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World Cup in My Village

As part of the United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF) World Cup in My Village Project, initiated during the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup 2010 in South Africa, the Children's Radio Foundation and local partners in Mongu, Zambia, and Rubavu districts in Rwanda worked with young people to produce radio shows and videos that were broadcast during open-air public viewings of the World Cup football matches. The programme was designed to use the power of football to communicate with young people and encourage them to make their voices heard.

Communication Strategies: 

The public viewing areas were mounted using inflatable air screens and satellite dishes, often in locations with no electricity, in football pitches, open fields, community schools, and refugee settlements. In Zambia, the screens were moved around each night and, according to organisers, viewings attracted 12,000 people. Earlier viewings took place in community schools and later screenings took place at a United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) refugee settlement 8 hours away from Lusaka, the capital city of Zambia. The public viewing spaces were also used for community events such as youth football games and educational activities on HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention. According to UNICEF, 20,000 people in Rwanda who are living in isolated communities and are cut off from mainstream sources of information, made use of the public viewing areas in their communities.

As part of this initiative, the Children's Radio Foundation trained groups of young people in each country as youth journalists. In the radio and video workshops, young people learned about interviewing techniques, how to express their opinion clearly, and production of media pieces. Using audio recorders, cameras, and flip video cameras, young people were encouraged to report on issues affecting young people in their communities and to share their experiences and concerns with the rest of the world.

The youth-produced pieces were broadcast and live talk shows held during half-time at the public viewings, complemented by public service announcements on education, child rights, health, and other issues. Programmes were also broadcast on local, national, and international radio stations, and content was posted on the CRF website and disseminated via other social media platforms.

Following the conclusion of the World Cup, the young journalists in Zambia have arranged to work with reporters at a local community radio station to create regular youth programming and to host a talk show for young people in their communities. Acting as peer leaders, they are engaging young people from their communities in the programme. Many of the young journalists have also taken on the role of climate ambassadors, advocating for responsible environmental behaviour in their communities.

The inflatable screens and projectors will also be used by UNICEF Country Offices for future community activities. The project's community partner in Rwanda, Vision Jeunesse Nouvelle, is discussing the possibility of starting a youth radio station based on the philosophy "radio for young people, by young people" with the core group of newly trained youth reporters.

Development Issues: 

Children, Education, Environment, HIV/AIDS, Rights.

Key Points: 

World Cup in My Village was created as a part of UNICEF's support of the 1 Goal campaign, which is designed to get every child into primary school by 2015. The majority of media pieces produced by young people were about how education or the lack of it had affected their lives.

Many young people in Zambia who were interviewed by the youth journalists remarked that they had only ever heard football games on the radio and that it was the first time they had actually seen the players they had heard so much about.

Partner Text: 

United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF), Children's Radio Foundation, Vision Jeunesse Nouvelle (Rwanda), Grassroots Soccer (Zambia), and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Source: 

CRF website and UNICEF website on September 10 2010.

Understanding Community-Based Information Systems in the Millennium Villages

December 1, 2009

This website from newmediadev2009 was a project of a 2009 research seminar developed and taught by Professor Anne Nelson at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) in New York, the United States (US).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Email from Anne Nelson to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

http://www.comminit.com/files/pill.jpg

Generation Grands Lacs

Launched in 2006, Generation Grands Lacs (Great Lakes Generation) is an hour-long radio talk show programme for youth produced by Search for Common Ground (SFCG) together with local radio stations in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The project seeks to support peace between countries in the region by breaking down stereotypes and encouraging dialogue between Rwandan, Burundian, and Congolese university students.

Communication Strategies: 

This 60-minute live phone-in talk show for youth is simulcast on five radio stations in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo every Saturday afternoon. Each week the show addresses a different theme, such as identity, manipulation by leaders, gender, violence, youth participation in political life, and issues of ethnicity and nationality.

The format includes invited studio guests, pre-recorded interviews, voice-on-the-street interviews, music, and audience call-ins. Listeners participate by calling in, sending short message service (SMS)/text messages, or by sending emails. In collaboration with the Great Lakes Inter-University and Youth Forum, listening sessions are organised in universities and secondary schools each week during the broadcasts, followed by a facilitated discussion. Forum members then gather ideas and concerns from the listeners and feed these into joint planning sessions with the programme journalists from the partner radio stations.

