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Social and Non-Formal Learning Environments

Educational Approaches to the Notion of 'Participation'
Anders Høg Hansen
April 20, 2010

Malmö University

From the Introduction: "The purpose of this essay is to provide a series of brief short cases as examples unfolding a variety of learning approaches and communication practices, which w

Contact Information: 

Email from Flor Enghel to The Communication Initiative on May 10 2010; and the Glocal Times website, July 14 2010.

Heinrich Böll Foundation

Communication Strategies: 

Through its conferences, training programmes, scholarships and awards, and publications, the Heinrich Böll Foundation acts from the core recognition that knowledge - especially scientific knowledge - has increasingly become a crucial resource and education the precondition for participation in the public sphere. For the Foundation, this participation in turn includes the ability to take part in social deliberations about the direction and the limits of scientific and technological progress.

To facilitate this in the fields of science and education, the Foundation promotes the broad production and distribution of literary and artistic work in recognition of its role in political education. From the Foundation's perspective, enabling people to perceive works of art and to grasp their meanings and dimensions promotes intellectual development and furthers citizenship and tolerance. The promotion of openness towards other cultures and lifestyles is an integral part of the Foundation's cultural exchange programmes, which involve regularly inviting writers and artists from abroad to stay in Germany for some months.

As a "Green think tank" that is part of the global Green network, the Foundation promotes the development of the Green political movement on all continents. The organisation focuses especially on the broadening and deepening of the European Green movement. The Foundation's initiatives are designed to promote democratic reforms and social innovation, advance ecological policies and sustainable development on a global level, facilitate transfer of knowledge and skills from experts to political actors, and provide a forum for open debate and dialogue between politics, business, academia, and society. One activity the Foundation engages in as a think tank is taking part in conferences and negotiations within the framework of multilateral organisations in order to advocate for and bolster the participation of civil society in politics.

Operating from the assumption that democratisation is a chief tenet of Green politics, the Foundation strives to translate the general notion of democratisation into concrete projects, campaigns, and educational programmes. The Foundation thereby works actively for the development of a political European public. Click here to access a world map with details about specific Foundation initiatives.

The Heinrich Böll Foundation looks at alternatives to the West-German model of a salaried, male, full-time job economy. At conferences and in publications (accessible on the Foundation's website), the organisation compares national models of employment and social policy, explores life- and work styles beyond the market or state, and discusses the potential of employment in the non-profit sector.

The Foundation works to gather resources in the above (and other areas - e.g., ecology and international politics), documenting the history of the Green movement in order to promote research and provide political inspiration. For example, the Archiv Grünes Gedächtnis (which translates as "Green memory archive") collects materials relating to the new social movements and to the German Green Party. This includes documents from federal and regional party headquarters, as well as from the European, German, and regional German parliaments. There is also a collection of posters, recordings, and photographs. Located in Berlin, the archive has a library which is open to the public.

The Foundation trains activists in an effort to enable them to self-organise and participate in political processes. Also, strengthening media - through workshops such as one co-organised by the Institute for Professional Journalists - is a key Foundation focus. Details about all such capacity-building efforts are available on the Foundation's website.

The Foundation's international Petra Kelly Prize has, since 1998, recognised people and civil society organisations for their outstanding achievements in respecting human rights, fostering non-violent conflict resolution, and protecting the environment. The award is endowed with € 10,000, but the Foundation views the awarding as "a political statement. The publicity, financial support, and political recognition related to the award should help to foster the advancement of the awarded person's or group's concern."

The Foundation's programme for undergraduate and PhD students active on socio-political issues both in Germany and abroad is described as more than the provision of education funding. In addition, recipients gain access to a Green network: "The scholarship department can assist you in getting in touch with experts in various fields, friends of the foundation and the regional as well as international offices of the Heinrich Böll Foundation. We support networking between our scholarship holders and provide an intranet platform for them."

Development Issues: 

Democracy and Governance, Media Development, Conflict, Rights.

Key Points: 

The Green Party may be described as "a formally organized political party based on the principles of Green politics. These principles include environmentalism, reliance on grassroots democracy, nonviolence, and support for social justice causes, including those related to the rights of indigenous peoples, among others" (source: Wikipedia, September 14 2009). Regional foundations close to the Green Party were set up in the early 1980s; in 1996 a Green Party convention pushed the merger of the separate foundations to form the Heinrich Böll Foundation on July 1 1997. The Foundation was named for Heinrich Böll (1917-1985), writer and chronicler of Germany's history at mid-century. "His global commitment to human rights greatly enhanced the image of the Federal Republic of Germany and fostered international understanding....Committed to speaking out against the global threat of nuclear destruction, he was actively involved in the peace movement in the early 1980s."

