Colombia

Jóvenes líderes de América Latina ayudarán a promover los ODS

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Publication Date
2016
September

Tere Gonzáles; fundadora y presidenta de Litro de Luz, México -movimiento global que recicla botellas de plástico para proveer de una fuente de luz a comunidades pobres- y Carolina Medina; cofundadora y directora ejecutiva de Agruppa en Colombia -empresa que utiliza tecnología móvil para facilitar el acceso a alimentos de calidad a empresas del rubro-, son entrevistadas por Radio ONU ya que formarán parte de la primera generación de jóvenes líderes para los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS).

La primera generación de jóvenes líderes se trata de una iniciativa de la Oficina del Enviado Especial de la Juventud para dar a conocer e impulsar el involucramiento de esa población en el cumplimiento de los ODS. Consta de 17 jóvenes de todo el mundo que han sido reconocidos por su contribución para alcanzar lo que propone la Agenda.

Source: 

Tomado de la nota 'Jóvenes líderes de América Latina ayudarán a promover los ODS', publicada en el sitio web de Radio ONU

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Comunicación, Movilización y Participación: Lecciones aprendidas en la prevención y control de la fiebre del dengue (FD)

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Date
Year: 
2005

Este estudio se realizó en Colombia entre 2003 y 2005, utilizando la metodología COMBI (Communication for Behavioural impact). La intervención utilizó estrategias tales como la comunicación interpersonal, el trabajo con líderes comunitarios, madres, estudiantes y técnicos, acciones de abogacía y movilización social (fiesta de la salud, marchas, teatro, presentación de artistas y partidos de fútbol).

Methodologies: 

La evaluación combinó métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos para obtener información sobre las percepciones de funcionarios y de la comunidad. Fue realizada en dos barrios de Barranquilla, al norte de Colombia, donde se aplicó una encuesta, se adelantaron 19 entrevistas semi estructuradas en la Secretaría de Salud y a las personas de la comunidad y se llevaron a cabo 12 grupos focales. 

Resultados: 

La intervención logró un índice de Vivienda, Depósito y Breteau de 13,8 y 1,58 respectivamente, por cada 100 hogares. El almacenamiento de agua se redujo de 53.2% a 15%. El uso de plantas acuáticas disminuyó de 235 a 187. Así mismo, se redujo el número de tanques plásticos de 820 a 32,. Los cuidados con el almacenamiento de agua lavar el tanque y/o alberca con regularidad y cambiar el agua frecuentemente tuvieron una cobertura del  65%. Por su parte, el reconocimiento del vínculo entre el vector y el dengue fue posible, las personas se sintieron vulnerables a la enfermedad y susceptibles de contraerla. 

Los resultados demuestran que este modelo fue encontrado exitoso, no solo en el caso de Colombia, sino qen otras partes del mundo donde ha sido aplicado para la erradicación del Dengue. Algunas limitaciones encontradas se relacionan con el impacto negativo por asuntos políticos del contexto. Y la necesidad de una formación más completa, con el fin de una sostenibilidad del recurso humano. 

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Empoderamiento para la prevención y control del Dengue

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Date
Year: 
2010

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar el empoderamiento individual con las medidas de prevención y control del dengue en una comunidad de  tres barrios de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, Colombia, durante el año 2008. Santander es uno de los departamentos más afectados por el virus, su capital presenta 85% de los casos de todo el departamento. Por loq ue se genero una estrategia de atención primaria en salud (APS) que involucró coordinación intersectorial y participaciónd e la comunidad. En este lugar, estudiantes de medicina, previamente entrenados, visitaron casa por casa, aplicaron encuestas e impartieron la educación sobre el virus.

Methodologies: 

Para evaluar el empoderamiento, se realizó una encuesta transversal a 930 personas de juntas de acción comunal, comunidades religiosas, madres comunitarias, directivos y profesores de centros educativos, grupos de la tercera edad, pastoral social y líderes comunitarios.

