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The 'What' and 'How' of Communication for Immunization - Part Two

Author: Lora Shimp, June 13 2014 - "The way we communicate with others and with ourselves ultimately determines the quality of our lives" - Tony Robbins

Yesterday's blog discussed the "what" of immunization communication. Today, we discuss the often-challenging "how".

The 'What' and 'How' of Communication for Immunization

Author: Lora Shimp, June 12 2014 - "The two words 'information' and 'communication' are often used interchangeably, but they signify quite different things. Information is giving out; communication is getting through." Sydney J. Harris

Managers Needed to Beat Chronic Diseases

The increasing threat of non-communicable diseases (often called chronic diseases or NCDs) prompted the United Nations, in 2011, to issue the second political declaration on health in its history, the first being on AIDS in 2006. The pandemic of chronic diseases includes cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers and chronic lung disease, which together account for 60 percent of deaths worldwide and is a leading global cause of disability.

Asha's story - stopping polio in its tracks

Author: Barkhad Kaariye, August 4 2014 - I knew this was going to be a story worth the 300km trip from my home town of Hargeisa to Burao in Somaliland. It was early morning and the sun was just about to set out from the east when I visited the brightly painted but crumbling Burao General Hospital in Somaliland. There in the courtyard I found Asha Farah Hersi, a remarkable 70-year-old woman who works to vaccinate people against incurable diseases like polio.

Lifting the lid on dowry-related violence in Nepal

Author: Bidhya Chapagain, August 4 2014 - Stories about violence against women in Nepal are, sadly, not rare. Since my schooldays, I’ve heard of women beaten by in-laws or taking their own lives because they could no longer stand the abuse.

But I also vividly recall other stories I heard as a girl. That of a young woman for example, who was asked for a motorbike as a dowry by her prospective husband and his family. Her response? She told him he should marry the motorbike instead and put the bridal garland of flowers on the bike and not her.

Why the poor linkage of women in STEM careers?

Author: Soraya Carvajal B., August 4 2014 - Can you mention some of the women who have played a decisive role in engineering, technologies of information or computer (ICT), participating in the creation of the basics of electrical commutating, wireless technologies, internet connections or some of the programming languages, among others?

Why is it important to have women in science and technology?

Author: Soraya Carvajal B., August 1 2014 - When asked  the question if it is important and necessary that the women enter  into technological scientific careers, scholarly consensus indicates that yes, it is, because women are underrepresented in all STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] sector and especially in positions of decision making.

Independent Judiciary: Key to a Better Performing Judicial System

R-L - Mariam Sissoko; Hon. Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, ; Okey Wali; and Hon. Justic

Author: James Ayodele, August 1 2014 - Under the European Union (EU) funded project “Support to the Justice Sector in Nigeria,” the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in collaboration with the Nigerian Bar Association, Access to Justice, and the National Judicial Council facilitated a Judicial Reform Conference in Abuja from 7 to 9 July 2014. Over 200 participants representing the Bar and Bench, civil society organizations, the media, academics, and the international community participated in the conference.

 

EU-UNODC Support Enhances Justice Sector Reforms in Benue State

Author: James Ayodele, August 1 2014 - The technical support being provided by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) under the Project "Support to the Justice Sector in Nigeria", funded by the European Union (EU), is enhancing reforms in the Benue State justice sector.

 

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Featured

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

Author: Richard Alam, August 14 2014 - After 3 years of civil war, or revolution or civil unrest (I’m not sure what to call it anymore…) the world now faces one of the worst humanitarian crises in the modern history of the Middle East - or to be geographically accurate, West Asia. Over three million Syrian children are internally displaced, and...

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Experiences

"Child health records help ensure every child receives the vaccines they need to live a healthy and productive life. However, many health records are lost or destroyed, not accurately maintained, or are simply too confusing to read."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

The Child Security Index (CSI), developed in Brazil by the Igarapé Institute, is an open source smart phone app that maps out children’s voices and...

"[W]e followed the jokes into the lives of the joke tellers - fearless members of an exploding global comedy underground who are raising their voices, making people laugh and making people think. There's nothing inherently funny about hunger, poverty and disease. But there's something powerfully life-affirming about laughing in the face of...

"Children will now be able to join the ranks of other rights-holders who are empowered to bring their complaints about human rights violations before an international body."

 

Social circus training and an inclusive park for children of all abilities were the result of collaboration among the government of Ecuador and municipalities, circus arts teachers, and social workers in the city of Cuenca, province of Azuay, Ecuador. Developing performance and communication skills through the training of Canadian Cirque de...

Humara Bachpan is an Indian national campaign on living conditions for young children in urban poverty. The campaign calls for inclusion of child friendly components in urban renewable policies such as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (...

"If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is worth a million."

HealthPhone™ is a resource using the medium of video transmitted through mobile phones that is designed to improve the health of economically poor and vulnerable populations around the world. "A mobile phone, with basic health information embedded on the...

lifeinlulu.jpg

The Our Tukul radio magazine and Life in Lulu radio drama, both produced by BBC Media Action in South Sudan, are working to address reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health. The programmes are broadcast across the country, and the production is accompanied by capacity building for local production teams. Life In Lulu and Our Tukul are...

