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Community Information Boards (CIB)

In 2007, the Government of Nigeria with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), developed the concept of a Community Information Board (CIB). The board is designed to capture basic social and development data that communities could use to track the health and well-being of their children, as well as drive community dialogues, collective decision-making, and communal action to realise the rights of women and children.

Communication Strategies: 

The Community Information Board is designed to capture basic social and development data in the community for tracking the situation of children and women, and to provide the focus for community and peer-group dialogues, local theatre and house-to-house counselling that lead to concrete actions that improve services for and the rights status of children, women, and families. As a community tool, it requires the participation of every segment and group in all stages of its use. The principal moderators of the Board are the traditional leader, the community or village development committee, and the recorder. The audience is the entire community — women, youths, children and men. The board is intended to complement existing community engagement processes such as community dialogues and community theatre.

The boards track 16 indicators on a quarterly basis. These indicators track births and child mortality, immunisations, child health and development, school enrolment, use of bed nets, water and sanitation, and maternal health. Each indicator is recorded on the information board, which is placed in a prominent position within villages, and updated quarterly by a recorder who is generally an assigned member of the community development association. The recorders, several of whom are women, use information from daily and weekly entries in community information notebooks to update the boards. Each recorder has a community information notebook or register into which s/he enters information on each indicator when it is collected. At the end of each quarter the information in the notebook is collated and entered on the Community Information Board.

Information is kept on the CIB for one year when it is ‘archived’ or held in a secure place within the community. Recording of information then begins afresh on the wiped board at the start of another year. The traditional leader and the village/community development committee are principally responsible for maintaining the CIBs and ensuring the involvement of all sections of the community. All groups have a chance to participate in responding to issues that arise from a common analysis of the implications of information on the board and in agreeing ways to address problems and move forward within the community. Participation takes place through one or more local level communication forums such as community and peer group dialogues, local theatre, and home counselling.

According to UNICEF, the CIBs were developed through a process of pre-testing with community leaders and different groups (including women and youth) until it was deemed user-friendly. Boards were then produced for 222 focus communities. Guidelines for use of the boards and a training guide were developed with community leaders and resource persons, with technical support from government officials, academics, and UNICEF staff.

Using a two-tier ‘cascade’ process, UNICEF organised training for recorders and members of the community development committees. First, university lecturers from across the country, together with staff from UNICEF’s non-governmental organisation (NGO) partners, participated in national level training of trainers (TOT) workshops. Following that, training of trainers (TOT) participants, equipped with new levels of confidence, knowledge, and skills, returned home to train local people on the selected indicators. UNICEF also helped to develop a Training Guide to be used primarily by NGOs as a resource for training and monitoring processes within communities.

Organisers say that by the end of 2008, 25 NGOs, government experts, and academics had trained 291 community focal persons and over 3000 members of community development committees on how to consolidate data from local records, update the boards, provide feedback to community members, and moderate community dialogue sessions. In addition, 138 communities in 21 states had updated their Community Information Boards and were using them to monitor indicators of child survival and development in their communities.

Development Issues: 

Children, Women, Health, Maternal Health, Immunisation, Malaria

Key Points: 

According to organisers, the boards have been successfully adopted in over 60% of the focus communities. Evidence suggests that analysis and discussion of information on the boards contributes to:

  • increasing the focus on the day-to-day well-being of women and children, and recognition of their rights;
  • stimulating communities to discuss the best way of addressing issues on the board;
  • encouraging communities to track information on their own development;
  • creating a common understanding of development problems; and
  • acting as a catalyst for local assessment, planning, and implementation of action plans, thereby building local ownership of services and programmes.

According to UNICEF, the Boards have exposed communities to an organised and standard method of data collection in the community, and communities have learned to interpret data and understand their usefulness. The Boards have also forged a link between data, dialogue, and knowledge of key household practices. Some community leaders confessed that they had never taken the key household practices or record-keeping seriously and were only just beginning to put these into practice now that they have a better understanding of their benefits. In addition, the process has enabled communities to appreciate the need to initiate, own and control the process of development in their localities rather than yielding to the dominant culture of relying on interventions from outside.

