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December 12, 2017

Freedom on the Net 2017: Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy

"In the absence of a comprehensive campaign to deal with this threat, manipulation and disinformation techniques could enable modern authoritarian regimes to expand their power and influence while...

December 12, 2017

In Repressive Countries, Citizens Go 'Dark' to Share Independent News

"Dark social" refers to online and digital sharing either missing or incorrectly attributed in site traffic analytics. It describes the blind spot that originates when visitors to online news...

December 11, 2017

Youth and Violent Extremism on Social Media: Mapping the Research

"Attempts to prevent Internet dimensions of the violent radicalization of youth do not have proven efficacy, but on the other hand it is clear that they can damage online freedoms, especially freedom...

December 8, 2017

Social Media and Citizen Inclusion: Towards a New Model of Political Legitimacy?

What is the potential of digital activism to promote good, democratic governance in Latin America and the Caribbean?

December 5, 2017

Connecting Citizens to Their Governments: Lessons from ICT-Based Governance Initiatives in Indonesia

"It is...fair to conclude that the use of ICTs in governance does strengthen community participation and improve public services, and government responsiveness and accountability."

December 4, 2017

SOGIESC UPR Advocacy Toolkit

"SOGIESC issues are often side-lined during dialogues at the international level, but the UPR is one of the few forums where there can be vital debate on LGBTI human rights with governments who may...

November 28, 2017

How we attracted women to our shows

Author: Head of Research and Learning, BBC Media Action Nigeria, Anu Mohammed, originally posted November 22 2017 - As a child and throughout my teenage years in northern Nigeria, I saw men in our...

November 28, 2017

Unpacking the Disruptive Potential of Blockchain Technology for Human Development

"[M]any perceive blockchain technology as a platform for positive change - one that could disrupt the global economy and address many of the socio-economic and political issues that countries are...

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Social Media - Parliamentary Oversight

Iran's Twitter Revolution

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Author: 
Ari Berman
Publication Date
June 15, 2009
Affiliation: 

The Nation

Source: 

The Nation blog website on June 18 2009.

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Accountability, media and the development system: a complicated romance

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Achieving development results - and openly accounting for them - must be at the heart of all we do.

- Accra Agenda for Action on Development Effectiveness, September 2008

 

 

Media Parliament

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Peru's Association of Social Communicators Calandria and the Veeduría Ciudadana together organised an exercise in active citizenship which brought together communication students, concerned citizens, educators, members of the Peruvian Congress, media activists, and representatives of social organisations.

Communication Strategies: 

Operating under the theme "TV - How I dream you", organisers began by calling up and training some 100 members of REVOLCOM – Network of Communication Volunteers, a network of young people who are either students or have a strong interest in communications. The trained volunteers then proceeded to organise different social animation activities, or "citizens' caravans" in each of the cities in question. Conceived as a communication strategy that allows the use of public spaces to establish a dialogue with the public, these caravans are more like street performances. Drama, street musicians and performances, traditional dances, and collective games were all tactics employed by the volunteers to awaken interest and generate public debate in town squares. Clowns in stilts walked up and down inviting people to go into one of several booths to record their opinions on the entertainment programmes being offered, or write down their thoughts on large sheets of papers placed strategically around the town square. A number of attendees chose to be interviewed and went live on television and in radio with their opinions. Upwards of 2,300 people participated in the public space interventions.

 

At the beginning of 2008 and after the information gathered in the 4 cities was systematised, analysed, and distributed, 4 "media parliaments" were organised. The one in Lima was held in the facilities of Peru's Congress, which generated extensive media coverage and, in turn, set the wheels in motion so that that the other 3 parliaments would get almost as much media exposure as the one in the capital city. Participants were asked to debate and attempt to provide answers and recommendations to 5 key questions dealing with the quality of the television programming offered and the improvements and changes that they as citizens saw as necessary. Finally, and with the objective of bringing together proposals to improve Peru's audiovisual entertainment offer, the public was invited to produce and send videos and PowerPoint presentations illustrating some of the aspirations of ordinary citizens for quality TV entertainment.

Development Issues: 

Media Development.

Partner Text: 

Association of Social Communicators Calandria and the Veeduría Ciudadana.

Source: 

"Peruvian Citizens Demand Better TV", by María Teresa Aveggio (Aguirre), Programme Manager, World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) - highlighted in WACC News (Media Action 287), February 9 2009.

