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A radio drama with youth appeal for Somalia

Author: Jackie Christie, August 29 2014 - The assignments I take on for BBC Media Action sometimes take my breath away. Take my most recent project, for example: travel to the Horn of Africa and facilitate the creation of a 24-episode radio drama, I was told.

HIV Prevalence versus Incidence ... unpacking the confusion

Authors: David R Patient and Neil M Orr, August 29 2014 - Every few years a national HIV study comes out and people start to speak with great concern about the prevalence and incidence rates increasing. There seems to be a lot of confusion around the difference between the two. The purpose of this article is to unpack the difference between Prevalence and Incidence and explore each one’s relevance.

HIV and Persons in Prison in Pakistan

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV transference. Many national and international organizations are providing services related to reducing the risks of HIV transference and also providing HIV treatment in different treatment centers all over Pakistan.

Investing in young children makes good business sense

Author: Michael Feigelson, August 25 2014 - In 2007, The Lancet medical journal published an article stating that more than 200 million children under five fail to reach their potential in cognitive development because of poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of responsive caregiving. This statistic made the rounds in the worlds of public health, education and other segments of society generally focused on the welfare of our youngest citizens.

Entertainment Media Can Help Change Behaviors and Stop the Ebola Outbreak

Author: Margaret Miller, cross-posted from The World Bank website, August 22 2014 - In the wake of the current Ebola crisis, the 2011 movie Contagion (See the trailer here) directed by Steven Soderbergh has repeatedly been cited as one of the best examples of a movie taking on the subject of pandemic disease and managing to educate while providing gripping entertainment. This is no coincidence.

Are Gender-Sensitive Evaluations and Feminist Evaluations Different?

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, cross-posted from the Gender and Evaluation international community of practice, August 21 2014 - In evaluation conferences, at times I hear "I do feminist evaluations, and not gender evaluations. Feminist evaluation places issues of power at the center of defining scope of evaluation, evaluation process and, how findings are used.  They look at intersections between gender and identities, and examine how the project/programme change social structures.

Communication Plays a Critical Role in Ebola Crisis

Author: Kathryn Bertram, crossposted from the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) website on August 21 2014 - During a capacity building workshop in Freetown, Sierra Leone this past June, the mood was understandably tense as Ebola continued to spread from the East. Tea-break conversations became heated about regional responses to it. While no one agreed on how long it would last or the toll it would ultimately take, one thing was universally accepted: there was a strong need for social and behavior change communication (SBCC) in communities.

Flooding in Nepal: how radio can save lives

Author: Bhuwan Timilsina, August 19 2014 - Every year in far west Nepal, the great river Mahkali brings tragedy to the lives of those living near it. Last month, as the annual monsoon rains beat down, it was no different: severe flooding and landslides claimed at least seven lives, displaced hundreds of families and destroyed vast areas of farmland.

Women: The Voiceless or the Unheard Gender?

A woman radio broadcaster in Gujarat, India

Author: Suchi Gaur, August 18 2014 - As I walked down the narrow road in a village in Butwal region of Nepal, I looked around and all I could see were mud houses and women trying to finish one or the other tasks. It was not a new sight for me. It is a sight of every nook & corner of India. And there I was, standing in the middle of the kuchcha road trying to ask women their experiences with Radio Mukti, a Community Radio station for women by women.

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

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Featured

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

"When communities drive their own messaging, they magnify the power of persuasion among their peers, accelerating the adoption of healthier behaviors that can save the lives of women and children."

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

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Experiences

"When communities drive their own messaging, they magnify the power of persuasion among their peers, accelerating the adoption of healthier behaviors that can save the lives of women and children."

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"Child health records help ensure every child receives the vaccines they need to live a healthy and productive life. However, many health records are lost or destroyed, not accurately maintained, or are simply too confusing to read."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

The Child Security Index (CSI), developed in Brazil by the Igarapé Institute, is an open source smart phone app that maps out children’s voices and...

"[W]e followed the jokes into the lives of the joke tellers - fearless members of an exploding global comedy underground who are raising their voices, making people laugh and making people think. There's nothing inherently funny about hunger, poverty and disease. But there's something powerfully life-affirming about laughing in the face of...

"Children will now be able to join the ranks of other rights-holders who are empowered to bring their complaints about human rights violations before an international body."

 

Social circus training and an inclusive park for children of all abilities were the result of collaboration among the government of Ecuador and municipalities, circus arts teachers, and social workers in the city of Cuenca, province of Azuay, Ecuador. Developing performance and communication skills through the training of Canadian Cirque de...

Humara Bachpan is an Indian national campaign on living conditions for young children in urban poverty. The campaign calls for inclusion of child friendly components in urban renewable policies such as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (...

"If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is worth a million."

HealthPhone™ is a resource using the medium of video transmitted through mobile phones that is designed to improve the health of economically poor and vulnerable populations around the world. "A mobile phone, with basic health information embedded on the...

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Advocacy

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, September 8 2014 - At the Fourth United Nations World Conference on Women held at Beijing in 1995, the UN, national governments and civil society called for action on eleven critical areas.

Author: Sunit Bagree, Partnership for Child Development at Imperial College London, September 3 2014 - An innovative approach helps smallholder farmers and supports children’s education at the same time.

