According to NETWAS International, the promotion of hygiene and sanitation has traditionally been based on directives, training and guidelines targeting individuals and households. However, these messages rarely led to significant improvement in hygiene behaviour. The poor state of top down didactic approaches has had little impact in encouraging communities to change their behaviours. To counter this problem there is a need to use participatory methods.
Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation or PHAST is a participatory approach that has the ultimate goal to improve the health and living conditions of the poor. PHAST uses visual tools and techniques to stimulate the participation of community members in the promotion of improved hygiene and sanitation. Through the improvement of people's understanding of water–sanitation and hygiene–health relationships, PHAST seeks to enhance permanent changes in hygiene behaviour and community involvement. In addition, the understanding and involvement of community members form a sound basis for sustainable community management of water sanitation facilities, in terms of operation and maintenance.
The objectives of this training are:
- to introduce participants to the principles and facilitation of PHAST;
- to build capacity in interactive participatory facilitation skills as well as build the capacities of the participants; and
- to design a monitoring and evaluation tool which can be adopted and used in their communities for positive hygiene and sanitation behaviour change.
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This course is designed for management and field staff of community-based organisations (CBOs), non-governmental organisations (NGOs), government bodies, and development partners. It is also intended for public health officers, health managers, and community health workers who want to improve their impact on the ground and develop sustainable sanitation interventions. Head teachers and teachers in charge of health clubs or WASH clubs are also encouraged to participate.
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