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The Power of Belief: What Polio and Ebola have in common

Author: Heidi J Larson, PhD, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Dept. Global Health, University of Washington, September 5 2014 - The myriad of challenges contributing to the persisting spread of Ebola in West Africa - the biggest Ebola outbreak since the viral haemorrhagic fever was discovered in 1976 - echo some of the biggest obstacles which continue to challenge the global efforts to eradicate polio.

Ebola in Sierra Leone: new radio shows join the fight

Author: Musa Sangarie, BBC Media Action, September 3 2014 - A couple of weeks ago in the middle of the night, phones started ringing across Sierra Leone. Despite the late hour, people were calling to pass on the latest rumour about Ebola that bathing in salty hot water could protect you. By the next day, the rumour had swept across the whole country.

PSAf Study to Characterize Sexual Minorities in Zambia

MSM

From Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), September 2014 - PSAf, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS/STIs/TB Council of Zambia and the Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), undertook a study on the existence of sexual minorities. The research aimed at establishing the characteristics of sexual minorities in Zambia, their risk to HIV infection and other reproductive health problems in order to identify opportunities for interventions.

Story of a lady bike rider and women development: Organizers should go to the roots

Author: Suman Chowdhury Mony, September 2 2014 - Every morning, one lady bike rider passes me when my bus gets stuck in the jam on the way to my office. She goes ahead to her destination by driving her Scooty easily and naturally on the wide and narrow spaces on the road, just as a man might drive.

A radio drama with youth appeal for Somalia

Author: Jackie Christie, August 29 2014 - The assignments I take on for BBC Media Action sometimes take my breath away. Take my most recent project, for example: travel to the Horn of Africa and facilitate the creation of a 24-episode radio drama, I was told.

HIV Prevalence versus Incidence ... unpacking the confusion

Authors: David R Patient and Neil M Orr, August 29 2014 - Every few years a national HIV study comes out and people start to speak with great concern about the prevalence and incidence rates increasing. There seems to be a lot of confusion around the difference between the two. The purpose of this article is to unpack the difference between Prevalence and Incidence and explore each one’s relevance.

HIV and Persons in Prison in Pakistan

Authors: Shoaib Raza Butt and Rana Tassawar Ali, August 28 2014 - It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 people with HIV-positive status in Pakistan. Among them, injecting drug users (IDUs), general population and sex workers are included. It has been proved by many researches that IDUs are at the highest risk group of HIV transference. Many national and international organizations are providing services related to reducing the risks of HIV transference and also providing HIV treatment in different treatment centers all over Pakistan.

Investing in young children makes good business sense

Author: Michael Feigelson, August 25 2014 - In 2007, The Lancet medical journal published an article stating that more than 200 million children under five fail to reach their potential in cognitive development because of poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of responsive caregiving. This statistic made the rounds in the worlds of public health, education and other segments of society generally focused on the welfare of our youngest citizens.

Entertainment Media Can Help Change Behaviors and Stop the Ebola Outbreak

Author: Margaret Miller, cross-posted from The World Bank website, August 22 2014 - In the wake of the current Ebola crisis, the 2011 movie Contagion (See the trailer here) directed by Steven Soderbergh has repeatedly been cited as one of the best examples of a movie taking on the subject of pandemic disease and managing to educate while providing gripping entertainment. This is no coincidence.

The Communication Initiative Network and Partnership

Covers all major development issues. Convenes the communication/media development, social/behavioural change community with a social network of 85,000 - please join. . When registered you can search the network to identify relevant support and connections.. Knowledge sharing - 35,000 summaries, 1 million users pa. Critical peer review - ratings, comments, dialogue. Advocacy for this field. Strategic direction/funding by 20 Partners. To discuss partnership please contact Warren

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Featured

"This mapping examines the use of Communication for Development (C4D) in peacebuilding efforts ....The objectives of this mapping are to identify C4D interventions that might be applicable to peacebuilding and what lessons can be drawn about process and impact."

Author: Zabiullah Faizy, September 26 2014  - Abdurrasul Pamiri stunned the studio audience of our discussion programme Open Jirga when he revealed he had travelled eight days from the Pamir Mountains in northern Afghanistan to ask a question.

"Twenty kilometres on foot from my village to the Wakhan...

This strategy document is written to support communication on one of the "13 Lifesaving Commodities" as described in Demand Generation Implementation Kit for Underutilized Commodities in RMNCH, the I-Kit. Materials associated with the I-Kit...

