Author: Kaleem Butt, June 7 2017: The gatekeeper/editor plays a very vital role in journalism; a gatekeeper/editor is a person who is responsible for what is published or broadcast, he/she takes care of grammatical mistakes and whether the available information could be transformed into news. He/she double checks the accuracy of the information before making it public property. But after the emergence of social media, there has been negative impact on mainstream journalism. From 2000 onwards, social media has changed the shape of communication throughout the world People worldwide have been connected through social media platforms like Facebook, originally created as a platform for university students by Mark Zuckerberg, a student of Harvard University in 2004. Since then this medium has gained great popularity worldwide.
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Author: Kaleem Butt, June 6 2017 - It is very true that Pakistan is considered to be one of the most dangerous places for journalism. Journalists are killed, tortured, injured, and blackmailed by state as well as non-state actors, at an average of 5 journalists every year. The Pakistani journalists not only face threats of life and job, but the very press clubs that are considered a second home for journalists have also added fuel to the fire.
The role of press clubs in most other countries is to entertain the journalists – they are simply defined as a place where journalists come and relax and enjoy themselves. However, press clubs in Pakistan have a totally different role; they play a wider, hegemonic role in the news industry. Countries like Japan also have this hegemony of press clubs and locally in Japan they are called "Kisha Clubs."
Author: Journalist, Media Consultant and Economist Daniel Tonga, June 6 2017 - Over the last few years, the media in Zambia has gone through a lot of changes. The major reasons for these changes have been both political and economic. The pressures of politics and hash economics times have forced the media to drift away from professional values, ethics and objectivities. Back in early 90s, Zambia’s media was professional, objective, ethical and fair in all ways; and this was partly because, then, journalists understood the importance of sticking to these values in their work. Ethics, objectivity, fairness and professional values defined the media. Unfortunately, over time the Zambian media has become too political and polarised. All professional values known for years as essentials and pillars of the media have been thrown out of the window with no place in today’s media.
Author: BBC Media Action's Acting Head of Health and Resilience Sophia Wilkinson, originally posted on May 24 2017 - We use the word 'partnership' a lot in the development world. At a global level, we’re all 'partners' - a giant family of policymakers, donors, practitioners, academics and companies working together to advance a shared vision of a world free from poverty, hunger and violent conflict.
We come together for mutual benefit, bringing our different skills, experiences and resources to the table, to solve deeply rooted problems. But because we’re human, partnerships – as with any relationship – can be fraught with friction and misunderstanding.
Author: Kaleem Butt, May 31 2015 - Introduction: In this era when there is democracy everywhere in the world, still there are many nations that are striving for liberty and autonomy. One such country is Pakistan that has seen direct martial law for half of its period since creation, while the other half has been controlled by the military. After the death of Pakistan’s founding father Mohammad Ali Jinnah and assassination of its first Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, there has been no way to stop the military from getting power and all its accessories.
Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, May 25 2017 - Sexual and reproductive health refers to a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease, in all matters relating to the sexuality and reproductive system/ processes. Reproductive and sexual rights pertain to right to make informed decisions concerning reproduction, relations/marriage and sexuality free of discrimination, coercion and violence.
A review of SDGs suggests that targets on universal access to SRHR (within SDG 3 and SDG 5), eliminating violence against women and girls in public and private spheres, eliminate harmful practices such as early and forced marriages, reducing maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births (SDG 3) and achieving internationally agreed targets to address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women (SDG 2) have been included.
Author: BBC Media Action's Hilina Assefa and Lois Aspinall, originally published on May 17 2017 - How we view our role and relationships within our communities shapes how we behave – with important consequences for development. When widespread, these views constitute ‘social norms’, which people tend to follow because they believe that others do and because they think it’s expected of them. Media Action’s programmes aim to challenge social norms that can lead to people risking their health and reinforce those that support people to make healthier choices.
Author: Ghulam Shabir Arain, May 23 2017 - Pakistan still lags behind in its coverage of climate change issues. We are too focused on extremism and governance issues, which take up a lot of our attention, resources and time. While the media in regional countries like India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives have a good understanding of global climate change negotiations and are well aware of climate change and its impact on their countries. As a vulnerable country, we have to see what we need to do; we also need programmes to bring this about in schools and colleges. We have to prepare the younger generation for the world that they are going to inherit.
Author: Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction [DRR] Robert Glasser, originally published on May 12 2017 - This past March, Peru was hit by devastating floods. Media reports led with death tolls and declarations of states of emergency. People volunteered their help on Facebook and offered refuge in their homes to those seeking shelter on Airbnb.
Author: Sahib Khan, May 10 2017 - For the first time, the second-elected Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N)-led government in Pakistan is completing its constitutional tenure in Pakistan, and the next elections are expected to be held in mid-2018. Earlier, the elected Pakistan People’s Party (PPP)-led government made history by completing its first constitutional tenure in Pakistan from 2008 to 2013. The PML-N and the PPP are two major parties in Pakistan, and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) emerged as 3rd political party in elections of 2013.
As days of elections are coming nearer, every party is making its strategy to win the elections and form the government. The winning strategy being adopted by every party planning to participate in upcoming elections is to assimilate winning “horses” (candidates) in different provinces, especially rural areas of Pakistan.