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Mobile Phone-Delivered Reminders and Incentives to Improve Childhood Immunisation Coverage and Timeliness in Kenya (M-SIMU): A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial
April 24, 2018

Mobile Phone-Delivered Reminders and Incentives to Improve Childhood ...

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"The vast majority of caregivers reported receiving at least one SMS reminder or incentive during the study and that these interventions were influential in their decision to vaccinate their child."

I Immunise: An Evaluation of a Values-Based Campaign to Change Attitudes and Beliefs
April 24, 2018

I Immunise: An Evaluation of a Values-Based Campaign to Change Attitudes and ...

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"Information, including the reporting and translation of scientific data, is important, but community-based interventions can employ mechanisms building upon social norming, values-framing and story-telling." This paper presents the results of a ...

Parents' Experience and Views of Vaccinating Their Child against Influenza at Primary School and at the General Practice
April 24, 2018

Parents' Experience and Views of Vaccinating Their Child against Influenza ...

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The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of parents' experience and views of vaccinating their four- to six-year-old child against influenza at school and at the general practice (GP), or doctor's office, in the United ...

"We Are the Heroes Because We Are Ready to Die for this Country": Participants' Decision-Making and Grounded Ethics in an Ebola Vaccine Clinical Trial
April 24, 2018

"We Are the Heroes Because We Are Ready to Die for this Country": ...

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"Taking subjective assessments seriously...not only helps us understand possible tensions between clinical and social ethics but also to see what determines participation in a vaccine trial where vaccine hesitancy is prevalent."

Vaccine Hesitancy: Where We Are and Where We Are Going
April 23, 2018

Vaccine Hesitancy: Where We Are and Where We Are Going

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"Use of behavior change principles and communication strategies such as motivational interviewing represent promising approaches to address vaccine hesitancy at the individual level."

Community Perception Regarding Childhood Vaccinations and Its Implications for Effectiveness: A Qualitative Study in Rural Burkina Faso
April 23, 2018

Community Perception Regarding Childhood Vaccinations and Its Implications ...

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The aim of this study is to determine the reasons related to complete and incomplete immunisation coverage among children in the Nouna Health District (NHD), 300 km from the capital Ouagadougou in northwestern Burkina Faso, with a focus on the ...

A Systematic Review of Strategies for Reducing Missed Opportunities for Vaccination
April 23, 2018

A Systematic Review of Strategies for Reducing Missed Opportunities for ...

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This systematic review assessed the effects of interventions for reducing missed opportunities for vaccination (MOVs), which occur when persons eligible for vaccination visit a health facility and do not get the vaccines they need. Such missed ...

REAL Fathers: Lessons from Scaling a Violence Prevention Program
April 23, 2018

REAL Fathers: Lessons from Scaling a Violence Prevention Program

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The Responsible, Engaged, and Loving (REAL) Fathers Initiative is an effort by Save the Children and Georgetown University's Institute for Reproductive Health (IRH), with funding from the United States Agency for International Development, to ...

Ten "Golden Rules" for Successful Entertainment-Education Programming
April 20, 2018

Ten "Golden Rules" for Successful Entertainment-Education Programming

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In this presentation, Kriss Barker offers some advice to communication practitioners who are developing and implementing entertainment-education (EE) interventions.

Karamoja on the Move: Testing A Peer Learning & Community Theatre Model
April 20, 2018

Karamoja on the Move: Testing A Peer Learning & Community Theatre Model

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Emorikinos Daadang Etogogongo Alatanakin Ngidwe (EDEAN) (Let's Come Together and Strengthen Child Spacing) is a community-based intervention in Uganda that is designed to test the hypothesis that increasing fertility awareness (FA) through ...

Emergency Risk Communication: Lessons Learned from a Rapid Review of Recent Gray Literature on Ebola, Zika, and Yellow Fever
April 19, 2018

Emergency Risk Communication: Lessons Learned from a Rapid Review of Recent ...

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"...going local plays a central role in effective emergency communication, from engaging with and building on local leadership and organizational structures, to using local staff, communication patterns, networks and languages, to tailoring ...

Exploring Social and Behavior Change Communication to Support Delivery of Micronutrient Powders in Rural Uganda
April 19, 2018

Exploring Social and Behavior Change Communication to Support Delivery of ...

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"Effective micronutrient powder distribution programming requires a behavior change strategy that is both effective and appropriate in a specific context." Drawing on the experience of the United States Agency for International Development ...