Contact Information: 

Email from Christoph Dietz to The Communication Initiative on July 2 2009; A-Z of German Media Assistance to Developing and Transitional Countries [PDF]; and Heinrich Böll Foundation website.

Media in Cooperation and Transition (MICT)

Media in Cooperation and Transition (MICT) is a German media development organisation that implements projects in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Through activities focusing on the interplay between conflict, media coverage, and reconciliation in crisis regions, MICT aims to foster the transformation of conflict towards reconciliation and to encourage dialogue among conflicting factions within society.

Communication Strategies: 

From MICT's perspective, the key factor in conflict transition is supporting media cooperation, media networking, media development, and capacity building in the field of journalism. To that end, the focal point of MICT's strategies is the interaction and interdependence of media and conflict. MICT's services comprise the training of journalists and media producers, programme and content development, production of radio programmes, films, and books, as well as media research and monitoring in conflict zones. All projects are realised in close cooperation with MICT partners on-site.


Selected MICT project examples:



  • Wirtschaftsplattform Irak (WPI) - In May 2009, MICT launched this online portal for German entrepreneurs interested in working and investing in Iraq. The website contains detailed information on jurisdiction, economic regulations, and current issues pertaining to politics, society, and the rebuilding and development of Iraq today. WPI is realised by a team of experts based in Berlin, Germany, in continuous interaction with journalists, activists and business operators in Iraq and the wider Middle East.
  • NIQASH - a trilingual website (Arabic, English, Kurdish) on politics, media, and culture in Iraq. Since March 2005, an international editorial team, in cooperation with a network of Iraqi correspondents, researches and publishes background information online and sends out a weekly newsletter with analyses of current political developments in Iraq to over 3,000 subscribers all over the world.
  • LIQA - a digital exchange of letters between experts from Iraq, its neighboring countries, and Europe in which 28 select participants from 9 different cities wrote each other letters on controversial questions situated at the intersection of politics and art. The resulting texts, letters, and opinions were published on the NIQASH website.
  • Electionnaire - interactive online voter education software. The user is asked to agree or disagree, per mouse click, to 30 statements on political core issues. At each new statement s/he can inform him-/herself about the respective position of all main political parties. At the end of the dialog the Electionnaire informs the user on which political party mostly closely represents his/her own positions. MICT developed the Electionnaire with a focus on the parties, lists, and candidates participating in the December 2005 elections in Iraq. Particularly against the background of an election campaign that was very emotional and focused on religious and ethnic aspects, the availability of such a tool, which focuses on political issues, seemed useful and necessary to MICT. To cite a more recent example, the Sudan Electionnaire is an online questionnaire that compares views on 30 debated issues with the positions of the 16 main parties for the upcoming elections in February 2010. A ranking shows how the answers match the party programmes. The tool is meant to offer more information before going to the ballot box.
  • Online School - MICT selected young Iraqi radio journalists and trained them in a 4-week online course designed to develop their skills in gender-sensitive journalism. Through this application an expert or teacher in charge is able to comment directly, on-time, and remotely to a radio report that has been submitted by a student. The teacher can either add a comment to a specific part of the audio file or can submit in-depth comments on the student's reports. The student responds to the comments in an extra text space.



  • BABEL NOW - an art installation featuring conversations with 14 citizens of Babel exploring their projects and struggles, giving their political analysis, and reflecting on how ancient history influences daily life in the capitol city of Hilla. These conversations with Babylonians are shown as an installation with 10 screens in the Pergamonmuseum (Berlin/Germany) and in the British Museum (London/Great Britain) as part of the exhibition "Babylon. Myth and truth". One can watch/listen here as well.
  • Iraqiscope - an online platform for films and video clips made in Iraq. It allows people to upload and share video clips, short films, and movies of any kind. Users can see first-hand accounts of current events, made by Iraqis from the "inside perspective".



