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Women & Mobile: A Global Opportunity: A Study on the Mobile Phone Gender Gap in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

February 1, 2010

This study from the GSMA Development Fund, the Cherie Blair Foundation, and Vital Wave Consulting analyses data, surveys, a market sizing model, and expert interviews to report on mobile phone use among women in low- and middle-income countries.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Global Health Weekly Update, October 12 2010.

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A Women-to-Women Communication Strategy for Polio Eradication

September 1, 2010

"In the face of social and cultural barriers which inhibit women from participating in social events or even appearing in public without a 'burqa', the programme successfully demonstrated synergy i

Source: 

Communication for Development on the UNICEF website, September 7 2010. Image credit: © UNICEF / Afghanistan / 2009

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Afghanistan Polio Communication Update

Publication Date: 

Bi-monthly

This bi-monthly e-newsletter from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) outlines innovations and strategic shifts in communication to support polio eradication in Afghanistan.

Number of Pages: 

6

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Gitanjali Chaturvedi to The Communication Initiative on August 15 2010. Image credit: UNICEF/Afghanistan/2009

Health Communication: Polio Lessons

Subtitle: 
Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
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    Veil of Tears: Afghans’ Stories of Loss in Childbirth

    December 1, 2009

    From the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Integrated Regional Information Networks (UN OCHA-IRIN), "Veil of Tears", a 60-page colour booklet created by I

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Email from Louise Tunbridge to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/afghan.jpg

    Broaching Birth Control with Afghan Mullahs

    Author: 
    Sabrina Tavernise
    November 14, 2009
    Affiliation: 

    New York Times

    This New York Times article from the Asia Pacific online edition describes seminars run by Marie Stopes International for Afghan Islamic religious leaders (mullahs) on the topic of family planning, in

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Global Health Weekly Update, November 23 2009. Image source: Swarup/AP

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    Afghan Radio Connect

    Afghan Radio Connect is an internet-based initiative to link the Afghan Diaspora abroad and Afghanistan's local independent radio sector.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Through this information and communication technology (ICT) media development project, Afghanistan's 33 independent local radio stations are offered an online presence through the interactive Afghan Radio Connect web platform. Since 2003, Internews and Nai have built 30 of these radio stations and have jointly trained their staff. In January 2007, they began using the internet to connect the local network of local independent stations in Afghanistan and to support them in achieving financial independence.

     

    To begin, organisers trained the staff of the stations in the use of an internet content management system, helped them build their websites, and supported them in developing an e-commerce platform which allows people around the world to pay for personal announcements to be broadcast on the stations (as well as to give donations). Nai also provides ongoing support, as needed, with individual radio stations' regular website updates. (The country has been subdivided in 7 areas, in which each of the radio stations can contact a "base station" which has access to the internet and help them update their website.)

     

    The Afghan Radio Connect website aims to be the first stop on the way to the 33 Afghan local radio stations' websites. On the home page, an interactive map is designed to enable people to quickly locate where each radio station operates and read the latest local news that has been published on each partner radio station's website. Organisers hope that, after having spent some time on Afghan Radio Connect, people will click directly to go to (and bookmark) the websites of the radio stations of interest. An RSS feed was set up to ensure that people can stay in touch with the latest local news from the Afghan Radio Connect; an e-newsletter is also offered.

     

    Each radio's website facilitates direct access (where available) to the personal announcement service. For a small fee, anyone around the world can have a message read by a speaker on the chosen radio station's airwaves. "By using this service you also support the radio sector in Afghanistan, and help the radio stations to inform their communities." When an announcement request is submitted, the platform automatically alerts the radio station's staff by email. If the staff do not have easy access to the internet, Nai or the base station in their area will alert them. Once the message is broadcast, the radio station's staff then send a confirmation email to the customer and validate that the message has been broadcast. Nai's staff also monitor the programmes on which the messages will be broadcast to ensure that the messages have been aired. Payment for the messages is facilitated through Paypal or a PIN number. Internews Europe, Nai, and the radio stations have access to a complete record of the transactions made on the platform and also receive the bank statements of the Afghan Radio Connect bank account to ensure the complete transparency of the process.

     

    Translators, web developers, online marketers, and Afghan diaspora associations are also urged to contribute their skills to the project.

    Development Issues: 

    Media Development.

    Key Points: 

    According to organisers, most of the journalists and technical staff working in the local stations are volunteers dedicating their time and energy to keep their communities informed and entertained. It is often difficult for the stations to pay for even the most basic needs, such as transportation so that reporters can go out into the field for interviews.

