TERMS OF REFERENCE
Ver Nov 2012
Title of Consultancy: Facilitation of C4D Trainings
Planned Duration of Consultancy: 69 Days
Submitted by: C4D Section
- 1. Background and Context
Despite progress on child survival, mostly attributed to rapid expansion of basic public health services such as immunization and increased access to safe drinking water, nearly 6.9 million children died before the age of 5 years globally in 2011, approximately 43% of these deaths were among newborns. These newborn deaths amounted to 3 million deaths worldwide. The greatest share of newborn deaths is caused by preterm birth complications and complications during birth. The timing of maternal and perinatal deaths is clustered during birth and in the first subsequent week, the risk of neonatal death being highest in the first two days after delivery. Three- quarters of newborn deaths happen in the first week after delivery and two-thirds of these occur in the first 24 hours. Most of the 3 million newborn deaths occurring each year in the first four weeks of life take place in developing countries and most of these deaths occur at home. The greatest numbers and mortality rates occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Newborn mortality is increasingly important because the proportion of under-five deaths that occur during the neonatal period is increasing as under-five mortality declines.
Pneumonia, diarrhea, poor maternal health and newborn care practices continue to be the main killers of children worldwide; growing evidence shows that strategic health communication can influence maternal, newborn and child (MNCH) health behaviors and change health-related social norms. Communication strategies to increase knowledge, change attitudes, behaviors, and norms at the individual, social and community levels are essential to decreasing the risk and incidence of, and mortality due to easily preventable MNCH challenges, and to empowering communities, families and individuals to play a more active role in long-term health outcomes.
In the region most programmes are delivered with a very little engagement of communities which normally have no voice on the choice of the theme, or on the activities, resulting in “token participation” which quickly vanishes when the programme closes.
When done well, participatory-community based approaches are a powerful strategy to achieve sustained results. Effective approaches consist in accompanying communities in a participatory programming cycle where they conduct a participatory analysis, identify causes of problems, devise local solutions, implement and monitor them, using monitoring results to engage in a dialogue with service providers and local administrators. Facilitating CBA requires specific capacities from the part of the implementing organisation.
However, local capacities to facilitate a community are often very weak, with implementing organisation rarely mastering all steps of a participatory programming cycle. To tackle this bottleneck WCARO C4D section has designed a Community Based Approaches manual. WCARO intends to hire two qualified francophone consultants to work in tandem to deliver the training, facilitate plan for CBA sustainability, and recommend changes to the manual.
In this context, the UNICEF West and Central Africa Regional Office based in Dakar, Senegal, is looking for a qualified francophone consultant to support Country Offices for the training on Community Based Approaches (CBA).
JUSTIFICATION: (Specify tasks to be accomplished, standards expected, outputs required, estimated time required to completion of work, target completion dates for specific tasks, etc.)
CBA Training in Cote d’Ivoire, Mali and Thad
Under the supervision of the WCARO C4D Program Specialist, the incumbent will support country offices in the provision of CBA training on the basis of WCARO CBA Training Manual. This includes:
- Preparation: 4 days (2 home based and 2 on the field)
- Delivery of training: 6 days (field based)
- Debriefing with partners and management: 1 day (field based)
- Writing report including suggestions for CBA manual update: 2 days (home based)
This corresponds to 13 days (9 field based and 4 home based) per country, which equals to 39 working days (27 field based and 12 home based) for the 3 Countries
CBA Follow up in Cote d’Ivoire and Tchad
One to three months after the CBA training, a follow up on the job capacity building will be conducted. The purpose is to assess progresses along the work plan, observe and provide on the job coaching to implementing NGOS, and revise implementation tools used. This includes:
Follow up preparation with CO: 2 (1 home based and 1 on the field)
- On the job capacity building on the field: 10 days (field based)
- Debriefing with partners and management: 1 (field based)
- Report writing: 2 days (home based)
This corresponds to 15 working days (12 field based, 3 home based) per country, which equals to 30 working days (24 field based, 6 home based) for the two countries
Total of working days: 69 days (51 field based and 18 home based)
Purpose and Objective
Objective and targets (Attach background documents, if necessary):
By the end of the training, participants will improve their capacity (KSAs) to implement community programs that effectively and systematically apply the steps of a CBA. Specifically, participants will:
- Demonstrate understanding of CBA steps
- Commit to listening and establishing respect and trust with communities they serve
- Practice using tools related to each CBA step
- Experience and practice facilitation using a dialogue-based approach
These results will in turn, contribute towards family and community capacities to take decisions, implement actions and adopt norms and behaviours that improve the health, education and protection of children and their mothers.
