Community Information Boards (CIB)

In 2007, the Government of Nigeria with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), developed the concept of a Community Information Board (CIB). The board is designed to capture basic social and development data that communities could use to track the health and well-being of their children, as well as drive community dialogues, collective decision-making, and communal action to realise the rights of women and children.

Communication Strategies: 

The Community Information Board is designed to capture basic social and development data in the community for tracking the situation of children and women, and to provide the focus for community and peer-group dialogues, local theatre and house-to-house counselling that lead to concrete actions that improve services for and the rights status of children, women, and families. As a community tool, it requires the participation of every segment and group in all stages of its use. The principal moderators of the Board are the traditional leader, the community or village development committee, and the recorder. The audience is the entire community — women, youths, children and men. The board is intended to complement existing community engagement processes such as community dialogues and community theatre.

The boards track 16 indicators on a quarterly basis. These indicators track births and child mortality, immunisations, child health and development, school enrolment, use of bed nets, water and sanitation, and maternal health. Each indicator is recorded on the information board, which is placed in a prominent position within villages, and updated quarterly by a recorder who is generally an assigned member of the community development association. The recorders, several of whom are women, use information from daily and weekly entries in community information notebooks to update the boards. Each recorder has a community information notebook or register into which s/he enters information on each indicator when it is collected. At the end of each quarter the information in the notebook is collated and entered on the Community Information Board.

Information is kept on the CIB for one year when it is ‘archived’ or held in a secure place within the community. Recording of information then begins afresh on the wiped board at the start of another year. The traditional leader and the village/community development committee are principally responsible for maintaining the CIBs and ensuring the involvement of all sections of the community. All groups have a chance to participate in responding to issues that arise from a common analysis of the implications of information on the board and in agreeing ways to address problems and move forward within the community. Participation takes place through one or more local level communication forums such as community and peer group dialogues, local theatre, and home counselling.

According to UNICEF, the CIBs were developed through a process of pre-testing with community leaders and different groups (including women and youth) until it was deemed user-friendly. Boards were then produced for 222 focus communities. Guidelines for use of the boards and a training guide were developed with community leaders and resource persons, with technical support from government officials, academics, and UNICEF staff.

Using a two-tier ‘cascade’ process, UNICEF organised training for recorders and members of the community development committees. First, university lecturers from across the country, together with staff from UNICEF’s non-governmental organisation (NGO) partners, participated in national level training of trainers (TOT) workshops. Following that, training of trainers (TOT) participants, equipped with new levels of confidence, knowledge, and skills, returned home to train local people on the selected indicators. UNICEF also helped to develop a Training Guide to be used primarily by NGOs as a resource for training and monitoring processes within communities.

Organisers say that by the end of 2008, 25 NGOs, government experts, and academics had trained 291 community focal persons and over 3000 members of community development committees on how to consolidate data from local records, update the boards, provide feedback to community members, and moderate community dialogue sessions. In addition, 138 communities in 21 states had updated their Community Information Boards and were using them to monitor indicators of child survival and development in their communities.

Development Issues: 

Children, Women, Health, Maternal Health, Immunisation, Malaria

Key Points: 

According to organisers, the boards have been successfully adopted in over 60% of the focus communities. Evidence suggests that analysis and discussion of information on the boards contributes to:

  • increasing the focus on the day-to-day well-being of women and children, and recognition of their rights;
  • stimulating communities to discuss the best way of addressing issues on the board;
  • encouraging communities to track information on their own development;
  • creating a common understanding of development problems; and
  • acting as a catalyst for local assessment, planning, and implementation of action plans, thereby building local ownership of services and programmes.

According to UNICEF, the Boards have exposed communities to an organised and standard method of data collection in the community, and communities have learned to interpret data and understand their usefulness. The Boards have also forged a link between data, dialogue, and knowledge of key household practices. Some community leaders confessed that they had never taken the key household practices or record-keeping seriously and were only just beginning to put these into practice now that they have a better understanding of their benefits. In addition, the process has enabled communities to appreciate the need to initiate, own and control the process of development in their localities rather than yielding to the dominant culture of relying on interventions from outside.

The following are some of the lessons learned from the project:

  • Maintaining communities’ interest in dialoguing on issues related to the well being of children and their families requires that those issues are kept firmly at the forefront of public attention and on the community’s own development agenda.
  • The leadership and support provided by traditional leaders and community development committees is vital to the successful use of the Community Information Boards.
  • Using women as Recorders increased openness, encouraged greater cooperation amongst households, and increased their willingness to provide data to the Board.
  • Providing communities with incentives for maintaining CIBs to a high standard, such as letters of commendation, should be considered.

UNICEF is planning to scale up the initiative. They say that over 80% of all communities in the country could be reached by 2012 if the capacity of staff from universities with outreach programmes and national and local NGOs is developed.

Partner Text: 

UNICEF, Nigerian Ministry of Information, Department of Information

Source: 

UNICEF website on October 29 2010.