"Hands are waving excitedly as students gather at Al Meraj School in one of the poorest areas of Pakistan's second largest city, Lahore. 'What is polio?' asks the teacher. 'And who should be given the polio vaccine?' 'It's a virus," says one young student. 'All children under five!' shouts another, before any of the other nearly 200...

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Advocacy

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

Author: Richard Alam, August 14 2014 - After 3 years of civil war, or revolution or civil unrest (I’m not sure what to call it anymore…) the world now faces one of the worst humanitarian crises in the modern history of the Middle East - or to be geographically accurate, West Asia. Over three million Syrian children are internally displaced, and...

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

"The global early childhood development (ECD) community proposes a global goal and urgent call to action to ensure that all children under the age of 5 reach their developmental potential through access to quality ECD programs and policies. In addition, it calls for increased investment in and attention to the early primary grades (1 to 3) as...

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

"The research finds that a wide range of factors currently inhibit media in the three countries sampled from playing a more substantive role in promoting awareness of child rights, as well as in helping children realize their rights and in holding government accountable."

"If children's participation is to be sustained, replicated, resourced, and institutionalised into the wider communities in which children live, it is necessary to develop methods of measuring what is being done and how it is affecting children's lives."

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

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Evaluations

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

With the goal of providing a foundation for further investigation into the use of mobile health tools to support the performance and accountability of front-line health workers (FLHWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), this mHealth Alliance report outlines research that involved a 3-pronged approach:

"If children's participation is to be sustained, replicated, resourced, and institutionalised into the wider communities in which children live, it is necessary to develop methods of measuring what is being done and how it is affecting children's lives."

Background: While traditional contraception is widely used, in southern Nigerian modern contraception is a relatively recent phenomenon. Modern contraception is more wide spread among the educated and sexually active youth in Nigeria. Few studies have been done on contraception among educated women in Nigeria Objectives This...

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

"What drives women to have pregnancies after the age of 35 or to have five or more children? Both of these pregnancies present high risks to both the mother and newborn....[L]ittle research has been conducted to understand the behavioral determinants driving these high-risk pregnancies."

"Applying the resolve and dedication that characterizes polio eradication to a wider suite of services could provide communities with the services they are demanding, give workers a fresh reason for enthusiasm, and increase baseline RI coverage. The eradication of polio would probably not be far behind."

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Digital

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

"The research finds that a wide range of factors currently inhibit media in the three countries sampled from playing a more substantive role in promoting awareness of child rights, as well as in helping children realize their rights and in holding government accountable."

This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICT) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

Author: Lisa Jordan, crossposted on May 14 2014 - Even with youth unemployment at high levels, business leaders complain that they cannot find graduates with the right skills for the modern workplace. A new report from McKinsey published this month found that although almost a quarter of the young people across the European Union are unemployed...

Author: Lisa Jordan, crossposted on May 14 2014: Over the past two days I have had the pleasure of re-imagining learning and play - with a group of 250 school teachers, digital designers, and play advocates brought together by the LEGO foundation.

 In the meantime, however, in the back of my mind I had that slight unease that every...

From the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development, the strategies in the document are intended to help policy- and decision-makers understand the importance of early childhood development (ECD) to global development and raise it in" Post-2015" deliberations on the development of "Sustainable Development Goals" (SDGs). The...

"[W]e followed the jokes into the lives of the joke tellers - fearless members of an exploding global comedy underground who are raising their voices, making people laugh and making people think. There's nothing inherently funny about hunger, poverty and disease. But there's something powerfully life-affirming about laughing in the face of...

This set of seven briefings from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, aims to cover what works to prevent interpersonal violence (including against women and girls) and self-directed violence.

This report document by the Bernard van Leer Foundation (BvLF) is an analysis of their working strategies toward their three goals, progress made in collaboration with partners for the period 2010-2013, and lessons learned about the indicators defined to enable monitoring of progress.

 

The goals of BVLF are:

  1. ...
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Film and Video

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

This 3-year programme aims to engage marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services in 8 countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. Activities in each country are tailored to the specific contexts and conditions children and young people experience, but all come...

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"This edition explores the approaches and evidence for the effectiveness of a range of programmes that have been developed to educate and support parents in becoming more responsive to their children."

These three videos in a series from Pathfinder demonstrate the method of their "Tailored Reflection and Integrated Learning", or TRAIL, model of community mobilisation and action.

This is an evaluation of Sisimpur, an adaptation co-production of Sesame Street, the educational television series broadcast in the United States (US), localised by Bangladeshi producers to meet the needs of children in Bangladesh. (Please see Related Summaries below for further details, but, in brief:) Sisimpur is...

Humara Bachpan is an Indian national campaign on living conditions for young children in urban poverty. The campaign calls for inclusion of child friendly components in urban renewable policies such as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (...

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Strategic Thinking

"Awareness of the legalities of child marriage - it's outlawed in most countries around the world - has little bearing on behaviour because customary laws, social norms and poverty-driven economic needs often trump national policies and legislation."