The following are some of the lessons learned from the project:

  • Maintaining communities’ interest in dialoguing on issues related to the well being of children and their families requires that those issues are kept firmly at the forefront of public attention and on the community’s own development agenda.
  • The leadership and support provided by traditional leaders and community development committees is vital to the successful use of the Community Information Boards.
  • Using women as Recorders increased openness, encouraged greater cooperation amongst households, and increased their willingness to provide data to the Board.
  • Providing communities with incentives for maintaining CIBs to a high standard, such as letters of commendation, should be considered.

UNICEF is planning to scale up the initiative. They say that over 80% of all communities in the country could be reached by 2012 if the capacity of staff from universities with outreach programmes and national and local NGOs is developed.

Partner Text: 

UNICEF, Nigerian Ministry of Information, Department of Information

Source: 

UNICEF website on October 29 2010.

Strengthening Community and Health Systems for Quality PMTCT: Applications in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Ethiopia

pmtcsystems.jpg
May 1, 2013
Affiliation: 

Pathfinder

This 12-page report by Pathfinder discusses experiences as well as recommendations based on programmes for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. According to the report, barriers to implementing programmes for PMTCT in resource-limited settings fall into common biomedical, behavioral, and structural categories.

Contact Information: 
Source: 

Pathfinder website on July 7 2013.

My Gorilla - My Community

The My Gorilla – My Community project is working to develop and implement a comprehensive communications for behaviour change programme to cultivate a community more sympathetic to science-based conservation efforts, and creating a favourable environment for endangered Cross River gorillas in order to avoid extinction. The project is working with local partners to produce a radio drama, host post-broadcast discussions, along with other mentoring and awareness raising activities.

Communication Strategies: 

According to PCI Media Impact, Cross River gorillas have little chance of long-term conservation success without local community protection and support, and the only way to win that support is through communications messaging, and supporting campaigns that educate and change the attitudes and behaviours of populations who are in direct contact with these gorillas.

The overall objectives for My Gorilla – My Community are to:

  • develop the capacity of WCS and local organisations in Nigeria and Cameroon to better use communications to effectively enhance community protection activities and motivate long-term social change in favour of Cross River gorillas;
  • build a community of coalitions of well-informed constituents who understand and support protection of the Cross River gorilla; and
  • change attitudes and behaviours related to Cross River gorillas and heighten awareness of the threats to their long-term survival.

Through training and mentorship, the project is equipping Wildlife Conservation Society in Nigeria and Cameroon with the tools to use social marketing approaches to educate, shape attitudes, and catalyze sustainable behaviour change. Since launching the project, Media Impact has developed a cross border coalition with WCS-Nigeria, WCS – Cameroon, local and national stakeholders, scientists, and broadcast teams that are spearheading awareness-building the communication for development work. Together, the team identified and trained local scriptwriters and held focus groups to uncover culturally relevant stories that writers drew upon for a radio drama.

The radio drama will begin airing in July 2013, and coalition broadcast partners will hold radio call-in shows following every broadcast, providing listeners with a forum to share opinions and lessons learned. The radio drama, called Linda’s Joint, centres on a remote village in the highlands along the Nigeria and Cameroon border, torn apart over plans to pull down the community forest to build a palm plantation. In the drama, hunters become farmers; village leaders fall under the spells of love, money, power, and palm wine; and a little girl’s determination to save a baby gorilla from a hunter transforms the King of Hunters into a Gorilla Guardian. Corruption, arrests, betrayal, and violence befall the village as it comes to grips with the dangers of illicit hunting and deforestation and learns how to survive without destroying its natural resources.

Development Issues: 

Environment

Key Points: 

According to My Gorilla - My Community, hunting and habitat loss are the gorillas biggest barriers to survival: the number of mature Cross River gorillas is estimated at fewer than 200, and the total population is estimated at fewer than 300. This primate is the most endangered African ape and among the world's 25 most endangered primate species.

Partner Text: 

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), PCI Media Impact, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation

Contact Information: 
Source: 

PCI Media Impact on May 24 2013.

