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Women & Mobile: A Global Opportunity: A Study on the Mobile Phone Gender Gap in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

February 1, 2010

This study from the GSMA Development Fund, the Cherie Blair Foundation, and Vital Wave Consulting analyses data, surveys, a market sizing model, and expert interviews to report on mobile phone use among women in low- and middle-income countries.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Global Health Weekly Update, October 12 2010.

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A Women-to-Women Communication Strategy for Polio Eradication

September 1, 2010

"In the face of social and cultural barriers which inhibit women from participating in social events or even appearing in public without a 'burqa', the programme successfully demonstrated synergy i

Source: 

Communication for Development on the UNICEF website, September 7 2010. Image credit: © UNICEF / Afghanistan / 2009

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Afghanistan Polio Communication Update

Publication Date: 

Bi-monthly

This bi-monthly e-newsletter from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) outlines innovations and strategic shifts in communication to support polio eradication in Afghanistan.

Number of Pages: 

6

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Gitanjali Chaturvedi to The Communication Initiative on August 15 2010. Image credit: UNICEF/Afghanistan/2009

Health Communication: Polio Lessons

Subtitle: 
Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
  • http://www.comminit.com/files/JOHCPolioSuppCover.gif

    Veil of Tears: Afghans’ Stories of Loss in Childbirth

    December 1, 2009

    From the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Integrated Regional Information Networks (UN OCHA-IRIN), "Veil of Tears", a 60-page colour booklet created by I

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Email from Louise Tunbridge to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/afghan.jpg

    Broaching Birth Control with Afghan Mullahs

    Author: 
    Sabrina Tavernise
    November 14, 2009
    Affiliation: 

    New York Times

    This New York Times article from the Asia Pacific online edition describes seminars run by Marie Stopes International for Afghan Islamic religious leaders (mullahs) on the topic of family planning, in

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Global Health Weekly Update, November 23 2009. Image source: Swarup/AP

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    Afghan Radio Connect

    Afghan Radio Connect is an internet-based initiative to link the Afghan Diaspora abroad and Afghanistan's local independent radio sector.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Through this information and communication technology (ICT) media development project, Afghanistan's 33 independent local radio stations are offered an online presence through the interactive Afghan Radio Connect web platform. Since 2003, Internews and Nai have built 30 of these radio stations and have jointly trained their staff. In January 2007, they began using the internet to connect the local network of local independent stations in Afghanistan and to support them in achieving financial independence.

     

    To begin, organisers trained the staff of the stations in the use of an internet content management system, helped them build their websites, and supported them in developing an e-commerce platform which allows people around the world to pay for personal announcements to be broadcast on the stations (as well as to give donations). Nai also provides ongoing support, as needed, with individual radio stations' regular website updates. (The country has been subdivided in 7 areas, in which each of the radio stations can contact a "base station" which has access to the internet and help them update their website.)

     

    The Afghan Radio Connect website aims to be the first stop on the way to the 33 Afghan local radio stations' websites. On the home page, an interactive map is designed to enable people to quickly locate where each radio station operates and read the latest local news that has been published on each partner radio station's website. Organisers hope that, after having spent some time on Afghan Radio Connect, people will click directly to go to (and bookmark) the websites of the radio stations of interest. An RSS feed was set up to ensure that people can stay in touch with the latest local news from the Afghan Radio Connect; an e-newsletter is also offered.

     

    Each radio's website facilitates direct access (where available) to the personal announcement service. For a small fee, anyone around the world can have a message read by a speaker on the chosen radio station's airwaves. "By using this service you also support the radio sector in Afghanistan, and help the radio stations to inform their communities." When an announcement request is submitted, the platform automatically alerts the radio station's staff by email. If the staff do not have easy access to the internet, Nai or the base station in their area will alert them. Once the message is broadcast, the radio station's staff then send a confirmation email to the customer and validate that the message has been broadcast. Nai's staff also monitor the programmes on which the messages will be broadcast to ensure that the messages have been aired. Payment for the messages is facilitated through Paypal or a PIN number. Internews Europe, Nai, and the radio stations have access to a complete record of the transactions made on the platform and also receive the bank statements of the Afghan Radio Connect bank account to ensure the complete transparency of the process.

     

    Translators, web developers, online marketers, and Afghan diaspora associations are also urged to contribute their skills to the project.

    Development Issues: 

    Media Development.