"Mobilization around the problem of child marriage has been very successful. A shared vision and narrative of the promising or successful program examples at all levels will help drive resources toward programs and research that will contribute to ending child marriage."

"The three A&T country programs reached more than 11 million mothers of children under two years of age within the first three years of implementation through interpersonal communication and/or mass media."

"The global early childhood development (ECD) community proposes a global goal and urgent call to action to ensure that all children under the age of 5 reach their developmental potential through access to quality ECD programs and policies. In addition, it calls for increased investment in and attention to the early primary grades (1 to 3) as...

From the abstract of this UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre working paper:  "This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of ECS [early childhood services] in three countries using an in-depth qualitative approach. The methodologies and tools provide an innovative strategy built upon the literature of...

"This report shows how, on a daily basis, eHealth innovations are improving access to care and assisting women to take control of their own health...[T]hrough the use of ICTs, health-care professionals and the women and children they care for, are better able to share important health information as well as communicate amongst themselves...

"The research finds that a wide range of factors currently inhibit media in the three countries sampled from playing a more substantive role in promoting awareness of child rights, as well as in helping children realize their rights and in holding government accountable."

"'In the beginning people felt afraid. They started to ask us who we are,' says Muhammed, a local volunteer working to immunise children against polio in Syria's Al-Hasakah governate, where heavy fighting has taken place. 'I have taken the vaccine myself in front of the families, just to show them it is safe.'"

"94% of 535 surveyed districts in Ethiopia are endemic for either schistosomiasis and/or soil-transmitted helminths (STH) - Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) which are commonly found in school-children."

This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICT) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

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Enhance Social Protection

"Addressing community-level factors (CLFs) is integral to the ongoing effort to design multilevel, effective, and sustainable interventions to address each element of the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade." This review examined 100 evaluations of communication interventions designed to create a more positive environment for HIV testing and access to...

Elias Banda

Author: Elias Banda, June 23 2014 - The large number of Zambian school girls under the age of 16-years-old falling pregnant within the school system is a serious cause for concern that should make all of us to pause and seek honest answers on how to curb child pregnancy.

"From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate."

"Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child...

"Cross-sectional research has demonstrated that HIV/AIDS orphanhood is associated with anxiety and depression and that HIV/AIDS-related stigma is a risk factor for these outcomes."

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention for Youth

"We undertook a systematic review, and a meta-analysis when appropriate, to assess effectiveness of interventions to reduce sexual risk behaviours, and consequent HIV infection, among young people (10-25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa."

This study attempted to assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual...

Launched in 2008 by the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford, the Young Carers Project is a research initiative that involves South African young people (especially HIV-positive young people) in research about orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC).

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UNICEF

From the abstract of this UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre working paper:  "This initial exploratory study examines the governance and finance of ECS [early childhood services] in three countries using an in-depth qualitative approach. The methodologies and tools provide an innovative strategy built upon the literature of...

"'In the beginning people felt afraid. They started to ask us who we are,' says Muhammed, a local volunteer working to immunise children against polio in Syria's Al-Hasakah governate, where heavy fighting has taken place. 'I have taken the vaccine myself in front of the families, just to show them it is safe.'"

From the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India, this repository of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials offers links to booklets, posters, books, toolkits, flash cards, documentaries, radio public service announcements (PSAs), and other free downloads designed to foster the communication strategies of practitioners...

"The introduction of any new vaccine into routine vaccination programs requires a complex set of activities including: mobilization and leverage of political will and country leadership; advocacy and communications; advanced planning...; broad engagement of stakeholders...; alignment of staff and resources; and, allocation of sufficient and...

Author: Kerida McDonald, UNICEF Senior Advisor, May 19 2014 - Juba, South Sudan - Without the luxury of coffee to start the first day of our mission in Mingkaman we joined the early morning community leaders meeting which provided a perfectly timed general briefing of the context of the camp. We were accompanied by one of the 11 local C4D staff...

From the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development, the strategies in the document are intended to help policy- and decision-makers understand the importance of early childhood development (ECD) to global development and raise it in" Post-2015" deliberations on the development of "Sustainable Development Goals" (SDGs). The...

International Peace Pals invites children throughout the world between the ages of 5 and 16 to participate in The Annual International Peace Pals Art Competition and Exhibition. Entries are divided into four age categories for the awarding of prizes: 5-7 years, 8-10 years, 11-13 years, and 14-16 years of age.

"Developing the plan has brought together multiple stakeholders involved in immunization, including governments and elected officials, health professionals, academia, manufacturers, global agencies, development partners, civil society, media and the private sector, to define collectively what the immunization community wants to achieve over...

"Children will now be able to join the ranks of other rights-holders who are empowered to bring their complaints about human rights violations before an international body."

 

From the "Thought Leaders" series of the News-Medical.Net website, this interview with Dr. Jos Vandelaer, Chief of Immunization for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), is a question-answer discussion of the fact that one child in five does not get properly immunised and that coverage rates are worse among the economically poor,...

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