Strengthening Community and Health Systems for Quality PMTCT: Applications in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Ethiopia

Publication Date
May 1, 2013
Affiliation: 

Pathfinder

This 12-page report by Pathfinder discusses experiences as well as recommendations based on programmes for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. According to the report, barriers to implementing programmes for PMTCT in resource-limited settings fall into common biomedical, behavioral, and structural categories.

pmtcsystems.jpg
Contact Information: 
Source: 

Pathfinder website on July 7 2013.

My Gorilla - My Community

The My Gorilla – My Community project is working to develop and implement a comprehensive communications for behaviour change programme to cultivate a community more sympathetic to science-based conservation efforts, and creating a favourable environment for endangered Cross River gorillas in order to avoid extinction. The project is working with local partners to produce a radio drama, host post-broadcast discussions, along with other mentoring and awareness raising activities.

Communication Strategies: 

According to PCI Media Impact, Cross River gorillas have little chance of long-term conservation success without local community protection and support, and the only way to win that support is through communications messaging, and supporting campaigns that educate and change the attitudes and behaviours of populations who are in direct contact with these gorillas.

The overall objectives for My Gorilla – My Community are to:

  • develop the capacity of WCS and local organisations in Nigeria and Cameroon to better use communications to effectively enhance community protection activities and motivate long-term social change in favour of Cross River gorillas;
  • build a community of coalitions of well-informed constituents who understand and support protection of the Cross River gorilla; and
  • change attitudes and behaviours related to Cross River gorillas and heighten awareness of the threats to their long-term survival.

Through training and mentorship, the project is equipping Wildlife Conservation Society in Nigeria and Cameroon with the tools to use social marketing approaches to educate, shape attitudes, and catalyze sustainable behaviour change. Since launching the project, Media Impact has developed a cross border coalition with WCS-Nigeria, WCS – Cameroon, local and national stakeholders, scientists, and broadcast teams that are spearheading awareness-building the communication for development work. Together, the team identified and trained local scriptwriters and held focus groups to uncover culturally relevant stories that writers drew upon for a radio drama.

The radio drama will begin airing in July 2013, and coalition broadcast partners will hold radio call-in shows following every broadcast, providing listeners with a forum to share opinions and lessons learned. The radio drama, called Linda’s Joint, centres on a remote village in the highlands along the Nigeria and Cameroon border, torn apart over plans to pull down the community forest to build a palm plantation. In the drama, hunters become farmers; village leaders fall under the spells of love, money, power, and palm wine; and a little girl’s determination to save a baby gorilla from a hunter transforms the King of Hunters into a Gorilla Guardian. Corruption, arrests, betrayal, and violence befall the village as it comes to grips with the dangers of illicit hunting and deforestation and learns how to survive without destroying its natural resources.

Development Issues: 

Environment

Key Points: 

According to My Gorilla - My Community, hunting and habitat loss are the gorillas biggest barriers to survival: the number of mature Cross River gorillas is estimated at fewer than 200, and the total population is estimated at fewer than 300. This primate is the most endangered African ape and among the world's 25 most endangered primate species.

Partner Text: 

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), PCI Media Impact, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation

Contact Information: 
Source: 

PCI Media Impact on May 24 2013.

GenARDIS 2002 - 2010: Small Grants that Made Big Changes for Women in Agriculture

Author: 
Jennifer Radloff
Helen Hambly Odame
Sonia Jorge
Publication Date
September 1, 2010
Affiliation: 

Association for Progressive Communications (Radloff), University of Guelph (Hambly Odame)

This document discusses the work of the Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in the Information Society (GenARDIS) small grants fund, which was initiated in 2002 to support work on gender-related issues in information and communications technologies (ICTs) for the African, Caribbean, and Pacific regions. The small grants fund was disbursed to diverse projects in order to counter barriers to women living in rural areas. This document records the process and results, and is intended to contribute to more gender-aware ICT policy advocacy.

Source: 

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website, February 16 2011 and March 30 2012.

http://www.comminit.com/files/Genardis_EN_cover.feature.jpg

Health Communication: Polio Lessons

Subtitle: 
Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1
Publication Date
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
  • http://www.comminit.com/files/JOHCPolioSuppCover.gif

    Understanding Community-Based Information Systems in the Millennium Villages

    Publication Date
    December 1, 2009

    This website from newmediadev2009 was a project of a 2009 research seminar developed and taught by Professor Anne Nelson at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) in New York, the United States (US).

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Email from Anne Nelson to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/pill.jpg

    Majalisar Mata Manoma

    Initiated in 2009, Majalisar Mata Manoma was a project that involved creating spaces for women farmers in the rural community of Gwagwada, Nigeria, to meet and engage with radio.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Prior to commencement of the project, ARDA carried out a baseline study to identify the needs of the beneficiaries and to draw out issues to be addressed by the radio programme. The baseline was also used to determine the appropriateness of local theatre as a development tool.

    According to ARDA, the participation of two key male figures - a community elder and a school teacher - helped curtail possible opposition from the spouses of participating women. In addition, previous preparation, including work using theatre for development with men and women in the community, helped the women's husbands accept their participation. However, mobilising the women was still a challenge, as their heavy daily workload made listener group activities a secondary priority.