    Key Points: 

    According to organisers, most of the journalists and technical staff working in the local stations are volunteers dedicating their time and energy to keep their communities informed and entertained. It is often difficult for the stations to pay for even the most basic needs, such as transportation so that reporters can go out into the field for interviews.

    Nai Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan is a local media development organisation established in June 2004 by Afghan independent media activists with support and encouragement from Internews Network.

    Partner Text: 

    Internews Europe, Nai, and ESN. Financed by the European Commission.

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Nai website and Afghan Radio Connect website, both accessed on January 7 2010.

    Survey of Women Broadcasters by Nai: Supporting Open Media in Afghanistan

    Author: 
    Tamara Aqrabawe
    February 1, 2008
    Affiliation: 

    Internews

    According to this Internews article, women in Afghanistan continue to be challenged by factors such as customary practices, social conditioning, and the security situation in their country.

    Source: 

    Internews website February 2008; Nai website accessed on January 4 2010; and email from Charmaine Anderson to The Communication Initiative on January 5 2009. Photo source: Internews Canada in Afghanistan

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    Executive Summary: Independent Evaluation of Major Barriers to Interrupting Poliovirus Transmission

    Author: 
    Ali Jaffer Mohamed
    Peter Ndumbe
    Andrew Hall
    Viroj Tangcharoensathien
    Michael J. Toole
    Peter Wright
    October 20, 2009

    This 16-page Executive Summary offers an overview of an independent, external evaluation of the Global Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    WHO Polio website, accessed December 16 2009. Image credit: WHO

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    The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

    Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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    Featured

    "...reviewers have called for more rigorous outcome evaluation designs in the manner conducted here."

    This video describes BBC Media Action’s work with media and communication to "provide health information and explore social and cultural norms that affect good health" in economically poor areas and developing countries.

    Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users, general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that injecting drug users (IDUs) are at the highest risk group of...

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    Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

    "...reviewers have called for more rigorous outcome evaluation designs in the manner conducted here."

    This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

    "The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

    "Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

    "Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

    Author: Lucy Maroncha, July 23 2014 - Activists at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne [Australia] this week have urged journalists to be more creative and to use less stigmatizing words which influence public opinion and attitudes.

    ...

    Give Stigma the Index Finger project, running from 2011 to 2014 in Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Swaziland, aims to increase understanding of HIV stigma by empowering men and women living with HIV to take an active part in research and resulting advocacy on HIV stigma. There are various components to this project which include a stigma measurement...

    "From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

    From bloggers Neil M. Orr and David R. Patient, June 3 2014 - The Failure of the ABC Approach

    Rana Tassawar Ali

    Author: Rana Tassawar Ali, May 29 2014 - We want an AIDS-free Pakistan, and indeed everyone Pakistani wants an AIDS-free Pakistan. The HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which causes and leads to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), is an incurable disease. In Pakistan, an estimated one hundred thousand people are infected with HIV....

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    Empower Young People

    Revela2 is a multimedia, TV, and social mobilisation edutainment for social change platform for adolescents and youth. The first of its kind in Colombia, it aims to facilitate dialogue and critical reflection about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and contribute to transforming individual and family behaviours and...

    Lilian Kiefer

    Author: Lilian Kiefer, August 14 2014 - Adolescence is a defining period in the growth of a young person. Supporting young people to successfully navigate this stage of life can help break the cycle of poverty and produce great benefits for individuals, communities, and countries.

    During adolescence, a growing person has the possibility...

    "National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

    This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

    Author: Boyd Chibale, July 25 2014 - "Well, I am made of latex, and I come in lots of different brands, shapes and sizes. I am anything from small to extra-large, strawberry and banana flavoured," says Mr Condom, one of the stars of a brand new radio show in Zambia. "Sex is still sweet with me and you save yourself stress about STIs...

    "HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

    This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery." From the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) East Asia and Pacific...

    "By December 2013, it was estimated that close to 6 million men had been circumcised in the 14 priority countries for scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), the majority being adolescents (10-19 years). This article discusses why efforts to scale up VMMC should prioritize adolescent men, drawing from new evidence and experiences...

    In this study, in order to evaluate the high rates of HIV infection among adolescent girls and to present evidence on what works globally to address the risk, researchers reviewed evidence on programming for adolescents from 150 studies and evaluations from 2001 to June 2013. [Footnotes are removed by the editor.]

    This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

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    Enhance Social Protection

    Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users, general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that injecting drug users (IDUs) are at the highest risk group of...