GenARDIS 2002 - 2010: Small Grants that Made Big Changes for Women in Agriculture

Author: 
Jennifer Radloff
Helen Hambly Odame
Sonia Jorge
September 1, 2010
Affiliation: 

Association for Progressive Communications (Radloff), University of Guelph (Hambly Odame)

This document discusses the work of the Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in the Information Society (GenARDIS) small grants fund, which was initiated in 2002 to support work on gender-related issues in information and communications technologies (ICTs) for the African, Caribbean, and Pacific regions. The small grants fund was disbursed to diverse projects in order to counter barriers to women living in rural areas. This document records the process and results, and is intended to contribute to more gender-aware ICT policy advocacy.

Source: 

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website, February 16 2011 and March 30 2012.

http://www.comminit.com/files/Genardis_EN_cover.feature.jpg

Health Communication: Polio Lessons

Subtitle: 
Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, Volume 15, Supplement 1
May 7, 2010

According to the articles in this Journal of Health Communication supplement, the polio eradication experience provides a rich source of health communication knowledge. And yet, it is one that remains relatively unexamined. The papers in this supplement take a small step towards drawing out some of the lessons and looking at what these experiences have to say to the wider field of health communication. They focus on a series of tensions and the manner in which the polio programme has dealt with them.

Tensions like:

  • Short-term expectations / long-term change processes
  • http://www.comminit.com/files/JOHCPolioSuppCover.gif

    Understanding Community-Based Information Systems in the Millennium Villages

    December 1, 2009

    This website from newmediadev2009 was a project of a 2009 research seminar developed and taught by Professor Anne Nelson at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) in New York, the United States (US).

    Contact Information: 
    Source: 

    Email from Anne Nelson to The Communication Initiative on January 11 2010.

    http://www.comminit.com/files/pill.jpg

    Majalisar Mata Manoma

    Initiated in 2009, Majalisar Mata Manoma was a project that involved creating spaces for women farmers in the rural community of Gwagwada, Nigeria, to meet and engage with radio.

    Communication Strategies: 

    Prior to commencement of the project, ARDA carried out a baseline study to identify the needs of the beneficiaries and to draw out issues to be addressed by the radio programme. The baseline was also used to determine the appropriateness of local theatre as a development tool.

    According to ARDA, the participation of two key male figures - a community elder and a school teacher - helped curtail possible opposition from the spouses of participating women. In addition, previous preparation, including work using theatre for development with men and women in the community, helped the women's husbands accept their participation. However, mobilising the women was still a challenge, as their heavy daily workload made listener group activities a secondary priority.

    The project also addressed the issue of unequal workloads between women and men in the community. According to ADRA, the workload for young girls and women is disproportionately heavier than that of their male counterparts. An activity that requested participants to chart the daily diaries of the opposite sex helped build awareness around this problem for community members, while focus group discussions explored the significance of this issue. The theatre for development skits also portrayed this topic.

    Broadcast live, the 30-minute radio programmes included music, a talk-show with an expert guest, phone-ins, and inserts recorded by the listeners' club members. These inserts consisted of discussions, songs, and opinions. The women involved in the project provided a priority list of issues they wanted the radio programmes to address. To deal with these identified issues, the programme relied on scripts downloaded from the Farm Radio International website.

    As part of the project, the listeners' club was given a mobile phone to allow the women to engage with the radio programmes. According to the organisers, this strategy was necessary because women generally have less access to mobile technology due to gender inequalities in the community and lack of income. Members were trained to use the phone to make and receive calls and text messages. The women have also started using the phone to generate income for the club.

    To read more about the programme, visit the listeners' club blog.

    Development Issues: 

    Gender, Agriculture

    Key Points: 

    According to ARDA, the women in the club are increasingly willing and able to organise themselves with less effort on ARDA's part. They ask more questions about issues to be addressed on the programmes and are generally much more vocal in discussions. The club has also recently evolved into a formal association to be used as a vocational group, development group, or farmers' cooperative.

    Partner Text: 

    African Radio Drama Association (ARDA) and Gender and Agriculture in the Information Society (GenARDIS).

    See video
    Source: 

    GenARDIS website on March 10 2010; and "Rural Nigeria: Radio and Mobile Phones Change Women's Lives", on the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) website and listeners' club blog - both accessed on December 13 2010.

    Rural Internet Kiosks Project

    Rural Internet Kiosks (RIK) is a Kenyan-based organisation that manufactures and distributes movable, recyclable, cost-effective kiosks that operate with satellite connectivity and solar energy to ena

    Communication Strategies: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks produces kiosks that are independent, freestanding booths functioning on solar power and other forms of renewable energy. Each kiosk houses 3 energy-efficient personal computers. The kiosks are modelled on user-friendly software and hardware and are manufactured and assembled in a "knock-down" format, enabling them to be easily transported and set up in even very rugged regions.

