Patricia Díaz
Publication Date
Publication Date: 
March 8, 2017

This manual is for use by National Societies of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) wishing to use PASSA Youth in their programmes. As detailed at Related Summaries, below, the Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness (PASSA) is a methodology, implemented in partnership with Habitat for Humanity International, that aims to provide young people aged between 13 and 17 living in disadvantaged and vulnerable communities with tools to understand the risks to their houses and neighbourhoods, taking steps to make these safer and enabling them to improve overall living conditions both prior and after disasters and crisis. The manual includes different parts that should be used as appropriate by senior National Society or allies staff, shelter and youth programme managers, branch staff, and volunteers.

Part 1 of the manual contains the 8 activities to facilitate with the youth. This section should be read by anyone wanting to understand the PASSA Youth process in detail, including volunteers, artists, technical advisors, and managers. The information on each activity is divided in three moments, plan (before the activity), facilitate (during the activity), and debrief (after the activity). Most activities require the use of illustrations to facilitate the discussions. The 8 activities include, in brief:

  1. Historial profile - aims to: familiarise young people with situations that have occurred in the past in their community and have endangered the life or property of their family and neighbours; help them understand that the current situation of their community has roots in those past events and establish a cause-effect relationship with what is happening in terms of health problems and vulnerability in front of new hazards; and explore how things can keep changing in the future and understand what trends are and why it is useful to know them.
  2. Community map - aims to : identify hazards, vulnerabilities, and strengths related to individual buildings and the human settlement as a whole; explore the territory to recognise current conditions of the community; create a base map to plan, follow up, and evaluate, reflecting the conditions with its vulnerabilities and strengths; develop a common vision within the community to help the youth understand the safety conditions of their shelter; and foster self-esteem and associative strength by allowing the participants to create their own map.
  3. Frequency and impact of hazards - aims to: identify and classify the major hazards facing the community according to their recurrence and the damage they cause; raise awareness of the consequences generated by the occurrence of events related to these hazards; and explore connections between hazards, vulnerabilities of the settlement, and capacities of the community.
  4. Safe and unsafe shelter and settlements - aims to: identify specific conditions of the shelter and the settlement that make the community vulnerable against the hazards selected by the PASSA Group; recognise that vulnerabilities are related to factors in the shelter itself, the location, and the environment, and are often specific to certain types of hazards; and to inquire what can be done to make the shelter and settlement safer.
  5. Options for solutions - aims to: analyse options for improving shelter safety according to how effective they are and how feasible/easy they would be to put in place; examine the reasons why effective safety features have not yet been introduced in all or part of the community; and identify youth strengths and capacities for making changes.
  6. Planning for change - aims to: develop a plan to implement improvements in the shelter safety; identify resources required from within and from outside the community for implementing the plan; and agree who will take charge of each part of the plan.
  7. Problem box - aims to: think about possible problems in implementing the plan to make improvements in shelter safety; seek solutions to these problems; and identify possible changes needed in the plan.
  8. Monitoring plan - aims to: showcase and celebrate the work of the PASSA Group; get feedback from the community; and develop a procedure for checking on progress in the implementation of the improvements in shelter safety.

Part 2 provides information to help National Societies and partners introduce PASSA Youth and create capacity for using it as a participatory approach to shelter safety. It is intended for management staff, including those responsible for youth, disaster management, and shelter programmes.

Part 3 provides guidance for volunteers and in general for anyone who interacts with the youth, such as the artist, the technical advisor, and the manager, to implement the tool, understanding their role as facilitators.

Part 4 presents a guide for artists to produce illustrations and multi-media pieces as well as prepare the Digital Track. This digital track contains interactive tools that complement the PASSA Youth activities described in the manual.

Part 5 contains all annexes:

  • Annex 1 - Transmedia Kit - Contains lists of the illustrations that must be developed for the specific context in which PASSA Youth is going to be used and complementary printed and digital materials.
  • Annex 2 - Energizers - Has examples of energising activities facilitators can use to divide groups, make transitions, or whenever is needed.
  • Annex 3 - Quotes - Provides additional information about the authors of the quotes used in the activities.
  • Annex 4 - Additional resources - References the "Shelter and Safety Handbook", which can be used as technical support, as well as other resources.
Number of Pages: 

210 (for the main manual)


ReliefWeb, May 19 2017, and IFRC website, May 24 2017. Image credit: Agostino Pacciani, Jan Marvin A. Goh/PRC, Costa Rican Red Cross, and Jaime Mok