Zimbabwe is falling well short of its target of 80 per cent VMMC coverage by 2015 (WHO 2011), underlining the urgent need to identify and scale up effective...

January 25, 2017

Using Advertisements to Create Demand for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in South Africa

“Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces HIV transmission by between 51 and 76 per cent, yet take-up of this fully subsidised service remains low in much of the region of the world most...

January 23, 2017

HIV and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men

"Young MSM are often more vulnerable than older MSM to the effects of homophobia - manifested in discrimination, bullying, harassment, family disapproval, social isolation and violence - as well as...

January 23, 2017

HIV and Young Transgender People

"Stigma and discrimination against transgender people frequently cause them to be rejected by their families and denied healthcare services, including access to HIV testing, counselling and treatment...

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Afghanistan

Women & Mobile: A Global Opportunity: A Study on the Mobile Phone Gender Gap in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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Publication Date
February 1, 2010

This study from the GSMA Development Fund, the Cherie Blair Foundation, and Vital Wave Consulting analyses data, surveys, a market sizing model, and expert interviews to report on mobile phone use among women in low- and middle-income countries.

Source: 

Global Health Weekly Update, October 12 2010.

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A Women-to-Women Communication Strategy for Polio Eradication

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Publication Date
September 1, 2010

"In the face of social and cultural barriers which inhibit women from participating in social events or even appearing in public without a 'burqa', the programme successfully demonstrated synergy in mobilizing women to tackle the difficult task of ensuring 100% coverage of polio drops in polio endemic areas on the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan."

This article from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) describes Afghanistan's "Women's Courtyard" initiative, which was designed in response to the fact that high wild polio virus (WPV) immunisation coverage achieved during the National Immunization Day (NID) in early 2008 was beginning to stagnate. As detailed here, overreliance on the regular channels of communication such as radio, television, and training of teachers, mullahs, and community elders was one factor. Overburdened health staff was another.

Source: 

Communication for Development on the UNICEF website, September 7 2010. Image credit: © UNICEF / Afghanistan / 2009

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Afghanistan Polio Communication Update

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Publication Date
Publication Date: 

Bi-monthly

This bi-monthly e-newsletter from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) outlines innovations and strategic shifts in communication to support polio eradication in Afghanistan.

Number of Pages: 

6

Source: 

Email from Gitanjali Chaturvedi to The Communication Initiative on August 15 2010. Image credit: UNICEF/Afghanistan/2009

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Health Communication: Polio Lessons

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Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1

Publication Date
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
  • http://www.comminit.com/files/JOHCPolioSuppCover.gif

    Veil of Tears: Afghans’ Stories of Loss in Childbirth

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    Publication Date
    December 1, 2009

    From the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Integrated Regional Information Networks (UN OCHA-IRIN), "Veil of Tears", a 60-page colour booklet created by I

    Source: 

    Email from Louise Tunbridge to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/afghan.jpg

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    Broaching Birth Control with Afghan Mullahs

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    Author: 
    Sabrina Tavernise
    Publication Date
    November 14, 2009
    Affiliation: 

    New York Times

    This New York Times article from the Asia Pacific online edition describes seminars run by Marie Stopes International for Afghan Islamic religious leaders (mullahs) on the topic of family planning, in

    Source: 

    Global Health Weekly Update, November 23 2009. Image source: Swarup/AP

    http://www.comminit.com/files/alg_afghanistan_pharmacy.jpg

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    Evaluation of the Implementation of the Paris Declaration: The Applicability of the Paris Declaration in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations

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    Thematic Study

    Publication Date
    August 1, 2008

    This document evaluates the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)'s Paris Decla

    Source: 

    DFID website, February 11 2010.