    The kiosks have been designed to give access to all users, including children and the disabled. According to RIK, they are also working on ways to use portable USB pen screen readers and accessible websites, which will help the visually impaired access information. Screen readers could also help people who can understand, but not necessarily read, English.

    The kiosks are designed to promote entrepreneurship and electronic service delivery within rural and urban settings and, in turn, facilitate e-commerce, e-education, e-health, and e-governance. The organisers say that the kiosks have helped farmers obtain regular updates on weather patterns and produce prices, thereby expanding their revenue. Business start-ups have been able to exploit digital multimedia advertising. The internet kiosks are helping government agencies to create awareness concerning health and environment and reach out to local communities. Through the use of multimedia information outlets, communities can also access information about infectious diseases such as malaria, polio, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. The kiosks also create platforms for the promotion of tele-medicine, which is still in its infancy in most African countries.

    The kiosks use the open-source Ubuntu Linux operating system, as well as other open-source software. This virtualisation technology allows up to 10 uses to share a single personal computer (PC).

    Development Issues: 

    Information and Communication Technology, Economic Development, Agriculture.

    Key Points: 

    The RIK project was developed by Jitu Patani, also project manager at Rural Internet Kiosk, who has a vision of bridging the digital divide by providing the last mile access to rural or remote communities. RIK is working to help Africa move towards the Millennium Development Goal of Bridging the Digital Divide by year 2015.

    Partner Text: 

    Rural Internet Kiosks, InterSat, and Userful.

    See video
    Source: 

    eLearning Africa website on February 5 2010.

    Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI)

    The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project is an endeavour to identify which interventions of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) are most effective and have the biggest impact.

    Communication Strategies: 

    MLE's communication strategy is built on collaboration with the country consortia (CCs) that are implementing URHI programmes in Uttar Pradesh, India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. According to organisers, this collaboration is essential in ensuring that the country programme activities are rigorously monitored and evaluated, that high-quality data are collected, and that the results of the impact analysis are used by the country consortia (CCs) to inform programme activities as well as disseminated nationally, regionally, and globally in an effort to promote and scale-up promising FP/RH practices.

    The MLE project has developed a standard set of instruments and indicators for use at the individual, household, and facility levels, which will be reviewed by each CC and adapted to the local context. This core set of indicators is designed to allow for cross-country comparative analysis, while the adaptation provides opportunities to examine specific issues of interest for each country.

    Through a quasi-experimental study design, MLE will evaluate the URHI interventions, which are developed around the following objectives:

    • To develop cost-effective interventions for integrating quality FP with maternal and child health services;
    • To improve the quality of FP services for the urban economically poor with emphasis on high-volume clinical settings;
    • To test innovative private-sector approaches to increase access to and use of FP by the urban economically poor;
    • To develop interventions for creating demand for and sustaining use of contraceptives; and
    • To increase funding and financial mechanisms and a supportive policy environment for ensuring success to FP supplies and services for the urban economically poor.

    From January through December 2009, MLE in partnership with the CC in India: created an in-country advisory board; conducted a baseline key stakeholder interviews; initiated a capacity assessment with the in-country research partner; trained data collection research assistants; pretested the baseline survey instruments; and began data collection. The baseline data collection activities are, as of January 2010, underway in India.

    In an effort to build in-country capacity to undertake rigorous measurement and evaluation of population, FP, and integrated reproductive health programmes, MLE offered a six-hour M&E "101" Short Course for Beginners as part of the International Conference on Urban Health in October 2009. The course consisted of two sessions and covered: an introduction to M&E; uses of data; conceptual frameworks and logic models; development of indicators; data sources; and evaluation research, including descriptions of study designs and how to select the best design for a specific study.

    From MLE's perspective, to revitalise global interest and funding for a new era in the promotion of FP/RH services, robust evidence-based strategies must demonstrate research-driven best practices, and this research must be disseminated widely. Successful local, national, regional, and global dissemination and use of the programme results depend on many factors, including the collaborative relationships among the MLE project and the CCs and the engagement of key stakeholders to improve policymaking and funding allocations at all levels. The MLE website is one way in which organisers are building those relationships and sharing information.

