Recently Joined The CI Network
Africa Civil Society Initiative
HOWTO & testimo
Presidency of North Cyprus
Janata Media Network
Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
University of East Anglia (Aikman), University of London (Unterhalter), Marie Stopes International (Boler)
This book, as described by its publisher, Oxfam Great Britain (GB), is assembled from 11 studies to show that while gender inequalities in society generally, and particularly within the education s
Email from Helen Moreno to The Communication Initiative on January 27 2009.
This toolkit was developed as part of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance’s regional training programme, conducted in partnership with the Zambia AIDS-Related Tuberculosis (TB) Project (ZAMBART) involving participatory workshops with health-workers, people living with HIV, and ex-TB patients. The toolkit was developed in response to the need to address TB stigma, especially where TB and HIV co-infection rates are high.
Email received from Garry Robson to Soul Beat Africa on March 19 2009; Aids Alliance website on April 4 2009; and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine website, May 18 2010.
MeTA is based on the premise that bringing together various stakeholders - the private sector, civil society, the government, and other interest groups - in both face-to-face and virtual gathering spaces can spark action for supporting the development of viable, efficient medicines markets and supply systems.
Civil society organisations (CSOs) have been active in building the MeTA strategy in Zambia. Four Zambian CSO representatives took part in a skills-building seminar in Uganda in February 2008 designed to improve the capacity of the health sector to ensure that patients take appropriate, affordable, safe medicines when they are needed. A number of skills development sessions provided opportunities for participants to sharpen their abilities in research, communication and advocacy, and influencing and negotiating. They also explored how to monitor prices, improve collaboration and networking, make use of a rights approach to access to medicines, engage with the media, interpret data, develop policy briefs, and understand equity issues. A key feature of all the skills sessions was the emphasis on building on the experience of the participants and sharing that experience. The Zambia group met separately, which led to the resolution to brief the wider CSO community and meet other organisations participating in the MeTA process, to develop a baseline assessment of the situation in their country, and to organise an advocacy strategy.
"Bribery in the health system results in higher drug prices", Goodwell Lungu of Transparency International Zambia said as MeTA Zambia was being formed. And, Lungu elaborated, lack of information for patients about services and medicines - about where and when they are provided, about who provides them, and the procedures to be followed - creates an environment in which corruption can flourish.
Recent health reforms in Zambia aim to "provide equity of access to cost-effective, quality health care as close to the family as possible." But, according to MeTA Zambia, there are 3 main challenges around access to health: proximity to services, costs, and human resources. In urban areas, 99% of households are within 5 kilometres of a health facility as compared to 50% in rural areas. Household expenditures on health also vary according to location; economically poorer rural households spend a higher proportion on health when costs in kind are included. Human resources are also strained due to medical staff leaving the country or moving from the public sector to the private sector, as well as the impact of HIV and AIDS.
MeTA Zambia explains that, in recent years, failures in the procurement and supply of medicines have been acknowledged, with essential drugs often out of stock. The connection between the different units and health care facilities and the related information system (health care facilities sending up usage data to forecast, placing orders before drugs get out of stock, etc.) did not work routinely, forcing emergency procurements when/if funds were available. This led to high prices being paid, further deteriorating the situation.
The UK Department for International Development (DFID) is providing initial funding. Other partners include governments, global and national civil society organisations, pharmaceutical and other business interests, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Bank.
MeTA website, accessed on March 20 2009.
Process, Outcomes and Evaluation
MeTA website accessed on March 6 2009.
Launched in June 2007, Reporting on Agriculture and Women: Africa is a 4-year project by the International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF) designed to enhance reporting on the role women play in agric
During the first phase of the project, research was conducted in 3 African countries - Mali, Uganda, and Zambia - to document the challenges media face in covering agriculture, rural development, and women. The 3 countries were selected based on agriculture's important role in their respective communities, their geographical spread, the diversity of their media sectors, and their accessible media environments. Results revealed that:
- Only 4% of media coverage is devoted to agriculture, yet agriculture makes up 34% of Sub-Saharan Africa's gross domestic product (GDP) and 40% of the region's exports, and it accounts for 70% of total employment.
- Women are almost invisible in the media. In the agricultural coverage monitored, women were focal points of just 7% of the stories. Yet women produce 70% of Sub-Saharan Africa's food and make up half the region's population.
During the second phase of the project, which launched in February 2009, frayintermedia, on behalf of the IWMF, established partnerships with 6 media houses in Mali, Uganda, and Zambia. The 6 selected media houses will participate in a programme that provides continuous on-site training and specialised attention to the journalists at these media houses. In Mali, the media houses are L'Essor, a state-owned daily newspaper, and Radio Klédu, an independent radio station. In Uganda, they are The Daily Monitor, an independent national daily newspaper, and the Uganda Broadcasting Corporation. In Zambia, the media houses are The Times and the Zambian National Broadcasting Corporation. The selected media houses are expected to establish foundations for best practices on how to cover agriculture and the role of women within agriculture and rural development, and to support gender equality in their newsrooms. The media houses have been selected after an assessment of their professional output, their openness to receiving training, and their ability to maintain sustainable coverage on agriculture and rural development.
Organisers say that by making use of a proven training model, the project strives to:
- increase and sustain accurate, consistent, and more rigorous news media reporting on agriculture and rural development;
- incorporate women's role, stories, needs, and solutions in the coverage of agriculture and rural economies;
- develop gender equality in the newsroom.
According to IWMF board member Akwe Amosu, the key component of this project is incorporating reporting on, by, and about women in agriculture in Africa. Amosu added that, "women reporters should have a better chance of getting out there and telling that story, trying to influence policymakers on behalf of the women who are living the real rural life in Africa."
Agriculture, Women, Food Security
According to IWMF, malnutrition and food insecurities remain a major challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, and media has a responsibility to report on the crisis. IWMF explains that agriculture is a critical source of livelihood and a pathway out of poverty in most African countries, and it ought to be a key subject for African media.
IWMF, The Daily Monitor in Uganda, Uganda Broadcasting Corporation, The Post in Zambia, the Zambian National Broadcasting Corporation, L'Essor and Radio Klédu in Mali.
IWMF website on February 13 2009.
This 52-page report, conducted by Zambia Centre for Communication Programmes, documents a study conducted in Zambia that aimed to gain insight into the community's views, feelings, beliefs, attitudes, behaviours, and experiences around multiple concurrent sexual relationships (MCP) and male circumcision in the context of HIV prevention. A total of 16 focus group discussions and 12 in-depth interviews were conducted. The research showed that MCP was common among Zambians irrespective of age, marital status, or geographical location.
Onelove website on February 13 2009.