soul city
Thanks to our Partner The Soul City Institute for supporting this space and the overall Soul Beat Africa process. Editorial decisions are by The CI. If interested in a theme site for your priority please email Warren

Community Information Boards (CIB)

In 2007, the Government of Nigeria with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), developed the concept of a Community Information Board (CIB). The board is designed to capture basic social and development data that communities could use to track the health and well-being of their children, as well as drive community dialogues, collective decision-making, and communal action to realise the rights of women and children.

Communication Strategies: 

The Community Information Board is designed to capture basic social and development data in the community for tracking the situation of children and women, and to provide the focus for community and peer-group dialogues, local theatre and house-to-house counselling that lead to concrete actions that improve services for and the rights status of children, women, and families. As a community tool, it requires the participation of every segment and group in all stages of its use. The principal moderators of the Board are the traditional leader, the community or village development committee, and the recorder. The audience is the entire community — women, youths, children and men. The board is intended to complement existing community engagement processes such as community dialogues and community theatre.

The boards track 16 indicators on a quarterly basis. These indicators track births and child mortality, immunisations, child health and development, school enrolment, use of bed nets, water and sanitation, and maternal health. Each indicator is recorded on the information board, which is placed in a prominent position within villages, and updated quarterly by a recorder who is generally an assigned member of the community development association. The recorders, several of whom are women, use information from daily and weekly entries in community information notebooks to update the boards. Each recorder has a community information notebook or register into which s/he enters information on each indicator when it is collected. At the end of each quarter the information in the notebook is collated and entered on the Community Information Board.

Information is kept on the CIB for one year when it is ‘archived’ or held in a secure place within the community. Recording of information then begins afresh on the wiped board at the start of another year. The traditional leader and the village/community development committee are principally responsible for maintaining the CIBs and ensuring the involvement of all sections of the community. All groups have a chance to participate in responding to issues that arise from a common analysis of the implications of information on the board and in agreeing ways to address problems and move forward within the community. Participation takes place through one or more local level communication forums such as community and peer group dialogues, local theatre, and home counselling.

According to UNICEF, the CIBs were developed through a process of pre-testing with community leaders and different groups (including women and youth) until it was deemed user-friendly. Boards were then produced for 222 focus communities. Guidelines for use of the boards and a training guide were developed with community leaders and resource persons, with technical support from government officials, academics, and UNICEF staff.

Using a two-tier ‘cascade’ process, UNICEF organised training for recorders and members of the community development committees. First, university lecturers from across the country, together with staff from UNICEF’s non-governmental organisation (NGO) partners, participated in national level training of trainers (TOT) workshops. Following that, training of trainers (TOT) participants, equipped with new levels of confidence, knowledge, and skills, returned home to train local people on the selected indicators. UNICEF also helped to develop a Training Guide to be used primarily by NGOs as a resource for training and monitoring processes within communities.

Organisers say that by the end of 2008, 25 NGOs, government experts, and academics had trained 291 community focal persons and over 3000 members of community development committees on how to consolidate data from local records, update the boards, provide feedback to community members, and moderate community dialogue sessions. In addition, 138 communities in 21 states had updated their Community Information Boards and were using them to monitor indicators of child survival and development in their communities.

Development Issues: 

Children, Women, Health, Maternal Health, Immunisation, Malaria

Key Points: 

According to organisers, the boards have been successfully adopted in over 60% of the focus communities. Evidence suggests that analysis and discussion of information on the boards contributes to:

  • increasing the focus on the day-to-day well-being of women and children, and recognition of their rights;
  • stimulating communities to discuss the best way of addressing issues on the board;
  • encouraging communities to track information on their own development;
  • creating a common understanding of development problems; and
  • acting as a catalyst for local assessment, planning, and implementation of action plans, thereby building local ownership of services and programmes.

According to UNICEF, the Boards have exposed communities to an organised and standard method of data collection in the community, and communities have learned to interpret data and understand their usefulness. The Boards have also forged a link between data, dialogue, and knowledge of key household practices. Some community leaders confessed that they had never taken the key household practices or record-keeping seriously and were only just beginning to put these into practice now that they have a better understanding of their benefits. In addition, the process has enabled communities to appreciate the need to initiate, own and control the process of development in their localities rather than yielding to the dominant culture of relying on interventions from outside.

The following are some of the lessons learned from the project:

  • Maintaining communities’ interest in dialoguing on issues related to the well being of children and their families requires that those issues are kept firmly at the forefront of public attention and on the community’s own development agenda.
  • The leadership and support provided by traditional leaders and community development committees is vital to the successful use of the Community Information Boards.
  • Using women as Recorders increased openness, encouraged greater cooperation amongst households, and increased their willingness to provide data to the Board.
  • Providing communities with incentives for maintaining CIBs to a high standard, such as letters of commendation, should be considered.

UNICEF is planning to scale up the initiative. They say that over 80% of all communities in the country could be reached by 2012 if the capacity of staff from universities with outreach programmes and national and local NGOs is developed.

Partner Text: 

UNICEF, Nigerian Ministry of Information, Department of Information

Source: 

UNICEF website on October 29 2010.

Strengthening Community and Health Systems for Quality PMTCT: Applications in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Ethiopia

Publication Date
May 1, 2013
Affiliation: 

Pathfinder

This 12-page report by Pathfinder discusses experiences as well as recommendations based on programmes for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. According to the report, barriers to implementing programmes for PMTCT in resource-limited settings fall into common biomedical, behavioral, and structural categories.

pmtcsystems.jpg
Contact Information: 
Source: 

Pathfinder website on July 7 2013.