Each week the place of broadcast rotates between Kigali, Bujumbura, and Kinshasa. The radio station webstreams the live broadcast, which is then picked up by the other four stations who broadcast it on FM. Young journalists from the partner radio stations host the programme, and invite callers to phone in - in any of the six major languages of the region.

Development Issues: 

Peace, Youth, Reconciliation

Key Points: 

According to a recent SFCG survey, the programme is listened to by more than 90% of university students in Kigali, Butare, Ngozi (Burundi), and 86% of students in Bujumbura, as well as 57% of students in Bukavu (DRC). Of these listeners, 20% listen regularly in Bukavu, 36% listen regularly in Kigali, and 60% listen "every week" or "almost every week" in Butare, Ngozi, and Bujumbura. Similarly, the programme reaches between 30% and 60% of non-university youth at the survey sites. Survey findings show a strong correlation between listenership and reduced prejudices and positive attitudes.

Partner Text: 

Initial funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), with continued funding from the Belgian Cooperation.

Source: 

"Hello Kigali! Hello Kinshasa!" press release [PDF], January 15 2010; and SFCG website on February 19 2010 and February 24 2010.

Rural Internet Kiosks Project

Rural Internet Kiosks (RIK) is a Kenyan-based organisation that manufactures and distributes movable, recyclable, cost-effective kiosks that operate with satellite connectivity and solar energy to ena

Communication Strategies: 

Rural Internet Kiosks produces kiosks that are independent, freestanding booths functioning on solar power and other forms of renewable energy. Each kiosk houses 3 energy-efficient personal computers. The kiosks are modelled on user-friendly software and hardware and are manufactured and assembled in a "knock-down" format, enabling them to be easily transported and set up in even very rugged regions.

The kiosks have been designed to give access to all users, including children and the disabled. According to RIK, they are also working on ways to use portable USB pen screen readers and accessible websites, which will help the visually impaired access information. Screen readers could also help people who can understand, but not necessarily read, English.

The kiosks are designed to promote entrepreneurship and electronic service delivery within rural and urban settings and, in turn, facilitate e-commerce, e-education, e-health, and e-governance. The organisers say that the kiosks have helped farmers obtain regular updates on weather patterns and produce prices, thereby expanding their revenue. Business start-ups have been able to exploit digital multimedia advertising. The internet kiosks are helping government agencies to create awareness concerning health and environment and reach out to local communities. Through the use of multimedia information outlets, communities can also access information about infectious diseases such as malaria, polio, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. The kiosks also create platforms for the promotion of tele-medicine, which is still in its infancy in most African countries.

The kiosks use the open-source Ubuntu Linux operating system, as well as other open-source software. This virtualisation technology allows up to 10 uses to share a single personal computer (PC).

Development Issues: 

Information and Communication Technology, Economic Development, Agriculture.

Key Points: 

The RIK project was developed by Jitu Patani, also project manager at Rural Internet Kiosk, who has a vision of bridging the digital divide by providing the last mile access to rural or remote communities. RIK is working to help Africa move towards the Millennium Development Goal of Bridging the Digital Divide by year 2015.

Partner Text: 

Rural Internet Kiosks, InterSat, and Userful.

See video
Source: 

eLearning Africa website on February 5 2010.

Radio Salus

Radio Salus (derived from the Latin word "salut", meaning salvation) was established in 2005 at the National University of Rwanda as a result of a project implemented by the United Nations Educational

Communication Strategies: 

Radio Salus broadcasts 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and organisers say its programming reaches the entire population of Rwanda, as well as neighbouring communities in DRC and Burundi.

The radio station team, which includes professional journalists and journalism students, produces a variety of news, educational, and entertainment programming broadcast in Kinyarwanda, Swahili, English, and French. According to organisers, each week more than 25 different programmes are broadcast on a broad range of topics including education, agriculture, health, HIV/AIDS, Rwandan history, news, conflict management, sports, and coffee (a long-established, but not well understood industry in the country).

In advance of the August 2009 elections, journalists from the station received training specific to election coverage, including election laws and rules, understanding the Rwandan journalists' code of conduct during elections, the professional standards of free and fair elections, and covering elections independently and professionally.