    A variety of resources are offered on the website, such as links to presentations given by MLE partners and colleagues at various venues that highlight findings from the MLE project, its evaluation of the URHI, and other project-related insights and lessons learned, including a series of 6 stories written to personalise the RH barriers and challenges that women and men face living in urban slums. One may also find upcoming regional and global events that MLE partners and others from the broader urban RH community have submitted to the website. Similarly, as part of its larger aim of raising awareness of the importance for M&E (beyond URHI) and building M&E capacity, one page on the site offers recommended tools and resources to assist in incorporating M&E into public health programmes.

    Development Issues: 

    Reproductive Health, Population, Maternal and Child Health.

    Key Points: 

    According to the United Nations, urban populations in Asia and Africa are expected to double between 2000 and 2030.(1) One in three urban residents lives in slums,(2) often beyond the reach of health services that address maternal and infant morbidity and mortality, including FP. CC interventions are developed around the understanding that the unique nature of urban poverty requires inclusive interventions and strategies that transform the challenges of urban slums into opportunities. The MLE project will determine if the country consortia has indeed managed to expand the reach and quality of integrated FP programmes and maternal and child health services in their respective urban project cities in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality and improve the lives of economically poor urban residents.

    It has been argued that too few impact evaluations have been carried out; and, when they have, they frequently do not use rigorous methods, resulting in information that is misleading or of little use.(3) A dearth of rigorous impact evaluation studies leave decisionmakers with good intentions and ideas but little real evidence of how to spend scarce resources. The MLE project is based on the conviction that better coordination of impact evaluations across countries and institutions around common thematic areas can improve the ability to generalise findings.

     

     

    (1) United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision (New York: United Nations Population Division, 2008).
    (2) United Nations, The State of World Population 1996 (New York: United Nations Population Division).
    (3) William D. Savedoff, Ruth Levine, and Nancy Birdsall. (2006). When Will We Ever Learn? Improving Lives through Impact Evaluation. Report of the Evaluation Gap Working Group. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development.

    Partner Text: 

    University of North Carolina's Carolina Population Center, in collaboration with Africa Population and Health Research Center, International Center for Research on Women, and Population Reference Bureau.

    Source: 

    MLE website, January 14 2010.

    Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector (COMPASS) Project

    Funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Community Participation for Action in the Social Sector Project (COMPASS) aims to reach approximately 23 million Nigerians in 51 Local Government Areas (LGAs) through community-led health and education initiatives.

    Communication Strategies: 

    COMPASS draws on a number of communication strategies, as illustrated through the examples below. The main goal is to promote a sense of ownership whereby community members take responsibility for their own community's development.

    Improving quality of basic education: COMPASS has introduced a number of interventions aimed at improving students' skills in math and literacy and increasing primary school retention and girls' enrollment. Carried out in both public and Islamiyya (religious) schools in Kano, Nassarawa, and Lagos atates, activities focus on teacher performance, community support, and integration of health and education, and are designed to:

    • Promote the teaching of math and reading through Interactive Radio Instruction (IRI);
    • Train teachers in teaching methods that are girl-friendly and encourage student participation;
    • Empower Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs) and community members to improve classrooms and school grounds to make them cleaner, safer, and more conducive to learning;
    • Strengthen parent-school relationships by providing PTAs with technical and financial support;
    • Promote and adopt school-based health and nutrition initiatives; and
    • Strengthen the teaching capacity of colleges of education and universities to improve the quality of education in primary schools.


    Promoting FP and quality RH: COMPASS works with local governments, health care providers, and communities to address safe motherhood, FP, postabortion care, HIV/AIDS, youth-friendly services (using culturally sensitive approaches), men's roles in RH (including men in RH discussions and encouraging their participation in decisions involving their partner's RH), and gender-based violence (or, GBV, emphasising community commitment to address GBV and working with health facility staff to recognise it as a health problem affecting women's RH outcomes).