Practices: 

En cuanto al empoderamiento: 347 (37,3%) encuestados consideran que sus sugerencias fueron escuchadas, 339 (36,5%) tienen posibilidades de realizar acciones de control, 336 (36,1%) educan a otras personas, 307 (33,0%) lavan la pila una vez por semana, 213 (22,9%) reclaman a las autoridades medidas de control, 212 (22,8%) acuerdan con vecinos recolección de inservibles, 177 (19,0%) asisten a reuniones, 55 (5,9%) participan en actividades de prevención, 29 (3,1%) lideran campañas y 31 (3,3%) consiguen ayuda para programas.

Resultados: 

Otros hallazgos mostraron que en 70 (7,5%) viviendas se habían presentado casos de dengue en el mes anterior y en 26,1% se encontraron larvas del zancudo. 

En este sentido, los autores afirman que los niveles de empoderamiento fueron bajos a pesar de las campañas y de haberse presentado varios casos de dengue. Recomiendan incentivar e integrar a la comunidad para obtener mayor empoderamiento y éxito en el control del virus. Se encontró que los conocimientos sobre la enfermedad son más óptimos, pero las prácticas son muy pobres, sobre todo en lo referente a la participación comunitaria con respecto a las medidas de prevención. Esto quiere decir que las campañas gubernamentales han tenido poco éxito, prueba de ello es que continúa ocurriendo casos, y cada vez más graves. 

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La movilización social mediante estrategias de educación y comunicación para prevenir el dengue en Bucaramanga, Colombia

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Date
Year: 
2004

En este estudio realizado en Colombia entre 2000 y 2003, se evaluó una intervención que combinó estrategias de IEC (Información, Educación y Comunicación) y movilización social. Los estudiantes de último año escolar actuaron como voluntarios, luego de que se creó un lema para la búsqueda y limpieza de los sitios infectados, la estrategia se llamó "Los jueves puedes ponerle el tatequieto al Dengue". A parte de esto, se crearon dos calendarios, uno para los edificios y casas, y otro para los colegios.

Methodologies: 

Este estudio tiene como base una encuesta realizada a 100 hogares especificamente a las amas de casa, antes de la intervención. Posteriormente, se midieron índices entomológicos cada 3 meses y se aplicó otro instrumento para evaluar el impacto de los mensajes 8 meses después.

Resultados: 

Algunos resultados mostraron exito en el uso del calendario por parte de los estudiantes (88%),  y  profesores (77%). La disminución del índice de larvas en el hogar (18% vs 5%), y el reconocimiento del jueves como el día del Dengue (27%).

A partir de estos datos, los autores pudieron concluir que los objetivos de comunicación deben estar basados en resultados de investigación que combine métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos, así mismo es necesario generar una masa crítica de personas actuando en diferentes roles para prevenir el dengue y que para desarrollar un proyecto de cambio de comportamiento es neceario tener por lo menos tres años de trabajo continuo antes de que se pueda observar un cambio significativo.

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Youth Zones

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"Youth Zones" is a film and poetry initiative that documents the voices of young people in 5 countries around the world affected by conflict and natural disaster. It is a project created by filmmaker Lisa Russell in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Women's Refugee Commission (formerly the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children).

Communication Strategies: 

The focus of the project is on allowing young people to speak for themselves. The film only showcases youth voices and has no experts or adults talking on behalf of youth. As educators, health care workers, artists, peace activists and others, ranging from ages 15-25, the young people in the film speak of the challenges they face - in terms of accessing services and overcoming the burdens that fall on their shoulders in times of crisis - and they illustrate how, when given the support and resources they need, youth can rise above such challenges to build healthier lives and societies.

Along with spoken word poet Luke Nephew and youth activist Chernor Bah, Ms. Russell travelled to Colombia, Lebanon, Liberia, Northern Uganda, and New Orleans (United States) to facilitate discussions and conduct creative writing and poetry workshops with youth who are struggling and trying to cultivate resilience in the face of emergencies. What resulted was a film profiling youth who work as educators, peace activists, healthcare assistants, and drama mentors in an effort to rehabilitate their communities after emergencies. The 25-minute film can be viewed on the Youth Zones website, where visitors may also learn more about the issues by downloading fact sheets and may also find out how to host their own screening. It will be accompanied by a new media website and advocacy packets that will be distributed to donors, policymakers, student activists, and others.