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    Afghan Radio Connect

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    Afghan Radio Connect is an internet-based initiative to link the Afghan Diaspora abroad and Afghanistan's local independent radio sector.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Through this information and communication technology (ICT) media development project, Afghanistan's 33 independent local radio stations are offered an online presence through the interactive Afghan Radio Connect web platform. Since 2003, Internews and Nai have built 30 of these radio stations and have jointly trained their staff. In January 2007, they began using the internet to connect the local network of local independent stations in Afghanistan and to support them in achieving financial independence.

     

    To begin, organisers trained the staff of the stations in the use of an internet content management system, helped them build their websites, and supported them in developing an e-commerce platform which allows people around the world to pay for personal announcements to be broadcast on the stations (as well as to give donations). Nai also provides ongoing support, as needed, with individual radio stations' regular website updates. (The country has been subdivided in 7 areas, in which each of the radio stations can contact a "base station" which has access to the internet and help them update their website.)

     

    The Afghan Radio Connect website aims to be the first stop on the way to the 33 Afghan local radio stations' websites. On the home page, an interactive map is designed to enable people to quickly locate where each radio station operates and read the latest local news that has been published on each partner radio station's website. Organisers hope that, after having spent some time on Afghan Radio Connect, people will click directly to go to (and bookmark) the websites of the radio stations of interest. An RSS feed was set up to ensure that people can stay in touch with the latest local news from the Afghan Radio Connect; an e-newsletter is also offered.

     

    Each radio's website facilitates direct access (where available) to the personal announcement service. For a small fee, anyone around the world can have a message read by a speaker on the chosen radio station's airwaves. "By using this service you also support the radio sector in Afghanistan, and help the radio stations to inform their communities." When an announcement request is submitted, the platform automatically alerts the radio station's staff by email. If the staff do not have easy access to the internet, Nai or the base station in their area will alert them. Once the message is broadcast, the radio station's staff then send a confirmation email to the customer and validate that the message has been broadcast. Nai's staff also monitor the programmes on which the messages will be broadcast to ensure that the messages have been aired. Payment for the messages is facilitated through Paypal or a PIN number. Internews Europe, Nai, and the radio stations have access to a complete record of the transactions made on the platform and also receive the bank statements of the Afghan Radio Connect bank account to ensure the complete transparency of the process.

     

    Translators, web developers, online marketers, and Afghan diaspora associations are also urged to contribute their skills to the project.

    Development Issues: 

    Media Development.

    Key Points: 

    According to organisers, most of the journalists and technical staff working in the local stations are volunteers dedicating their time and energy to keep their communities informed and entertained. It is often difficult for the stations to pay for even the most basic needs, such as transportation so that reporters can go out into the field for interviews.

    Nai Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan is a local media development organisation established in June 2004 by Afghan independent media activists with support and encouragement from Internews Network.

    Partner Text: 

    Internews Europe, Nai, and ESN. Financed by the European Commission.

    Source: 

    Nai website and Afghan Radio Connect website, both accessed on January 7 2010.

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    Survey of Women Broadcasters by Nai: Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan

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    Author: 
    Tamara Aqrabawe
    Publication Date
    February 1, 2008
    Affiliation: 

    Internews

    According to this Internews article, women in Afghanistan continue to be challenged by factors such as customary practices, social conditioning, and the security situation in their country.

    Source: 

    Internews website February 2008; Nai website accessed on January 4 2010; and email from Charmaine Anderson to The Communication Initiative on January 5 2009. Photo source: Internews Canada in Afghanistan

    http://www.comminit.com/files/elections_2009.jpg

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    Executive Summary: Independent Evaluation of Major Barriers to Interrupting Poliovirus Transmission

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    Author: 
    Ali Jaffer Mohamed
    Peter Ndumbe
    Andrew Hall
    Viroj Tangcharoensathien
    Michael J. Toole
    Peter Wright
    Publication Date
    October 20, 2009

    This 16-page Executive Summary offers an overview of an independent, external evaluation of the Global Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

    Source: 

    WHO Polio website, accessed December 16 2009. Image credit: WHO

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