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Delivering digital stories in contexts with no grid power and Internet

Author: Ephraim Mhlanga, June 29 2015 - How do we deliver digital stories in contexts where there are power and connectivity issues?

African Storybook Project (ASP)

"Our vision is for all African children to have enough stories in a language familiar to them to practise reading and learn to love reading."  South African Institute for Distance Education...

Steps to Engaging Young Children in Research Volume 2: The Researcher Toolkit

This guide, Steps to Engaging Children in Research: The Researcher Toolkit and Methods in Context, complements the first volume of this pair: Steps to Engaging Young Children in Research Volume...

Steps to Engaging Young Children in Research Volume 1: The Guide

"The Researcher Toolkit and Researcher Resource have been developed to support researchers to include young children in research; particularly children aged 5-8 years of age."

Healthy Start Advocacy Campaign

"Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children." The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access...

Halt Early Marriages for the African Child

Author: Mamoletsane Khati, June 11 2015 - African children suffer from neglect, deprivation, poor nutrition, poor access to health services, violence and other harmful social and cultural...

Aprendiendo en Casa: Media as a Learning Tool among Hispanic-Latino Families

"In this study, we look at media access among Hispanic-Latino families, children’s use of content that parents considered educational, parents’ perceptions of their child’ learning from educational...

Vaccination Reminder Band for Pakistani Infants

"The idea is for every midwife to give an activated VIR [vaccine indicator reminder] band to every infant they attend to in the community, and the VIR band will indicate to the parents the 'Number of...
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Thanks to UNICEF for supporting this space. Editorial decisions are by The CI. If interested in a space for your priority please email Warren

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership convenes the communication and media for development, social and behavioural change community to share knowledge, connect, debate relevant issues, and critically review each other's work in order to advance effective development action across and between all development priorities. Contact Warren

Featured

ProPAN is a tool to design, implement, and evaluate interventions and programmes to improve infant and young child diet and feeding, updated to ProPAN 2.0. It includes 1) this field manual with step-by-step guidelines on how to apply quantitative...

Global Health Media Project offers this series of videos on breastfeeding to illustrate critical health care information for providers and populations in low-resource settings. "This set of videos has been developed for health workers so that...

From Save the Children and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), this guide for journalists and media professionals in Valencia, Spain, is based upon a study, among communication professionals from TV, radio, periodicals, and daily...

 

In this study from Spain, researchers sought to fill a gap in the literature on initiatives of child and youth participation in the production of media content at the municipal level in Spain. This recommendation of the Committee on...

Running from February 2014 to July 2015, the Early Steps Program (ESP) is promoting increased investments and greater understanding of the importance of early childhood development (ECD) as a means to strengthen the business sector and economy of...

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) created this guidebook for teachers in emergency situations. The guidebook, accompanied by regional flashcards (Africa, Afghanistan/Pakistan, and Latin America), and visual aids, provides teachers with...

Author: Angela Githitho Muriithi, April 13 2015  - In a crowded, dusty camp for displaced people in Somalia, Ibrahim and Raho are doing their best to raise two children. When their baby falls ill with diarrhoea, traditional birth attendant...

How about using Indian Railways to promote Swachh Bharat!

Author: Anand Shekar, February 11 2015 - Mahatma Gandhi had a long relationship with the railways. The railways were instrumental in the conversion of the...

"There is no point in having a vaccine if you cannot roll it out. This is a story for donors, who increasingly need to know that the money which is going into developing countries is actually having an impact, and this is a very good example of...

In October 2013, a training in Salvador, Brazil, introducing a multimedia technology called Vojo, was presented to 20 youth in a quilombo community (a settlement of people originally of African origin), Ilha de Maré, which has no internet access...

"[E]arlier conversations had revealed that while the WASH sector was increasingly integrating with the nutrition sector; and that ECD research and programming experts have been coordinating with nutrition specialists, little coordination existed...

"Routine immunization creates opportunities to educate parents about the benefits of vaccines and other health services. Engaging the community in planning, financing, and delivering the program can increase equity and build trust in the...

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, December 8 2014

Background

The Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Social Development Goals [SDGs] proposed 17 Goals in 2014, of which the fifth one...

