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HIV Prevalence versus Incidence ... unpacking the confusion

Authors: David R Patient and Neil M Orr, August 29 2014 - Every few years a national HIV study comes out and people start to speak with great concern about the prevalence and incidence rates increasing. There seems to be a lot of confusion around the difference between the two. The purpose of this article is to unpack the difference between Prevalence and Incidence and explore each one’s relevance.

HIV and Persons in Prison in Pakistan

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV transference. Many national and international organizations are providing services related to reducing the risks of HIV transference and also providing HIV treatment in different treatment centers all over Pakistan.

Investing in young children makes good business sense

Author: Michael Feigelson, August 25 2014 - In 2007, The Lancet medical journal published an article stating that more than 200 million children under five fail to reach their potential in cognitive development because of poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of responsive caregiving. This statistic made the rounds in the worlds of public health, education and other segments of society generally focused on the welfare of our youngest citizens.

Entertainment Media Can Help Change Behaviors and Stop the Ebola Outbreak

Author: Margaret Miller, cross-posted from The World Bank website, August 22 2014 - In the wake of the current Ebola crisis, the 2011 movie Contagion (See the trailer here) directed by Steven Soderbergh has repeatedly been cited as one of the best examples of a movie taking on the subject of pandemic disease and managing to educate while providing gripping entertainment. This is no coincidence.

Are Gender-Sensitive Evaluations and Feminist Evaluations Different?

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, cross-posted from the Gender and Evaluation international community of practice, August 21 2014 - In evaluation conferences, at times I hear "I do feminist evaluations, and not gender evaluations. Feminist evaluation places issues of power at the center of defining scope of evaluation, evaluation process and, how findings are used.  They look at intersections between gender and identities, and examine how the project/programme change social structures.

Communication Plays a Critical Role in Ebola Crisis

Author: Kathryn Bertram, crossposted from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) website on August 21 2014 - During a capacity building workshop in Freetown, Sierra Leone this past June, the mood was understandably tense as Ebola continued to spread from the East. Tea-break conversations became heated about regional responses to it. While no one agreed on how long it would last or the toll it would ultimately take, one thing was universally accepted: there was a strong need for social and behavior change communication (SBCC) in communities.

Flooding in Nepal: how radio can save lives

Author: Bhuwan Timilsina, August 19 2014 - Every year in far west Nepal, the great river Mahkali brings tragedy to the lives of those living near it. Last month, as the annual monsoon rains beat down, it was no different: severe flooding and landslides claimed at least seven lives, displaced hundreds of families and destroyed vast areas of farmland.

Women: The Voiceless or the Unheard Gender?

A woman radio broadcaster in Gujarat, India

Author: Suchi Gaur, August 18 2014 - As I walked down the narrow road in a village in Butwal region of Nepal, I looked around and all I could see were mud houses and women trying to finish one or the other tasks. It was not a new sight for me. It is a sight of every nook & corner of India. And there I was, standing in the middle of the kuchcha road trying to ask women their experiences with Radio Mukti, a Community Radio station for women by women.

Excess production of foods: brings positive or negative impact for farmers???

Author: Suman Chowdhury (Mony), August 18 2014 - Recently in Bangladesh, some agricultural farmers showed their agitation against the government by throwing tons of paddy [rice in the husk before processing] in the main road of the capital city. The cause of their grief was that they couldn’t make a profit by selling paddy, due to the high production costs and also excess production of paddy in this year (2012). Last winter, some vegetable farmers also threw tons of tomatoes in the roads of several cities of Bangladesh due to same cause.

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Featured

Produced as part of Internews' Project on Conflict and Media during 2012-2014, this toolbox for journalists "uses the principles of conflict-sensitive journalism (CSJ) to teach reporters how to cover even the most senseless acts of cruelty in a way that contributes to peacebuilding. It includes theoretical background, practical tips, and...

This 70-page report presents the results of media monitoring and analysis conducted to explore post-conflict media content in the Central Africa Republic (CAR), with a view to developing strategies for peacebuilding. The media monitoring research was conducted by Internews during a month-long period in April and May of 2014, as part of the...

"This long term process provides a solid foundation for a sustained, genuine and meaningful participation of children and young people in peace processes and peace building."

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Experiences

This BBC Media Action programme provides vulnerable communities with information on emergency services and advice on living amidst disaster and working towards recovery. It is a two-way communication programme, also aiming to give affected people "the opportunity to voice their concerns, express their needs, share their stories and hold...

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

"Yoga Fusion explores the benefits at social level of individual paths of self awareness and recognition of 'the other' as an individual facing similar challenges as human being with a similar body, and similar but different limitations and traumas."

