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The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

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This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

Author: David R Patient, April 7 2014          Ever stopped to wonder why we, in HIV prevention, have spent years teaching people about HIV, prevention and ARV's [antiretroviral thearapy] and yet people still revert to their cultural/religious/traditional beliefs? I mean there is no concrete evidence...

Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

"You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

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Eliminate Stigma and Discrimination

This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

"This model highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties."

Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

"You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

This guide is designed to provide facilitators with background information about the needs of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), tips for starting an adult-led information and support group, fourteen sessions for support groups, and guidance on tracking a programme's progress.

With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on gender. They also provide a link to a full list of over 70 gender-focused materials available on their site.

A sampling of the gender tools and project examples highlighted in this Focus Package follows:

Tools -...

Rana Tassawar Ali

Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 6 2014:      In Pakistan, an estimated 100,000 people suffer from HIV/AIDS, and the number of new HIV/AIDS cases is increasing. In Pakistan, where society is mostly governed by conservatives, people create hurdles for changing minds. In this scenario, our society has only few anti-HIV/...

"Citizen journalists are playing an increasingly important role reporting on sensitive issues, such as HIV, particularly in countries where free speech and media access is limited."

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

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Empower Young People

This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

"For the first time in the history of the HIV epidemic, the global community has accumulated the knowledge, experience and tools to achieve an AIDS-free generation."

This guide is designed to provide facilitators with background information about the needs of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), tips for starting an adult-led information and support group, fourteen sessions for support groups, and guidance on tracking a programme's progress.

With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on reaching urban youth. According to the United Nations, "the world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history." Health COMpass reflects that this may provide young people with better access to learning, health care...

This programme summary of the second season of Revela2 contains a synopsis of 20 episodes of this television programme from Bogota, Colombia:

Rana Tassawar Ali

Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 14 2014:          Life skills are the abilities that help us to adopt and behave positively so that we can deal effectively with challenges of every day. Life skill education refers to a large group of psychosocial and interpersonal skills which can help people make...

"Together, we can agree and advocate for a new post 2015 framework that ensures sexual and reproductive health and rights and addresses the realities of young people today."

Lost in Transitions: Current Issues Faced by Adolescents Living with HIV in Asia

This report is based upon studies of issues faced by adolescents living with HIV in Asia Pacific, released in partnership with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (APN+) during a special session of...

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Enhance Social Protection

This guide for civil society organisations (CSOs) is part of the Quality of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and HIV Prevention programme developed by Rutgers WPF and STOP AIDS NOW! Its aim is to support CSOs working on HIV prevention interventions and SRHR education for young people in 12 African countries: Kenya, Ethiopia,...

Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

"You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...

This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

Rana Tassawar Ali

Author Rana Tassawar Ali, March 6 2014:      In Pakistan, an estimated 100,000 people suffer from HIV/AIDS, and the number of new HIV/AIDS cases is increasing. In Pakistan, where society is mostly governed by conservatives, people create hurdles for changing minds. In this scenario, our society has only few anti-HIV/...

"Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child...

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

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15 Million accessing treatment

Dr. Susan Kasedde's presentation for the Programming for Adolescents and Youth in the Arab States/MENA Region conference in Istanbul, Turkey, December 3-7 2012, opens with 2012 statistical trends in new HIV infection in adults and children. Kasedde poses the question: "The vast majority of adolescents living with HIV (60%) are adolescent girls...

World Youth Alliance

"UNAIDS, a United Nations body with a lot of political and financial weight, has continued to promote strategies that often do not address the fundamental underlying behaviors that facilitate the spread of HIV. The need is urgent for locally driven campaigns that are aimed at stopping risky behaviors and cultivating a culture of personal...

Reaching Youth With Out-of-Facility HIV and Reproductive Health Services

This systematic literature review was undertaken to identify policies promoting or programmes delivering HIV or reproductive health services to adolescents in their communities. The researchers reviewed studies that evaluated uptake of services or commodities. Data from studies meeting inclusion criteria were qualitatively analysed.

...

"Today, Rosa gives a talk about HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to the women at El Mamey, demonstrating the correct use of condoms and reminding the women to come for their monthly medical checkups at the Clínica de Familia La Romana (La Romana Family Clinic). At the end of her talk she answers questions, addresses common...

"Several frameworks have been constructed to analyse the factors which influence and shape the uptake of evidence into policy processes in resource poor settings, yet empirical analyses of health policy making in these settings are relatively rare."

The End of AIDS?

"Throughout the XIX International AIDS Conference (aka 'AIDS 2012'), which was held in Washington, DC [US] this past July, speaker after speaker enthused that we were poised to create an 'AIDS-free generation' and that we were on the verge of 'ending AIDS.'"