    The project also addressed the issue of unequal workloads between women and men in the community. According to ADRA, the workload for young girls and women is disproportionately heavier than that of their male counterparts. An activity that requested participants to chart the daily diaries of the opposite sex helped build awareness around this problem for community members, while focus group discussions explored the significance of this issue. The theatre for development skits also portrayed this topic.

    Broadcast live, the 30-minute radio programmes included music, a talk-show with an expert guest, phone-ins, and inserts recorded by the listeners' club members. These inserts consisted of discussions, songs, and opinions. The women involved in the project provided a priority list of issues they wanted the radio programmes to address. To deal with these identified issues, the programme relied on scripts downloaded from the Farm Radio International website.

    As part of the project, the listeners' club was given a mobile phone to allow the women to engage with the radio programmes. According to the organisers, this strategy was necessary because women generally have less access to mobile technology due to gender inequalities in the community and lack of income. Members were trained to use the phone to make and receive calls and text messages. The women have also started using the phone to generate income for the club.

    To read more about the programme, visit the listeners' club blog.

    Development Issues: 

    Gender, Agriculture

    Key Points: 

    According to ARDA, the women in the club are increasingly willing and able to organise themselves with less effort on ARDA's part. They ask more questions about issues to be addressed on the programmes and are generally much more vocal in discussions. The club has also recently evolved into a formal association to be used as a vocational group, development group, or farmers' cooperative.

    Partner Text: 

    African Radio Drama Association (ARDA) and Gender and Agriculture in the Information Society (GenARDIS).

    See video
    Source: 

    GenARDIS website on March 10 2010; and "Rural Nigeria: Radio and Mobile Phones Change Women's Lives", on the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website and listeners' club blog - both accessed on December 13 2010.

    Rural Internet Kiosks Project

    Rural Internet Kiosks (RIK) is a Kenyan-based organisation that manufactures and distributes movable, recyclable, cost-effective kiosks that operate with satellite connectivity and solar energy to ena

    Communication Strategies: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks produces kiosks that are independent, freestanding booths functioning on solar power and other forms of renewable energy. Each kiosk houses 3 energy-efficient personal computers. The kiosks are modelled on user-friendly software and hardware and are manufactured and assembled in a "knock-down" format, enabling them to be easily transported and set up in even very rugged regions.

    The kiosks have been designed to give access to all users, including children and the disabled. According to RIK, they are also working on ways to use portable USB pen screen readers and accessible websites, which will help the visually impaired access information. Screen readers could also help people who can understand, but not necessarily read, English.

    The kiosks are designed to promote entrepreneurship and electronic service delivery within rural and urban settings and, in turn, facilitate e-commerce, e-education, e-health, and e-governance. The organisers say that the kiosks have helped farmers obtain regular updates on weather patterns and produce prices, thereby expanding their revenue. Business start-ups have been able to exploit digital multimedia advertising. The internet kiosks are helping government agencies to create awareness concerning health and environment and reach out to local communities. Through the use of multimedia information outlets, communities can also access information about infectious diseases such as malaria, polio, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. The kiosks also create platforms for the promotion of tele-medicine, which is still in its infancy in most African countries.

    The kiosks use the open-source Ubuntu Linux operating system, as well as other open-source software. This virtualisation technology allows up to 10 uses to share a single personal computer (PC).

    Development Issues: 

    Information and Communication Technology, Economic Development, Agriculture.

    Key Points: 

    The RIK project was developed by Jitu Patani, also project manager at Rural Internet Kiosk, who has a vision of bridging the digital divide by providing the last mile access to rural or remote communities. RIK is working to help Africa move towards the Millennium Development Goal of Bridging the Digital Divide by year 2015.

    Partner Text: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks, InterSat, and Userful.

    See video
    Source: 

    eLearning Africa website on February 5 2010.

    Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI)

    The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project is an endeavour to identify which interventions of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) are most effective and have the biggest impact. Through capacity building and communication, the MLE project is working to promote evidence-based decisionmaking in the design of integrated family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH) interventions that serve the urban economically poor in India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal.

    Communication Strategies: 

    MLE's communication strategy is built on collaboration with the country consortia (CCs) that are implementing URHI programmes in Uttar Pradesh, India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. According to organisers, this collaboration is essential in ensuring that the country programme activities are rigorously monitored and evaluated, that high-quality data are collected, and that the results of the impact analysis are used by the country consortia (CCs) to inform programme activities as well as disseminated nationally, regionally, and globally in an effort to promote and scale-up promising FP/RH practices.

    The MLE project has developed a standard set of instruments and indicators for use at the individual, household, and facility levels, which will be reviewed by each CC and adapted to the local context. This core set of indicators is designed to allow for cross-country comparative analysis, while the adaptation provides opportunities to examine specific issues of interest for each country.