  • Election Coverage Network - a voter education project for the parliamentary elections in Iraq in January 2010. On July 5 2009 a consortium of journalists from all parts of Iraq began the production of radio interviews, reports, and information on election issues in cooperation with a German-Arabic team of editors working for MICT. The project aims to provide the Iraqi people with independent information about parties, candidates, and details on the voting process. The products will be made available to a network of FM radio stations across Iraq and will be open to a worldwide audience online. The radio reports will be broadcast in Arabic and Kurdish.
  • Journalists in Dialogue - initiated by MICT with the goal to to enhance tolerance and mutual understanding among the ethno-religious communities in the country and to increase dialogue between conflict partners on the community level via local Iraqi media. Starting on March 1 2007, a network of 6 radio stations cooperatively produced 10 radio shows on key conflicts revolving around the problem of federalism. In the run-up to the production, editors of the participating radio stations attended lectures on the federalism debate in Iraq and conflict-sensitive journalism and developed guidelines and a structure for the production. The participating radio stations exchanged reports, material, and phone calls during the show, which was broadcast every Monday at noon by all participating radio stations simultaneously.
  • Radio Reports Network (RRN) - Implemented from June 2005 to January 2007, RRN was a radio agency for production and dissemination of Iraqi radio reports. Linking a network of more then 30 journalists located all over Iraq with a network of Iraqi radio stations, RRN produced and disseminated radio reports (features, interviews, and vox pops - "man on the street" interviews) in all provinces of Iraq on a daily basis. The centrepiece of up- and download/dissemination was a secured internet platform managed and maintained by MICT. Although the core purpose of RRN was political education, MICT also hoped through the project to facilitate the capacity building of young journalists (all participating journalists underwent training measures before joining the network) and to strengthen linkages between the 20 participating radio stations.
  • Election Monitor Iraq (EMI) - Running from December 21 2005 to February 31 2006, this radio programme monitored the preparation, implementation, and analysis of the Iraqi elections in January 2006. Over 3 months, in daily 30-minute shows, EMI discussed election topics with candidates, presented parties and their programmes, asked election observers to comment on the state of the process, explained the technical aspects of voting, etc. The programme was aired by 4 different radio stations in 11 Iraqi provinces. The content was delivered by 20 correspondents in Iraq (who had been trained during a 7-day workshop in Amman), while the programme itself was put together at the MICT studio in Berlin. The various parts of the radio programme were collated on a website for further use and complemented by additional information. Part of the project was the creation of an election booklet in which all candidates and parties were explained. The guide to Iraqi Parties was distributed as complement with the Newspaper Sabah Al-Jadeed.
  • Sawtuha - Launched in June 2005, Sawtuha (her voice) was a year-long radio production on women's topics. Together with female journalists and Iraqi non-governmental organisations (NGOs), MICT developed shows and features on the situation of women in Iraq, which were broadcast by up to 15 radio stations throughout Iraq. The communication between MICT, radio stations, female journalists, and NGOs was coordinated through a virtual editorial platform.
  • Iraq 360 Degrees - Two Iraqi writers reported on their 3-month journey to Damascus, Istanbul, Ankara, Cairo, and Beirut. On a weekly basis 1 Lebanese and 3 Iraqi radio stations aired the show.
  • Telephone FM - produced 5 days per week for 3 months in 2004 in Berlin together with Iraqi journalists and transmitted via a partner radio station in Baghdad. At the centre of each show was the conversation between Iraqi radio journalists in Germany and young people in Iraq who, as academics, entrepreneurs, or cultural workers, reflect and evaluate the current changes in their country. The conversations focused on everyday life, private perspective, and professional activity of the interview partners in Iraq; these personal questions were intended to convey an evaluation of the political situation. To implement this project, Iraqi radio journalists were invited to Berlin, where together with German editors they developed and produced the programme.


Conferences and training

  • In Sudan, the Voters Education Project aims to support the country's media in covering the upcoming (February 2010) elections. MICT will train journalists from 14 newspapers and radio stations in various workshops designed to enable them to produce professional background information about parties, candidates, and the voting process.
  • Transmediale (Berlin, Akademie der Künste, February 2 2006) - On the occasion of the Transmediale art festival, MICT invited Iraqi journalists and writers to Berlin to discuss the role of Iraqi and foreign media in the political development of Iraq. The panel, "Fragile freedoms - Iraq's media landscape", was organised and moderated by MICT.
  • Election Day (Berlin, Kulturbrauerei, January 31 2005) - On the occasion of the Iraqi parliamentary elections, MICT invited 8 Middle East experts to a debate on the political process in Iraq, the elections within the context of political tensions, and the election results. The panel discussion, which was held before an audience of 350 guests, was held within the framework of a 4-hour live radio show, broadcast from Iraq. The audience in Berlin could listen via headphones either in the Arabic original or simultaneously translated into German. A bilingual ticker, projected on a big screen, provided the latest news sent to Berlin by MICT's correspondents and election observers in Iraq.
  • Radio Conference (Amman, August 15 2005) - MICT invited representatives and directors of 22 Iraqi radio stations to network, to find ways of future cooperation, and to discuss challenges and difficulties that radio broadcasters face in Iraq. All 22 radio stations agreed on cooperation within the framework of the RRN and to sign a Professional Code of Ethics.