Adolescents: Advancing HIV Prevention

"Despite impressive overall results in the past decade's response to HIV, especially in terms of dramatically increased treatment coverage for people living with HIV and a 40% reduction in the number of children infected with HIV due to vertical transmission between 2001 and 2011 (UNAIDS, 2012), efforts to prevent HIV sexual transmission and...

Myanmar

In Myanmar, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance focuses on promoting the health and rights of people living with, and most affected by, HIV. This short summary of conditions in Myanmar and the work of Alliance includes data on the rate of HIV (1.3%) in the general population, as well as rates among men who have sex with men (9.4%) and sex...

Bike4Care

A project of CooP-Africa: Cycling Out of Poverty, the Bike4Care project enables community health workers to visit more patients at a greater distance. In addition, a bicycle ambulance makes patient transport to health centres possible, and mobile pharmacies on bicycles enable access to medicines. CooP Africa has Bike4Care projects in Uganda,...

Keeping people living with HIV (PLHIV) - including children - adherent to antiretroviral (ART) treatment was a key goal of Samastha, a 5-year project that was launched in January 2007 with support from the United States (US) President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

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Eliminate gender inequalities

This research based in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa.

This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

This Pathfinder technical update summarises elements of a programme called 2011 APHIAplus Nairobi-Coast Health Service Delivery project that facilitated the expansion of a gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response programme to six districts in Nairobi and five counties in Coast province in Kenya and presents recommendations to...

With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on gender. They also provide a link to a full list of over 70 gender-focused materials available on their site.

A sampling of the gender tools and project examples highlighted in this Focus Package follows:

Tools -...

This programme summary of the second season of Revela2 contains a synopsis of 20 episodes of this television programme from Bogota, Colombia:

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

Written in response to request to provide a "review of the literature on awareness/behaviour change strategies aimed at achieving greater gender equality, highlighting evidence of impact," this document gives an overview and information on: the role of religion, religious leaders, and institutions; media, social campaigns and community-level...

"Traversing these issues is essential to addressing the underlying structural factors that marginalize trans people, negatively impact their health and exclude them from the benefits of development."

Africa Regional Sexuality Resource Center

"In this review, behavioral interventions to promote condom use and/or modify risky sexual behaviours among women living with HIV failed to demonstrate any positive effects on behaviour change in favour of consistent condom use during intercourse."

Preventing HIV in U.S. Women and Girls: A Call for Social Action

According to author Cynthia Gómez, "The task of enabling most African-American and Latino women to remain uninfected with HIV goes well beyond how to use condoms, learning how to ask for condoms during sex through role-playing, or learning self-motivating statements such as 'I’m worth protecting from HIV.' Women who feel the need to please...

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Increase antiretroviral access

Author Manoj Pardeshi, April 7 2014:          Pre ART: 1986 to 31st March 2004

"You have AIDS," a counselor said to me in 1997. I don't remember the exact date, but suddenly everything went blank. The counselor had spoken to me for more than 20 minutes, but I just...


"In the end it is that which really spoke to me about this story: that from something unspeakably dark and inhuman a spark could be struck, that even one or two small, unknown, unconnected individuals could take on the most massive, powerful and unyielding of adversaries, and actually manage to change the world." - Dylan Mohan...

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"Given the critical nature of ART [HIV antiretroviral therapy] to improved health outcomes, the lack of consideration of formative research - including message pretesting - to inform the communication strategy design, can have dire implications for effective HIV prevention, treatment and care programs in developing country contexts."...

The New A2B4CT of HIV Prevention

This document focuses on critiquing the ABC sexual behaviour change strategy (Abstain, Be faithful, and use Condoms) of HIV/AIDS prevention in South Africa, explaining why and how it has not been effective and proposing another approach. "One of the failings of the old ABC approach was to make the exceptions the rule, and to focus upon these...

If, When and How to Tell

"In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status can be a central strategy to garner support for controlling fertility."

"Faced with their own mortality an improbable group of young people, many of them HIV-positive young men, broke the mold as radical warriors taking on Washington and the medical establishment."

HIV, Health and Rights

This International HIV/AIDS Alliance (the Alliance) document sets out high-level direction and sets 17 measurable goals for the Alliance. The document sets objectives until 2015 for linking organisations to use in coordination with national plans. The Alliance secretariat is using it to develop their operational plan.

Some of the...

 Tracking Global Commitments on World AIDS Day

"If the global community is serious about achieving the beginning of the end of AIDS, there must be a renewed effort to examine, improve and scale up the financial, political and programmatic efforts needed to turn vision into action."

The End of AIDS?

"Throughout the XIX International AIDS Conference (aka 'AIDS 2012'), which was held in Washington, DC [US] this past July, speaker after speaker enthused that we were poised to create an 'AIDS-free generation' and that we were on the verge of 'ending AIDS.'"