BBC Media Action

From the document Exploring Governance in Afghanistan: "BBC Media Action, with funding from DFID [Department for International Development, United Kingdom (UK)], is working in...

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Community Participation

"This long term process provides a solid foundation for a sustained, genuine and meaningful participation of children and young people in peace processes and peace building."

This BBC Media Action programme provides vulnerable communities with information on emergency services and advice on living amidst disaster and working towards recovery. It is a two-way communication programme, also aiming to give affected people "the opportunity to voice their concerns, express their needs, share their stories and hold...

"MediCapt is a mobile application, under development by the Program on Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones at Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), to help clinicians more effectively collect, document, and preserve forensic medical evidence of sexual violence to support the local prosecution of these crimes."

Author: Manyang David Mayar, August 11 2014 -  Earlier this year I blogged about the school children in Jonglei state who were forced mid-exam to flee to the bush in fear of their lives....

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

This handbook from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) for journalists, citizens, and activists takes a look at how Syria could deal with issues of transitional justice when it emerges from the current period of conflict and instability. It has an accompanying video available below, on the IWPR website, and on YouTube. The handbook...

Author: Ismael Saadat, June 11 2014 - "Sir, I have a request. As a future president of Afghanistan, please make sure we are no longer killed for political reasons. Let us die our natural deaths.”

"These programmes are designed to provide Palestinians with the opportunity to question decision-makers face-to-face."

In this research, BBC Media Action surveyed audience reaction to the Palestinian Debates, two factual debate programmes. Launched in September 2012, the debates may be accessed through both traditional (TV and radio)...

"[V]ideo productions created through participatory methodology can be effective tools for dealing with the hostility and grief that linger after a civil war, as they provide those channels of communication that are needed for effective development interventions aimed at community healing."

"This collaboration presents the opportunity to link citizen journalism, official elections monitoring, and traditional media coverage with a single platform that can provide a much more comprehensive picture of the election process than any of three could independently."

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Materials

Produced as part of Internews' Project on Conflict and Media during 2012-2014, this toolbox for journalists "uses the principles of conflict-sensitive journalism (CSJ) to teach reporters how to cover even the most senseless acts of cruelty in a way that contributes to peacebuilding. It includes theoretical background, practical tips, and...

"MediCapt is a mobile application, under development by the Program on Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones at Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), to help clinicians more effectively collect, document, and preserve forensic medical evidence of sexual violence to support the local prosecution of these crimes."

This handbook from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) for journalists, citizens, and activists takes a look at how Syria could deal with issues of transitional justice when it emerges from the current period of conflict and instability. It has an accompanying video available below, on the IWPR website, and on YouTube. The handbook...

"Within these six weeks, the Gender & Militarism Campaign will advocate for awareness and action around the multilayered connections between gender and militarism, and will highlight gender-sensitive nonviolent action (people power) as a powerful alternative to address conflict."

These guidelines from the United Nations (UN) Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development’s (IANYD) Subgroup on Youth Participation in Peacebuilding are intended to provide guidance to UN agencies, governments, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in increasing youth engagement in conflict prevention.

The document recommends multiple...

Arab Spatial, originally launched in 2013, now features an upgraded version and three country-level tools: Iraq Spatial, Yemen Spatial, and Palestine Spatial. The tool compiles, synthesises, and geographically displays data on more than 200 indicators of...

This guide is part of WITNESS’ Video for Change how-to series on filming safely, effectively, and ethically. It’s based on the best practices established over 20 years of training and supporting human rights activists in 90 countries to use video. This guide is for human rights activists, advocates, citizen journalists, citizen filmmakers,...

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Digital

Produced as part of Internews' Project on Conflict and Media during 2012-2014, this toolbox for journalists "uses the principles of conflict-sensitive journalism (CSJ) to teach reporters how to cover even the most senseless acts of cruelty in a way that contributes to peacebuilding. It includes theoretical background, practical tips, and...

This 70-page report presents the results of media monitoring and analysis conducted to explore post-conflict media content in the Central Africa Republic (CAR), with a view to developing strategies for peacebuilding. The media monitoring research was conducted by Internews during a month-long period in April and May of 2014, as part of the...

Author:  Anne Reevell, September 8 2014 - A month ago I shut the door on the house that has been my home in Tripoli and, with one suitcase, climbed into a convoy with a dozen or so other "internationals" being evacuated from Libya.

I'd been living in this beautiful but chaotic city for a year working with...

"MediCapt is a mobile application, under development by the Program on Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones at Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), to help clinicians more effectively collect, document, and preserve forensic medical evidence of sexual violence to support the local prosecution of these crimes."

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

This handbook from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) for journalists, citizens, and activists takes a look at how Syria could deal with issues of transitional justice when it emerges from the current period of conflict and instability. It has an accompanying video available below, on the IWPR website, and on YouTube. The handbook...