What does it take to get a child to attend school regularly and then learn effectively when there?

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"All over the world, irrespective of income levels, class or culture, children are faced with violence and abuse in schools.... In fact, child helplines worldwide receive an average of ten contacts per day, every day, about violence and abuse."

Author: Michael Feigelson, August 25 2014 - In 2007, The Lancet medical journal published an article stating that more than 200 million children under five fail to reach their potential in cognitive...

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

Author: Richard Alam, August 14 2014 - After 3 years of civil war, or revolution or civil unrest (I’m not sure what to call it anymore…) the world now faces one of the worst humanitarian crises in the modern history of the Middle East - or to be geographically accurate, West Asia. Over three million Syrian children are internally displaced, and...

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Evaluations

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

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Digital

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"...[T]he media children use can have a profound impact - both positive and negative - on learning, social development, and behavior. The only way to maximize the positive impact of media on children is to have an accurate understanding of the role it plays in their lives: which platforms they are using, the activities or content they are...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

"The research finds that a wide range of factors currently inhibit media in the three countries sampled from playing a more substantive role in promoting awareness of child rights, as well as in helping children realize their rights and in holding government accountable."

This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICT) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

Author: Lisa Jordan, crossposted on May 14 2014 - Even with youth unemployment at high levels, business leaders complain that they cannot find graduates with the right skills for the modern workplace. A new report from McKinsey published this month found that although almost a quarter of the young people across the European Union are unemployed...

Author: Lisa Jordan, crossposted on May 14 2014: Over the past two days I have had the pleasure of re-imagining learning and play - with a group of 250 school teachers, digital designers, and play advocates brought together by the LEGO foundation.

 In the meantime, however, in the back of my mind I had that slight unease that every...

From the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development, the strategies in the document are intended to help policy- and decision-makers understand the importance of early childhood development (ECD) to global development and raise it in" Post-2015" deliberations on the development of "Sustainable Development Goals" (SDGs). The...

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Film and Video

"When communities drive their own messaging, they magnify the power of persuasion among their peers, accelerating the adoption of healthier behaviors that can save the lives of women and children."

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"This edition explores the approaches and evidence for the effectiveness of a range of programmes that have been developed to educate and support parents in becoming more responsive to their children."

These three videos in a series from Pathfinder demonstrate the method of their "Tailored Reflection and Integrated Learning", or TRAIL, model of community mobilisation and action.

This is an evaluation of Sisimpur, an adaptation co-production of Sesame Street, the educational television series broadcast in the United States (US), localised by Bangladeshi producers to meet the needs of children in Bangladesh. (Please see Related Summaries below for further details, but, in brief:) Sisimpur is...

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Strategic Thinking

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"All over the world, irrespective of income levels, class or culture, children are faced with violence and abuse in schools.... In fact, child helplines worldwide receive an average of ten contacts per day, every day, about violence and abuse."

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

"The global early childhood development (ECD) community proposes a global goal and urgent call to action to ensure that all children under the age of 5 reach their developmental potential through access to quality ECD programs and policies. In addition, it calls for increased investment in and attention to the early primary grades (1 to 3) as...

From the abstract of this UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre working paper:  "This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of ECS [early childhood services] in three countries using an in-depth qualitative approach. The methodologies and tools provide an innovative strategy built upon the literature of...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

"The research finds that a wide range of factors currently inhibit media in the three countries sampled from playing a more substantive role in promoting awareness of child rights, as well as in helping children realize their rights and in holding government accountable."

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Enhance Social Protection

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

Elias Banda

Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

"From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

"Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child...

"Cross-sectional research has demonstrated that HIV/AIDS orphanhood is associated with anxiety and depression and that HIV/AIDS-related stigma is a risk factor for these outcomes."

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention for Youth

"We undertook a systematic review, and a meta-analysis when appropriate, to assess effectiveness of interventions to reduce sexual risk behaviours, and consequent HIV infection, among young people (10-25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa."

This study attempted to assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual...

Launched in 2008 by the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford, the Young Carers Project is a research initiative that involves South African young people (especially HIV-positive young people) in research about orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC).

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UNICEF

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

From the abstract of this UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre working paper:  "This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of ECS [early childhood services] in three countries using an in-depth qualitative approach. The methodologies and tools provide an innovative strategy built upon the literature of...

"'In the beginning people felt afraid. They started to ask us who we are,' says Muhammed, a local volunteer working to immunise children against polio in Syria's Al-Hasakah governate, where heavy fighting has taken place. 'I have taken the vaccine myself in front of the families, just to show them it is safe.'"

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"The introduction of any new vaccine into routine vaccination programs requires a complex set of activities including: mobilization and leverage of political will and country leadership; advocacy and communications; advanced planning...; broad engagement of stakeholders...; alignment of staff and resources; and, allocation of sufficient and...

This guest editorial from the Journal of Health Communication considers behaviours that can end preventable child deaths and ensure health child development. "These include healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies, giving quality antenatal care and nutrition, making sure newborns are sheltered, breastfed, kept warm, shielded from...

Walker, Chang, Powell, & Baker-Henningham. (2012).  Building human capacity through early childhood interventions: The Child Development Research Programme at the Tropical Medicine Research Institute, The University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.  West Indian Medical Journal, 61(4), 316-322

...

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