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Democracy over the Airwaves

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Observatorios de Transgresión Feminista in Nicaragua

Author: 
Alejandra Bergemann
Lisa VeneKlasen
Publication Date
August 1, 2008
2008
August
Affiliation: 

Just Associates (JASS)

Source: 

Women’s UN Report Network (WUNRN) ListServe on August 20 2008; the International Museum of Women website; and email from Alejandra Bergemann to The Communication Initiative on September 30 2008.

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Voter Card Campaign

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Communication Strategies: 

This campaign was designed to help residents of Gurgaon access "Form-6" from their respective locations - and to encourage them to do so. Form-6 is the first step towards acquiring a Voter ID card, as it registers the individual as a prospective voter. Residents were invited to visit a Voter Card Campaign website (no longer in operation, as of this writing, where they could download and print out a copy of the form. Citizens who fill this form out, attach a proof of residence, and then deposit it with their Resident Welfare Association (RWA) have initiated the voting registration process. The website was also meant to be a support to RWAs, who were able to access Form-6 any time a resident needs it. People in other states could also visit the website to download Form-6.

Another ICT - the telephone - was designed to ease the registration process. People's Action created an RWA Helpline to instruct residents about the process of registration.

Printed materials were also used; some were informational and others were designed to encourage action. People's Action distributed printed copies of Form-6 that were made available by the Election Office in Gurgaon. The organisation also created a schedule for photography of those registered in the last campaign (photo identification is the second, and final, step of the registration process) and distributed it to residents of Gurgaon. Leaflets and advertisements carrying the "If you don't Vote, you don't Count" slogan were also posted to stimulate participation.

Development Issues: 

Democracy and Governance.

Key Points: 

People's Action is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) whose objectives include:

  • "To act as an advocacy group regarding issues that impacts the social, economic and political life of the citizens of India.
  • To act as a pressure group for the advancement of good governance, human rights, social justice, economic equity and political awareness.
  • To operate as an action group in pursuit of developmental activity in the field of education, health and nutrition, and environment.
  • To initiate, develop, support, augment, sustain or promote activities, projects or enterprises that relate to any or all of the above mentioned Aims."
Source: 

Posting to the bytesforall_readers list server on August 8 2004 (click here to access the archives); Voter Card Campaign website (no longer in operation, as of this writing); the People's Action website on November 13 2008; and email from Sanjay Kaul to The Communication Initiative on November 13 2008.

World Press Freedom Declines in 2008

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Author: 
Ivailo Anguelov
Publication Date
June 3, 2009
Affiliation: 

Epoch Times

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Pa Kite M Deyo! Don't Leave Me Out! Haitian Women Demand Their Right to Participate in Public Affairs

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Author: 
Kristie van Wetering
Publication Date
February 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

Oxfam

Source: 

Email from Helen Moreno to The Communication Initiative on February 24 2009.

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Improving Access to Government through Better Use of the Web

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Author: 
Suzanne Acar, ed.
Jose M. Alonso, ed.
Kevin Novak, ed.
Publication Date
March 10, 2009
Affiliation: 

W3C/CTIC (Alonso), The American Institute of Architects (Novak)

Source: 

Press release from T. Gupta on May 12 2009.

Advocacy in Action: A Guide to Influencing Decision-making in Namibia

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Author: 
Dianne Hubbard
Delia Ramsbotham
Publication Date
Publication Date: 
January 1, 2007

Advocacy in Action is a 336-page manual designed primarily for non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and grassroots-based groups that are interested in increasing their advocacy skills. It contains concrete, practical information about advocacy strategies such as petitions, press conferences, public demonstrations, and letter-writing campaigns, as well as detailed information on government structures and parliamentary procedures - and how to influence decision-making bodies and processes. The manual is written in simple English, with many photographs, illustrations, and examples.

Cost: 
Free to download
Languages: 

English

Number of Pages: 

336

Source: 

Legal Assistance Centre website on February 13 2009.

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Corruption in the Health Sector

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Author: 
Carin Nordberg
Taryn Vian
Publication Date
November 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

Transparency International (Nordberg), Boston University (Vian)

This 87-page U4 Issue paper from U4, a web-based resource centre on a wide range of anti-corruption issues, presents some resources for anti-corruption work in the health sector and information on the

Source: 

U4, Issue 2008:10 accessed on March 5 2009; and email from Elizabeth Hart to The Communication Initiative on June 23 2010.

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