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

Author: Haider Al-Safi, July 3 2014 - As news came in earlier this month that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) had taken Iraq's second largest city, Mosul, I turned on my TV and satellite...

"These programmes are designed to provide Palestinians with the opportunity to question decision-makers face-to-face."

In this research, BBC Media Action surveyed audience reaction to the Palestinian Debates, two factual debate programmes. Launched in September 2012, the debates may be accessed through both traditional (TV and radio)...

"This collaboration presents the opportunity to link citizen journalism, official elections monitoring, and traditional media coverage with a single platform that can provide a much more comprehensive picture of the election process than any of three could independently."

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Film and Video

Produced as part of Internews' Project on Conflict and Media during 2012-2014, this toolbox for journalists "uses the principles of conflict-sensitive journalism (CSJ) to teach reporters how to cover even the most senseless acts of cruelty in a way that contributes to peacebuilding. It includes theoretical background, practical tips, and...

Author: Haider Al-Safi, July 3 2014 - As news came in earlier this month that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) had taken Iraq's second largest city, Mosul, I turned on my TV and satellite...

"[V]ideo productions created through participatory methodology can be effective tools for dealing with the hostility and grief that linger after a civil war, as they provide those channels of communication that are needed for effective development interventions aimed at community healing."

This guide is part of WITNESS’ Video for Change how-to series on filming safely, effectively, and ethically. It’s based on the best practices established over 20 years of training and supporting human rights activists in 90 countries to use video. This guide is for human rights activists, advocates, citizen journalists, citizen filmmakers,...

Gender Justice Video Advocacy Project

With a plan to create documentaries on woman's justice issues through local participation of partnering organisations, this video advocacy initiative was launched in 2010 by the Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice and WITNESS. The project is producing six gender justice films highlighting sexual and gender-based violence and other gender...

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Strategic Thinking

Produced as part of Internews' Project on Conflict and Media during 2012-2014, this toolbox for journalists "uses the principles of conflict-sensitive journalism (CSJ) to teach reporters how to cover even the most senseless acts of cruelty in a way that contributes to peacebuilding. It includes theoretical background, practical tips, and...

This 70-page report presents the results of media monitoring and analysis conducted to explore post-conflict media content in the Central Africa Republic (CAR), with a view to developing strategies for peacebuilding. The media monitoring research was conducted by Internews during a month-long period in April and May of 2014, as part of the...

"This long term process provides a solid foundation for a sustained, genuine and meaningful participation of children and young people in peace processes and peace building."

"Utilizing social media and user-generated content for post-conflict peacebuilding does not simply mean making a Facebook or Twitter account for your organization. Social media involves conversation, and listening as well."

"'In the beginning people felt afraid. They started to ask us who we are,' says Muhammed, a local volunteer working to immunise children against polio in Syria's Al-Hasakah governate, where heavy fighting has taken place. 'I have taken the vaccine myself in front of the families, just to show them it is safe.'"

"These programmes are designed to provide Palestinians with the opportunity to question decision-makers face-to-face."

In this research, BBC Media Action surveyed audience reaction to the Palestinian Debates, two factual debate programmes. Launched in September 2012, the debates may be accessed through both traditional (TV and radio)...

"[V]ideo productions created through participatory methodology can be effective tools for dealing with the hostility and grief that linger after a civil war, as they provide those channels of communication that are needed for effective development interventions aimed at community healing."

"This collaboration presents the opportunity to link citizen journalism, official elections monitoring, and traditional media coverage with a single platform that can provide a much more comprehensive picture of the election process than any of three could independently."

These guidelines from the United Nations (UN) Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development’s (IANYD) Subgroup on Youth Participation in Peacebuilding are intended to provide guidance to UN agencies, governments, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in increasing youth engagement in conflict prevention.

The document recommends multiple...

"Polio eradication will only be achieved with stronger health systems and bottom-up community engagement, which is likely to require more time and more investment than is currently available in Pakistan, Nigeria, and Afghanistan because of their political fragility."

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Experiences

This BBC Media Action programme provides vulnerable communities with information on emergency services and advice on living amidst disaster and working towards recovery. It is a two-way communication programme, also aiming to give affected people "the opportunity to voice their concerns, express their needs, share their stories and hold...

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a recorded audio service which seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced by the conflict at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites in Juba. The BBTT...

"Yoga Fusion explores the benefits at social level of individual paths of self awareness and recognition of 'the other' as an individual facing similar challenges as human being with a similar body, and similar but different limitations and traumas."

BBC Media Action

From the document Exploring Governance in Afghanistan: "BBC Media Action, with funding from DFID [Department for International Development, United Kingdom (UK)], is working in...

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