Author: Aishwarya Das Pattnaik of the Humara Bachpan Campaign, December 2 2014 - Running high on speculative delays of gaining a passport and the series of formalities attached took everyone on a whirlpool ride. Many blockages in the form of...

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UNICEF

ProPAN is a tool to design, implement, and evaluate interventions and programmes to improve infant and young child diet and feeding, updated to ProPAN 2.0. It includes 1) this field manual with step-by-step guidelines on how to apply quantitative and qualitative research methods; 2) an Epi Info™-based software programme for data entry and...

From Save the Children and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), this guide for journalists and media professionals in Valencia, Spain, is based upon a study, among communication professionals from TV, radio, periodicals, and daily newspapers, of their understanding of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of the United Nations...

 

In this study from Spain, researchers sought to fill a gap in the literature on initiatives of child and youth participation in the production of media content at the municipal level in Spain. This recommendation of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (Comité de los Derechos del Niño - CDN) of the United Nations, follows the...

Running from February 2014 to July 2015, the Early Steps Program (ESP) is promoting increased investments and greater understanding of the importance of early childhood development (ECD) as a means to strengthen the business sector and economy of Uganda. The approach is based on evidence suggesting that many intellectual and social skills, as...

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) created this guidebook for teachers in emergency situations. The guidebook, accompanied by regional flashcards (Africa, Afghanistan/Pakistan, and Latin America), and visual aids, provides teachers with the tools to teach children about health practices involving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)....

"There is no point in having a vaccine if you cannot roll it out. This is a story for donors, who increasingly need to know that the money which is going into developing countries is actually having an impact, and this is a very good example of something which has a clear and measurable impact."

Helen Evans, interim chief executive...

"How can we build health communication and other capacity in disadvantaged settings?"

This strategy document is written to support communication on one of the "13 Lifesaving Commodities" as described in Demand Generation Implementation Kit for Underutilized Commodities in RMNCH, the I-Kit. Materials associated with the I-Kit...

To demonstrate the effectiveness of zinc treatment in reducing child mortality, the Micronutrient Initiative (MI) piloted a programme in 2007 in three districts of Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, to add zinc as a mineral supplement recommended for children with diarrhoea. The trial was subsequently expanded in order to bring zinc treatment to the...

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Mainstreaming Child-Friendly Schools in Sri Lanka: A Case Study

Author: 
Sonia Gomez
Publication Date
January 1, 2009
Affiliation: 

UNICEF Sri Lanka

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), this case study examines the child-friendly schools (CFS) approach in Sri Lanka - where, since 2002, UNICEF Sri Lanka has been working closely with th

Contact Information: 
Source: 

UNICEF website, February 15 2011; and "New Child-friendly Schools Bring New Hope to Communities in Sri Lanka", by Sarah Crowe and Mervyn Fletcher, July 15 2010. Image credit: © UNICEF Sri Lanka/2010/Crowe

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Sri Lanka Press Institute (SLPI)

Established in 2003, the Sri Lanka Press Institute (SLPI) is a national media development institute based in Colombo working to develop Sri Lankan journalism.

Communication Strategies: 

In the context of the recent ethnic conflict, the SLPI's approach is to serve Sri Lanka as a whole: in the diploma and other training courses, when receiving complaints, and when advocating for professional journalism. Although not an explicit objective, the SLPI believes that its approach helps bridge divisions across the nation. The SLPI strives to maintain good governance, human rights, gender equity, and poverty alleviation. SLPI operates from the strong belief that a diverse, professional, and vibrant media can be critical in times of conflict.