    Through a quasi-experimental study design, MLE will evaluate the URHI interventions, which are developed around the following objectives:

    • To develop cost-effective interventions for integrating quality FP with maternal and child health services;
    • To improve the quality of FP services for the urban economically poor with emphasis on high-volume clinical settings;
    • To test innovative private-sector approaches to increase access to and use of FP by the urban economically poor;
    • To develop interventions for creating demand for and sustaining use of contraceptives; and
    • To increase funding and financial mechanisms and a supportive policy environment for ensuring success to FP supplies and services for the urban economically poor.

    From January through December 2009, MLE in partnership with the CC in India: created an in-country advisory board; conducted a baseline key stakeholder interviews; initiated a capacity assessment with the in-country research partner; trained data collection research assistants; pretested the baseline survey instruments; and began data collection. The baseline data collection activities are, as of January 2010, underway in India.

    In an effort to build in-country capacity to undertake rigorous measurement and evaluation of population, FP, and integrated reproductive health programmes, MLE offered a six-hour M&E "101" Short Course for Beginners as part of the International Conference on Urban Health in October 2009. The course consisted of two sessions and covered: an introduction to M&E; uses of data; conceptual frameworks and logic models; development of indicators; data sources; and evaluation research, including descriptions of study designs and how to select the best design for a specific study.

    From MLE's perspective, to revitalise global interest and funding for a new era in the promotion of FP/RH services, robust evidence-based strategies must demonstrate research-driven best practices, and this research must be disseminated widely. Successful local, national, regional, and global dissemination and use of the programme results depend on many factors, including the collaborative relationships among the MLE project and the CCs and the engagement of key stakeholders to improve policymaking and funding allocations at all levels. The MLE website is one way in which organisers are building those relationships and sharing information.

    A variety of resources are offered on the website, such as links to presentations given by MLE partners and colleagues at various venues that highlight findings from the MLE project, its evaluation of the URHI, and other project-related insights and lessons learned, including a series of 6 stories written to personalise the RH barriers and challenges that women and men face living in urban slums. One may also find upcoming regional and global events that MLE partners and others from the broader urban RH community have submitted to the website. Similarly, as part of its larger aim of raising awareness of the importance for M&E (beyond URHI) and building M&E capacity, one page on the site offers recommended tools and resources to assist in incorporating M&E into public health programmes.

    Development Issues: 

    Reproductive Health, Population, Maternal and Child Health.

    Key Points: 

    According to the United Nations, urban populations in Asia and Africa are expected to double between 2000 and 2030.(1) One in three urban residents lives in slums,(2) often beyond the reach of health services that address maternal and infant morbidity and mortality, including FP. CC interventions are developed around the understanding that the unique nature of urban poverty requires inclusive interventions and strategies that transform the challenges of urban slums into opportunities. The MLE project will determine if the country consortia has indeed managed to expand the reach and quality of integrated FP programmes and maternal and child health services in their respective urban project cities in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality and improve the lives of economically poor urban residents.

     

    It has been argued that too few impact evaluations have been carried out; and, when they have, they frequently do not use rigorous methods, resulting in information that is misleading or of little use.(3) A dearth of rigorous impact evaluation studies leave decisionmakers with good intentions and ideas but little real evidence of how to spend scarce resources. The MLE project is based on the conviction that better coordination of impact evaluations across countries and institutions around common thematic areas can improve the ability to generalise findings.

     

     

    (1) United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision (New York: United Nations Population Division, 2008).
    (2) United Nations, The State of World Population 1996 (New York: United Nations Population Division).
    (3) William D. Savedoff, Ruth Levine, and Nancy Birdsall. (2006). When Will We Ever Learn? Improving Lives through Impact Evaluation. Report of the Evaluation Gap Working Group. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development.

    Partner Text: 

    University of North Carolina's Carolina Population Center, in collaboration with Africa Population and Health Research Center, International Center for Research on Women, and Population Reference Bureau.

    Source: 

    MLE website, January 14 2010, and email from Libby Bixby Skolnik to The Communication Initiative on November 12 2014.

    Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector (COMPASS) Project

    Funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector Project (COMPASS) aims to reach approximately 23 million Nigerians in 51 Local Government Areas (LGAs) through community-led health and education initiatives.

    Communication Strategies: 

    COMPASS draws on a number of communication strategies, as illustrated through the examples below. The main goal is to promote a sense of ownership whereby community members take responsibility for their own community's development.

    Improving quality of basic education: COMPASS has introduced a number of interventions aimed at improving students' skills in math and literacy and increasing primary school retention and girls' enrollment. Carried out in both public and Islamiyya (religious) schools in Kano, Nassarawa, and Lagos atates, activities focus on teacher performance, community support, and integration of health and education, and are designed to:

    • Promote the teaching of math and reading through Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI);
    • Train teachers in teaching methods that are girl-friendly and encourage student participation;
    • Empower Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs) and community members to improve classrooms and school grounds to make them cleaner, safer, and more conducive to learning;
    • Strengthen parent-school relationships by providing PTAs with technical and financial support;
    • Promote and adopt school-based health and nutrition initiatives; and
    • Strengthen the teaching capacity of colleges of education and universities to improve the quality of education in primary schools.