According to the radio station, the training of students and professionals at the radio station has become a key determinant in diversifying media programming in Rwanda and in building confidence in private radio as a viable means of mass media. Radio Salus has reportedly also managed to empower Rwandan youth, women, and disabled people. Through its educational programmes on economy, environment, HIV/AIDS, health and history, organisers say that it has become a socio-economic development tool for many Rwandans. For example, Radio Salus has contributed to educating local small businessmen and women on how to advertise their products and services. In addition, it has supported and promoted young artists by giving them the opportunity to publicise their new songs.

Development Issues: 

Democracy, Media Development.

Key Points: 

As of November 2008, more than 100 young journalists had received training through Radio Salus, and many students continue to work there as trainee journalists. The station's sports programme has been rated the top radio programme in the country.

Partner Text: 

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

National University of Rwanda website and UNESCO website - both accessed on January 12 2010.

Youth Empowerment through Arts and Media (YETAM)

Initiated in 2008, the Youth Empowerment Through Arts and Media (YETAM) project is an initiative by Nokia, Plan International, and local partners which seeks to give youth the skills and tools to communicate at local, national, and global level about issues impacting on their lives. Through arts, traditional media, and new media tools, youth engage in the community development process and beyond.

Communication Strategies: 

Using mapping, participatory video, visual arts, and performing arts as a means of investigation and expression, youth, aged 12-18, work in small teams to identify resources and challenges in their communities, understand more about causes and effects of key issues impacting on youth, and learn about different viewpoints held by community members and community leaders around those issues. They then produce arts and media about the issues and develop an action plan to raise awareness and community support to begin resolving the issues. By developing youths’ communication and leadership skills, coupled with technology education and practice with information and communication technologies (ICTs), YETAM seeks to open new possibilities for youth so that they are more able to engage using 21st century skills. The importance of ownership and commitment to local development is emphasised, and the methodology is designed to form capable and positive community leadership for the future.

The arts and media are also used as a starting point to raise issues and youth viewpoints with district and national leaders and the public, and to advocate for change. At the same time, the youths’ materials are posted on the web so that the public can learn more about issues and get involved. Rather than hearing about youths' viewpoints via foreign and/or adult journalists, the YETAM project allows youth to claim their own place and directly debate and discuss the issues they care about. Curricula based on the youth’s key issues and video/arts materials are developed and used to engage additional groups in the 6 African focus countries, and an on-line curriculum for the "Global North" allows youth not living in Africa to better understand the issues and learn how to get involved. The web allows cross-country and global interaction among youth, building confidence and motivating them to continue moving forward.

In each country, the YETAM programme involves youth, teachers, local media, and arts organisations in a 1-week training of trainers, followed by a 2-week training programme with secondary school youth. A local follow-up plan is created by the youth, teachers, and local partners for organisation and continued advocacy by the youth, refresher training, and additional arts and media work around the identified issues.

Some 350 youth (according to the 2008 annual report) participated in direct skills training workshops on arts and media, including new media tools, such as mobile phone technology and applications, internet, search engines, social media, 'Flip' cameras, mobile internet, and mobile video production and editing.

According to YETAM, collectively the youth have produced around 100 short videos, 100 art works, several theatre pieces, hundreds of photographs about their lives, newspapers, and community murals on themes pertinent to them. Sixty staff, teachers, and partner organisations have been trained on child rights, child participatory facilitation methodologies, arts and media as tools for development and advocacy, and social media/new technology. About 1500 community members in 25 communities have attended events and discussions related to these materials.

Click here to view these materials on YouTube. (To turn on the captions option to see subtitles, click on the triangle at the bottom right corner of the video player. A red ‘cc’ button will appear. Click on the small triangle to the left to select language options). Some of the materials are also available on the Plan Virtual Villages website. The current redesign of the YETAM website will additionally provide a space for school-school communication and joint projects and learning across Africa and between African countries and the "Global North".

Development Issues: 

Youth, Gender, Education, Rights

Key Points: 

According to YETAM, children and youth in Africa, in general, are not expected to speak up or speak out in their families or communities; nor do they have an equal seat at the table in national and global dialogue about issues that impact them. In order to be effective in local, national, and global dialogue, children and youth need to have access to skills and tools to develop analytical abilities and leadership behaviours, and to be effective communicators. They also need access to the places where these discussions are taking place. YETEM therefore seeks to address these issues at a local and global level.

Partner Text: 

Nokia, Plan International

See video
Source: 

Email from Stefanie Conrad on August 20 2009 and Plan and Nokia Annual Report 2008 [PDF] on November 14 2009.