SLPI has 4 operational arms:

  1. Sri Lanka College of Journalism (SLCJ) - conducts 3 core programmes: the one-year diploma course for new entrants in journalism, the mid-career programme for working journalists, and the training programme for regional correspondents. This involves curriculum development, training of staff, and investment in technology.
  2. Press Complaints Commission of Sri Lanka (PCCSL) - works to resolve disputes between the print media and the public and advocates for more responsible, ethical journalism. In its efforts to improve confidence and awareness of stakeholders about the PCCSL as well as the Code of Ethics it adopts (The Code of Professional Practice of The Editors' Guild of Sri Lanka [PDF]), the PCCSL conducts networking with key civil society organisations in an effort to expand its membership. Given the fact that there is strong support for a self-regulatory body in Sri Lanka, the PCCSL also plans to explore possibilities of opening up for third-party complaints, as well as initiating complaints on its own.
  3. Advocacy and Free Media Division - conducts programmes on an annual basis. While networking with like-minded local and international organisations, it also campaigns on media law reforms in Sri Lanka.
  4. Media Resource Centre (MRC) - offers facilities and training to support the financial sustainability of SLPI. MRC offers space for workshops, seminars, meetings, press conferences, and exhibitions. It also functions as a place of gathering for journalists. Rental services at the MRC include: audio-visual equipment, TV and audio production facilities, computer labs, film screening halls, and an auditorium with multimedia facilities. MRC also offers its own workshops on: how to write a press release; how to write an article; how to conduct an interview and be interviewed; how to take a good photo; how to produce a radio show; and how to write scripts.


Examples of past initiatives include: SLPI took the lead in a joint media effort and managed to block an announced censorship through the re-introduction of the Press Council in June 2007. SLPI also played a role in bringing newsprint to Jaffna in 2007 when the Jaffna papers were about to close down due to lack of newsprint. In the wake of another attempt by the government to formulate a "media policy," SLPI was the key networking point for all the media activist groups to formulate a united response.

Development Issues: 

Media Development, Rights.

Key Points: 

According to one of SLPI's funders (Sweden-based Fojo Media Institute), journalism in Sri Lanka is under siege. Reporters are murdered, media activists are forced into exile, and newsrooms are burnt. Currently, Sri Lanka is ranked as number 165 on Reporters without Borders press freedom index - making it the lowest ranked democracy in the world. Although the political situation in Sri Lanka has deteriorated and the media has limited space to produce quality journalism, Fojo claims that Sri Lankan press, radio, and TV failed to remain independent during the conflict. Editors were appointed on political merits, and reporters who tried to publish balanced and impartial journalism risked their lives. Instead of balanced, impartial, and accurate reporting, the media supported one side or the other in the conflict. In many ways, these patterns have continued after the end of the armed conflict in May 2009. SLPI is working to change this.

Partner Text: 

Funders include the Fojo Media Institute, Danida, and Sida - the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Fojo Media Institute website and SLPI website, both accessed March 25 2010.

Health Exchange - Summer 2009 - Time To Act On Social Determinants of Health

Author: 
Alison Dunn, ed.
Publication Date
July 1, 2009
Affiliation: 

Health Exchange

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Alison Dunn to The Communication Initiative on July 7 2009, and the Health Exchange website.

http://www.comminit.com/files/health-literacy-materials.jpg

Peace and Conflict Timeline (PACT)

Communication Strategies: 

PACT draws upon use of the internet to create a historical narrative that comes alive through new media. Visitors to the PACT website participate in the creation of an interactive research tool that records history. Centred around the creation of a timeline of events stretching from the 1800s to the present day, it features incidents and processes that are thought to be vital markers of the ebb and flow of Sri Lanka's conflict. In an effort to make the 420 entries (as of this writing) aspects of what is meant to be a living conversation, CEPA actively elicits comments and feedback - in the form of details of events and processes that have been left out, or alternative narratives and perspectives on existing events to enrich what is already on the site.

 

In short, PACT is a "living conversation" aiming to collect and understand the many perspectives on the Sri Lankan conflict.

 

Development Issues: 

Conflict.

Key Points: 

In 2007, the PACT concept was recognised by the Society for New Communications Research (SNCR), a global think tank, for its innovative use of new media.

Source: 

Emails from Kannan Arunasalam to The Communication Initiative on October 28 2008 and November 25 2008; and the PACT website.

Regional Media Initiative

Communication Strategies: 

These reporters are trained to understand conflict partners from the inside and to recognise in all parties their joint creativity in finding ways to transcend the incompatibilities. Internews provides interpretation at all stages of cross-production to maximise both formal and informal exchanges. Cross-production participants also hold meetings with fellow journalists and community representatives across the east of Sri Lanka. These background briefings and discussions are designed to give a detailed picture of communities affected by military conflict and ethnic strife.