    Author: Warren Feek, August 14 2014 - All of us worry all of the time about both strategy and money! So the more we can share experiences and analysis the better for all. Some ideas and questions follow. Please do respond by logging in and commenting.

    "Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

    "Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

    Author: Boyd Chibale, July 25 2014 - "Well, I am made of latex, and I come in lots of different brands, shapes and sizes. I am anything from small to extra-large, strawberry and banana flavoured," says Mr Condom, one of the stars of a brand new radio show in Zambia. "Sex is still sweet with me and you save yourself stress about STIs...

    This review was initiated to identify interventions on HIV prevention in the Asia Pacific region with demonstrated or potential impact for adolescent and young key populations (YKP), "looking at the role of individual and structural factors in accessibility and delivery." From the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) East Asia and Pacific...

    In this study, in order to evaluate the high rates of HIV infection among adolescent girls and to present evidence on what works globally to address the risk, researchers reviewed evidence on programming for adolescents from 150 studies and evaluations from 2001 to June 2013. [Footnotes are removed by the editor.]

    This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

    Elias Banda

    Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

    "From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

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    15 Million accessing treatment

    Dr. Susan Kasedde's presentation for the Programming for Adolescents and Youth in the Arab States/MENA Region conference in Istanbul, Turkey, December 3-7 2012, opens with 2012 statistical trends in new HIV infection in adults and children. Kasedde poses the question: "The vast majority of adolescents living with HIV (60%) are adolescent girls...

    World Youth Alliance

    "UNAIDS, a United Nations body with a lot of political and financial weight, has continued to promote strategies that often do not address the fundamental underlying behaviors that facilitate the spread of HIV. The need is urgent for locally driven campaigns that are aimed at stopping risky behaviors and cultivating a culture of personal...

    Reaching Youth With Out-of-Facility HIV and Reproductive Health Services

    This systematic literature review was undertaken to identify policies promoting or programmes delivering HIV or reproductive health services to adolescents in their communities. The researchers reviewed studies that evaluated uptake of services or commodities. Data from studies meeting inclusion criteria were qualitatively analysed.

    ...

    "Today, Rosa gives a talk about HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to the women at El Mamey, demonstrating the correct use of condoms and reminding the women to come for their monthly medical checkups at the Clínica de Familia La Romana (La Romana Family Clinic). At the end of her talk she answers questions, addresses common...

    "Several frameworks have been constructed to analyse the factors which influence and shape the uptake of evidence into policy processes in resource poor settings, yet empirical analyses of health policy making in these settings are relatively rare."

    The End of AIDS?

    "Throughout the XIX International AIDS Conference (aka 'AIDS 2012'), which was held in Washington, DC [US] this past July, speaker after speaker enthused that we were poised to create an 'AIDS-free generation' and that we were on the verge of 'ending AIDS.'"

    Adolescents: Advancing HIV Prevention

    "Despite impressive overall results in the past decade's response to HIV, especially in terms of dramatically increased treatment coverage for people living with HIV and a 40% reduction in the number of children infected with HIV due to vertical transmission between 2001 and 2011 (UNAIDS, 2012), efforts to prevent HIV sexual transmission and...

    Myanmar

    In Myanmar, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance focuses on promoting the health and rights of people living with, and most affected by, HIV. This short summary of conditions in Myanmar and the work of Alliance includes data on the rate of HIV (1.3%) in the general population, as well as rates among men who have sex with men (9.4%) and sex...

    Bike4Care

    A project of CooP-Africa: Cycling Out of Poverty, the Bike4Care project enables community health workers to visit more patients at a greater distance. In addition, a bicycle ambulance makes patient transport to health centres possible, and mobile pharmacies on bicycles enable access to medicines. CooP Africa has Bike4Care projects in Uganda,...

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    Eliminate gender inequalities

    "Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

    "Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

    This supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JADS), "a collection of reviews on adolescents, presents the complexity of the adolescent HIV epidemic and examines current evidence and experience from programmes to highlight how to improve HIV-specific outcomes. Findings in the papers were presented in a global technical...

    Elias Banda

    Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

    "From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

    These three videos in a series from Pathfinder demonstrate the method of their "Tailored Reflection and Integrated Learning", or TRAIL, model of community mobilisation and action.

    This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

    This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

    This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

    With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on gender. They also provide a link to a full list of over 70 gender-focused materials available on their site.

    A sampling of the gender tools and project examples highlighted in this Focus Package follows:

    Tools -...

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    Increase antiretroviral access

    Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users, general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that injecting drug users (IDUs) are at the highest risk group of...