My Gorilla - My Community

The My Gorilla – My Community project is working to develop and implement a comprehensive communications for behaviour change programme to cultivate a community more sympathetic to science-based conservation efforts, and creating a favourable environment for endangered Cross River gorillas in order to avoid extinction. The project is working with local partners to produce a radio drama, host post-broadcast discussions, along with other mentoring and awareness raising activities.

Communication Strategies: 

According to PCI Media Impact, Cross River gorillas have little chance of long-term conservation success without local community protection and support, and the only way to win that support is through communications messaging, and supporting campaigns that educate and change the attitudes and behaviours of populations who are in direct contact with these gorillas.

The overall objectives for My Gorilla – My Community are to:

  • develop the capacity of WCS and local organisations in Nigeria and Cameroon to better use communications to effectively enhance community protection activities and motivate long-term social change in favour of Cross River gorillas;
  • build a community of coalitions of well-informed constituents who understand and support protection of the Cross River gorilla; and
  • change attitudes and behaviours related to Cross River gorillas and heighten awareness of the threats to their long-term survival.

Through training and mentorship, the project is equipping Wildlife Conservation Society in Nigeria and Cameroon with the tools to use social marketing approaches to educate, shape attitudes, and catalyze sustainable behaviour change. Since launching the project, Media Impact has developed a cross border coalition with WCS-Nigeria, WCS – Cameroon, local and national stakeholders, scientists, and broadcast teams that are spearheading awareness-building the communication for development work. Together, the team identified and trained local scriptwriters and held focus groups to uncover culturally relevant stories that writers drew upon for a radio drama.

The radio drama will begin airing in July 2013, and coalition broadcast partners will hold radio call-in shows following every broadcast, providing listeners with a forum to share opinions and lessons learned. The radio drama, called Linda’s Joint, centres on a remote village in the highlands along the Nigeria and Cameroon border, torn apart over plans to pull down the community forest to build a palm plantation. In the drama, hunters become farmers; village leaders fall under the spells of love, money, power, and palm wine; and a little girl’s determination to save a baby gorilla from a hunter transforms the King of Hunters into a Gorilla Guardian. Corruption, arrests, betrayal, and violence befall the village as it comes to grips with the dangers of illicit hunting and deforestation and learns how to survive without destroying its natural resources.

Development Issues: 

Environment

Key Points: 

According to My Gorilla - My Community, hunting and habitat loss are the gorillas biggest barriers to survival: the number of mature Cross River gorillas is estimated at fewer than 200, and the total population is estimated at fewer than 300. This primate is the most endangered African ape and among the world's 25 most endangered primate species.

Partner Text: 

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), PCI Media Impact, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation

Contact Information: 
Source: 

PCI Media Impact on May 24 2013.

GenARDIS 2002 - 2010: Small Grants that Made Big Changes for Women in Agriculture

Author: 
Jennifer Radloff
Helen Hambly Odame
Sonia Jorge
Publication Date
September 1, 2010
Affiliation: 

Association for Progressive Communications (Radloff), University of Guelph (Hambly Odame)

This document discusses the work of the Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in the Information Society (GenARDIS) small grants fund, which was initiated in 2002 to support work on gender-related issues in information and communications technologies (ICTs) for the African, Caribbean, and Pacific regions. The small grants fund was disbursed to diverse projects in order to counter barriers to women living in rural areas. This document records the process and results, and is intended to contribute to more gender-aware ICT policy advocacy.

Source: 

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website, February 16 2011 and March 30 2012.

http://www.comminit.com/files/Genardis_EN_cover.feature.jpg

Health Communication: Polio Lessons

Subtitle: 
Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1
Publication Date
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
  • http://www.comminit.com/files/JOHCPolioSuppCover.gif

    Understanding Community-Based Information Systems in the Millennium Villages

    Publication Date
    December 1, 2009

    This website from newmediadev2009 was a project of a 2009 research seminar developed and taught by Professor Anne Nelson at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) in New York, the United States (US).

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Email from Anne Nelson to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/pill.jpg

    Majalisar Mata Manoma

    Initiated in 2009, Majalisar Mata Manoma was a project that involved creating spaces for women farmers in the rural community of Gwagwada, Nigeria, to meet and engage with radio.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Prior to commencement of the project, ARDA carried out a baseline study to identify the needs of the beneficiaries and to draw out issues to be addressed by the radio programme. The baseline was also used to determine the appropriateness of local theatre as a development tool.

    According to ARDA, the participation of two key male figures - a community elder and a school teacher - helped curtail possible opposition from the spouses of participating women. In addition, previous preparation, including work using theatre for development with men and women in the community, helped the women's husbands accept their participation. However, mobilising the women was still a challenge, as their heavy daily workload made listener group activities a secondary priority.

    The project also addressed the issue of unequal workloads between women and men in the community. According to ADRA, the workload for young girls and women is disproportionately heavier than that of their male counterparts. An activity that requested participants to chart the daily diaries of the opposite sex helped build awareness around this problem for community members, while focus group discussions explored the significance of this issue. The theatre for development skits also portrayed this topic.

    Broadcast live, the 30-minute radio programmes included music, a talk-show with an expert guest, phone-ins, and inserts recorded by the listeners' club members. These inserts consisted of discussions, songs, and opinions. The women involved in the project provided a priority list of issues they wanted the radio programmes to address. To deal with these identified issues, the programme relied on scripts downloaded from the Farm Radio International website.

    As part of the project, the listeners' club was given a mobile phone to allow the women to engage with the radio programmes. According to the organisers, this strategy was necessary because women generally have less access to mobile technology due to gender inequalities in the community and lack of income. Members were trained to use the phone to make and receive calls and text messages. The women have also started using the phone to generate income for the club.