Recording Errors in Homemade Home-Based Records to Record Vaccination Services: Results from the 2016 Kenya Missed Opportunities for Vaccination Assessment
April 18, 2018

Recording Errors in Homemade Home-Based Records to Record Vaccination ...

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"Unfortunately, policies on the best course of action in the event of a HBR stock-out are rare, but such guidance is critical for health workers."

Keynote Address - Senator Ayesha Raza Farooq - 2018 International Social and Behavior Change Communication (SBCC) Summit featuring Entertainment Education
April 18, 2018

Keynote Address - Senator Ayesha Raza Farooq - 2018 International Social and ...

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Ayesha Raza Farooq is a member of Pakistan's Senate and has been the prime minister's point person on the nation's polio eradication programmes since November 2013. At the time, Pakistan - one of three nations where polio remained endemic - was ...

New Insights on the Road to Zero
April 18, 2018

New Insights on the Road to Zero

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This presentation by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) explores that organisation's response to the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), which, in its May 2013 report, recommended that ...

The Importance of Social Networking in a National Polio Vaccine Campaign
April 17, 2018

The Importance of Social Networking in a National Polio Vaccine Campaign

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"We encourage every health care worker to get involved in social networks, despite their challenges, to help bring medically accurate, science-based medicine to the general public in a nonmediated manner."

Global Perspective on Social Data
April 16, 2018

Global Perspective on Social Data

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This presentation by Rustam Haydarov of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) was produced for the 15th meeting of the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), October 31 - November 1 2017, ...

Vaccine Images on Twitter: Analysis of What Images Are Shared
April 16, 2018

Vaccine Images on Twitter: Analysis of What Images Are Shared

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"Despite widespread acceptance that images are crucial in public health messaging, there is no visual theory that systematically guides the design and use of images, and characteristics of effective images in health communication remain unclear..."

The Influence of Provider Communication Behaviors on Parental Vaccine Acceptance and Visit Experience
April 10, 2018

The Influence of Provider Communication Behaviors on Parental Vaccine ...

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"Participatory communication formats for initiating vaccine recommendations appear to be associated with a highly rated visit experience and reduced parental vaccine acceptance."

Vaccine Hesitancy around the Globe: Analysis of Three Years of WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form Data - 2015-2017
April 10, 2018

Vaccine Hesitancy around the Globe: Analysis of Three Years of WHO/UNICEF ...

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This analysis was undertaken to gather a global picture of hesitancy and whether this is changing over time. It reviews three years of data available as of June 2017 from the World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) ...

Rotary's PolioPlus Program: Lessons Learned, Transition Planning, and Legacy
April 9, 2018

Rotary's PolioPlus Program: Lessons Learned, Transition Planning, and Legacy

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"When polio is finally gone, we will have the knowledge from the lessons learned with PolioPlus, such as the value of direct involvement by local Rotarians, the program for emergency funding, innovative tactics, and additional approaches for ...

Vaccine Hesitancy and Healthcare Providers
April 9, 2018

Vaccine Hesitancy and Healthcare Providers

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"While the findings of the literature review reported on in this paper were largely specific to HCPs' individual vaccine hesitancy or confidence and its influence on patient recommendations, that dyadic relationship is one small, albeit critical ...

Assessments of Global Drivers of Vaccine Hesitancy in 2014 - Looking beyond Safety Concerns
April 6, 2018

Assessments of Global Drivers of Vaccine Hesitancy in 2014 - Looking beyond ...

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Vaccine hesitancy is defined as a delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines despite available vaccination services. Measuring vaccine hesitancy and its determinants worldwide can clarify the scope of the problem and help guide the development of ...

Understanding Threats to Polio Vaccine Commitment among Caregivers in High-Priority Areas of Afghanistan: A Polling Study
April 5, 2018

Understanding Threats to Polio Vaccine Commitment among Caregivers in ...

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"To enhance OPV commitment, it might be useful to consider a multifactorial approach that highlights building trust in vaccinators, providing facts about transmission, sharing positive messages to overcome key rumours, and strengthening community ...

Increasing Vaccination: Putting Psychological Science Into Action
April 5, 2018

Increasing Vaccination: Putting Psychological Science Into Action

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"An understanding of the psychology behind vaccination behavior can inform both theoretical development and facilitation of evidence-based vaccination policy and practice." Faced with outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, parents, ...

Attitude and Subjective Wellbeing of Non-compliant Mothers to Childhood Oral Polio Vaccine Supplemental Immunization in Northern Nigeria
April 4, 2018

Attitude and Subjective Wellbeing of Non-compliant Mothers to Childhood Oral ...