Sinigurisha Campaign

Initiated in May 2009, "Sinigurisha" ("I am not for sale") was a 6-month HIV prevention campaign in Rwanda working to warn against cross-generational sex involving both older men and older women.

Communication Strategies: 

The first message of the campaign was "Gifts don't equal sex. You always have the right to say no!". With this message, the campaign sought to empower youth to say "NO" to cross-generational sex by increasing their awareness of their fundamental right to say "NO" to sugar daddies and sugar mommies, regardless of what gifts or money they are promised or have already received. In this first phase of the campaign, 85 billboards were placed across the country to remind young people of their right to say no to "Shuga Dadis" and "Shuga Mamis".

The second phase of the campaign sought to combat peer pressure as a key driver of cross-generational sex. The message "True Friends Don't Put Me at Risk!" draws upon studies conducted in 2008 in Kigali and all four Rwandan provinces that showed that peer pressure is a key factor encouraging young girls and boys to engage in cross-generational sex. Some young girls are even acting as "pimps" - making connections between their friends and older men, often in exchange for money or gifts. Sinigurisha urges young people to resist and challenge peer pressure, emphasising that true friends would never put their friends at risk.

The third phase of the Sinigurisha campaign urged youth to stand together against cross-generational sex and to focus on achieving their future hopes and dreams. The message was "There is NO price that will buy my future!". This phase of the campaign is based on research that indicated that low self-esteem influences youth to engage in cross-generational sex. Young people feel pressured to have material goods such as fashionable clothes, jewellery, and cell phones, which leads them to accept short-term gifts given by sugar daddies or sugar mommies and puts them at increased pressure for cross-generational sex.

The campaign called on all Rwandans - not just youth - to engage in the fight against cross-generational sex. The campaign also reached out to opinion leaders, teachers, parents, and communities with the message that sugar daddies and sugar mommies should be considered "Enemies of Rwanda's Bright Future." According to the organisers, the commitment of political, religious, and other opinion leaders to sensitise and mobilise communities is especially important. They can play an important role in encouraging society as a whole to first acknowledge that cross-generational sex is wrong, shameful, and risky, and then to stop it.

In addition to appearing on billboards, the campaign's messages were broadcast in television and radio spots, and publicised via print materials and community events. Orange wristbands were distributed which announced that the wearer is not for sale.

Three films were also produced to support the campaign and were broadcast on Rwanda TV. The films were produced with the help of a theatre competition carried out in 60 schools (in 14 districts) as part of the Abajene! youth movement. A local non-governmental organisation (NGO) called RAPP (Rwandans Allied for Peace and Progress) trained teachers and students in forum theatre techniques. Following that, two rounds of competitions were held where schools wrote and performed their own plays. The three winning plays were made into short films by RAPP together with the student actors who wrote and performed the original plays.

Development Issues: 

HIV/AIDS

Key Points: 

Cross-generational sex refers to sexual relationships between girls and older men (sugar daddies), and boys and older women (sugar mommies) - often in exchange for gifts and money. Evidence suggests that cross-generational sex happens in Rwanda.

  • Girls aged 20-24 are five times more likely to be infected with HIV than boys of same age (Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 2005);
  • One out of 10 girls has her first sexual experience with a man who is 10 or more years older (Rwanda Behaviour Surveillance Survey (BSS), 2006);
  • Since older men are much more likely to be infected with HIV than younger boys, young girls appear to be getting infected by older men, rather than by boys of their own age (Rwanda DHS, 2005).


According to organisers, cross-generational sex increases the risk for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, and for unwanted pregnancies - all of which can lead to school drop-out and family conflict. As a result, cross-generational sex can cause girls to be less productive in schools and at the work place.

Some of the factors that lead to cross-generational sex include the following:

  • "Permissive" environments that make cross-generational sex "easier". These include: (a) homes: where "trusted" family members or friends target domestic workers or younger family members. (b)schools: where sugar daddies and mommies target students by pretending to be family members to pick up students during breaks or weekends. (c) hotels: where sugar daddies and mommies believe they won't be caught. (d) cars: where sugar daddies and mommies give lifts to boys and girls in need.
  • Peer pressure within an urban network of girls who act as "pimps" - making connections between their friends and older men - often in exchange for money or gifts.
  • Economic need among youth who seek out older partners with money to buy material goods that make them more "cool", to pay for their school fees, or to get a job.
  • Loneliness and the desire for sexual gratification among older men and women lead to them seeking younger partners.
Partner Text: 

National AIDS Control Commission (Commission Nationale de Lutte Contre le Sida, CNLS), Ministry of Youth, United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and Population Services International (PSI).