Development Issues: 

Youth, Conflict, Emergency.

Key Points: 

According to organisers, in conflicts and natural disasters around the world, young people are faced with numerous challenges and difficulties. For instance, schools, family, community and health centres have often broken down, leaving them with little, if any, support. Access to basic sexual and reproductive health services, including information on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS, is often impossible. "Yet in the midst of these great difficulties, young people raise their younger siblings, form youth groups and organizations, put food on the table for their families, conduct peer education activities, contribute to peace movements, galvanize their communities and contribute in numerous other ways to positive changes."

Source: 

Emails from Lisa Russell to The Communication Initiative on September 8 2009 and January 27 2011; and Youth Zones website, February 2 2011.

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MDG3: Strengthening Women's Strategic Use of ICTs to Combat Violence against Women and Girls

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Launched in January 2009 by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC), this 2.5-year project explores the relationship between the growth in use of information and communications technologi

Communication Strategies: 

In a multifaceted approach to the intersection between ICT use and violence against women (VAW) and girls, APC is working to empower women and girls through skills, knowledge, advocacy, and community-building along the following lines:

  • administering small grants for interventions aimed at stopping VAW through the use of ICTs;
  • localising the Take Back the Tech! campaign [see "Related Summaries", below] in the 12 selected countries;
  • organising Feminist Tech Exchanges - using this online platform, "FTX" - to build the capacity of women's right activists and marginalised women and girls, including survivors of violence;
  • catalysing policy advocacy processes to integrate women's rights perspectives in ICT policies in national contexts; and
  • working to increase women's involvement and leadership in ICT policy spaces that have an impact on women's rights.

Women's participation is paramount. Survivors of domestic and sexual violence will participate directly in training activities. Namely, in partnership with women's rights organisations, APC is reaching out to vulnerable women (especially economically poor, rural, and migrant women) through workshops designed to build their capacity to use technology for awareness-raising and educational rights-based campaigns. In addition, APC is reaching out to adolescent girls and girls' networks in participating countries through training, digital story telling workshops, and activities being undertaken as part of the Take Back the Tech! campaign. Finally, APC is providing training on safe practices for internet and telecommunications use to women and women's organisations working in conflict situations. APC notes that, as the exchanges continue to happen in the 12 participating countries, the FTX site referenced above will offer a repository of methodology and materials for training in ICT from a feminist perspective.

Organisers are engaged in research and dissemination of information about each of the participating countries in order to illustrate different challenges and opportunities for how ICTs impact on VAW, either in worsening the problem - for example, through the use of ICTs in trafficking - or in providing a space where women can collaborate and network against violence. In a series of papers - the abstracts, and eventually, full versions of which may be found here - APC finds that, in all 12 countries, the themes of privacy, freedom of expression, and the enforcement of legislation "form a sobering backdrop to some startling and innovative ways in which women are using technology to advance their rights and empower women."

Development Issues: 

Women, Technology, Rights.

Key Points: 

Research conducted as part of this project - summarised here - has led to findings such as the gap between legislation and the ability to implement laws on VAW, which is found to be inadequate to deal with the violence that women face. This gap is "particularly stark in South Africa. The country has one of the most progressive constitutions in the world, but a woman is killed every six hours - the highest rate of femicide anywhere in the world. Even in legislation, there are tensions between the guarantees of freedom of expression and the perceived need to protect women and children from pornography, and between privacy and the right to information. Likewise, in Uganda, despite a national gender policy and ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), almost a quarter of women report that their first sexual encounter was forced. As with many countries, there is little information available on the intersection between VAW and ICTs. Nonetheless, anecdotal evidence shows that mobile phones are both enabling greater control and monitoring of women by their partners as well as providing women with new spaces to forestall domestic violence."