CBA Follow up
By the end of the on the job coaching, implementing partners will have improved their capacity to implement community programmes that effectively and systematically apply the steps of a CBA. Specifically, implementing partners will:
- Appreciate programmatic weaknesses of the CBA implementation. Agree on a plan to correct them.
- Appreciate facilitation weaknesses. Agree on a plan to correct them.
- Have agreed on a set of CBA management tools to facilitate the different CBA steps
Activities, Tasks, Outputs and Deliverables
Tangible and measurable outputs of the work assignment (e.g. end products) including qualitative & quantitative expectations:
- Mission preparation: agreement of calendar and detailed ToR with COs, mastering of the training manual, quick participants’ gap assessment
- Delivering of training
- Facilitating a debriefing session with partners and management
- Preparing training report
- Training report including: post training assessment (questionnaire)
- Recommendations for updating the manual
CBA Follow up
- Mission preparation: agreement of calendar and detailed ToR with COs, identification of main issues to focus on
- Assess progresses on the work plan
- Observe quality of the implementation of the approach using the CBA supervisor checklist (Annex 1 of CBA Guidelines)
- Provide recommendations on the quality of the implementation of the approach
- Provide recommendations on the implementing tools used by the implementing partner
- Facilitating a debriefing session with partners and management
- Assessment of the work plan: progresses along the CBA steps planned VS realized
- WCARO CBA monitoring matrix filled
- Report with recommendations to improve the quality of the implementation of the approach and of the implementing tools
Management, Organization and Timeframe
Delivery dates and details as to how the work must be delivered (e.g. electronic submission, hard copy, what computer program should be used, etc.):
Dates of missions will be fixed with the COs in the preparatory phase of the mission. The indicative periods are:
CBA training Cote d’Ivoire: June
- CBA training Mali: July
- CBA training Tchad: July
- CBA follow up Cote d’Ivoire: September
- CBA follow up Tchad: October
Supervisor and frequency of performance reviews:
For each mission: phone briefing with supervisor and CO, feedback to CO proposition for the mission agenda and for the mission ToR, one call with supervisor at midterm of the mission, debriefing call with supervisor post mission. Submission of draft report five working days before payment date
DURATION OF CONTRACT: Start Date: June 1th 2016 End Date: March 31th 2017
69 days (26% home based, 65% field based) to be completed between June 2016 and March 31 2017
Qualifications and Specialized Knowledge/experience required
Education: Advanced university degree in the social/behavioral sciences (Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology, community-based development) with emphasis on participatory communication, adult learning, communication planning, social mobilization, participatory research, and training and impact evaluation of communication interventions.
Work Experience: eight years progressively responsible work experience in the planning and management of social development programmes, including six years in developing countries, with practical experience in the adaptation and application of communication planning processes to specific programmes, and in the development of training materials, training of trainers and facilitation of learning activities and workshops. A work experience in the Human-rights based and equity approach programming applied to community participation would be an asset.
- Knowledge of current developments in the fields of communication theory, adult learning theory, indigenous media, community organization and participation.
- Training in strategic communication planning, behavior analysis, formative research and evaluation of communication interventions.
- Proven skills in communication and facilitation.
- Demonstrated experience in communication/social mobilization for child survival.
- Ability to express clearly and concisely ideas and concepts in written and oral form.
- Computer skills, including internet navigation, and various office applications.
- Knowledge and work experience in the social, political and economic environment of West and Central Africa.
- Previous work experience with UNICEF is an asset.
If you are qualified and interested in the position and meet the requirements, please submit a financial proposal and forward your application with updated curriculum vitae and UN Personal History Form (available at www.unicef.org/employ), as well as a cover letter with subject line “Facilitation of C4D Trainings (69 days)’’, via email to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org by 31 May 2016.
Please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organization.