Source: 

African Press website on November 9 2009 and July 28 2010; Ministry of Youth website on November 9 2009 and press releases from Ministry of Youth (issued May 23, July 23, and October 8 2009).

Internews Peace-Building Films

Internews, an international media development organisation, produced a series of 12 documentaries designed as part of a peace-building project to help populations of Rwanda and Eastern Democratic Repu

Communication Strategies: 

Internews Europe worked with local journalists to produce the 12 documentaries, which were filmed in both countries and tell stories of everyday life involving music, sport, and village events. The films seek to familiarise communities on both sides of the conflict-affected border with each other and to show how they can live together in peace. The productions were also broadcast on local television and radio stations in both countries and were broadcast daily on public buses and a ferryboat in the DRC.

The following 4 films are being shown in screenings in the Rwandan capital, Kigali, and on the "Hillywood Country Tour" (nicknamed for Rwanda's hilly countryside):

  • Les Enfants de Dieu (Children of God): The film examines the various activities of family planning organisations in internally displaced persons camps. It describes family planning options and how women can access these methods, and discusses the new, more open attitude of the Catholic Church regarding family planning.
  • Special Koffi: This movie features Congolese music star Koffi Olomide. Olomide once performed at a stadium in Kigali, Rwanda, where he explained how natural it is for music and musicians to cross borders.
  • A Letter to My Daughter: This film was produced in French and Kinyarwanda with English subtitles. A young Congolese journalist is shocked when she interviews victims of domestic violence in Rwanda and Congo.
  • 24h in Mutubo Camp: This film shows the Hutus ex-combatants in a transit camp in Rwanda. Click here to watch this film.
Development Issues: 

Conflict.

Key Points: 

According to the organisers, since November 2008, public screenings of the documentaries by Internews' office in Rwanda have led to nearly 20,000 people returning from all parts of the country and Eastern Congo.

A Letter to My Daughter was nominated for an Award in the international documentary category of the International Film Festival South Africa, which took place in November 2009, and was selected for the Radar Hamburg Film Festival that same month in Hamburg, Germany.

Internews is an international media development organisation whose mission is to empower local media worldwide to give people the news and information they need, the ability to connect, and the means to make their voices heard.

Partner Text: 

Funding provided by the United Kingdom (UK) Department for International Development (DFID).

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Internews website on September 23 2009.

Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches

Author: 
Annalise Moser
October 1, 2007
Affiliation: 

UNIFEM

This United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) document focuses on specific thematic areas of good practice in the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and women's participation in peacebuilding. The study was developed as a background document to inform programming and advocacy within the context of UNIFEM programming, and builds on country-level visits conducted in early 2007. The programme is supported by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

 

The study looks at five areas of intervention:

Contact Information: 
http://www.comminit.com/files/thumb_WomensBuildingPeaceAndPreventingSexualViolence_eng.jpg

Urungano (Generation)

Urungano (Generation) is a youth radio programme, launched by Search for Common Ground (SFCG) in Rwanda in 2008, which is designed to give young people, especially girls, a platform to explore and dis

Communication Strategies: 

Each week, the hosts of the show conduct all the interviews as well as plan and lead the show. The girls typically begin their programme with a teenage chat and then work their way into discussions of such issues as underage marriage and child labour. Throughout the weekly programme, they move the conversation toward understanding how they, the next generation of Rwandan women, can empower themselves to build a better future. Designed to ensure that girls get their fair share of time on air, the team is designed to represent the diversity of youth in the capital, with a range of backgrounds and life experiences.

The first edition of Urungano focused on the subject of rural-urban migration. SFCG reports that Kigali is the world's fastest growing city and that the government is trying to remove its slums, while more and more people flood to the city. Rural-urban migration is therefore a subject about which people have an opinion. In addition to featuring the voices of youth from the countryside and the capital, the young journalists also interviewed a representative of the Ministry of Youth to ask him about the government's response to the situation. Between popular songs, sound clips, and jingles, the show also featured a studio discussion between two teenagers - one from the countryside and one from the city - who shared their perspectives on this trend and how it affects their lives.