Partner Text: 

Supported by the Dutch government's MDG3 Fund.

Source: 

Emails from Karen Higgs and Erika Smith to The Communication Initiative on November 23 2009 and December 9 2009; APC website, December 9 2009; and genderICT portal, December 10 2009.

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Rights-Based Approaches: Exploring Issues and Opportunities for Conservation

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Author: 
Jessica Campese, editor
Terry Sunderland, editor
Thomas Greiber, editor
Gonzalo Oviedo, editor
Publication Date
September 1, 2009
Affiliation: 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (Campese, Greiber, and Oviedo), Center for International Forestry Research (Sunderland)

This document examines the links between the realisation of human rights and the conservation of natural resources and biodiversity.

Source: 

Pambazuka News 443: Links & Resources, Issue 24, July 2009; and email from Jessica Campese to The Communication Initiative on March 17 2010.

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Performance Activism and Civic Engagement Through Symbolic and Playful Actions

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Author: 
Arvind Singhal, Ph.D.
Karen Greiner
Publication Date
December 1, 2008
Affiliation: 

University of Texas at El Paso (Singhal), and Ohio University (Greiner)

This document analyses performance activism as a form of communication and engagement. From the introduction: "The purpose of the present article is to analyze the role of performance activism in enthusing, engaging, and mobilizing a citizenry. We focus on the role of playful symbolic protests and actions, construing “performance” in the broadest terms possible. We analyze three cases of performance activism, in three different contexts: Gandhi’s symbolic mass mobilization protests in India; Antanas Mockus’ playful civic engagement strategies in Bogota, Colombia; and the playful actions of “Billionaires for Bush” in the United States. We conclude by distilling lessons from these cases for scholars, practitioners, and activists of communication and social change."

Source: 

The website of Arvind Singhal on July 13 2009; and email from Arvind Singhal to The Communication Initiative on November 14 2009.

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Improving Media Coverage of Climate Change in South America

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Communication Strategies: 

In recognition of the fact that an educated media corps is empowered to raise awareness of climate change, organisers developed a series of seminars for government officials, politicians, and journalists. Designed to maximise the sharing of accurate environmental information ahead of the COP15 summit, the seminars were held in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.

 

The journalism training focused on giving stories about the climate a news element, so they are no longer confined to the specialist press. As part of the strategy of highlighting climate change information to governmental authorities, the BBC WST welcomed Peru's Minister for Environment to the seminar within that country, while in Colombia and Bolivia the British Ambassador opened the event. The project is also engaged in more direct advocacy through work with government ministries in the six countries.

 

The seminars were followed by interviews with local media. According to the Project Manager, "A phone-in for listeners to Colombian National Public Radio lasted for three hours and generated a lot of interest. As well as asking questions listeners were telling us about their experiences. Many people knew that things had changed but didn't realise that this was a result of climate change. For example, cases of malaria and dengue fever on Colombia's tropical islands doubled between the 1970s and 1990s. Local people knew about the increase but not that it was caused by changing rain patterns and increasing temperatures..."

 

To support this process, modules on reporting climate change have been prepared for the BBC WST's online journalism training resource, iLearn.

Development Issues: 

Environment.

Key Points: 

More than 15,000 environment ministers, officials, diplomats, campaigners, journalists, and heads of state are expected to attend COP15, representing the 192 countries that have signed the UN climate change convention. Participants will work toward a successor to the Kyoto protocol.

Programming to Address Violence Against Women: 10 Case Studies

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Publication Date
January 1, 2007

This 106-page volume documents the experience of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) with addressing many forms of violence against women. Intended primarily for development practitioners and others seeking to change attitudes and practices, it offers lessons that can help scale up responses and confront the problem on a wider scale. The lessons are gleaned from case studies of the following 10 countries: Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Romania, Sierra Leone, and Turkey. The review is part of a series of explorations that UNFPA has undertaken over the past several years to look at the cultural dimensions of gender equality and reproductive health and rights.

Source: 
http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/images/publications/2007/vaw_10cases01.gif
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