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Empower MSM Sex Workers Transgender

Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

"Traversing these issues is essential to addressing the underlying structural factors that marginalize trans people, negatively impact their health and exclude them from the benefits of development."

The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine experience high risks for HIV infection.

Author: Warren Feek of The Communication Intiative, December 2 2013        "It is certain that ending the AIDS epidemic will mean so much to so many.

Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

"In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

This 12-page case study, published by AIDSTAR-One, looks at the South African health communication programme Phaphama (which means "wise up" in Zulu and other South African languages), which was designed to reduce alcohol-related sexual risk among patients with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) seeking care at a primary health care clinic...

Produced by Communication for Change (C-Change), a United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded project now managed by the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3), these social and behaviour change communication (SBCC) materials for use by men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica aim to support the adoption of...

"LEGAL EMPOWERMENT: The transfer of power from the usual gatekeepers of the law - lawyers, judges, police, and state officials - to ordinary people who make the law meaningful on a local level and enhance the agency of disadvantaged populations."

"Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

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Featured

"This model highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties."

This review aims to examine the role of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in HIV prevention in Africa by providing a systematic study of their potential strengths and weaknesses in effecting behaviour change. "The questions posed were:

With this resource, Health COMpass provides access to health communication tools and project materials that focus on reaching urban youth. According to the United Nations, "the world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history." Health COMpass reflects that this may provide young people with better access to learning, health care...

The purpose of this website is to offer resources on voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) in order to hear about and document initiatives which are working well, in order that implementers are better able to learn from one other. "By knowing more about how other projects work in practice, program implementers can adopt and scale up ideas...

Female Sex Workers Programme Impact Assessment

This 25-page report shares finding of an impact assessment of Theatre For Change's "Interactive Theatre and Legislative theatre for sex workers and their clients" project in Malawi. The initiative was designed to ensure that sex workers, their clients, and sexually exploited children have the knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce the risk...

"Show me an anti-stigma program that works consistently and reliably across a range of settings, age and gender groups, across various religious, cultural and economic settings, and I’ll show you the unicorn I have in my back yard."

This video shows people discussing strategies to generate robust demand for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in sub-Saharan Africa at an April 2013 three-day meeting in Lusaka, Zambia. The meeting included perspectives from non-HIV-related fields, including product advertising, social marketing, and behavioural economics, as well as...

Written in response to request to provide a "review of the literature on awareness/behaviour change strategies aimed at achieving greater gender equality, highlighting evidence of impact," this document gives an overview and information on: the role of religion, religious leaders, and institutions; media, social campaigns and community-level...

Image credit: Jhpiego

Author Delia Helie, originally posted October 9 2013, cross-posted December 19 2013:     Walking up to Carewell Clinic, I see scores of men and adolescent boys sitting outside under the sun, standing in small groups under tents, and purchasing fruit and sweets from the vendors who have set up outside the facility. All of...

The aim of this study was to conduct formative work to develop a text messaging intervention to reduce methamphetamine use and high-risk sexual behaviours among out-of-treatment men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM who use methamphetamine experience high risks for HIV infection.

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Remove Punitive Laws and Policies

 women_out_loud.jpg

This report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the impact of HIV on women and the instrumental role women living with the virus are playing to end HIV/AIDS. The report includes the voices of 30 women living with HIV who have given their personal insights into how the epidemic is affecting women and on...

"In Kenya, human rights violations have a marked impact on the health of people living with HIV. Integrating legal literacy and legal services into healthcare appears to be an effective strategy to empower vulnerable groups and address underlying determinants of health."

Highlighting findings from the July 2012 report HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, this series of fact sheets from the Open Society Foundations offers information and language...

"In countries around the world...police carry out legal and illegal searches of sex workers and confiscate or destroy condoms found in their possession. In many cases, possession of condoms has been used by prosecutors as evidence of prostitution. Treating condoms as contraband forces sex workers to choose between safeguarding their health...

"Sex workers take charge of the community empowerment process by mobilizing with other sex workers to develop solutions to the issues they face as a group, and by advocating for their rights as sex workers and as human beings."

"...structural and policy issues have created barriers for MSM/TG/SWs in seeking services and adopting individual and community harm reduction strategies..."

"It has long been recognized that vulnerability to HIV infection is not simply an issue of individual behavior but involves complex webs of individuals, communities, and social structures. Can groups and networks also make people less vulnerable to this disease?"

"How can you prevent the spread of HIV among people who may consider it one of their least pressing concerns?"

"Crisis response has developed out of the need to create an enabling environment in which KPs [key populations] feel safe and confident enough to access HIV services and change high-risk behaviors. Crisis response also makes peer educators...safer from harassment or arrest..."

UGANET is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that was established in 1995 to bring together organisations and individuals who are interested in advocating for development and strengthening appropriate policies, legal human rights, and ethical responses to HIV/AIDS in Uganda.

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