The 2008 season ended with a 2-part series on the issue of street children. The segments looked at the realities of life on the street, including the challenges encountered during ordinary daily tasks like eating and sleeping. The coordinator of one of Kigali's centres for street children spoke on the show to share his perspectives on the realities faced by kids living on the streets. In the second programme, the young journalists spoke directly to former street children who are now living in rehabilitation and care centres. The programme highlighted services available to children looking to leave the streets, including education and housing. The kids interviewed told of their life in the streets, their battles with drug and alcohol abuse, and their lives away from family and friends. One former street child who has returned to his family told SFCG how proud he is that he left the streets.

In 2009, in commemoration of the genocide in Rwanda, Urungano focused on reconciliation. The reporters went into the countryside and found a mutual support group of genocide victims and perpetrators who, despite their tragic past of conflict, travel together from village to village to teach and model reconciliation. By selecting this topic, the girls sought to explain their vision of the Rwanda in which they want to live.

Urungano is broadcast on both Kigali's Contact FM and Radio Salus in Butare on Saturdays at 5pm (GMT+2), and can be heard online at the same time on the Contact FM website.

Development Issues: 

Youth

Key Points: 

SFCG uses media, including both radio and television, across its 19 programmes around the world, including in the Great Lakes region.

Partner Text: 

European Commission, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Search for Common Ground, Contact FM, Radio Salus

Source: 

SFCG website on April 21 2009; and "A Reminder of Radio's Power" [PDF], by Chris Plutte, The Philadelphia Enquirer, on April 21 2009 and May 11 2010.

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A collaboration between the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and The Communication Initiative. Offers a space to access and share knowledge (currently over 6500 knowledge items), as well as network around a wide range of development issues with a focus on media and communication for social change in Africa. Our current subscriber network consists of over 16,000 members. To join, click here. To discuss partnership please contact Anja

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This 33-page report shares the findings of key informant research in Zimbabwe conducted to inform a communication initiative to address young people's sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The research was undertaken with 10 key informants in 7 provinces by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication. It...

This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

This 53-page report discusses the findings of research conducted into sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among mobile populations in two of Zimbabwe's border areas, Chirundu and Beitbridge. Focus group discussions and in-depth key informant interviews were conducted by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development...

This 63-page report shares findings of a review commissioned to inform advocacy strategies around reducing unplanned teenage pregnancy and ensuring teenage mothers stay in and return to school. The report explores drivers of teenage pregnancy such as gendered norms, knowledge, access and use of contraceptives, as well as barriers and...

This 44-page Power Point presentation shares the experience of using community dialogues in Kwa Zulu Natal (KZN), South Africa to gather information to inform a women’s and child health advocacy, communication, and social mobilisation (ACSM) strategy and operational plan. The dialogues used participatory approaches to discuss issues such as low...

This 196-page report shares the findings of a nationally representative media survey conducted by Forcier Conulting for Internews in South Sudan. Approximately 3,300 individuals were surveyed across South Sudan's 10 states, along with 6 booster samples focusing on broadcast areas covered by five radio stations being managed by Internews, plus...

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Materials

This Sustainable Development 2015 Advocacy Toolkit is intended for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions, and individuals that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This is a training toolkit intended for training sessions with curriculum developers wanting to develop a country or context appropriate curriculum on sexuality and sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV, education for schools or other learning environments.

As stated in the toolkit, the training has two primary...

Published by the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University by invitation from Open Society Foundations (OSF), this resource guide "has been designed to be a user-friendly, multi-purpose tool in advocating for health and human rights." Now in its 5th edition, the guide is intended for "a wide array of users, including health...

This booklet aims to support traditional leaders in Southern Africa to increase knowledge and understanding around sexuality and sexual orientation among other leaders and members of their community. This is in order to promote a culture of tolerance and acceptance and help reduce the spread of HIV, stigma, and discrimination.

Published by InsightShare, this guide is designed to provide ideas and inspiration for organising community screenings as part of a participatory video process. It includes advice on planning and delivering an effective screening, practical suggestions for logistics and technical considerations, facilitator tips, checklists, and short case...

This Good Practice Guide discusses the rationale, principles, and elements of human rights-based HIV programming. It was produced to assist those working on HIV/AIDS and related issues to integrate human rights through all stages of the programming cycle, from design, development, and implementation through to monitoring and evaluation. It is...