    Improving child health and nutrition: By working with community-based and facility-based health providers and advocating for under-5 child health policies at national and state levels, COMPASS supports child survival activities in 37 LGAs in Kano, Lagos, and Nasarawa states. These interventions address the following components:

    • Malaria (e.g., training local Patent Medicine Vendors, advocating for the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), and organising outreach events to educate communities);
    • Nutrition (e.g., promoting exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, and Vitamin A supplementation during National Immunisation Days (NIDs) organised by the Federal Ministry of Health);
    • Immunisation (e.g. providing programme assistance with routine and supplementary immunisation in national training and social mobilisation working groups and monitoring and supporting NID activities); and
    • Diarrhoeal diseases, acute respiratory infections, newborn care (e.g., strengthening the home-based skills of community health promoters through refresher trainings and promoting messages on healthy household practices).


    Mobilising communities: COMPASS seeks to create an environment in which all Nigerians are involved in learning, planning, and taking action to improve health and education in their communities. COMPASS uses 2 conceptual frameworks based on participatory problem solving approaches: 1) Community Action Cycle (CAC) - encourages community members to work together to identify priority problems in their communities, define and identify solutions, and take action to improve the situation. The process also includes reviewing progress made in order to adjust strategies and/or address new problems. 2) Partnership Defined Quality (PDQ) - involves service providers and community members working on specific quality issues at the health facility or school level. Through these processes, COMPASS has been mobilising community members to establish 2 key community-based structures to facilitate participation: quality improvement teams and community coalitions. For instance, through the CAC process, community coalitions develop action plans; COMPASS provides technical assistance and guides the community coalitions in identifying strategies for implementing their action plans.

    Contributing to polio eradication: COMPASS strengthens polio immunisation activities in the Federal Capital Territory and 10 other states through: micro-planning and operational preparedness (e.g., participating in advocacy meetings), supervision and monitoring systems (e.g. developing community maps), community and social mobilisation (e.g. exploring with communities and providers ways to recognise and build upon achievements), training, information collection and use, and rehabilitation of polio victims (e.g. helping them develop appropriate skills and knowledge for self-sufficiency and independence).

    Advocating for improved social services and creating, supporting, and publicising policies that lead to better health and education: COMPASS works at state, district, and community levels to strengthen capacity for legislative action, increase awareness of policies that have been enacted to address social issues, advocate for leadership action in response to challenges, and promote community participation in using and providing services. One example of a relevant activity is building the capacity of local media outlets to support dissemination of policies and advocate for improved services in their area of coverage.

    Building the capacity of Nigerian non-governmental organisations (NGOs): In an effort to enable NGOs to contribute to the development of their country and successfully oversee community-based interventions in education, child health, and RH, COMPASS provides the tools and technical assistance they need to successfully develop work plans, raise funds, manage resources, and implement activities.

    Forging alliances between the public and private sectors: COMPASS begins by sensitising organisations, businesses, and individuals on the needs of the community. Once challenges are identified, groups are encouraged to support COMPASS initiatives through cost-sharing efforts such as donating needed goods and services. COMPASS also conducts advocacy visits to corporate organisations, influential individuals, and members of market and transport unions to leverage additional resources.

    For further details on all these activities and strategies, as well as access to a variety of COMPASS materials (e.g., posters) and success stories, visit the COMPASS website.

    Development Issues: 

    Children, Education, Health, Reproductive Health, Gender.

    Partner Text: 

    USAID, Federal Government of Nigeria. The 9-partner COMPASS team includes: Pathfinder International, Management Sciences for Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Federation of Muslim Women's Associations of Nigeria (FOMWAN), Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Civil Society Action Coalition on Education For All (CSACEFA), Creative Associates International, Inc. (CAII), Adolescent Health Information Project (AHIP), Futures Group.

    Source: 

    COMPASS website, accessed January 13 2010.

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    This summary highlights insights gained through an assessment process conducted in Swaziland to better understand the linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV/AIDS. The assessment was part of a multi-country initiative conducted using an assessment tool developed in 2009 by the International Planned Parenthood Foundation,...

    This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICTS) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

    This 156-page report discusses the findings of research conducted in Namibia with youth regarding their attitudes toward gender, sexuality, and traditional practices. The research was conducted to provide information to improve educational and social programmes around HIV prevention, gender equality, and sexual rights, as well as provide data...