    Nai Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan is a local media development organisation established in June 2004 by Afghan independent media activists with support and encouragement from Internews Network.

    Partner Text: 

    Internews Europe, Nai, and ESN. Financed by the European Commission.

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Nai website and Afghan Radio Connect website, both accessed on January 7 2010.

    Survey of Women Broadcasters by Nai: Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan

    Author: 
    Tamara Aqrabawe
    February 1, 2008
    Affiliation: 

    Internews

    According to this Internews article, women in Afghanistan continue to be challenged by factors such as customary practices, social conditioning, and the security situation in their country.

    Source: 

    Internews website February 2008; Nai website accessed on January 4 2010; and email from Charmaine Anderson to The Communication Initiative on January 5 2009. Photo source: Internews Canada in Afghanistan

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    Executive Summary: Independent Evaluation of Major Barriers to Interrupting Poliovirus Transmission

    Author: 
    Ali Jaffer Mohamed
    Peter Ndumbe
    Andrew Hall
    Viroj Tangcharoensathien
    Michael J. Toole
    Peter Wright
    October 20, 2009

    This 16-page Executive Summary offers an overview of an independent, external evaluation of the Global Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    WHO Polio website, accessed December 16 2009. Image credit: WHO

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    The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

    All major development issues addressed. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community. Social network - 85,000 please join. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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    Featured

    This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

    Author: David R Patient, April 7 2014          Ever stopped to wonder why we, in HIV prevention, have spent years teaching people about HIV, prevention and ARV's [antiretroviral thearapy] and yet people still revert to their cultural/religious/traditional beliefs? I mean there is no concrete evidence...

    Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

    "You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

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    Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

    This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

    "This model highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties."

    Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

    "You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    This guide is designed to provide facilitators with background information about the needs of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), tips for starting an adult-led information and support group, fourteen sessions for support groups, and guidance on tracking a programme's progress.

    With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on gender. They also provide a link to a full list of over 70 gender-focused materials available on their site.

    A sampling of the gender tools and project examples highlighted in this Focus Package follows:

    Tools -...

    Rana Tassawar Ali

    Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 6 2014:      In Pakistan, an estimated 100,000 people suffer from HIV/AIDS, and the number of new HIV/AIDS cases is increasing. In Pakistan, where society is mostly governed by conservatives, people create hurdles for changing minds. In this scenario, our society has only few anti-HIV/...

    "Citizen journalists are playing an increasingly important role reporting on sensitive issues, such as HIV, particularly in countries where free speech and media access is limited."

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

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    Empower Young People

    This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

    "For the first time in the history of the HIV epidemic, the global community has accumulated the knowledge, experience and tools to achieve an AIDS-free generation."

    This guide is designed to provide facilitators with background information about the needs of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), tips for starting an adult-led information and support group, fourteen sessions for support groups, and guidance on tracking a programme's progress.

    With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on reaching urban youth. According to the United Nations, "the world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history." Health COMpass reflects that this may provide young people with better access to learning, health care...

    This programme summary of the second season of Revela2 contains a synopsis of 20 episodes of this television programme from Bogota, Colombia:

    Rana Tassawar Ali

    Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 14 2014:          Life skills are the abilities that help us to adopt and behave positively so that we can deal effectively with challenges of every day. Life skill education refers to a large group of psychosocial and interpersonal skills which can help people make...

    "Together, we can agree and advocate for a new post 2015 framework that ensures sexual and reproductive health and rights and addresses the realities of young people today."

    Lost in Transitions: Current Issues Faced by Adolescents Living with HIV in Asia

    This report is based upon studies of issues faced by adolescents living with HIV in Asia Pacific, released in partnership with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (APN+) during a special session of...

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    Enhance Social Protection

    This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

    Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

    "You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

    This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

    Rana Tassawar Ali

    Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 6 2014:      In Pakistan, an estimated 100,000 people suffer from HIV/AIDS, and the number of new HIV/AIDS cases is increasing. In Pakistan, where society is mostly governed by conservatives, people create hurdles for changing minds. In this scenario, our society has only few anti-HIV/...

    "Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child...

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

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    15 Million accessing treatment

    Dr. Susan Kasedde's presentation for the Programming for Adolescents and Youth in the Arab States/MENA Region conference in Istanbul, Turkey, December 3-7 2012, opens with 2012 statistical trends in new HIV infection in adults and children. Kasedde poses the question: "The vast majority of adolescents living with HIV (60%) are adolescent girls...

