Jayalakshmi, H. K., R. K. Naik, et al. (1992). "Impact of ongoing ICDS programme on anthropometric measurements of pre-school children in Karnataka." Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics 29(4): 132-138.

AIM: The Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) in India was initiated in 1975 to improve the health and nutritional status of vulnerable groups through an integrated approach involving nutritional intervention, immunization and education. The impact of ICDS on the anthropometric dimensions (height, weight, mid-arm circumference, chest circumference, head circumference) of preschool children in Karnataka, India was assessed.

Results: All the measurements of ICDS children were higher than those of the control, non-ICDS children, although both groups had low values compared with ICMR standards. In the control group, a higher percentage of males were malnourished than females. In the ICDS group, a higher percentage of females were malnourished than males. When the nutritional status of children was classified according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics, 8 and 34% of the control and ICDS children were normal, respectively. Although the ICDS had a beneficial effect on children, the quantity of supplements was inadequate to prevent malnutrition.