  • SHAHADAT - a collection of interviews, articles, artwork, and other comments on the cultural transformation of Iraqi society in the past 4 years. The participating authors are key figures in the cultural political discourse.
  • Media on the Move - a reader on the developmental status of media in Iraq, with a focus on regulation and legislation issues.
Development Issues: 

Media Development, Democracy and Governance.

Partner Text: 

MICT is financed and supported by the Belgian Foreign Ministry, the German Foreign Office, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), the Government of Canada, and the Amman Centre for Human Rights Studies.

Contact Information: 

Email from Christoph Dietz to The Communication Initiative on July 2 2009; A-Z of German Media Assistance to Developing and Transitional Countries [PDF]; and MICT website, September 10 2009 and September 16 2009. Image credit: Xchange Perspectives

Media Dialogues

The Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations, or "IFA") is a German organisation operating worldwide to promote artistic exchange and dialogue between civil societie

Communication Strategies: 

The in-person media dialogues that take place on a yearly basis (since 2000) covered issues of stereotypes and prejudices early on; discussions now focus on subjects like the social and legal position of women, cultural globalisation, young people and political participation, as well as tolerance and freedom of opinion. For example, the July 4-8 2009 German-Pakistani Media Dialogue in Berlin explored political violence and the fight for democracy, with a focus on problems of reporting in difficult times.

All the details from each cross-cultural programme are available on the Media Dialogues page on the IFA website. The subjects discussed in the media dialogues are at times followed up on with media study tours at the end of some of the conferences.

Development Issues: 

Media Development, Democracy and Governance.

Contact Information: 

Email from Christoph Dietz to The Communication Initiative on July 2 2009; A-Z of German Media Assistance to Developing and Transitional Countries [PDF]; and Media Dialogues page on the IFA website.

Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum

Communication Strategies: 

Deutsche Welle, Germany's international broadcaster, has developed this initiative based on "a simple philosophy": "Those working on the future have to think in networks - and in global dimensions." All the details of each past and forthcoming conference are available on a dedicated website, which features the use of social media (Twitter, blogging, audio, videos, photos, etc.) to connect participants, to offer them links to further information about the specific topics being covered in the conversations, and to exchange the results of their collaboration each year in Bonn.


For example, in June 2009, more than 1,200 participants from approximately 100 countries came to the World Conference Center Bonn to participate in a 3-day conference focusing on "Conflict Prevention in the Multimedia Age". Representatives from the media, politics, business, science, and culture joined in discussions with Deutsche Welle partners and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) at the conference, which featured a programme of more than 50 different events. Speaking at the closing ceremony, Deutsche Welle's Director General highlighted key points to emerge from the discussions: "We have effectively overcome the struggle between traditional and new media....The media - regardless of how it is distributed - must live up to clearly-defined quality standards". He stressed that, especially in conflict situations and political hot spots, the media must act as responsible professionals - while honoring journalistic impartiality - and contribute to conflict prevention and containment. He also announced that the third edition of the Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum, which will focus on "Media and Global Warming", will take place from June 21-23 2010 in Bonn.

Development Issues: 

Media Development, Conflict, Environment.

Contact Information: 
See video

Email from Christoph Dietz to The Communication Initiative on July 2 2009; A-Z of German Media Assistance to Developing and Transitional Countries [PDF]; and Media Dialogues page on the IFA website.

German Media Development Cooperation: A Survey

FoME Research No 3
Christoph Dietz
November 1, 2010

Catholic Media Council (CAMECO)

The German Forum Media and Development (FoME) developed this document from a survey of current German media development cooperation practices.

Contact Information: 

Email from Christoph Dietz to The Communication Initiative on January 12 2011.