    World Youth Alliance

    "UNAIDS, a United Nations body with a lot of political and financial weight, has continued to promote strategies that often do not address the fundamental underlying behaviors that facilitate the spread of HIV. The need is urgent for locally driven campaigns that are aimed at stopping risky behaviors and cultivating a culture of personal...

    Reaching Youth With Out-of-Facility HIV and Reproductive Health Services

    This systematic literature review was undertaken to identify policies promoting or programmes delivering HIV or reproductive health services to adolescents in their communities. The researchers reviewed studies that evaluated uptake of services or commodities. Data from studies meeting inclusion criteria were qualitatively analysed.

    ...

    "Today, Rosa gives a talk about HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to the women at El Mamey, demonstrating the correct use of condoms and reminding the women to come for their monthly medical checkups at the Clínica de Familia La Romana (La Romana Family Clinic). At the end of her talk she answers questions, addresses common...

    "Several frameworks have been constructed to analyse the factors which influence and shape the uptake of evidence into policy processes in resource poor settings, yet empirical analyses of health policy making in these settings are relatively rare."

    The End of AIDS?

    "Throughout the XIX International AIDS Conference (aka 'AIDS 2012'), which was held in Washington, DC [US] this past July, speaker after speaker enthused that we were poised to create an 'AIDS-free generation' and that we were on the verge of 'ending AIDS.'"

    Adolescents: Advancing HIV Prevention

    "Despite impressive overall results in the past decade's response to HIV, especially in terms of dramatically increased treatment coverage for people living with HIV and a 40% reduction in the number of children infected with HIV due to vertical transmission between 2001 and 2011 (UNAIDS, 2012), efforts to prevent HIV sexual transmission and...

    Myanmar

    In Myanmar, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance focuses on promoting the health and rights of people living with, and most affected by, HIV. This short summary of conditions in Myanmar and the work of Alliance includes data on the rate of HIV (1.3%) in the general population, as well as rates among men who have sex with men (9.4%) and sex...

    Bike4Care

    A project of CooP-Africa: Cycling Out of Poverty, the Bike4Care project enables community health workers to visit more patients at a greater distance. In addition, a bicycle ambulance makes patient transport to health centres possible, and mobile pharmacies on bicycles enable access to medicines. CooP Africa has Bike4Care projects in Uganda,...

    Keeping people living with HIV (PLHIV) - including children - adherent to antiretroviral (ART) treatment was a key goal of Samastha, a 5-year project that was launched in January 2007 with support from the United States (US) President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

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    Eliminate gender inequalities

    This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

    With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on gender. They also provide a link to a full list of over 70 gender-focused materials available on their site.

    A sampling of the gender tools and project examples highlighted in this Focus Package follows:

    Tools -...

    This programme summary of the second season of Revela2 contains a synopsis of 20 episodes of this television programme from Bogota, Colombia:

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    Encouraging Men’s Participation in HIV and AIDS Prevention and HIV Testing Servi

    This 45-page report shares insights from a mid-project evaluation of The RESPOND Project's work in Côte d’Ivoire to build the capacity of local and international organisations to use the Men As Partners (MAP) approach to encourage men’s participation in HIV and AIDS prevention and testing.

    Written in response to request to provide a "review of the literature on awareness/behaviour change strategies aimed at achieving greater gender equality, highlighting evidence of impact," this document gives an overview and information on: the role of religion, religious leaders, and institutions; media, social campaigns and community-level...

    "Traversing these issues is essential to addressing the underlying structural factors that marginalize trans people, negatively impact their health and exclude them from the benefits of development."

    Africa Regional Sexuality Resource Center

    "In this review, behavioral interventions to promote condom use and/or modify risky sexual behaviours among women living with HIV failed to demonstrate any positive effects on behaviour change in favour of consistent condom use during intercourse."

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    Increase antiretroviral access

    Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

    "You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...


    "In the end it is that which really spoke to me about this story: that from something unspeakably dark and inhuman a spark could be struck, that even one or two small, unknown, unconnected individuals could take on the most massive, powerful and unyielding of adversaries, and actually manage to change the world." - Dylan Mohan...

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "Given the critical nature of ART [HIV antiretroviral therapy] to improved health outcomes, the lack of consideration of formative research - including message pretesting - to inform the communication strategy design, can have dire implications for effective HIV prevention, treatment and care programs in developing country contexts."...