    To read more about the programme, visit the listeners' club blog.

    Development Issues: 

    Gender, Agriculture

    Key Points: 

    According to ARDA, the women in the club are increasingly willing and able to organise themselves with less effort on ARDA's part. They ask more questions about issues to be addressed on the programmes and are generally much more vocal in discussions. The club has also recently evolved into a formal association to be used as a vocational group, development group, or farmers' cooperative.

    Partner Text: 

    African Radio Drama Association (ARDA) and Gender and Agriculture in the Information Society (GenARDIS).

    See video
    Source: 

    GenARDIS website on March 10 2010; and "Rural Nigeria: Radio and Mobile Phones Change Women's Lives", on the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website and listeners' club blog - both accessed on December 13 2010.

    Rural Internet Kiosks Project

    Rural Internet Kiosks (RIK) is a Kenyan-based organisation that manufactures and distributes movable, recyclable, cost-effective kiosks that operate with satellite connectivity and solar energy to ena

    Communication Strategies: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks produces kiosks that are independent, freestanding booths functioning on solar power and other forms of renewable energy. Each kiosk houses 3 energy-efficient personal computers. The kiosks are modelled on user-friendly software and hardware and are manufactured and assembled in a "knock-down" format, enabling them to be easily transported and set up in even very rugged regions.

    The kiosks have been designed to give access to all users, including children and the disabled. According to RIK, they are also working on ways to use portable USB pen screen readers and accessible websites, which will help the visually impaired access information. Screen readers could also help people who can understand, but not necessarily read, English.

    The kiosks are designed to promote entrepreneurship and electronic service delivery within rural and urban settings and, in turn, facilitate e-commerce, e-education, e-health, and e-governance. The organisers say that the kiosks have helped farmers obtain regular updates on weather patterns and produce prices, thereby expanding their revenue. Business start-ups have been able to exploit digital multimedia advertising. The internet kiosks are helping government agencies to create awareness concerning health and environment and reach out to local communities. Through the use of multimedia information outlets, communities can also access information about infectious diseases such as malaria, polio, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. The kiosks also create platforms for the promotion of tele-medicine, which is still in its infancy in most African countries.

    The kiosks use the open-source Ubuntu Linux operating system, as well as other open-source software. This virtualisation technology allows up to 10 uses to share a single personal computer (PC).

    Development Issues: 

    Information and Communication Technology, Economic Development, Agriculture.

    Key Points: 

    The RIK project was developed by Jitu Patani, also project manager at Rural Internet Kiosk, who has a vision of bridging the digital divide by providing the last mile access to rural or remote communities. RIK is working to help Africa move towards the Millennium Development Goal of Bridging the Digital Divide by year 2015.

    Partner Text: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks, InterSat, and Userful.

    See video
    Source: 

    eLearning Africa website on February 5 2010.

    Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI)

    The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project is an endeavour to identify which interventions of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) are most effective and have the biggest impact. Through capacity building and communication, the MLE project is working to promote evidence-based decisionmaking in the design of integrated family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH) interventions that serve the urban economically poor in India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal.

    Communication Strategies: 

    MLE's communication strategy is built on collaboration with the country consortia (CCs) that are implementing URHI programmes in Uttar Pradesh, India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. According to organisers, this collaboration is essential in ensuring that the country programme activities are rigorously monitored and evaluated, that high-quality data are collected, and that the results of the impact analysis are used by the country consortia (CCs) to inform programme activities as well as disseminated nationally, regionally, and globally in an effort to promote and scale-up promising FP/RH practices.

    The MLE project has developed a standard set of instruments and indicators for use at the individual, household, and facility levels, which will be reviewed by each CC and adapted to the local context. This core set of indicators is designed to allow for cross-country comparative analysis, while the adaptation provides opportunities to examine specific issues of interest for each country.

    Through a quasi-experimental study design, MLE will evaluate the URHI interventions, which are developed around the following objectives:

    • To develop cost-effective interventions for integrating quality FP with maternal and child health services;
    • To improve the quality of FP services for the urban economically poor with emphasis on high-volume clinical settings;
    • To test innovative private-sector approaches to increase access to and use of FP by the urban economically poor;
    • To develop interventions for creating demand for and sustaining use of contraceptives; and
    • To increase funding and financial mechanisms and a supportive policy environment for ensuring success to FP supplies and services for the urban economically poor.

    From January through December 2009, MLE in partnership with the CC in India: created an in-country advisory board; conducted a baseline key stakeholder interviews; initiated a capacity assessment with the in-country research partner; trained data collection research assistants; pretested the baseline survey instruments; and began data collection. The baseline data collection activities are, as of January 2010, underway in India.

    In an effort to build in-country capacity to undertake rigorous measurement and evaluation of population, FP, and integrated reproductive health programmes, MLE offered a six-hour M&E "101" Short Course for Beginners as part of the International Conference on Urban Health in October 2009. The course consisted of two sessions and covered: an introduction to M&E; uses of data; conceptual frameworks and logic models; development of indicators; data sources; and evaluation research, including descriptions of study designs and how to select the best design for a specific study.

    From MLE's perspective, to revitalise global interest and funding for a new era in the promotion of FP/RH services, robust evidence-based strategies must demonstrate research-driven best practices, and this research must be disseminated widely. Successful local, national, regional, and global dissemination and use of the programme results depend on many factors, including the collaborative relationships among the MLE project and the CCs and the engagement of key stakeholders to improve policymaking and funding allocations at all levels. The MLE website is one way in which organisers are building those relationships and sharing information.