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Experiences

To demonstrate the effectiveness of zinc treatment in reducing child mortality, the Micronutrient Initiative piloted a programme in 2007 in three districts of Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, to add zinc as a mineral supplement recommended for children with diarrhoea. The trial was subsequently expanded in order to bring zinc treatment to the attention...

"When communities drive their own messaging, they magnify the power of persuasion among their peers, accelerating the adoption of healthier behaviors that can save the lives of women and children."

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"Child health records help ensure every child receives the vaccines they need to live a healthy and productive life. However, many health records are lost or destroyed, not accurately maintained, or are simply too confusing to read."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

The Child Security Index (CSI), developed in Brazil by the Igarapé Institute, is an open source smart phone app that maps out children’s voices and...

"[W]e followed the jokes into the lives of the joke tellers - fearless members of an exploding global comedy underground who are raising their voices, making people laugh and making people think. There's nothing inherently funny about hunger, poverty and disease. But there's something powerfully life-affirming about laughing in the face of...

"Children will now be able to join the ranks of other rights-holders who are empowered to bring their complaints about human rights violations before an international body."

 

Social circus training and an inclusive park for children of all abilities were the result of collaboration among the government of Ecuador and municipalities, circus arts teachers, and social workers in the city of Cuenca, province of Azuay, Ecuador. Developing performance and communication skills through the training of Canadian Cirque de...

Humara Bachpan is an Indian national campaign on living conditions for young children in urban poverty. The campaign calls for inclusion of child friendly components in urban renewable policies such as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (...

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Advocacy

To demonstrate the effectiveness of zinc treatment in reducing child mortality, the Micronutrient Initiative piloted a programme in 2007 in three districts of Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, to add zinc as a mineral supplement recommended for children with diarrhoea. The trial was subsequently expanded in order to bring zinc treatment to the attention...

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

"All over the world, irrespective of income levels, class or culture, children are faced with violence and abuse in schools.... In fact, child helplines worldwide receive an average of ten contacts per day, every day, about violence and abuse."

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

Author: Ranjani K. Murthy, September 8 2014 - At the Fourth United Nations World Conference on Women held at Beijing in 1995, the UN, national governments and civil society called for action on eleven critical areas.

Author: Sunit Bagree, Partnership for Child Development at Imperial College London, September 3 2014 - An innovative approach helps smallholder farmers and supports children’s education at the same time.

What does it take to get a child to attend school regularly and then learn effectively when there?

Author: Michael Feigelson, August 25 2014 - In 2007, The Lancet medical journal published an article stating that more than 200 million children under five fail to reach their potential in cognitive...

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

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Evaluations

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

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Digital

"This mapping examines the use of Communication for Development (C4D) in peacebuilding efforts ....The objectives of this mapping are to identify C4D interventions that might be applicable to peacebuilding and what lessons can be drawn about process and impact."

"Theories are often used to guide the design of messaging content aimed at increasing demand for health services and commodities. However, it not always the case that theories are used to guide the selection of the media through which those messages are conveyed; especially in modern demand generation initiatives that leverage new...

"Demand generation increases awareness of and demand for health products or services among a particular intended audience through social and behavior change communication (SBCC) and social marketing techniques."

This website is a repository of materials on the use of the mineral zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) to treat childhood diarrhoeal diseases. The website offers this advice on the use of materials available for free downloading on this website (See video below for a guide to site use): "By using and adapting the...

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

Edutainment +Mobilization = Social Change is a communication and mobilisation process, based in Colombia and on a multimedia edutainment platform, aimed at facilitating dialogue and behaviour change about sexual and reproductive rights (SRR) amongst adolescents and youth 12-19  years of age, with emphasis on the 15-19 age group.

From the global human rights organisation Breakthrough, this information and communication technology (ICT) campaign asks people around the world to share their selfie (a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone often shared on social networking services) as part of this effort to bring home to...

"...[T]he media children use can have a profound impact - both positive and negative - on learning, social development, and behavior. The only way to maximize the positive impact of media on children is to have an accurate understanding of the role it plays in their lives: which platforms they are using, the activities or content they are...

Revela2 is a multimedia, TV, and social mobilisation edutainment for social change platform for adolescents and youth. The first of its kind in Colombia, it aims to facilitate dialogue and critical reflection about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and contribute to transforming individual and family behaviours and...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

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Film and Video

This website is a repository of materials on the use of the mineral zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) to treat childhood diarrhoeal diseases. The website offers this advice on the use of materials available for free downloading on this website (See video below for a guide to site use): "By using and adapting the...