    The New A2B4CT of HIV Prevention

    This document focuses on critiquing the ABC sexual behaviour change strategy (Abstain, Be faithful, and use Condoms) of HIV/AIDS prevention in South Africa, explaining why and how it has not been effective and proposing another approach. "One of the failings of the old ABC approach was to make the exceptions the rule, and to focus upon these...

    If, When and How to Tell

    "In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status can be a central strategy to garner support for controlling fertility."

    "Faced with their own mortality an improbable group of young people, many of them HIV-positive young men, broke the mold as radical warriors taking on Washington and the medical establishment."

    HIV, Health and Rights

    This International HIV/AIDS Alliance (the Alliance) document sets out high-level direction and sets 17 measurable goals for the Alliance. The document sets objectives until 2015 for linking organisations to use in coordination with national plans. The Alliance secretariat is using it to develop their operational plan.

    Some of the...

     Tracking Global Commitments on World AIDS Day

    "If the global community is serious about achieving the beginning of the end of AIDS, there must be a renewed effort to examine, improve and scale up the financial, political and programmatic efforts needed to turn vision into action."

    The End of AIDS?

    "Throughout the XIX International AIDS Conference (aka 'AIDS 2012'), which was held in Washington, DC [US] this past July, speaker after speaker enthused that we were poised to create an 'AIDS-free generation' and that we were on the verge of 'ending AIDS.'"

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    Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

    Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

    This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

    "Traversing these issues is essential to addressing the underlying structural factors that marginalize trans people, negatively impact their health and exclude them from the benefits of development."

    The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine experience high risks for HIV infection.

    Author: Warren Feek of The Communication Intiative, December 2 2013        "It is certain that ending the AIDS epidemic will mean so much to so many.

    Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

    "In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

    This 12-page case study, published by AIDSTAR-One, looks at the South African health communication programme Phaphama (which means "wise up" in Zulu and other South African languages), which was designed to reduce alcohol-related sexual risk among patients with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) seeking care at a primary health care clinic...

    Produced by Communication for Change (C-Change), a United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded project now managed by the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3), these social and behaviour change communication (SBCC) materials for use by men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica aim to support the adoption of...

    "LEGAL EMPOWERMENT: The transfer of power from the usual gatekeepers of the law - lawyers, judges, police, and state officials - to ordinary people who make the law meaningful on a local level and enhance the agency of disadvantaged populations."

    "Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

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    Featured

    "This model highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties."

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on reaching urban youth. According to the United Nations, "the world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history." Health COMpass reflects that this may provide young people with better access to learning, health care...

    The purpose of this website is to offer resources on voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) in order to hear about and document initiatives which are working well, in order that implementers are better able to learn from one other. "By knowing more about how other projects work in practice, program implementers can adopt and scale up ideas...

    Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

    This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

    "Show me an anti-stigma program that works consistently and reliably across a range of settings, age and gender groups, across various religious, cultural and economic settings, and I’ll show you the unicorn I have in my back yard."

    This video shows people discussing strategies to generate robust demand for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in sub-Saharan Africa at an April 2013 three-day meeting in Lusaka, Zambia. The meeting included perspectives from non-HIV-related fields, including product advertising, social marketing, and behavioural economics, as well as...

    Written in response to request to provide a "review of the literature on awareness/behaviour change strategies aimed at achieving greater gender equality, highlighting evidence of impact," this document gives an overview and information on: the role of religion, religious leaders, and institutions; media, social campaigns and community-level...

    Image credit: Jhpiego

    Author Delia Helie, originally posted October 9 2013, cross-posted December 19 2013:     Walking up to Carewell Clinic, I see scores of men and adolescent boys sitting outside under the sun, standing in small groups under tents, and purchasing fruit and sweets from the vendors who have set up outside the facility. All of...

    The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine experience high risks for HIV infection.

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    Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

    Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

    "In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

    "Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

    "...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

    "It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

    "How can you prevent the spread of HIV among people who may consider it one of their least pressing concerns?"

    "Crisis response has developed out of the need to create an enabling environment in which KPs [key populations] feel safe and confident enough to access HIV services and change high-risk behaviors. Crisis response also makes peer educators...safer from harassment or arrest..."

    UGANET is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that was established in 1995 to bring together organisations and individuals who are interested in advocating for development and strengthening appropriate policies, legal human rights, and ethical responses to HIV/AIDS in Uganda.

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