The Digital Memory Toolkit is an introductory training manual offering information and guidance on setting up digital memory projects. These projects use digital technologies, such as the mobile phone, to record, collect, and share knowledge and histories, usually on the internet. This can include online community-run museums, community...

Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

This reference manual, which was developed jointly by SAfAIDS and Women'sNet, with support from Oxfam Canada, is designed to provide a step-by-step guide on using digital storytelling - which combines audio and visual images with a script or story - to document and communicate good practices.

This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

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Evaluations

This 39-page final report discusses the experience of the Radio Platform for Community Development (RPCD) project and the use of radio listening clubs to engage marginalised communities in development debates. Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), with funding from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa, supported 15 radio stations...

This 73-page final report describes the activities and learning from a Participatory Video for Monitoring and Evaluation capacity building (PV for M&E) initiative implemented by InsightShare with Population Council Guatemala and BRAC Uganda, funded by the Nike Foundation. This initiative combined participatory video with the Most...

This 88-page report shares findings of an evaluation of the second season of Ruka Juu (Jump Up), a television show produced by Femina HIP in Tanzania which was designed to inspire and inform youth to take up viable rural livelihood opportunities. Ruka Juu used a reality television competition format, and the second season focused on young...

"To evaluate the mobile phone intervention, a participatory evaluation method called Net-Map was used, an approach built on traditional social network analysis."

"Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

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This 22-page report shares the experience of the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) to use a "Safe Spaces" approach to build girls’ social assets in order to mitigate sexual and gender based violence (SGBV). The goal of the Girls’ Empowerment Clubs Plus (GEC-Plus) project was to prevent SGBV and improve reporting such cases among in-...

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This 16-page programme report shares insights from the assessment of a pilot project in Zambia to use a "Safe Spaces” approach to build girls' "social assets" to reduce their vulnerability to gender-based violence, unsafe sex, unwanted pregnancy, HIV infection, and early marriage.

This 57-page programme report shares the experience of using participatory video with farmers in six sub-Saharan countries - Angola, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, and Uganda. Five United Kingdom (UK)-based development agencies, with support from Comic Relief, partnered with local organisations to use participatory video to engage...

"What drives women to have pregnancies after the age of 35 or to have five or more children? Both of these pregnancies present high risks to both the mother and newborn....[L]ittle research has been conducted to understand the behavioral determinants driving these high-risk pregnancies."

This Gates Foundation-funded report by the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation aims to provide guidance for implementers of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programmes and researchers "in the design of innovative interventions to increase the uptake of MC" in 14 priority countries.

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Digital

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a radio service consisting of a quad bike with a speaker attached to it, that seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians...

Give Stigma the Index Finger project, running from 2011 to 2014 in Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Swaziland, aims to increase understanding of HIV stigma by empowering men and women living with HIV to take an active part in research and resulting advocacy on HIV stigma. There are various components to this project which include a stigma measurement...

This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICTS) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

Launched in 2011, the Mtandao wa Wanahabari Watoto Tanzania (Young Reporters' Network Tanzania) recruits and trains children in Tanzania to produce radio programmes exploring issues that are important to them and their peers, while also sharing their perspectives, hopes, and aspirations for the future. The project is designed to increase...

The Digital Memory Toolkit is an introductory training manual offering information and guidance on setting up digital memory projects. These projects use digital technologies, such as the mobile phone, to record, collect, and share knowledge and histories, usually on the internet. This can include online community-run museums, community...

To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

The One Touch Sexual and Reproductive Health Campaign seeks to generate and disseminate information on sexual and reproductive health as well as empower young people to protect themselves from HIV, by strengthening HIV knowledge and sexuality education in Zimbabwe. Using social media, mobile phones, and the internet the project is working to...

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Awards

Amateur and professional photographers around the world are invited to submit images of scenes and individuals around the world that reflect the tagline of international nonprofit organisation IREX: "Make a Better World". Photos should demonstrate one or more of 3 theme categories:

To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

The African Centre for Media Excellence (ACME) is inviting Ugandan journalists to apply for grants to support public affairs reporting "that require more than the regular newsroom facilitation to pull off".

Story proposals should fall under at least one of the following 12 priority areas:

  • Agriculture...
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The Africa Centre for Open Governance (AfriCOG) is offering qualified journalists in Kenya an opportunity for financial, logistical, and advisory support to focus on an investigative story about governance and anti-corruption reform in the management of the country’s public and economic affairs.