Peace Journalism, War and Conflict Resolution

Richard Lance Keeble, ed.
John Tulloch, ed.
Florian Zollmann, ed.
Publication Date: 
January 1, 2010

Peace Journalism, War and Conflict Resolution draws together the work of more than 20 international writers, journalists, theorists, and campaigners in the field of peace journalism.

SFR36.00, €23.20 (please consult the website for added VAT), £20.90, US$35.95
Number of Pages: 


Contact Information: 

EuroMed Intercultural Trends 2010: Anna Lindh Report

Publication Date: 
August 1, 2010

This "Report on Intercultural Trends", one of an ongoing series from the Anna Lindh Foundation, aims to provide a tool of action for the Euro-Mediterranean (EuroMed) region.

Number of Pages: 


Contact Information: 

Press release from Ingy Sedky to The Communication Initiative on September 16 2010.

Soul Beat Africa

A collaboration between the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and The Communication Initiative. Offers a space to access and share knowledge (currently over 6500 knowledge items), as well as network around a wide range of development issues with a focus on media and communication for social change in Africa. Our current subscriber network consists of over 16,000 members. To join, click here. To discuss partnership please contact Anja

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The goal of this inaugural Haller Prize for Development Journalism is "to encourage and advance excellent journalistic investigation of the charitable and entrepreneurial development sectors in sub-Saharan Africa." Three prizes will be awarded: 1st prize is GBP3000, 2nd Prize is GBP1000, and 3rd Prize is GBP500.

"[W]hile technology has the potential to amplify citizens' voices, it must be accompanied by clear political goals and other factors to increase their clout."

Drawing upon case studies from 9 programmes around the world and a citizen participation theory of change, this case study from the United States (US)-based National...

"For UNESCO, global citizenship education (GCE) develops the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes learners need to build a more just, peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, secure and sustainable world."

According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): "Building on the conclusions of two...

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On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

The Social Entrepreneurs Initiative (SEI) for West Africa is designed to support innovative ideas from young people to boost transparency, accountability, and the fight against corruption in their communities. There are 3 awards, each worth US$3000 cash, for innovative approaches promoting integrity in the education sector. The winners will...

One World Media Corruption Reporting Award

Transparency International is sponsoring a Corruption Reporting award as part of the 2014 One World Media Awards. The goal is to highlight and encourage the coverage of corruption around the world. The One World Media Awards recognise excellence in international media coverage and highlight the unique role of journalists and filmmakers in...

2013 Anti-Corruption Youth Essay Competition for Africans

Organised by the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption (AUABC) under the theme "How to Make Corruption Unattractive in Africa", this essay competition is intended to contribute to the fight against corruption on the continent with a view to ensuring a corruption free, better governed, and economically prosperous African continent....


Dukan Karshe, which roughly means "the last straw" in the Hausa language, was a nine-part radio series broadcast in 11 northern states of Nigeria between March 25 and May 4 2013 to guide young Nigerians on how the political process works and how to push for reforms. The series was intended to encourage political participation by women and youth...


In March 2012, Transparency International (TI) together with the Institute for the Advancement of Journalism in South Africa, and the Malawi Economic Justice Network held a five-day training on investigating corruption for journalists in Malawi.

Corporate Governance

This guide offering tips on corporate governance is designed for reporters and editors who already have some experience covering business and finance. The goal is to help journalists develop stories that examine how a company is governed and spot events that may have serious consequences for the company’s survival, shareholders, and...


Launched in late 2011, CorrupciÓN en OFF is a pilot online-television show designed to attract young Colombians to understand the fight against corruption as an urgent need for development, as well as train them in the use of concrete tools for fighting corruption. The project is led by Corporación Ocasa, in collaboration with British Council,...


This 10-page paper shares lessons from the experience of a Colombian youth group created in 2003 to strengthen youth integrity and work with youth to fight corruption. The group was created after a Youth Forum held parallel to the 11th International Anti-Corruption Conference in South Korea. It is based on the conviction that not only does...


Launched in 2010, the Global Youth Anti-Corruption Network (GYAC) brings together young leaders, journalists, artists, and experts in information and communication technologies (ICT) from civil society all over the world who work to improve transparency and social accountability for better governance. Supported by the World Bank Institute (WBI...

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Civic Engagement

This workshop is being organised to help build the capacity of civil society organisations (CSOs) in East Africa to work with United Nations (UN) and African Union (AU) systems. Hosted by the Programme on Women’s Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (PWESCR), 24 members of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) from Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi,...