    Promoting FP and quality RH: COMPASS works with local governments, health care providers, and communities to address safe motherhood, FP, postabortion care, HIV/AIDS, youth-friendly services (using culturally sensitive approaches), men's roles in RH (including men in RH discussions and encouraging their participation in decisions involving their partner's RH), and gender-based violence (or, GBV, emphasising community commitment to address GBV and working with health facility staff to recognise it as a health problem affecting women's RH outcomes).

    Improving child health and nutrition: By working with community-based and facility-based health providers and advocating for under-5 child health policies at national and state levels, COMPASS supports child survival activities in 37 LGAs in Kano, Lagos, and Nasarawa states. These interventions address the following components:

    • Malaria (e.g., training local Patent Medicine Vendors, advocating for the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), and organising outreach events to educate communities);
    • Nutrition (e.g., promoting exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, and Vitamin A supplementation during National Immunisation Days (NIDs) organised by the Federal Ministry of Health);
    • Immunisation (e.g. providing programme assistance with routine and supplementary immunisation in national training and social mobilisation working groups and monitoring and supporting NID activities); and
    • Diarrhoeal diseases, acute respiratory infections, newborn care (e.g., strengthening the home-based skills of community health promoters through refresher trainings and promoting messages on healthy household practices).


    Mobilising communities: COMPASS seeks to create an environment in which all Nigerians are involved in learning, planning, and taking action to improve health and education in their communities. COMPASS uses 2 conceptual frameworks based on participatory problem solving approaches: 1) Community Action Cycle (CAC) - encourages community members to work together to identify priority problems in their communities, define and identify solutions, and take action to improve the situation. The process also includes reviewing progress made in order to adjust strategies and/or address new problems. 2) Partnership Defined Quality (PDQ) - involves service providers and community members working on specific quality issues at the health facility or school level. Through these processes, COMPASS has been mobilising community members to establish 2 key community-based structures to facilitate participation: quality improvement teams and community coalitions. For instance, through the CAC process, community coalitions develop action plans; COMPASS provides technical assistance and guides the community coalitions in identifying strategies for implementing their action plans.

    Contributing to polio eradication: COMPASS strengthens polio immunisation activities in the Federal Capital Territory and 10 other states through: micro-planning and operational preparedness (e.g., participating in advocacy meetings), supervision and monitoring systems (e.g. developing community maps), community and social mobilisation (e.g. exploring with communities and providers ways to recognise and build upon achievements), training, information collection and use, and rehabilitation of polio victims (e.g. helping them develop appropriate skills and knowledge for self-sufficiency and independence).

    Advocating for improved social services and creating, supporting, and publicising policies that lead to better health and education: COMPASS works at state, district, and community levels to strengthen capacity for legislative action, increase awareness of policies that have been enacted to address social issues, advocate for leadership action in response to challenges, and promote community participation in using and providing services. One example of a relevant activity is building the capacity of local media outlets to support dissemination of policies and advocate for improved services in their area of coverage.

    Building the capacity of Nigerian non-governmental organisations (NGOs): In an effort to enable NGOs to contribute to the development of their country and successfully oversee community-based interventions in education, child health, and RH, COMPASS provides the tools and technical assistance they need to successfully develop work plans, raise funds, manage resources, and implement activities.

    Forging alliances between the public and private sectors: COMPASS begins by sensitising organisations, businesses, and individuals on the needs of the community. Once challenges are identified, groups are encouraged to support COMPASS initiatives through cost-sharing efforts such as donating needed goods and services. COMPASS also conducts advocacy visits to corporate organisations, influential individuals, and members of market and transport unions to leverage additional resources.

    For further details on all these activities and strategies, as well as access to a variety of COMPASS materials (e.g., posters) and success stories, visit the COMPASS website.

    Development Issues: 

    Children, Education, Health, Reproductive Health, Gender.

    Partner Text: 

    USAID, Federal Government of Nigeria. The 9-partner COMPASS team includes: Pathfinder International, Management Sciences for Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Federation of Muslim Women's Associations of Nigeria (FOMWAN), Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Civil Society Action Coalition on Education For All (CSACEFA), Creative Associates International, Inc. (CAII), Adolescent Health Information Project (AHIP), Futures Group.

    Source: 

    COMPASS website, accessed January 13 2010.

    The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership convenes the communication and media for development, social and behavioural change community to share knowledge, connect, debate relevant issues, and critically review each other's work in order to advance effective development action across and between all development priorities. Contact Warren

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    This BBC Media Action research examines the influence of Love9, a weekly TV and radio programme which aimed to address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among young people in Cambodia. Love9 employs a "combination of drama, comedy, and factual discussion to encourage young people to learn directly from their peers" about such...

     

    "Good knowledge is essential to prevent disease and improve health. Knowledge management (KM) provides a systematic process and tools to promote access to and use of knowledge among health and development practitioners to improve health and development outcomes."

