Journalists the world over aren't exactly known for
their lack of cynicism. And in Nigeria it's often extremely hard to break
through a journalist's hardened shell with training that convinces them they
can address corruption, help people become aware of their rights and make a

But as a
trainer for BBC Media Action in Nigeria, I know it's possible - and the results
can be remarkable.

Here are my practical
tips on creating training sessions for radio journalists that can inform and

1.       Make sure you do
your own research first

Before you do anything, it's vital to pinpoint your trainees' gaps in
knowledge and the areas where they need help - otherwise how else will you know
where to start?  

This can be done in a variety of ways. Before our training sessions, we
ask all our trainees to fill in forms identifying their needs and interests,
and to send us their programmes so we can listen to them for ourselves.

We also make a point to simply tune in to listen to our trainees on
air – often without their knowledge! That way, we can hear them as they
naturally broadcast and identify the areas where they need guidance.

2.       Keep it all interactive
– and fun

It may sound obvious but sessions that don't get trainees to actively
take part are all too common – and will never have
great results.

What's more, interactivity isn't just about setting exercises for trainees to
put into action what they've just learned. Interactive exercise can also help
trainees identify the gaps in their knowledge themselves.

For example, at a recent training session, I came up with a fun way to
test what is essential knowledge for a journalist who wants to effect change:
in-depth understanding of citizens' rights.

I first asked the trainees to write down all the rights and
responsibilities that they knew – and then score themselves by drawing a
different body part of a cartoon person for every correct answer. So they drew
an arm for writing down 'right to life', a leg for 'freedom of expression' and so on.

If they got all the answers correct, the cartoon person would be whole
– if not, he wouldn’t be quite so healthy!

The exercise worked not only because it was good fun. It was also a non-confrontational
way to get people to identify – and admit – where they didn't know as much as
they thought they did. 

It's also a method that I've used again and again too, adapting it to
test trainees' knowledge of many other subjects. 

3.       Remember: everyone
learns differently

It's obvious that as human beings, we're all very different –
different personalities, upbringings, lifestyles and much more. But training can
often not recognise this.

Remember that some people learn best through visual aids, some by
listening, while others have to sketch, draw or take notes to make something
really sink in.

For my session on citizens' rights, for example, I made sure that it
used visual aids and
the practical exercise mentioned above, as well as a presentation and group
discussion to get everyone involved.

4.       Feedback is

Always, always allot time during your sessions to ask for feedback.

Make sure you ask your trainees how useful the session has been to
them and don't be afraid to dig for more responses - just in case they're just
being polite! Ask them what they'll do differently because of the training, which practical thing
was most useful, and what they’re going to do as soon as they get back to their

Feedback will help you to stay inspired too. For example, one trainee
in my citizen rights course was Maxwell Nashion from Fombina FM station in Yola,
Adamawa state in northern Nigeria.

He told me, "Before the training, I used to think that I know my rights,
but the training proved me wrong. After the practical exercise, I realised how
ignorant I was in some aspects of human rights. The training has further
broadened my knowledge on how to apply human rights in my reports so that my
listeners and target audience can also know and apply their rights, when they
want any of their problems to be solved."

5.       Keep communicating

Don't ever think once the training finishes that the job's done!
Always try to keep in contact with your trainees so you can measure the impact
of all your hard work. 

I made sure to keep in touch with Maxwell, for example, and he told me
how, after the training, he decided to focus on rights and responsibilities of
citizens in the interior villages of his state.

One of his reports focused on a village called Bille in Adamawa state,
where villagers were only able to source drinking water from two dirty streams
behind the village where they also washed themselves and their clothes.

The villagers had never thought about demanding basic rights, like
clean water, from the government.

But after Maxwell's report on Bille community, things actually started
to change.

"The report received a positive response," he told me, "The councillor
representing the area started mobilising the local government authorities to drill
a borehole in the area." Maxwell is following up to ensure the authorities keep
to their promise.

Such a positive change may not happen because of every report a
journalist makes.

But it can all start with a memorable, useful and inspiring training

Related links

BBC Media
Action's work in Nigeria

Media Action's work in governance and rights

Follow BBC Media
Action on Twitter and Facebook

Go back to BBC
Media Action