On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

These guidelines from the United Nations (UN) Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development’s (IANYD) Subgroup on Youth Participation in Peacebuilding are intended to provide guidance to UN agencies, governments, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in increasing youth engagement in conflict prevention.

The document recommends multiple...

Capacity for Research and Advocacy for Fair Taxation Project

Running from 2012 to 2016, The Capacity for Research and Advocacy for Fair Taxation (CRAFT) project is working to contribute to fair and pro-poor tax systems and more transparent and accountable fiscal policies, with the end goal of helping create more democratic states.

This document shares audience feedback about Haba na Haba, a weekly discussion programme broadcast by the BBC Swahili service. Featuring reports produced by six local community-based radio stations across the country, the programme covers issues relevant to local communities in Tanzania and invites politicians and public figures into the studio...


This 33-page reports sums up three years of work implementing the Liu Lathu Programme in Malawi, which is part of the multi-country Mwananchi Programme designed to help citizens hold their governments to account by strengthening the wide range of groups that can empower and support them. The programme works to help ordinary Malawians raise...


Launched in 2013, Wired For Sound is a project involving a mobile studio that will travel through five of Mozambique's northern provinces to work with local musicians and give marginalised youth an opportunity to openly discuss their rights and other critical issues – both locally via community radio stations and internationally via social and...


Running from 2013 to 2016, the Strengthening Media, Civil Society Organizations, and Citizens Role in Forest Resource Governance project is working to enhance media coverage of the forest sector and the media's capacity to effectively report, analyse, inform, and engage citizens in Uganda to debate and dialogue on key sector issues.


This 132-page report draws on five years of lessons learned and case studies from implementing the Mwananchi Governance and Transparency Programme in six African countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia. The report proposes a focus on context-specific processes, or 'interlocution processes', by which selected actors...


Running from 2012 to 2014, the Empowering Local Radio with ICTs project is working to build the capacity of 32 local radios in 7 African countries, with the overall goal of strengthening free, independent, and pluralistic media, as well as encouraging civic participation and gender-responsive communication for sustainable development. The...

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Conflict and Peace

This video looks at Search for Common Ground's participatory theatre model which is being used in war-torn eastern DR Congo to deal with the effects of the violent conflict that has torn communities apart.

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

The West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI), in collaboration with the Nexus-Fund, has called for civil society organisations working directly and indirectly in the field of peace and security, conflict/violence prevention, and mass atrocity prevention to apply for the Professional Development Training on Mass Atrocities Prevention (MAP)....

Local Voices: Congolese Communities and The Kivu Conflict

Launched in December 2013, the Local Voices: Congolese Communities and The Kivu Conflict project is working to share the experiences of the local populations who, in remote areas of Kivu, have been facing militias and armed violence for 20 years. The project uses photo stories, video, and written accounts of personal testimonies to give a voice...


The South Africa-based African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), in partnership with the Centre for African Peace and Conflict Resolution (CAPCR) at California State University, Sacramento are hosting the fourth International Africa Peace and Conflict Resolution conference under the theme 'Alternative Dispute...

Peace Projects is a grant programme launched by The Journalists and Writers Foundation (JWF) to support innovative conflict resolution and peacebuilding projects focused on preventing, managing and resolving violent conflict and promoting post-conflict peacebuilding. The project is currently soliciting proposals for creative and innovative...

Audio Guide on Media and Conflict Coverage

This audio guide, prepared by Radio for Peacebuilding Africa, is intended for journalists working in conflict and post-conflict areas for all types of media outlets and is designed to accompany the previously published "Sustainability for Community Radios" training modules. The audio guide is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the...


Organised by Radio for Peacebuilding Africa (RFPA), the RFPA Awards are designed to recognise the most original and highest quality radio programmes which contribute to promoting peace and tolerance on the African continent. The RFPA Awards intend to showcase and reward radio programmes that, by the topics presented or the angle used, intend to...

This report explores the ways in which information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the data they generate can assist international actors, governments, and civil society organisations (CSOs) to more effectively prevent violence and conflict.


This evaluation survey was designed to measure the impact of L’Equipe (The Team) on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of a cross-section of the Ivorian society on the themes presented in the drama related to overcoming ethnic, religious, and socioeconomic divisions. According to the evaluation, the survey results regarding the effectiveness...