     The Communicating with Disaster-Affected Communities (CDAC) Network has put together a lessons-learned web document on communicating with communities following an earthquake, focused on communication with Nepali communities and connecting lessons learned for early-stage action that can result in operational effectiveness.

     

    "HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited."

     

     

    "The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to expand on previous systematic reviews to examine the overall effectiveness of mass media-delivered HIV interventions and to identify predictors of changes in condom use and HIV-related knowledge."

     

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    by Evaluation and Research

    Making Evaluation Matter: Writings from South Asia

    This is a first-of-its-kind collection of writings by evaluation professionals working in South Asia. It analyses and documents the status of, and challenges for, development evaluation in this region. The collection covers three critical dimensions of making evaluation matter in development processes and change in South Asia: context, methods...

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    Digital

    The World Health Summit has called for applications for its  Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Launched in 2013 by The Womanity Foundation with the vision of supporting innovative and effective solutions focused on violence against women, this annual award seeks to identify evidence-based programmes and then to find and support partner organisations that...

    "...interactive audio programming (IAI) remains a viable and useful intervention format for increasing access to high-quality early education, particularly in the most challenged districts..."

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "The need to communicate - and the idea that information is a form of assistance in its own right - is increasingly acknowledged as an urgent but under-supported aspect of disaster response."

    In this article, Imogen Wall offers examples of the ways that strategic thinking around the use of communication is playing a role in the...

    "A creative brief is a short, written document used by project managers and creative professionals to guide the development of creative materials (e.g. drama, film, visual design, narrative copy, advertising, websites, slogans) to be used in communication campaigns....[It] is the guidepost for creative deliverables: it guides in-house experts,...

    Author: Nokholo Mhluzani, April 30 2015 - Towards the end of the year 2014 Action IEHDC [Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication] produced a television talk show under the Wize Up, your decision your life campaign. The television show that aired on Zimbabwe’s local television station, ZBCTV, was primarily targeted...

     

    "Good knowledge is essential to prevent disease and improve health. Knowledge management (KM) provides a systematic process and tools to promote access to and use of knowledge among health and development practitioners to improve health and development outcomes."

    This guide was produced to help journalists and writers to report on sex work in South Africa in a respectful and sensitive way. It sets out basic facts about the sex work industry and contains sections on appropriate terminology, use of images, and respectful interviewing techniques. Produced by Sonke Gender Justice, the Sex Workers Education...

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    Film and Video

    The World Health Summit has called for applications for its  Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Arabic inscriptions on Dhaka walls, aiming to stop public urinators (Bangladesh)

    Author: Adnan R. Amin, May 19 2015 - BACKGROUND

    "...interactive audio programming (IAI) remains a viable and useful intervention format for increasing access to high-quality early education, particularly in the most challenged districts..."

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "A creative brief is a short, written document used by project managers and creative professionals to guide the development of creative materials (e.g. drama, film, visual design, narrative copy, advertising, websites, slogans) to be used in communication campaigns....[It] is the guidepost for creative deliverables: it guides in-house experts,...

    Implemented in 2011 in Colombia by PCI Media Impact and the Fundación Social (Social Foundation), this programme is designed to strengthen the capacities of members of community organisations, especially youth, on the use of the approach and methodology of Edutainment (EE) to promote the processes of planning and participatory management.

    ...

    As part of the global Grassroots Girls Initiative (GGI), launched in 2006 by the Nike Foundation, Firelight Foundation (one of six partners who make up the GGI consortium), worked with three organisations in Malawi and Rwanda to identify and empower adolescent girls from economically poor and marginalised communities. The focus of the programme...

    This Colombian project is aimed to strengthen the development of citizen capacities in public schools in Bogotá, through the "audiovisual systematization of significant experiences" of the citizenship construction concepts and peaceful coexistence.

     

    This project, centred on community participatory communication, was created to give the children of Belén de los Andaquíes (Caquetá), Colombia, a place to "expand the project of living" through storytelling and media, in order to move away from the consequences of conflict.

     

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    Radio

    The World Health Summit has called for applications for its  Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Author: Carly Griggs, May 19 2015 - A few months ago as I pulled into Songambele village in Dodoma region, Tanzania, a soft drizzle was setting in. I pulled my jumper on as I stepped out of the car - it was unusually chilly for September. But the village residents were not fazed, in fact they were thrilled - it was the first rain they had seen...

    "...interactive audio programming (IAI) remains a viable and useful intervention format for increasing access to high-quality early education, particularly in the most challenged districts..."

    Author: Suman Basnet, May 15 2015 - As Regional Coordinator of AMARC Asia Pacific, Suman Basnet sent this email to colleagues on May 13 2015. He has kindly offered to allow its publication as a blog:

    Dear colleagues and friends, 

    Developing Radio Partners is a US-based non-profit media development organization that works with people running local radio stations in developing countries. We provide them with the skills, content and methodologies they need to bring reliable information services on development topics to their listeners.

    Developing Radio Partners is...

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "The need to communicate - and the idea that information is a form of assistance in its own right - is increasingly acknowledged as an urgent but under-supported aspect of disaster response."