    A variety of resources are offered on the website, such as links to presentations given by MLE partners and colleagues at various venues that highlight findings from the MLE project, its evaluation of the URHI, and other project-related insights and lessons learned, including a series of 6 stories written to personalise the RH barriers and challenges that women and men face living in urban slums. One may also find upcoming regional and global events that MLE partners and others from the broader urban RH community have submitted to the website. Similarly, as part of its larger aim of raising awareness of the importance for M&E (beyond URHI) and building M&E capacity, one page on the site offers recommended tools and resources to assist in incorporating M&E into public health programmes.

    Development Issues: 

    Reproductive Health, Population, Maternal and Child Health.

    Key Points: 

    According to the United Nations, urban populations in Asia and Africa are expected to double between 2000 and 2030.(1) One in three urban residents lives in slums,(2) often beyond the reach of health services that address maternal and infant morbidity and mortality, including FP. CC interventions are developed around the understanding that the unique nature of urban poverty requires inclusive interventions and strategies that transform the challenges of urban slums into opportunities. The MLE project will determine if the country consortia has indeed managed to expand the reach and quality of integrated FP programmes and maternal and child health services in their respective urban project cities in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality and improve the lives of economically poor urban residents.

     

    It has been argued that too few impact evaluations have been carried out; and, when they have, they frequently do not use rigorous methods, resulting in information that is misleading or of little use.(3) A dearth of rigorous impact evaluation studies leave decisionmakers with good intentions and ideas but little real evidence of how to spend scarce resources. The MLE project is based on the conviction that better coordination of impact evaluations across countries and institutions around common thematic areas can improve the ability to generalise findings.

     

     

    (1) United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision (New York: United Nations Population Division, 2008).
    (2) United Nations, The State of World Population 1996 (New York: United Nations Population Division).
    (3) William D. Savedoff, Ruth Levine, and Nancy Birdsall. (2006). When Will We Ever Learn? Improving Lives through Impact Evaluation. Report of the Evaluation Gap Working Group. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development.

    Partner Text: 

    University of North Carolina's Carolina Population Center, in collaboration with Africa Population and Health Research Center, International Center for Research on Women, and Population Reference Bureau.

    Source: 

    MLE website, January 14 2010, and email from Libby Bixby Skolnik to The Communication Initiative on November 12 2014.

    Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector (COMPASS) Project

    Funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector Project (COMPASS) aims to reach approximately 23 million Nigerians in 51 Local Government Areas (LGAs) through community-led health and education initiatives.

    Communication Strategies: 

    COMPASS draws on a number of communication strategies, as illustrated through the examples below. The main goal is to promote a sense of ownership whereby community members take responsibility for their own community's development.

    Improving quality of basic education: COMPASS has introduced a number of interventions aimed at improving students' skills in math and literacy and increasing primary school retention and girls' enrollment. Carried out in both public and Islamiyya (religious) schools in Kano, Nassarawa, and Lagos atates, activities focus on teacher performance, community support, and integration of health and education, and are designed to:

    • Promote the teaching of math and reading through Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI);
    • Train teachers in teaching methods that are girl-friendly and encourage student participation;
    • Empower Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs) and community members to improve classrooms and school grounds to make them cleaner, safer, and more conducive to learning;
    • Strengthen parent-school relationships by providing PTAs with technical and financial support;
    • Promote and adopt school-based health and nutrition initiatives; and
    • Strengthen the teaching capacity of colleges of education and universities to improve the quality of education in primary schools.


    Promoting FP and quality RH: COMPASS works with local governments, health care providers, and communities to address safe motherhood, FP, postabortion care, HIV/AIDS, youth-friendly services (using culturally sensitive approaches), men's roles in RH (including men in RH discussions and encouraging their participation in decisions involving their partner's RH), and gender-based violence (or, GBV, emphasising community commitment to address GBV and working with health facility staff to recognise it as a health problem affecting women's RH outcomes).

    Improving child health and nutrition: By working with community-based and facility-based health providers and advocating for under-5 child health policies at national and state levels, COMPASS supports child survival activities in 37 LGAs in Kano, Lagos, and Nasarawa states. These interventions address the following components:

    • Malaria (e.g., training local Patent Medicine Vendors, advocating for the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), and organising outreach events to educate communities);
    • Nutrition (e.g., promoting exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, and Vitamin A supplementation during National Immunisation Days (NIDs) organised by the Federal Ministry of Health);
    • Immunisation (e.g. providing programme assistance with routine and supplementary immunisation in national training and social mobilisation working groups and monitoring and supporting NID activities); and
    • Diarrhoeal diseases, acute respiratory infections, newborn care (e.g., strengthening the home-based skills of community health promoters through refresher trainings and promoting messages on healthy household practices).


    Mobilising communities: COMPASS seeks to create an environment in which all Nigerians are involved in learning, planning, and taking action to improve health and education in their communities. COMPASS uses 2 conceptual frameworks based on participatory problem solving approaches: 1) Community Action Cycle (CAC) - encourages community members to work together to identify priority problems in their communities, define and identify solutions, and take action to improve the situation. The process also includes reviewing progress made in order to adjust strategies and/or address new problems. 2) Partnership Defined Quality (PDQ) - involves service providers and community members working on specific quality issues at the health facility or school level. Through these processes, COMPASS has been mobilising community members to establish 2 key community-based structures to facilitate participation: quality improvement teams and community coalitions. For instance, through the CAC process, community coalitions develop action plans; COMPASS provides technical assistance and guides the community coalitions in identifying strategies for implementing their action plans.