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BBC Media Action

"This paper seeks to identify the extent to which the national TV and radio programme Sema Kenya (Kenya Speaks), part of BBC Media Action’s governance work in Kenya, supported accountability, peace and inclusion at the time of the 2013 Kenya election. It shows the specific value placed on Sema Kenya by audiences and experts at election time."...

I Voted, Now What - Film Project

Released in 2012, “Aftercount, I Vote Wetin?” or “I Voted, Now What?” is a civic education film encouraging young Nigerians to stay involved in the political process between elections. Produced by the Youngstars Foundation, with support from the National Democratic Institute (NDI), the drama is accompanied by a handbook, which is intended to...


Launched in September 2012, A Political Safari is a democracy and voter education outreach project that uses mobile cinema to engage audiences in debates and discussions, particularly focusing on promoting free and fair elections. The mobile cinema aired a documentary called "An African Election" to educate voters on electoral processes and...

DW Akademie

"This handbook is designed to help journalists practice their craft to the best of their abilities during political periods that arouse great passion and demand considerable professional sensitivity."

"Young people between the ages of 15 and 25 constitute a fifth of the world’s population. While they are often involved in informal, politically relevant processes, such as activism or civic engagement, they are not formally represented in national political institutions such as parliaments and many of them do not participate in elections....


The Wazi Campaign is a nationwide public awareness initiative launched ahead of Kenya's March 2013 elections that uses Public Service Announcements (PSAs) to educate citizens on issues such as corruption, leadership and integrity, peaceful elections, national cohesion, and devolution. The animated cartoon PSAs are being aired on television...


Launched in February 2013, Ni Sisi (It is Us) is a movie produced by S.A.F.E in Kenya to promote peace and remind Kenyans that it is individuals who have the power to say no to the factors which were critical in encouraging post-election violence in 2007/2008: tribalism, rumours, and corruption. Released ahead of elections in March 2013, the...


Launched in 2011, the Initiative for Leadership and Democracy in Africa (iLEDA) is working to strengthen democracy in Africa by preparing a new generation of civic and political leaders to be effective agents of change. iLeda provides training to different key audiences with tailor made curriculums designed for reach. The project is led by...


This toolkit comprises ten tools designed to encourage women's effective campaigning in elections and governance processes. Published by the Campaign for Good Governance (CGG), the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the goal of the toolkit is to equip more women...


Leading up to the March 2013 elections in Kenya, BBC Media Action and BBC Swahili Service are collaborating to produce Sema Kenya (meaning Kenya Speaks in Swahili) a weekly debate show broadcast nationally on television and radio. The show brings officials and well-known public figures together with the public to debate the issues of the day....

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Freedom of Information

The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

"Is there a link between new digital technologies and good governance? What, if any, are the connections between increasingly digitally equipped populations and political change?... Is it legitimate to talk about 'liberation technology’?"


Established in 2005, the Human Rights Network for Journalists (HRNJ) in Uganda brings together human rights journalists from both print and electronic media, as well as freelance investigative reporters. HRNJ works to enhance the promotion, protection, and respect of human rights through defending and building capacities of journalists to...

This award is offered by the EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) Public Library Innovation Programme (EIFL-PLIP) with support from a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This Innovation Award is the fourth call in EIFL-PLIP's awards programme for public and community libraries in developing and transition countries. It is...

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Gender Empowerment


This 23-page paper explores international experiences to draw on best practices that could inform strategies to help improve women’s political participation in Liberia. Published by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), the report states that entrenched traditional norms, cultural practices, limited education of women, and...


Running from 2012 to 2013, the Women's Empowerment through Virtual Exchange (WEAVE) project is working to develop an online database for women’s human rights advocates across Nigeria, including civil society organisations, policymakers, researchers, and legal experts. Led by Media Information Narrative Development (MIND), in partnership with...


Based om 25 years of working towards women’s political participation, the National Democratic Institute (NDI) produced this guide for democracy practitioners to help them develop and carry out effective programmes to bring more women into government and politics. The guide focuses on programmes in the areas of citizen participation, elections,...


The International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (iKnow Politics) is an online workspace designed to serve the needs of elected officials, candidates, political party leaders and members, researchers, students and other practitioners interested in advancing women in politics. The interactive network of women in politics is intended to...


This toolkit comprises ten tools designed to encourage women's effective campaigning in elections and governance processes. Published by the Campaign for Good Governance (CGG), the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the goal of the toolkit is to equip more women...


Published by Equality Now in 2011, this manual promotes the use of the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa (the Women's Rights Protocol), which is a supplementary protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, providing step-by-step guidance for using the Protocol for advocacy at both national and regional levels.