To facilitate this process, Internews established media houses in Matara and Ampara to provide a creative place for journalists of different ethnicities to come together for training, production, and resource support. Reporters are trained to understand conflict partners from the inside, and recognise in all parties their joint creativity in finding ways to transcend the incompatibilities and to address common challenges. The Matara media house also holds regular professional development seminars for journalists on issues such as globalisation and the media, and freedom of information. After the training, journalists receive hands-on guidance to help them cover issues important in their community. This support is designed to help ensure that the voices and concerns of local communities are included in the media – not just perspectives from the capital, Colombo, where most media are concentrated. According to Internews Country Director Matt Abud, "Local communities throughout Sri Lanka lack media that provide information and news about their own neighborhoods, making it harder for them to explore and understand local issues. Because of this, local perspectives on peace, development, democracy, and other issues are also rarely heard at the national level."

Both media houses support the production of Real Voices, a weekly radio programme covering community issues that airs on local radio stations in the East and South. Real Voices is now distributed in 9 outlets, including Sinhala-language radio stations, Tamil-language radio stations, podcasts, and a satellite network that broadcasts directly to 16 villages, with plans to expand to 1,000. Recent stories covered on Real Voices include: an update on reconstruction after the 2004 tsunami, including disputes over distribution of resources; domestic violence and mental health challenges faced by women in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps; the challenges of sharing water resources for both drinking and irrigation between different communities in Ampara; and the impact of the decline in tourism due to the worsening security situation in Sri Lanka.

Internews also runs a small grants programme called Radio Plus, which offers financial and technical support to organisations or individuals who lack the means to get their stories to the public. Some grantees tackle issues such as small arms proliferation, discrimination faced by disabled youth in rural areas, corruption in local communities, and the conditions of Free Trade Zone workers. Others are exploring the use of new media, including an SMS (text messaging) news service, and internet radio programmes.

Development Issues: 

Conflict.

Key Points: 

Ethnic conflict has plagued the Indian Ocean island of Sri Lanka for decades and has claimed over 60,000 lives. In late 2005, after a peace process and ceasefire fell apart, the fighting intensified. According to Internews, the conflict has coloured many Sri Lankan journalists' coverage of local issues. For example, in one case, journalists jointly covered a local tsunami reconstruction dispute at Deepagavi that had split community attitudes. "Before this cross-production I misunderstood the Deepagavi issue," said one Sinhala journalist. "I thought the Muslim community had unjustly treated the Sinhalese, and I wrote that in my stories. But now…I realize there was no injustice....This problem is over-politicized."

The exchange between journalists is not only about producing stories, but also about individual relations. "Before the cross-production, I didn't like the Sinhala language and I had a bad impression of Sinhala people," said one Tamil trainee. "But since [meeting southern colleagues through] the cross-production I love the language, and I've now enrolled in a Sinhala class."

Partner Text: 

Funded by the US Agency for International Development's Office of Transition Initiatives.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Internews e-newsletter, sent from Annette Makino to The Communication Initiative on August 7 2007; and Internews website.

Forgotten Diaries

Communication Strategies: 

This year-long project draws upon the internet to both offer participants the means to "blog" (converse online) about how conflict is affecting their lives and countries, and to provide them with the tools they need to start small development projects in their respective communities. YAC researched several countries, regions, and conflicts and decided to shed light on those unreported, underreported and neglected crisis, conflicts, and issues. Then, they extended a call for applications, selecting up to 5 young people from each country who hailed from different cultural, social, and religious backgrounds (with a commitment to maintaining gender balance throughout the project). Throughout the pilot phase, YAC teachers and partner grassroots organisations in the target countries will train and help participants address local concerns through various activities organised by participants for their peers and communities - the details of which will be shared in the online blogs.