    Contributing to polio eradication: COMPASS strengthens polio immunisation activities in the Federal Capital Territory and 10 other states through: micro-planning and operational preparedness (e.g., participating in advocacy meetings), supervision and monitoring systems (e.g. developing community maps), community and social mobilisation (e.g. exploring with communities and providers ways to recognise and build upon achievements), training, information collection and use, and rehabilitation of polio victims (e.g. helping them develop appropriate skills and knowledge for self-sufficiency and independence).

    Advocating for improved social services and creating, supporting, and publicising policies that lead to better health and education: COMPASS works at state, district, and community levels to strengthen capacity for legislative action, increase awareness of policies that have been enacted to address social issues, advocate for leadership action in response to challenges, and promote community participation in using and providing services. One example of a relevant activity is building the capacity of local media outlets to support dissemination of policies and advocate for improved services in their area of coverage.

    Building the capacity of Nigerian non-governmental organisations (NGOs): In an effort to enable NGOs to contribute to the development of their country and successfully oversee community-based interventions in education, child health, and RH, COMPASS provides the tools and technical assistance they need to successfully develop work plans, raise funds, manage resources, and implement activities.

    Forging alliances between the public and private sectors: COMPASS begins by sensitising organisations, businesses, and individuals on the needs of the community. Once challenges are identified, groups are encouraged to support COMPASS initiatives through cost-sharing efforts such as donating needed goods and services. COMPASS also conducts advocacy visits to corporate organisations, influential individuals, and members of market and transport unions to leverage additional resources.

    For further details on all these activities and strategies, as well as access to a variety of COMPASS materials (e.g., posters) and success stories, visit the COMPASS website.

    Development Issues: 

    Children, Education, Health, Reproductive Health, Gender.

    Partner Text: 

    USAID, Federal Government of Nigeria. The 9-partner COMPASS team includes: Pathfinder International, Management Sciences for Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Federation of Muslim Women's Associations of Nigeria (FOMWAN), Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Civil Society Action Coalition on Education For All (CSACEFA), Creative Associates International, Inc. (CAII), Adolescent Health Information Project (AHIP), Futures Group.

    Source: 

    COMPASS website, accessed January 13 2010.

    Soul Beat Africa

    A collaboration between the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and The Communication Initiative. Offers a space to access and share knowledge (currently over 6500 knowledge items), as well as network around a wide range of development issues with a focus on media and communication for social change in Africa. Our current subscriber network consists of over 16,000 members. To join, click here. To discuss partnership please contact Anja

    Syndicate content

    Featured

    "Our vision is for all African children to have enough stories in a language familiar to them to practise reading and learn to love reading."  South African Institute for Distance Education (SAIDE)

    This 143-page report discusses findings from a survey to evaluate health behaviour change communication interventions supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Uganda, under the AFFORD/Uganda Health Marketing Group together with other implementing partners in Uganda. The survey particularly focused on...

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Syndicate content

    Experiences

    Since 20014, the Agritools multi-media project is providing an online platform to document and better understand the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the field of agriculture, fisheries, and livestock. The platform was created in order to provide a forum to exchange information, ideas, and resources related to the use...

    Launched in Ghana in January 2013, No Yawa is a youth project developed by Marie Stopes International Ghana (MSIG), DKT International, and the Grameen Foundation that links sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and behaviour change communication to the provision of youth friendly SRH services. No Yawa seeks to improve knowledge and...

    "Our vision is for all African children to have enough stories in a language familiar to them to practise reading and learn to love reading."  South African Institute for Distance Education (SAIDE)

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Launched in 2015, Internews is implementing a 5-year project to assemble a global network of collaborators to: increase women’s leadership in the media and information communications technology fields; improve the quality and coverage of information on women's issues; and ensure safe access to information and the internet for women and girls....

    Launched in 2014, Mpa, Mpa Nkuwe (Give Me and I Will Give You) is a communications programme in Uganda to share conservation and development messages through alternative media, such as talk shows, music videos, and comic strips. The first activity in the programme was the production of Imagine Bwindi, a music and video project to celebrate the...

    Launched in April 2013, Le Journal Rappé is a weekly Senegalese video show in which two rappers (Cheikh 'Keyti' Sene and Makhtar 'Xuman' Fall) present the news in a rhyming rap format. Created to provide an alternative source of media, particularly for young people in Senegal, the series is designed to offer the news in a different format while...

    Since 2012, Fahamu has been working with communities in Kenya to engage in participatory budgeting processes to help guide and direct public spending. Working with local government representatives, community activists, and existing social movements, citizens collectively identify priorities and make decisions about public monies. The projects...

    The Anti-corruption Caravan is a mobile, citizen-led campaign traveling through Uganda to raise awareness, encourage dialogue, and improve accountability to fight corruption. Led by ActionAid with the support of the Democratic Governance Facility (DGF), the caravan moves from district to district hosting events where people are invited to...

    Running from 2012 to 2014, the Radio for Resilience project was designed to to empower individuals and communities in Tanzania to adapt to changing weather patterns and improve resilience, as well as improve local government accountability towards helping communities to do this. The project included a radio magazine and discussion programme...

    Syndicate content

    Strategic Thinking

    Accountability Tanzania (AcT) partners tend to use mass media extensively to enhance their interventions in governance, social, economic as well as environmental issues. Many of these CSOs have significant budgets to support the engagement of media (print, TV and radio, social) in furthering their objectives. Nonetheless, little is...

    Findings suggested that truckers and female sex workers who effectively use condoms and regularly check their HIV status were motivated by a responsibility to their families, as well as their personal safety.