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"Negative attitude to OPV supplemental immunization has likely influence on mothers' immunization seeking behaviors and may contribute to non-compliance to OPV supplemental immunization in Northern Nigeria."

'We All Work Together to Vaccinate the Child': A Formative Evaluation of a Community-Engagement Strategy Aimed at Closing the Immunization Gap in North-West Ethiopia
April 4, 2018

'We All Work Together to Vaccinate the Child': A Formative Evaluation of a ...

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"These findings demonstrate the benefits, challenges and nuances involved in promoting shared community responsibility for immunization." Increased attention is being paid to the role of community engagement (CE) strategies in improving demand ...

Fighting Polio: Why Radio Dramas Failed in Pakistan?
April 4, 2018

Fighting Polio: Why Radio Dramas Failed in Pakistan?

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"Basic principles of health campaigns and entertainment-education strategies were violated during the production..." Entertainment-education (EE) strategies have been successfully used in health campaigns for the prevention of different diseases ...

Media Framing of Polio and Vaccination Campaigns in Pakistan
April 3, 2018

Media Framing of Polio and Vaccination Campaigns in Pakistan

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This paper offers a critique of newspaper coverage of the polio vaccination campaign in Pakistan between May 2011 and May 2014. Its purpose is to explore how the discourse of the Pakistani news media on polio has constructed knowledge about this ...

Social Mobilization and Community Engagement Central to the Ebola Response in West Africa: Lessons for Future Public Health Emergencies
April 3, 2018

Social Mobilization and Community Engagement Central to the Ebola Response ...

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"[M]any similarities in lessons learned have been drawn from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and other events, such as earthquakes in Haiti and Nepal, the Zika outbreak in Latin America, and longer-term challenges such as HIV or polio. The ...

Eradicating Polio in Pakistan: An Analysis of the Challenges and Solutions to this Security and Health Issue
March 29, 2018

Eradicating Polio in Pakistan: An Analysis of the Challenges and Solutions ...

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"Pakistan's polio eradication campaign provides important lessons for the delivery of future global health initiatives; the role of traditional social and religious norms and their wider diplomatic, security, economic and social repercussions in ...

Evaluation of Social Mobilization Network (SM Net): Inception Report
March 28, 2018

Evaluation of Social Mobilization Network (SM Net): Inception Report

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In response to the reduction in funding for the Social Mobilization Network (SM Net), and in order to investigate whether this system could be used to deliver other health interventions, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) office for ...

Role of Social Mobilization (Network) in Polio Eradication in India
March 28, 2018

Role of Social Mobilization (Network) in Polio Eradication in India

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"At the core of SMNet lies co-opting the community. The SMNet uses the members of the community to seed networks with change."

Community Engagement and Integrated Health and Polio Immunisation Campaigns in Conflict-Affected Areas of Pakistan: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial
March 27, 2018

Community Engagement and Integrated Health and Polio Immunisation Campaigns ...

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"...the provision of polio vaccines as part of a package of health services might be a better way to engage local communities and religious leaders than a polio-specific programme."

A Narrative Engagement Framework to Understand HPV Vaccination Among Latina and Vietnamese Women in a Planned Parenthood Setting
March 22, 2018

A Narrative Engagement Framework to Understand HPV Vaccination Among Latina ...

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Disparities in cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination persist among Vietnamese and Latina women in the United States (US). Contending that health communication studies aimed at identifying indicators of health disparities are ...

Pediatrician-Parent Conversations About Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: An Analysis of Audio Recordings
March 22, 2018

Pediatrician-Parent Conversations About Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: An ...

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"...findings highlight the need to develop and evaluate physician-focused trainings on using presumptive language for same-day HPV vaccination."

When Parents Won't Vaccinate Their Children: A Qualitative Investigation of Australian Primary Care Providers' Experiences
March 22, 2018

When Parents Won't Vaccinate Their Children: A Qualitative Investigation of ...

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"Although it is often suggested that providers need access to educational materials that address common misunderstandings about the risks and benefits of childhood vaccination, this study suggests that providers also need communication ...

A Randomized Trial of Maternal Influenza Immunization Decision-Making: A Test of Persuasive Messaging Models
March 21, 2018

A Randomized Trial of Maternal Influenza Immunization Decision-Making: A ...

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"...deeply held beliefs in the community about influenza vaccine pose considerable communication challenges not likely surmounted with any single type of vaccine promotion message exposure." The American College of Obstetricians and ...