    This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

    "Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

    "Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

    Authors: Julie Pulerwitz and John Bongaarts, crossposted on May 27 2014 - The achievement of an AIDS-free future will surely be a priority discussion topic at the upcoming International AIDS Society conference in Melbourne, Australia.

    Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

    "You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...


    "In the end it is that which really spoke to me about this story: that from something unspeakably dark and inhuman a spark could be struck, that even one or two small, unknown, unconnected individuals could take on the most massive, powerful and unyielding of adversaries, and actually manage to change the world." - Dylan Mohan...

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "Given the critical nature of ART [HIV antiretroviral therapy] to improved health outcomes, the lack of consideration of formative research - including message pretesting - to inform the communication strategy design, can have dire implications for effective HIV prevention, treatment and care programs in developing country contexts."...

    The New A2B4CT of HIV Prevention

    This document focuses on critiquing the ABC sexual behaviour change strategy (Abstain, Be faithful, and use Condoms) of HIV/AIDS prevention in South Africa, explaining why and how it has not been effective and proposing another approach. "One of the failings of the old ABC approach was to make the exceptions the rule, and to focus upon these...

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    Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

    "National strategic frameworks or plans (NSPs) determine a country’s national response to HIV and AIDS, guiding allocation of funding, resources and human capacity and are now critical for Global Fund investments.  Many plans are not strategic, include limited situational analysis and do not identify the key drivers of the epidemic and the...

    "The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

    "Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers of all genders, and transgender women. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence characterizing the community-level determinants that potentiate or...

    "Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

    "HIV programming for adolescents should focus on interventions of proven effectiveness and address underlying factors driving incidence and lack of effective treatment and care in this age group."

    Rana Tassawar Ali

    Author: Rana Tassawar Ali, May 29 2014 - We want an AIDS-free Pakistan, and indeed everyone Pakistani wants an AIDS-free Pakistan. The HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which causes and leads to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), is an incurable disease. In Pakistan, an estimated one hundred thousand people are infected with HIV....

    "While community mobilisation (CM) is increasingly advocated for HIV prevention, its impact on measurable outcomes has not been established.... One reason for the lack of systematic attention to CM is that it is used across categories of HIV intervention usually considered separately, namely, biomedical, behavioural and structural interventions...

    Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

    This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

    "Traversing these issues is essential to addressing the underlying structural factors that marginalize trans people, negatively impact their health and exclude them from the benefits of development."

    The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine experience high risks for HIV infection.

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    Featured

    "...reviewers have called for more rigorous outcome evaluation designs in the manner conducted here."

    This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

    This report describes the findings from an external evaluation of the Namibia component of the Southern African Regional Social and Behavior Change Communication Program. The programme, which has been implemented in 8 countries in Southern Africa with funding from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), aims to...

    "The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

    "The low level of knowledge on cervical cancer and HPV found in baseline formative research on the part of health workers and teachers,...let alone community members, prompted governments to provide detailed training to them to ensure that they would be able to answer questions from parents, girls, and other community members..."

    "The aim of this article is to explore the role of health communication, an approach within the social and behavioral sciences, across the treatment continuum" for HIV. The article is from the JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes supplement addressing clinicians and public health scientists in the field of HIV...

    "... although potentially less subject to reporting bias, biomarkers and biologic outcomes have their own flaws."

    From the Abstract:  "This article responds to key questions related to health communication that are commonly asked in the HIV/AIDS arena: 'What is health communication?'; 'What is its role beyond HIV prevention?'; and 'How can it be used to achieve better HIV/AIDS outcomes?'"

    This JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes supplement addresses clinicians and public health scientists in the field of HIV prevention and treatment who might value information on...

    Published by the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University by invitation from Open Society Foundations (OSF), this resource guide "has been designed to be a user-friendly, multi-purpose tool in advocating for health and human rights." Now in its 5th edition, the guide is intended for "a wide array of users, including health...

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    Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

    "The broader aim of the framework is to use media as a positive force to improve human rights and ensure universal access to HIV and healthcare services for MSM and TG persons in South Asia."

    Author: Lucy Maroncha, July 23 2014 - Activists at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne [Australia] this week have urged journalists to be more creative and to use less stigmatizing words which influence public opinion and attitudes.

    ...

     women_out_loud.jpg

    This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

    "In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

    Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

    "In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

    "Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

    "...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

    "It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

    "How can you prevent the spread of HIV among people who may consider it one of their least pressing concerns?"

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