    "The impact of this campaign demonstrated that IMC can be successfully applied to health products, services and behaviours when promoted within a private sector development approach. Demand-side interventions should be a primary component of an intervention to introduce mRDTs [malaria rapid diagnostic tests] in the private sector in order to...

    "At the individual level, youth lack access to appropriate SRH [sexual and reproductive health] information and confidential, low-cost, and stigma-free SRH services. Institutional responses are hampered by sociocultural sensitivities to youth premarital sexual activity, inadequate provision of sexuality education, and limited geographic and...

    This 143-page report discusses findings from a survey to evaluate health behaviour change communication interventions supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Uganda, under the AFFORD/Uganda Health Marketing Group together with other implementing partners in Uganda. The survey particularly focused on...

    "The study reveals that for both Malawi and Tanzania, there is clear demand for climate information services via radio and mobile phone. Both radio and mobile phones are in common use, and are rated by farmers and pastoralists to have great potential as effective and trusted channels where they can access various climate information services...

     

    "Programmes that promote handwashing are diverse and vary in scope. The content of this module is designed to be adapted to a variety of programmes."

    This handwashing promotion evaluation guide is designed to explain planning and implementing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for handwashing promotion programmes. The...

    This hygiene advocacy toolkit is an evidence-based resource that outlines why hygiene must be a priority in the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda and goals (SDGs). It was developed by the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW), in cooperation with the UNICEF/World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)...

    This World Health Organization (WHO) document updates the 2003 "Working with individuals, families and communities to improve maternal and newborn health", or "Individuals, Families and Communities (IFC) Framework", in the areas of evidence for key interventions and for community participation.

    "Niambie (Tell Me), a new radio programme in Tanzania, seeks to increase young people’s civic and political engagement. Formative and baseline research reveals that young people are deeply frustrated by what they perceive as obstacles to achieving their aspirations, such as a weak education system and a lack of employment opportunities."...

    Syndicate content

    Materials

    This Ebola Communication Preparedness Implementation Kit (I-Kit) is designed to provide national and local stakeholders, as well as programme managers, with "key considerations and a roadmap for instituting and implementing critical, relevant, practical and timely communication for responding to the threat of an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)...

    This toolkit provides practical tools and resources to facilitate the use of multi-stakeholder, citizen-led dialogue processes to promote socio-political change. The proposed methodology is based on observations at several local dialogue processes initiated by civil society around crucial challenges experienced in their communities. The input...

    Based on lessons learned from media coverage of the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, this guide was produced to help journalists and the media industry to "deliver a more public-interest oriented service geared towards combating the spread of the disease." According to the guide, the quick spread of Ebola, as well as the prevalence of other...

    This hygiene advocacy toolkit is an evidence-based resource that outlines why hygiene must be a priority in the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda and goals (SDGs). It was developed by the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW), in cooperation with the UNICEF/World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)...

    This training manual was produced to help build the capacity of village health teams (VHTs) in Uganda to promote healthy practices before, during, and after childbirth and to monitor maternal health care–seeking and pregnancy outcomes in their communities. The manual outlines training approaches and activities, and provides background...

    Published by Integrated Communications Worldwide Events (ICWE), the 2015 eLearning Africa Report "provides a comprehensive overview of the impact technology is having on education and development throughout the continent." According to the editor, "as technology continues to drive development in Africa and fuel the economic growth of economies...

    "A situation analysis or environmental analysis is the fundamental first step in the social and behavior change communication change (SBCC) process."

    "An audience analysis is a process used to identify and understand the priority and influencing audiences for a SBCC [social and behaviour change communication] strategy. The priority and influencing audiences are those people whose behavior must change in order to improve the health situation."

    "Audience segmentation is a key activity within an audience analysis. It is the process of dividing a large audience into smaller groups of people - or segments - who have similar needs, values or characteristics. Segmentation recognizes that different groups will respond differently to social and behavior change communication (SBCC) messages...

    "Pretesting is the process of bringing together members of the priority audience to react to the components of a communication campaign before they are produced in final form. Pre-testing measures the reaction of the selected group of individuals and helps determine whether the priority audience will find the components - usually draft...

    Syndicate content

    Evaluations

    This 8-page research brief discusses the challenges of poor sanitation and hygiene in rural Tanzania, provides an overview of two large-scale campaigns that sought to address these problems, and shares key results of an evaluation to assess the impact of these two campaigns. The campaigns - the Handwashing with Soap programme and the Rural...

    Participants in post-broadcast focus groups reported "...that the drama series brought about a new level of consciousness about their personal risk to HIV, in part due to an increased sense of awareness or even suspicion of their sexual partners..." and that the series "sparked a considerable degree of meaningful self-reported behaviour...

    "...the widespread penetration and use of phones in Somalia meant that it was appropriate for reaching hard-to-reach communities and represented a relevant mechanism to deliver health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) information."

    "The radio magazine and discussion programme Nyakati Zinabadilika (Times are Changing) aimed to empower individuals and communities to adapt to changing weather patterns. Research suggests that the programme helped people to address climate-related issues in three main ways. First, it improved skills, confidence and motivation. Second, it...

    "People who listened to a radio drama and magazine programme about child health and nutrition in Somaliland knew more than non-listeners about how to prevent and treat children’s illnesses, and practised what they learned."

    This 41-page research report discusses how debates between candidates during elections affect voting behaviours, based on research conducted in Sierra Leone during the 2012 Parliamentary elections. Researchers collaborated with Search for Common Ground to host, film, and screen structured inter-party debates. Debates were held in 14 competitive...

    This project "has created a radio-based knowledge exchange platform with radio programming that will ultimately help strengthen the science-policy–practice dialogue involving several stakeholders, among which are local communities."