Web-based Social Media Intervention to Increase Vaccine Acceptance: A Randomized Controlled Trial
March 20, 2018

Web-based Social Media Intervention to Increase Vaccine Acceptance: A ...

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"Providing web-based vaccine information with social media applications during pregnancy can positively influence parental vaccine behaviors."

Missed Opportunities for Vaccination (MOV) Strategy Resource Guides
March 19, 2018

Missed Opportunities for Vaccination (MOV) Strategy Resource Guides

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"When health workers and local communities take ownership and responsibility for reducing missed opportunities, the impact on the number of children vaccinated is augmented." A missed opportunity for vaccination (MOV) refers to any contact with ...

Listening to the Rumours: What the Northern Nigeria Polio Vaccine Boycott Can Tell Us Ten Years On
March 19, 2018

Listening to the Rumours: What the Northern Nigeria Polio Vaccine Boycott ...

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"The response to future crises must build upon the diplomatic success of the 2003 boycott, whilst recognising the importance of community values and the power of individuals."

The Psychological Roots of Anti-Vaccination Attitudes: A 24-Nation Investigation
March 19, 2018

The Psychological Roots of Anti-Vaccination Attitudes: A 24-Nation Investigation

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"In sum, the notion of attitude roots allows for a fresh perspective on what the barriers to vaccination uptake might be: away from beliefs and concerns, and toward the underlying factors that motivate those beliefs and concerns. However, there ...

Intentions to Use a Novel Zika Vaccine: The Effects of Misbeliefs about the MMR Vaccine and Perceptions about Zika
March 16, 2018

Intentions to Use a Novel Zika Vaccine: The Effects of Misbeliefs about the ...

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"In the absence of a realistic understanding of the risks of Zika and the benefits and risks of a Zika vaccine, people may import into the decision process their beliefs or misbeliefs about other vaccines." In August 2016, the National ...

Documentation of REC in Malawi
March 16, 2018

Documentation of REC in Malawi

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"Mini-surveys conducted by district supervisors indicated over 98% of infants were reached with immunization services. In addition, the contacts were used to counsel postpartum women for FP [family planning] services, for which utilization has ...

Exemptions From Mandatory Immunization After Legally Mandated Parental Counseling
March 16, 2018

Exemptions From Mandatory Immunization After Legally Mandated Parental ...

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"The success of counseling-based interventions to address vaccine hesitancy is not clear. Evaluating the impact of a counseling intervention can provide important insight into population-level interventions that focus on interpersonal ...

Use of Cellular Phone Contacts to Increase Return Rates for Immunization Services in Kenya
March 16, 2018

Use of Cellular Phone Contacts to Increase Return Rates for Immunization ...

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"Through calling, the health worker is able to establish a personal relationship with the caregivers, understand the reasons behind missing the due date and negotiate with the caregivers on the most appropriate time and date to vaccinate the ...

Reducing the Gender-Related Immunization Gap in Two Districts of Mopti Region in Mali
March 15, 2018

Reducing the Gender-Related Immunization Gap in Two Districts of Mopti ...

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"This case study demonstrates how integrating gender adds value to the process of quality improvement [QI] and improves communities' acceptance of solutions." As part of its remit, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) ...

Controversial Ebola Vaccine Trials in Ghana: A Thematic Analysis of Critiques and Rebuttals in Digital News
March 15, 2018

Controversial Ebola Vaccine Trials in Ghana: A Thematic Analysis of ...

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"The rumours identified in this dataset highlight the vital importance of understanding the emotional context of public concerns: a story of secret vaccine trials in Ghana, or scientists intentionally infecting Ghanaians with Ebola, is only ...

Pivoting from Polio Eradication to Measles and Rubella Elimination: A Transition that Makes Sense Both for Children and Immunization Program Improvement
March 14, 2018

Pivoting from Polio Eradication to Measles and Rubella Elimination: A ...

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"Why not take advantage of the experience and infrastructure developed to eradicate polio to pursue the elimination of measles and rubella...?" This question is at the core of a commentary on the applicability of the Global Polio Eradication ...

Using the COMMVAC Taxonomy to Map Vaccination Communication Interventions in Mozambique
March 14, 2018

Using the COMMVAC Taxonomy to Map Vaccination Communication Interventions in ...

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Using a taxonomy developed by the Communicate to Vaccinate (COMMVAC) project, this study aims to identify and classify the existing communication interventions for vaccination in Mozambique and to find the gaps. The aim was to test whether the ...

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