    In this article, Imogen Wall offers examples of the ways that strategic thinking around the use of communication is playing a role in the...

    "A creative brief is a short, written document used by project managers and creative professionals to guide the development of creative materials (e.g. drama, film, visual design, narrative copy, advertising, websites, slogans) to be used in communication campaigns....[It] is the guidepost for creative deliverables: it guides in-house experts,...

    Author: Kirsty Cockburn, May 4 2015 - When Saturday’s devastating earthquake struck, I’d just finished filming with Sajha Sawal, BBC Media Action’s debate programme in Nepal.

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    Television

    The World Health Summit has called for applications for its  Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Reality television show Amrai Pari, broadcast in Bangladesh through BBC Media Action, reaches 15.8 million people with messaging on climate risk and resilience. This research was intended to measure "how target communities worked together to address environmental hazards and explored the influence of Amrai Pari in communities."

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "A creative brief is a short, written document used by project managers and creative professionals to guide the development of creative materials (e.g. drama, film, visual design, narrative copy, advertising, websites, slogans) to be used in communication campaigns....[It] is the guidepost for creative deliverables: it guides in-house experts,...

    Author: Kirsty Cockburn, May 4 2015 - When Saturday’s devastating earthquake struck, I’d just finished filming with Sajha Sawal, BBC Media Action’s debate programme in Nepal.

    Author: Nokholo Mhluzani, April 30 2015 - Towards the end of the year 2014 Action IEHDC [Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication] produced a television talk show under the Wize Up, your decision your life campaign. The television show that aired on Zimbabwe’s local television station, ZBCTV, was primarily targeted...

    The International Center for Journalists (ICFJ), with the support of Johnson & Johnson, is hosting a contest to recognise "the best media coverage of maternal and child health and other urgent health matters such as Ebola and vaccination" in Sub-Saharan Africa and the BRIC nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China). Journalists from these...

    This BBC Media Action research examines the influence of Love9, a weekly TV and radio programme which aimed to address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among young people in Cambodia. Love9 employs a "combination of drama, comedy, and factual discussion to encourage young people to learn directly from their peers" about such...

    This guide was produced to help journalists and writers to report on sex work in South Africa in a respectful and sensitive way. It sets out basic facts about the sex work industry and contains sections on appropriate terminology, use of images, and respectful interviewing techniques. Produced by Sonke Gender Justice, the Sex Workers Education...

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    Community Participation

    Author: Valentina Tartari, May 20 2015 - My name is Valentina Tartari. I am not a journalist, nor an expert on African politics, but an international development graduate with a strong research interest in African communities.

    Author: Suman Basnet, May 15 2015 - As Regional Coordinator of AMARC Asia Pacific, Suman Basnet sent this email to colleagues on May 13 2015. He has kindly offered to allow its publication as a blog:

    Dear colleagues and friends, 

    "A situation analysis or environmental analysis is the fundamental first step in the social and behavior change communication change (SBCC) process."

    The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) created this guidebook for teachers in emergency situations. The guidebook, accompanied by regional flashcards (Africa, Afghanistan/Pakistan, and Latin America), and visual aids, provides teachers with the tools to teach children about health practices involving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)....

     

    "Good knowledge is essential to prevent disease and improve health. Knowledge management (KM) provides a systematic process and tools to promote access to and use of knowledge among health and development practitioners to improve health and development outcomes."

    From the CHW Reference Guide, authors Donna Bjerregaard, Initiatives Inc., and Henry Perry, Johns Hopkins University, April 28 2015 - The CHW Reference Guide was produced under the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program, the...

    Verboice is a free and open-source tool for creating and running projects that interact via voice, allowing users to listen and record messages in their own language and dialect or answer questions with a phone keypad.

     The Communicating with Disaster-Affected Communities (CDAC) Network has put together a lessons-learned web document on communicating with communities following an earthquake, focused on communication with Nepali communities and connecting lessons learned for early-stage action that can result in operational effectiveness.

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    Materials

    "A situation analysis or environmental analysis is the fundamental first step in the social and behavior change communication change (SBCC) process."

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "A creative brief is a short, written document used by project managers and creative professionals to guide the development of creative materials (e.g. drama, film, visual design, narrative copy, advertising, websites, slogans) to be used in communication campaigns....[It] is the guidepost for creative deliverables: it guides in-house experts,...

    The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) created this guidebook for teachers in emergency situations. The guidebook, accompanied by regional flashcards (Africa, Afghanistan/Pakistan, and Latin America), and visual aids, provides teachers with the tools to teach children about health practices involving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)....

    "Research indicates that mass media campaigns increase knowledge, skills and awareness of sexual and reproductive health issues, yet are most effective when combined with other complementary activities, including peer led interventions and outreach."

    This guide was produced to help journalists and writers to report on sex work in South Africa in a respectful and sensitive way. It sets out basic facts about the sex work industry and contains sections on appropriate terminology, use of images, and respectful interviewing techniques. Produced by Sonke Gender Justice, the Sex Workers Education...