    Syndicate content

    Digital

    Since 20014, the Agritools multi-media project is providing an online platform to document and better understand the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the field of agriculture, fisheries, and livestock. The platform was created in order to provide a forum to exchange information, ideas, and resources related to the use...

    Launched in Ghana in January 2013, No Yawa is a youth project developed by Marie Stopes International Ghana (MSIG), DKT International, and the Grameen Foundation that links sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and behaviour change communication to the provision of youth friendly SRH services. No Yawa seeks to improve knowledge and...

    "Our vision is for all African children to have enough stories in a language familiar to them to practise reading and learn to love reading."  South African Institute for Distance Education (SAIDE)

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Launched in 2015, Internews is implementing a 5-year project to assemble a global network of collaborators to: increase women’s leadership in the media and information communications technology fields; improve the quality and coverage of information on women's issues; and ensure safe access to information and the internet for women and girls....

    Launched in 2014, Mpa, Mpa Nkuwe (Give Me and I Will Give You) is a communications programme in Uganda to share conservation and development messages through alternative media, such as talk shows, music videos, and comic strips. The first activity in the programme was the production of Imagine Bwindi, a music and video project to celebrate the...

    Launched in April 2013, Le Journal Rappé is a weekly Senegalese video show in which two rappers (Cheikh 'Keyti' Sene and Makhtar 'Xuman' Fall) present the news in a rhyming rap format. Created to provide an alternative source of media, particularly for young people in Senegal, the series is designed to offer the news in a different format while...

    This hygiene advocacy toolkit is an evidence-based resource that outlines why hygiene must be a priority in the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda and goals (SDGs). It was developed by the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW), in cooperation with the UNICEF/World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)...

    Published by Integrated Communications Worldwide Events (ICWE), the 2015 eLearning Africa Report "provides a comprehensive overview of the impact technology is having on education and development throughout the continent." According to the editor, "as technology continues to drive development in Africa and fuel the economic growth of economies...

    "Niambie (Tell Me), a new radio programme in Tanzania, seeks to increase young people’s civic and political engagement. Formative and baseline research reveals that young people are deeply frustrated by what they perceive as obstacles to achieving their aspirations, such as a weak education system and a lack of employment opportunities."...

    Syndicate content

    Awards

    The African Media Initiative is calling for entries to its Zimeo Excellence in Media Awards 2015, which seek to recognise "meritorious individuals and organizations that, in their writings, productions or support for media development, demonstrate the highest standards of professionalism, focus and impact." The awards, which will be offered...

    The World Health Summit (WHS) has called for applications for its Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Launched in 2013 by The Womanity Foundation with the vision of supporting innovative and effective solutions focused on violence against women, this annual award seeks to identify evidence-based programmes and then to find and support partner organisations that...

    The International Center for Journalists (ICFJ), with the support of Johnson & Johnson, is hosting a contest to recognise "the best media coverage of maternal and child health and other urgent health matters such as Ebola and vaccination" in Sub-Saharan Africa and the BRIC nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China). Journalists from these...

    Applications are invited for the New Directions for Climate Communication Research Fellowship, which seeks to encourage researchers with an interest in communication and media around climate change to think creatively about new directions for research. Funded by the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) and...

    The AfricaSan Awards are dedicated to "recognising outstanding efforts and achievements in sanitation and hygiene in Africa which result in large-scale, sustainable behavior changes and tangible impacts." The awards were created to raise the profile of sanitation and hygiene by drawing attention to successful approaches and promoting excellence...

    Young South Africans aged between 13 and 25 are invited to submit entries for the "My Rights, My Freedom" writing competition. Launched by FunDza Literacy Trust in commemoration of Human Rights Day, participants are requested to write an essay about which human right means the most to them and why, or write a story that illustrates the...

    The African Network for Strategic Communication in Health and Development (AfriComNet) invites entries for the 2015 annual Awards for Excellence in Health Communication in Africa. The purpose of the AfriComNet Awards are to:

    • recognise outstanding contributions made by individuals/organisations in the field of...

    The Taco Kuiper Award recognises excellence in investigative journalism in South African print media. The Award can be made to a journalist or team of up to three journalists for a single story or a series of up to six related stories published or broadcast in 2014. The entries must deal with issues and events affecting South Africa.

    Media in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are invited to submit entries for the 2015 SADC Media Awards competition.

    Syndicate content

    Print

    Accountability Tanzania (AcT) partners tend to use mass media extensively to enhance their interventions in governance, social, economic as well as environmental issues. Many of these CSOs have significant budgets to support the engagement of media (print, TV and radio, social) in furthering their objectives. Nonetheless, little is...

    This Ebola Communication Preparedness Implementation Kit (I-Kit) is designed to provide national and local stakeholders, as well as programme managers, with "key considerations and a roadmap for instituting and implementing critical, relevant, practical and timely communication for responding to the threat of an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)...

    This 8-page research brief discusses the challenges of poor sanitation and hygiene in rural Tanzania, provides an overview of two large-scale campaigns that sought to address these problems, and shares key results of an evaluation to assess the impact of these two campaigns. The campaigns - the Handwashing with Soap programme and the Rural...

    "The impact of this campaign demonstrated that IMC can be successfully applied to health products, services and behaviours when promoted within a private sector development approach. Demand-side interventions should be a primary component of an intervention to introduce mRDTs [malaria rapid diagnostic tests] in the private sector in order to...

    This 143-page report discusses findings from a survey to evaluate health behaviour change communication interventions supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Uganda, under the AFFORD/Uganda Health Marketing Group together with other implementing partners in Uganda. The survey particularly focused on...