    This 33-page report shares the findings of key informant research in Zimbabwe conducted to inform a communication initiative to address young people's sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The research was undertaken with 10 key informants in 7 provinces by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development Communication. It...

    This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

    This 53-page report discusses the findings of research conducted into sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among mobile populations in two of Zimbabwe's border areas, Chirundu and Beitbridge. Focus group discussions and in-depth key informant interviews were conducted by Action Institute for Environment, Health and Development...

    This 63-page report shares findings of a review commissioned to inform advocacy strategies around reducing unplanned teenage pregnancy and ensuring teenage mothers stay in and return to school. The report explores drivers of teenage pregnancy such as gendered norms, knowledge, access and use of contraceptives, as well as barriers and...

    This 44-page Power Point presentation shares the experience of using community dialogues in Kwa Zulu Natal (KZN), South Africa to gather information to inform a women’s and child health advocacy, communication, and social mobilisation (ACSM) strategy and operational plan. The dialogues used participatory approaches to discuss issues such as low...

    This 196-page report shares the findings of a nationally representative media survey conducted by Forcier Conulting for Internews in South Sudan. Approximately 3,300 individuals were surveyed across South Sudan's 10 states, along with 6 booster samples focusing on broadcast areas covered by five radio stations being managed by Internews, plus...

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    Materials

    This is a training toolkit intended for training sessions with curriculum developers wanting to develop a country or context appropriate curriculum on sexuality and sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV, education for schools or other learning environments.

    As stated in the toolkit, the training has two primary...

    Published by the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University by invitation from Open Society Foundations (OSF), this resource guide "has been designed to be a user-friendly, multi-purpose tool in advocating for health and human rights." Now in its 5th edition, the guide is intended for "a wide array of users, including health...

    This booklet aims to support traditional leaders in Southern Africa to increase knowledge and understanding around sexuality and sexual orientation among other leaders and members of their community. This is in order to promote a culture of tolerance and acceptance and help reduce the spread of HIV, stigma, and discrimination.

    Published by InsightShare, this guide is designed to provide ideas and inspiration for organising community screenings as part of a participatory video process. It includes advice on planning and delivering an effective screening, practical suggestions for logistics and technical considerations, facilitator tips, checklists, and short case...

    This Good Practice Guide discusses the rationale, principles, and elements of human rights-based HIV programming. It was produced to assist those working on HIV/AIDS and related issues to integrate human rights through all stages of the programming cycle, from design, development, and implementation through to monitoring and evaluation. It is...

    The Digital Memory Toolkit is an introductory training manual offering information and guidance on setting up digital memory projects. These projects use digital technologies, such as the mobile phone, to record, collect, and share knowledge and histories, usually on the internet. This can include online community-run museums, community...

    Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

    This reference manual, which was developed jointly by SAfAIDS and Women'sNet, with support from Oxfam Canada, is designed to provide a step-by-step guide on using digital storytelling - which combines audio and visual images with a script or story - to document and communicate good practices.

    This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

    This toolkit shares examples of promising good practices and tools designed to help to reduce vulnerabilities to violence associated with water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes and services. The toolkit was developed in recognition of the fact that although lack of access to appropriate sanitation, hygiene and water services is not...

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    Evaluations

    This 39-page final report discusses the experience of the Radio Platform for Community Development (RPCD) project and the use of radio listening clubs to engage marginalised communities in development debates. Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), with funding from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa, supported 15 radio stations...

    This 73-page final report describes the activities and learning from a Participatory Video for Monitoring and Evaluation capacity building (PV for M&E) initiative implemented by InsightShare with Population Council Guatemala and BRAC Uganda, funded by the Nike Foundation. This initiative combined participatory video with the Most...

    This 88-page report shares findings of an evaluation of the second season of Ruka Juu (Jump Up), a television show produced by Femina HIP in Tanzania which was designed to inspire and inform youth to take up viable rural livelihood opportunities. Ruka Juu used a reality television competition format, and the second season focused on young...

    "To evaluate the mobile phone intervention, a participatory evaluation method called Net-Map was used, an approach built on traditional social network analysis."

    "Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

    This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

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    This 22-page report shares the experience of the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) to use a "Safe Spaces" approach to build girls’ social assets in order to mitigate sexual and gender based violence (SGBV). The goal of the Girls’ Empowerment Clubs Plus (GEC-Plus) project was to prevent SGBV and improve reporting such cases among in-...