This 12-page report shares findings from Media Monitoring Project Zimbabwe's (MMPZ) research to assess the mainstream media's role in giving space and visibility to women's concerns, voices, and participation in Zimbabwe's constitution-making process. It is intended as both a yardstick for measuring, and an advocacy tool for enhancing, the...


Running from 2010 to 2015, the Democratic Governance for Development (DGD) project is designed to provide a coordinated mechanism for supporting the deepening of democracy in Nigeria by international donors and partners. The main objective of the project is to assist Nigerian authorities to consolidate and advance democratic governance and...

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Media and D and G

The goal of this inaugural Haller Prize for Development Journalism is "to encourage and advance excellent journalistic investigation of the charitable and entrepreneurial development sectors in sub-Saharan Africa." Three prizes will be awarded: 1st prize is GBP3000, 2nd Prize is GBP1000, and 3rd Prize is GBP500.

Published by Forum for African Investigative Reporters (FAIR), this manual discusses various techniques used to build a story, analyse information from sources, and possibly discredit lying interviewees through cross-examination. Used as part of a course offered by the author, Heinrich Böhmke, the manual is based on some of the same principles...

Published by the Forum for African Investigative Reporters (FAIR), this guide is designed to help journalists to use undercover investigative techniques. The booklet is based on the experience of the author, Ghanaian journalist and lawyer Anas Aremeyaw Anas, drawing on his experience of working undercover, and offering tips and advice on how to...

Published by Forum for African Investigative Reporters (FAIR), this booklet outlines ethical guidelines for journalists. According to the publication, "democracy and the rule of law depend on a free and independent press that can help citizens hold public officials and institutions in check. Central to this essential role is trust that...

On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

This 196-page report shares the findings of a nationally representative media survey conducted by Forcier Conulting for Internews in South Sudan. Approximately 3,300 individuals were surveyed across South Sudan's 10 states, along with 6 booster samples focusing on broadcast areas covered by five radio stations being managed by Internews, plus...

The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

"Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

This research report followed a BBC Media Action training in Sierra Leone in October and November of 2012 on election reporting for journalists of the International Radio Network. "The aim was to encourage impartial, fair and accurate reporting. These mentors trained local journalists working at International Radio Network (IRN) stations....BBC...

Published online and in print by Development Media Consulting, the Journal of Development and Communications Studies (JDCS) is an academic, peer-reviewed journal that is dedicated to research exploring linkages between communication and human development. According to the publication, the core goal of the JDCS "is to make available to...

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Launched in September 2012, the Botswana Speaks Parliamentary Initiative is working to enable citizens, traditional leaders, and local kgotla assemblies to share their views and policy concerns with their elected representatives through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Using mobile technologies, the project links...


This 17-page case study shares the experience of Search for Common Ground's work in Zanzibar, working with Zanzibar media to promote good governance and social cohesion on a large scale, encourage frank discussion of differences, and foster a spirit of tolerance.

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Rights and Justice

Tuamke Sasa Project

Launched in January 2013, the Tuamke Sasa project is working to encourage a human rights approach in the democratisation process in the Morogoro and Dodoma regions in Tanzania. The project is using theatrical performances to reflect key issues in human rights and democratisation in the country, with an on-site legal advisory tent on human...


This study seeks to identify how engagement with informal justice systems (IJS) can build greater respect and protection for human rights. It highlights the considerations that development partners should have when assessing whether to implement programmes involving IJS, the primary consideration being that engagement with IJS neither directly...

The overall objective of this course, offered by MS Training Centre for Development Cooperation, is to enable participants to have a deeper understanding of the link between child rights and governance and to acquire skills and knowledge on how to hold their governments accountable in delivering services to children. According to MSTCDC, by the...


This 34-page evaluation report shares findings of an assessment of the "Tomorrow is a New Day" project in the Democratic Republic of Congo by Search for Common Ground (SFCG). The project is designed to reach soldiers of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and civilians to improve civilian protection, fight impunity...


This 36-page report reviews the current status of minority and indigenous groups in Kenya. Focusing on Kenya’s 2010 Constitution, it pays particular attention to how legal and policy changes over the last five years have addressed the social, economic, and political challenges confronting minorities.

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South South Sharing - Democacy and Governance - Latin America

Latin America

Click here for D & G knowledge and experiences from Latin America.