CISAS Child-to-Child Methodology

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Buddhist Concept of Communication

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Liberating Education Theory [Freire]

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Community Interaction and Education Theory: Freire

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Theory of Culture: Martin-Barbero

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Community Multimedia Centres

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The Digital Divide in Figures:


'Community Multimedia Centres' a booklet published by UNESCO.

Raising Women's Voice for Peacebuilding

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Vision, Impact and Limitations of Media Technologies
Susan McKay
Dyan Mazurana
Publication Date
Publication Date: 
February 1, 2001
This book explores how women have used communication technologies in their quest for peace, documents their experience from their own perspectives, and provides an analytical framework to understand t

Nile Basin Society (NBS)

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Communication Strategies: 

NBS is grounded in a commitment to involving civil society stakeholders in Nile Basin countries in regional efforts to increase global and local awareness of the Nile Basin water crisis, and to develop and communicate a widely shared vision of a desirable, sustainable water future between Nile riparian countries. However, these stakeholders are stymied, according to NBS, by lack of access to information, exclusion from the decision-making process regarding water resources management and irrigation projects, lack of advocacy tools and access to media, and difficulty communicating with each other.

To that end, NBS works to help local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) capitalise on information technology to increase interaction between NGOs in different Nile Basin countries to reach a shared vision. They work to provide information about appropriate technologies in communications, water management, irrigation, and agriculture and the companies that can supply them. They provide success stories in agricultural/water management in the Nile Basin area that can be replicated elsewhere within the Basin. They also aim to advocate for help from the industrial country governments and people in general and those of Nile Basin origin in particular to donate resources (material, financial, and human resources) as needed by the Nile Basin countries. They aim to achieve this through providing up to date information in local languages in addition to English and French.

NBS has created various online places for sharing information, such as a domain hosting a discussion forum on sustainable development of the Nile Basin, a public/group/individual calendar, the Nile News mailing list, a Nile Basin Photo Gallery, a blog, a portal using DotNetNuke to support other Nile Basin NGOs in easily designing/modifying their own websites, and a Media Wiki (designed for those with no HTML experience). NBS offers free design and initial hosting for websites of serious organisations, e.g. Association for the Environment and Wetlands (Uganda) and Save Our Planet Earth (SOPE), Uganda. NBS's battery of services also includes domain registration, mailing lists, photo gallery, group calendar, domain registration, and services such as project management, surveys, groupware, etc.

Development Issues: 

Technology, Agriculture, Economic Development.

Key Points: 

"Degradation of the environment and poor management of resources is a major concern in the Nile region. Of the ten poorest countries of the world six of them are found in this region, despite the fact that they shared tremendous amount of water. The World Water Vision for Africa emphasized 'Equitable and sustainable use of Africa's water resources for poverty alleviation, socio-economic development, regional cooperation, and for the environment'. Population explosions, increasing urbanization and greater demand on all ecosystem resources are high priority reasons to insure that investment is made on the health of watersheds. One of the obstacles in involving stakeholders in Nile Basin countries is lack of access to information. In some countries, water resource information is considered as a 'national secret'. As a result of 'secrecy', governments exclude the civil society from the decision-making process regarding water resources management and irrigation projects."


Email from Desalegn Eyob, NBS Secretary and Communications Coordinator, to The Communication Initiative on July 28 2001; and NBS website, July 3 2009.

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