    This guide, developed by Communicating with Disaster-Affected Communities (CDAC) Network Member agencies in collaboration with the Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS), contains "common tools to assess information and communication needs of communities affected by disasters" and is designed for staff working on a humanitarian response.

    Verboice is a free and open-source tool for creating and running projects that interact via voice, allowing users to listen and record messages in their own language and dialect or answer questions with a phone keypad.

    GeoChat is a collaboration tool that allows users to chat, report, and get alerts on their phone. "GeoChat is a[n]...open source group communications technology that lets team members interact to maintain shared geospatial awareness of who is doing what where - over any device, on any platform, over any network....It is designed to enable self-...

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    The Communication Initiative Network: Review, Search, Connect, Share

    ♦ 88,000 people engaged or with an interest in media and communication for development, social and behavioural change - growing on a daily basis.

    Search the network, identify and contact people who can possibly add value to your work with their experiences, ideas and insights

    ♦ The network is active across the full range of Development priorities: health, gender, environment, HIV/AIDS, democracy and governance, media development, chlldren and equity, early child development, young people and much more.

    ♦ They work across across the full range of communication and media/social and behavioural change strategies: entertainment, news, information, digital, community action, campaign, dialogue, story-telling, conversation, mobile, radio, television, local communication and many other approaches.

    ♦ The network is across 200 countries and territories. 30% are in NON-OECD countries. 70% are communication, media, social and behavioural change focused. 30% are policy makers, funders and technical experts in other areas of Development - from economists, epidemiologists, water engineers, health system strengthening folks and much more.

    ♦ The most recent people to join the network follow with the SEARCH button below.

    ♦ If you are presently a CI network participant LOG IN above - and you can then manage and edit your account. (There is a password recovery process!)

    Join the network at this link

    btdes's picture

    I have cross-platform digital marketing experience for international NGOs. One day I'd like to work more closely with local NGOs in-country.

    Dimagi's picture

    Dimagi is an award-winning, socially-conscious technology company that helps organizations deliver quality health care to urban and rural communities in over 30 countries around the world. Our...

    WinrockHR's picture

    Winrock International is a nonprofit organization that works with people in the United States and around the world to empower the disadvantaged, increase economic opportunity, and sustain natural...

    matthew.reading-smith's picture

    CIVICUS is an international alliance dedicated to strengthening citizen action and civil society around the world. In order to do so, we focus on three priority areas (corresponding to our...

    IQUO OKON's picture

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    Zoe Titus's picture

    Media freedom/free expression activist with 20 years experience in policy advocacy and campaigning.

    jwaninda's picture

    A Sociable, Enthusiastic, People-Centred, and Results Driven Communication Professional. Possesses specialized training in news writing and reporting, writing for effective communication and...

    edwin mauluka's picture

    Am a Malawian Journalist covering various issues including; Social, economic, health, political, human rights and entertainment

    Am very much interested in developing my career skills in...

    jabbsug's picture

    Mr. Michael Odong has over 10 years of experience working in Public health

    in emergencies and transition settings. Michael is highly experienced in

    community based and micronutrient...

    Rosaline Mbayo's picture

    Dedicated and strong willed with vision and mission. Fifteen years of professional working experience in project leadership and management in social and health issues with African populations in...

    Khalifa S. Ababacar sy LOUM's picture

    I am an independent consultant in development communication. I am in my 4th year of experience. I had to provide advocacy techniques in training to local communities living in mining areas to help...

    Brayath Cano's picture

    Student Affairs - Fraternity life

    Curriculum Development

    Leadership Studies

    Non Profit - Minorities affairs

    mtouhon's picture

    Dr Moïse TOUHON is pharmacist with 13 years of experience in health commodities supply chain management (10 years in HIV/AIDS and 3 years in Malaria commodities). Dr Moïse TOUHON is an Expert in...

    Joe Sandilands's picture

    I have 18+ years experience i a financial envronment of which 10+ years in a management position. Working in a corporate environment has given me the advantage to understand the importance to meet...

    Ottan Abd'Lateef's picture

    Strategic behaviour chnage communication, advocacy, social and community mobilization, research and capacity building

    nderitudavid's picture

    I hold a Masters of Arts Degree in Population Studies University of Nairobi and a Bachelors of Arts Degree in Economics and Sociology from Egerton University. Together with 5 others founded...

    msissay's picture

    My specific objective is to share knowledge and skills that I have acquired over the years in Journalism/Communication (advocate for free flow of ideas, promote pluralism expression as well as...

    amma_anu's picture

    I teach health communication and promotion to Masters level students in ou institute. I had also been the part of various NGOs working on health communication programmes for women, children, youth...

    Nahed Matta's picture

    Nahed Matta, MD, MPH
    Senior Maternal and Newborn Health Advisor
    AOR for MCSP
    USAID/GH/HIDN/MCH

    vision_comm's picture

    Vision is a global communication consultancy specialised in engaging content production. Through innovative communication strategies and compelling content we turn your vision into reality; ...