ICTs are also being used to educate and involve people of all ages in these young people's efforts to equip themselves for peaceful action. Any visitor to the Forgotten Diaries website may read about the conflict-related issues specific to, and shared commonly among, each of the countries highlighted. They may also read the weblogs, which are designed to serve as a way to get to know participants and the conflicts they live in. YAC explains that, "[a]s we hope to provide them – and YOU – with ongoing intercultural and interreligious dialogue opportunities, we encourage you to read, comment, and reply to our participants' posts....We also plan to organise chats with our participants periodically for you to get to share your perspectives live with them."

Development Issues: 

Conflict, Youth.

Key Points: 

From the Forgotten Diaries website: "There are now over 100 ongoing conflicts and crisis in world, and despite the fact that some of these have been going on for over ten years and have claimed several thousands lives, they have received very little coverage by mainstream media....They are, de facto, shunned by the international community at large and are generally referred to as 'forgotten conflicts'. Several million children and young people are confronted daily with war, and have no chance to tell the outer world about their lives, hopes and expectations, nor the way they perceive conflicts and their struggle to survive." It is this perceived lack of "voice" that Forgotten Diaries aims to address.

From the YAC website: "Our...approach consists of engaging skilled young people to motivate and teach other young people, so as to empower them with all the tools they need to create a lasting and meaningful change at different levels. We offer all of our activities online and totally free of charge, and employ the peer-to-peer methodology."

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Posting from Selene Biffi Youthful Media listserv on June 17 2008; the Forgotten Diaries website; and the YAC website.

THINK WISE: The Global Cricket AIDS Partnership

In advance of the February 2011 International Cricket Council (ICC) World Cup, players and squads from the 14 competing countries teamed up to help combat the AIDS epidemic.

Communication Strategies: 

The campaign, running throughout the ICC Cricket World Cup, is using television, online media, and in-stadium messaging in the 3 countries hosting the tournament (Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka). The concept is that sport can help bring people together to address key issues and encourage social change. The partnership has 2 major components:

  1. THINK WISE awareness: The advocacy work carried out by the partnership and leading international cricketers is designed to deliver key information about HIV at the international, regional, and national levels through public service announcements (PSAs) - such as the one visible below - event publications, and the THINK WISE website. This information focuses on awareness, inclusion, and informed decision-making for young people and volunteers, coaches, and commentators and broadcasters about the AIDS epidemic.
  2. THINK WISE projects: The partnership is piloting community-based cricket for development projects, aimed at using the power and popularity of cricket to help young people develop the appropriate knowledge, attitudes, and skills to reduce their risk and vulnerability to HIV. For example, the campaign is being rolled out in schools and communities in match-playing cities to engage young people in HIV/AIDS education. The participating schools are building on the popularity of cricket, and excitement about the ICC Cricket World Cup, to engage young people in interactive HIV-prevention learning opportunities. Even the session on stigma and discrimination is delivered in a participatory style - e.g., games and group activities - designed to engage students in games and lively conversations.
Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS, Children.

Contact Information: 
See video
Source: 

"UNICEF and World-class Cricketers Team up to Battle HIV and AIDS: ICC Cricket World Cup 2011", by Amy Farkas, UNICEF website, January 25 2011; and THINK WISE website, February 10 2011. Image credit: International Cricket Council/2010.

Connecting to Work: Non-Agricultural Livelihood Opportunities for Rural Labour: Sri Lanka (Wage Labour)

Author: 
Amila Balasuriya
Nilakshi De Silva
Publication Date
October 22, 2010
Affiliation: 

Centre for Poverty Analysis (CEPA)

This paper sets out an evaluation methodology to understand and assess the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on rural livelihoods - specifically, of wage workers in Sri Lanka.

Source: 

Emails from Shalini Kala and Apoorva Mishra to The Communication Initiative on November 25 and November 29 2010, respectively.

Digital Media in Conflict-Prone Societies

Author: 
Ivan Sigal
Publication Date
October 19, 2009
Affiliation: 

Global Voices

This document from the Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) focuses on media and conflict. It points out that both media and conflict have changed markedly in recent years.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

CAMECO New Publications on Media in Developing and Transition Countries, October 2009-June 2010; and email from Ivan Sigal to The Communication Initiative on October 13 2010.

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