Edutainment +Mobilization = Social Change is a communication and mobilisation process, based in Colombia and on a multimedia edutainment platform, aimed at facilitating dialogue and behaviour change about sexual and reproductive rights (SRR) amongst adolescents and youth 12-19  years of age, with emphasis on the 15-19 age group.

"When communities drive their own messaging, they magnify the power of persuasion among their peers, accelerating the adoption of healthier behaviors that can save the lives of women and children."

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"This edition explores the approaches and evidence for the effectiveness of a range of programmes that have been developed to educate and support parents in becoming more responsive to their children."

These three videos in a series from Pathfinder demonstrate the method of their "Tailored Reflection and Integrated Learning", or TRAIL, model of community mobilisation and action.

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Strategic Thinking

"This mapping examines the use of Communication for Development (C4D) in peacebuilding efforts ....The objectives of this mapping are to identify C4D interventions that might be applicable to peacebuilding and what lessons can be drawn about process and impact."

This strategy document is written to support communication on one of the "13 Lifesaving Commodities" as described in Demand Generation Implementation Kit for Underutilized Commodities in RMNCH, the I-Kit. Materials associated with the I-Kit...

"Theories are often used to guide the design of messaging content aimed at increasing demand for health services and commodities. However, it not always the case that theories are used to guide the selection of the media through which those messages are conveyed; especially in modern demand generation initiatives that leverage new...

"Demand generation increases awareness of and demand for health products or services among a particular intended audience through social and behavior change communication (SBCC) and social marketing techniques."

"...ICRW set out to discover how programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia and India are working to empower both girls at risk of child marriage as well as already-married girls, and how empowerment leads to changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices."

"All over the world, irrespective of income levels, class or culture, children are faced with violence and abuse in schools.... In fact, child helplines worldwide receive an average of ten contacts per day, every day, about violence and abuse."

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

"94% of 535 surveyed districts in Ethiopia are endemic for either schistosomiasis and/or soil-transmitted helminths (STH) - Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) which are commonly found in school-children."

Edutainment +Mobilization = Social Change is a communication and mobilisation process, based in Colombia and on a multimedia edutainment platform, aimed at facilitating dialogue and behaviour change about sexual and reproductive rights (SRR) amongst adolescents and youth 12-19  years of age, with emphasis on the 15-19 age group.

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

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Enhance Social Protection

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

Elias Banda

Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

"From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

"Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child...

"Cross-sectional research has demonstrated that HIV/AIDS orphanhood is associated with anxiety and depression and that HIV/AIDS-related stigma is a risk factor for these outcomes."

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention for Youth

"We undertook a systematic review, and a meta-analysis when appropriate, to assess effectiveness of interventions to reduce sexual risk behaviours, and consequent HIV infection, among young people (10-25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa."

This study attempted to assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual...

Launched in 2008 by the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford, the Young Carers Project is a research initiative that involves South African young people (especially HIV-positive young people) in research about orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC).

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UNICEF

"This mapping examines the use of Communication for Development (C4D) in peacebuilding efforts ....The objectives of this mapping are to identify C4D interventions that might be applicable to peacebuilding and what lessons can be drawn about process and impact."

This strategy document is written to support communication on one of the "13 Lifesaving Commodities" as described in Demand Generation Implementation Kit for Underutilized Commodities in RMNCH, the I-Kit. Materials associated with the I-Kit...

To demonstrate the effectiveness of zinc treatment in reducing child mortality, the Micronutrient Initiative piloted a programme in 2007 in three districts of Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, to add zinc as a mineral supplement recommended for children with diarrhoea. The trial was subsequently expanded in order to bring zinc treatment to the attention...

This step-by-step toolkit is an effort - via evidence-based, practical guidance - to support maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) programme managers, programme planners, and communication specialists as they conceptualise, implement, and assess their programmes. From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)'s communication for...

This study on information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, computers, and the internet, examines the ways in which these tools can contribute to child-focused development goals. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Office of Research - Innocenti initiated the study in collaboration with the...

From the abstract of this UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre working paper:  "This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of ECS [early childhood services] in three countries using an in-depth qualitative approach. The methodologies and tools provide an innovative strategy built upon the literature of...

"'In the beginning people felt afraid. They started to ask us who we are,' says Muhammed, a local volunteer working to immunise children against polio in Syria's Al-Hasakah governate, where heavy fighting has taken place. 'I have taken the vaccine myself in front of the families, just to show them it is safe.'"

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"The introduction of any new vaccine into routine vaccination programs requires a complex set of activities including: mobilization and leverage of political will and country leadership; advocacy and communications; advanced planning...; broad engagement of stakeholders...; alignment of staff and resources; and, allocation of sufficient and...

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