The 2014 CNN MultiChoice African Journalist Competition "encourages, promotes, and recognises excellence in African journalism" across all media disciplines. Launched in 1998, the award seeks to build recognition for the importance of journalism on the continent. Finalists in the 2014 competition will participate in a finalists’ programme that...

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Amarc Europe Women Network, Search for Common Ground, and Elenos are sponsoring a contest to promote women in media and to empower community radio broadcasters in Africa. The Women Radio Training Network, an e-learning platform, will then teach technical skills and best practices to female professionals who can then pass on their knowledge to...

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The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) invite entries for the 5th WASH Media Awards.

International Peace Pals invites children throughout the world between the ages of 5 and 16 to participate in The Annual International Peace Pals Art Competition and Exhibition. Entries are divided into four age categories for the awarding of prizes: 5-7 years, 8-10 years, 11-13 years, and 14-16 years of age.

African Climate Change and Reporting Awards

The African Climate Change and Reporting Awards (ACCER) honour journalists whose work has enhanced access to information about climate change. An initiative of The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance and partners, this is the second edition of the awards. Each winner will receive a certificate and US$1,000. Three journalists will take home...

This contest, organised by Hala Nigeria, seeks to reward "compelling stories that use traditional and/or digital tools to engage citizens on health topics that matter to them. The goal is to spur quality journalism, creative presentation, citizen engagement, and sharing of information." Individual winners will receive cash prizes of up to $1,...

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Print

This Sustainable Development 2015 Advocacy Toolkit is intended for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions, and individuals that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Wize up is an ongoing youth campaign in Namibia that seeks to increase young people’s knowledge around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) as well as their access to services, thereby reducing early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, and increasing use of condoms as a dual protection for both HIV and pregnancy prevention. Led by Desert Soul Health...

This booklet aims to support traditional leaders in Southern Africa to increase knowledge and understanding around sexuality and sexual orientation among other leaders and members of their community. This is in order to promote a culture of tolerance and acceptance and help reduce the spread of HIV, stigma, and discrimination.

This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

"Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

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Radio

This Sustainable Development 2015 Advocacy Toolkit is intended for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions, and individuals that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Produced by Internews Humanitarian Information Service in South Sudan, Boda Boda Talk Talk (BBTT) is a radio service consisting of a quad bike with a speaker attached to it, that seeks to provide life-saving and life-enhancing information to people displaced at two of the United Nations Missions in Sudan South (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians...

Wize up is an ongoing youth campaign in Namibia that seeks to increase young people’s knowledge around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) as well as their access to services, thereby reducing early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, and increasing use of condoms as a dual protection for both HIV and pregnancy prevention. Led by Desert Soul Health...

Launched in November 2013, Tafigawalo (Working Towards Change) is a 78-episode serial radio drama designed to raise awareness and dialogue around HIV/AIDS, adolescent reproductive health, girls’ education, and gender-based violence in Nigeria. It was produced by Population Media Center (PMC), with support from the MacArthur Foundation, Ford...

Launched in 2011, the Mtandao wa Wanahabari Watoto Tanzania (Young Reporters' Network Tanzania) recruits and trains children in Tanzania to produce radio programmes exploring issues that are important to them and their peers, while also sharing their perspectives, hopes, and aspirations for the future. The project is designed to increase...

This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

This 39-page final report discusses the experience of the Radio Platform for Community Development (RPCD) project and the use of radio listening clubs to engage marginalised communities in development debates. Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), with funding from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa, supported 15 radio stations...

Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

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Television

This Sustainable Development 2015 Advocacy Toolkit is intended for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions, and individuals that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Broadcasting from January 2014, this 13-episode television talk show aimed to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in Swaziland with information related to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) , HIV and AIDS, and life skills, tackling issues such as condom use, inter-generational sex, multiple concurrent partnerships, and parent-...

This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

This 88-page report shares findings of an evaluation of the second season of Ruka Juu (Jump Up), a television show produced by Femina HIP in Tanzania which was designed to inspire and inform youth to take up viable rural livelihood opportunities. Ruka Juu used a reality television competition format, and the second season focused on young...

The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

Running from February 2014 to May 2014, Wize Up was an urban-based youth television talk show, supported by social media and a radio programme in Malawi. The talk show was designed to communicate information and encourage discussion around young people’s sexual and reproductive health and was broadcast on the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation....

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