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Launched in 2015, Internews is implementing a 5-year project to assemble a global network of collaborators to: increase women’s leadership in the media and information communications technology fields; improve the quality and coverage of information on women's issues; and ensure safe access to information and the internet for women and girls....

    Launched in 2014, Mpa, Mpa Nkuwe (Give Me and I Will Give You) is a communications programme in Uganda to share conservation and development messages through alternative media, such as talk shows, music videos, and comic strips. The first activity in the programme was the production of Imagine Bwindi, a music and video project to celebrate the...

    Based on lessons learned from media coverage of the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, this guide was produced to help journalists and the media industry to "deliver a more public-interest oriented service geared towards combating the spread of the disease." According to the guide, the quick spread of Ebola, as well as the prevalence of other...

     

    "Programmes that promote handwashing are diverse and vary in scope. The content of this module is designed to be adapted to a variety of programmes."

    This handwashing promotion evaluation guide is designed to explain planning and implementing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for handwashing promotion programmes. The...

    Syndicate content

    Radio

    Accountability Tanzania (AcT) partners tend to use mass media extensively to enhance their interventions in governance, social, economic as well as environmental issues. Many of these CSOs have significant budgets to support the engagement of media (print, TV and radio, social) in furthering their objectives. Nonetheless, little is...

    This 8-page research brief discusses the challenges of poor sanitation and hygiene in rural Tanzania, provides an overview of two large-scale campaigns that sought to address these problems, and shares key results of an evaluation to assess the impact of these two campaigns. The campaigns - the Handwashing with Soap programme and the Rural...

    "The impact of this campaign demonstrated that IMC can be successfully applied to health products, services and behaviours when promoted within a private sector development approach. Demand-side interventions should be a primary component of an intervention to introduce mRDTs [malaria rapid diagnostic tests] in the private sector in order to...

    This 143-page report discusses findings from a survey to evaluate health behaviour change communication interventions supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Uganda, under the AFFORD/Uganda Health Marketing Group together with other implementing partners in Uganda. The survey particularly focused on...

    "The study reveals that for both Malawi and Tanzania, there is clear demand for climate information services via radio and mobile phone. Both radio and mobile phones are in common use, and are rated by farmers and pastoralists to have great potential as effective and trusted channels where they can access various climate information services...

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Launched in 2015, Internews is implementing a 5-year project to assemble a global network of collaborators to: increase women’s leadership in the media and information communications technology fields; improve the quality and coverage of information on women's issues; and ensure safe access to information and the internet for women and girls....

    Based on lessons learned from media coverage of the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, this guide was produced to help journalists and the media industry to "deliver a more public-interest oriented service geared towards combating the spread of the disease." According to the guide, the quick spread of Ebola, as well as the prevalence of other...

     

    "Programmes that promote handwashing are diverse and vary in scope. The content of this module is designed to be adapted to a variety of programmes."

    This handwashing promotion evaluation guide is designed to explain planning and implementing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for handwashing promotion programmes. The...

    This hygiene advocacy toolkit is an evidence-based resource that outlines why hygiene must be a priority in the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda and goals (SDGs). It was developed by the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW), in cooperation with the UNICEF/World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)...

    Syndicate content

    Television

    Accountability Tanzania (AcT) partners tend to use mass media extensively to enhance their interventions in governance, social, economic as well as environmental issues. Many of these CSOs have significant budgets to support the engagement of media (print, TV and radio, social) in furthering their objectives. Nonetheless, little is...

    This 143-page report discusses findings from a survey to evaluate health behaviour change communication interventions supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Uganda, under the AFFORD/Uganda Health Marketing Group together with other implementing partners in Uganda. The survey particularly focused on...

    "Healthy Start is WaterAid’s four-year (2015-2019) campaign focused on improving the health and nutrition of newborn babies and children."

    The campaign aims to bring forward the evidence of "access to clean water for hygiene" on lowering infant mortality statistics. It gives guidance on pressing for clean water and sanitation in clinics...

    Launched in 2015, Internews is implementing a 5-year project to assemble a global network of collaborators to: increase women’s leadership in the media and information communications technology fields; improve the quality and coverage of information on women's issues; and ensure safe access to information and the internet for women and girls....

    Launched in April 2013, Le Journal Rappé is a weekly Senegalese video show in which two rappers (Cheikh 'Keyti' Sene and Makhtar 'Xuman' Fall) present the news in a rhyming rap format. Created to provide an alternative source of media, particularly for young people in Senegal, the series is designed to offer the news in a different format while...

    Participants in post-broadcast focus groups reported "...that the drama series brought about a new level of consciousness about their personal risk to HIV, in part due to an increased sense of awareness or even suspicion of their sexual partners..." and that the series "sparked a considerable degree of meaningful self-reported behaviour...

    Based on lessons learned from media coverage of the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, this guide was produced to help journalists and the media industry to "deliver a more public-interest oriented service geared towards combating the spread of the disease." According to the guide, the quick spread of Ebola, as well as the prevalence of other...

     

    "Programmes that promote handwashing are diverse and vary in scope. The content of this module is designed to be adapted to a variety of programmes."

    This handwashing promotion evaluation guide is designed to explain planning and implementing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for handwashing promotion programmes. The...

    This hygiene advocacy toolkit is an evidence-based resource that outlines why hygiene must be a priority in the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda and goals (SDGs). It was developed by the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW), in cooperation with the UNICEF/World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)...

    The World Health Summit (WHS) has called for applications for its Young Science Journalists Award: 

    "In cooperation with Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, the World Health Summit presents again the 'Next Generation of Science...

    Syndicate content