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    This 16-page programme report shares insights from the assessment of a pilot project in Zambia to use a "Safe Spaces” approach to build girls' "social assets" to reduce their vulnerability to gender-based violence, unsafe sex, unwanted pregnancy, HIV infection, and early marriage.

    This 57-page programme report shares the experience of using participatory video with farmers in six sub-Saharan countries - Angola, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, and Uganda. Five United Kingdom (UK)-based development agencies, with support from Comic Relief, partnered with local organisations to use participatory video to engage...

    "What drives women to have pregnancies after the age of 35 or to have five or more children? Both of these pregnancies present high risks to both the mother and newborn....[L]ittle research has been conducted to understand the behavioral determinants driving these high-risk pregnancies."

    This Gates Foundation-funded report by the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation aims to provide guidance for implementers of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programmes and researchers "in the design of innovative interventions to increase the uptake of MC" in 14 priority countries.

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    Digital

    Give Stigma the Index Finger project, running from 2011 to 2014 in Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Swaziland, aims to increase understanding of HIV stigma by empowering men and women living with HIV to take an active part in research and resulting advocacy on HIV stigma. There are various components to this project which include a stigma measurement...

    This 46-page report discusses how children and young people are using information and communication technologies (ICTS) before and during migration, as well as how organisations supporting children and youth are using ICT in their work. According to the report, "children and young people are using ICTs to prepare for migration; to guide and...

    Launched in 2011, the Mtandao wa Wanahabari Watoto Tanzania (Young Reporters' Network Tanzania) recruits and trains children in Tanzania to produce radio programmes exploring issues that are important to them and their peers, while also sharing their perspectives, hopes, and aspirations for the future. The project is designed to increase...

    The Digital Memory Toolkit is an introductory training manual offering information and guidance on setting up digital memory projects. These projects use digital technologies, such as the mobile phone, to record, collect, and share knowledge and histories, usually on the internet. This can include online community-run museums, community...

    To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

    On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

    The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

    The One Touch Sexual and Reproductive Health Campaign seeks to generate and disseminate information on sexual and reproductive health as well as empower young people to protect themselves from HIV, by strengthening HIV knowledge and sexuality education in Zimbabwe. Using social media, mobile phones, and the internet the project is working to...

    "To evaluate the mobile phone intervention, a participatory evaluation method called Net-Map was used, an approach built on traditional social network analysis."

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    Awards

    Amateur and professional photographers around the world are invited to submit images of scenes and individuals around the world that reflect the tagline of international nonprofit organisation IREX: "Make a Better World". Photos should demonstrate one or more of 3 theme categories:

    To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

    The African Centre for Media Excellence (ACME) is inviting Ugandan journalists to apply for grants to support public affairs reporting "that require more than the regular newsroom facilitation to pull off".

    Story proposals should fall under at least one of the following 12 priority areas:

    • Agriculture...
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    The Africa Centre for Open Governance (AfriCOG) is offering qualified journalists in Kenya an opportunity for financial, logistical, and advisory support to focus on an investigative story about governance and anti-corruption reform in the management of the country’s public and economic affairs.

    The 2014 CNN MultiChoice African Journalist Competition "encourages, promotes, and recognises excellence in African journalism" across all media disciplines. Launched in 1998, the award seeks to build recognition for the importance of journalism on the continent. Finalists in the 2014 competition will participate in a finalists’ programme that...

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    Amarc Europe Women Network, Search for Common Ground, and Elenos are sponsoring a contest to promote women in media and to empower community radio broadcasters in Africa. The Women Radio Training Network, an e-learning platform, will then teach technical skills and best practices to female professionals who can then pass on their knowledge to...

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    The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) invite entries for the 5th WASH Media Awards.

    International Peace Pals invites children throughout the world between the ages of 5 and 16 to participate in The Annual International Peace Pals Art Competition and Exhibition. Entries are divided into four age categories for the awarding of prizes: 5-7 years, 8-10 years, 11-13 years, and 14-16 years of age.

    African Climate Change and Reporting Awards

    The African Climate Change and Reporting Awards (ACCER) honour journalists whose work has enhanced access to information about climate change. An initiative of The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance and partners, this is the second edition of the awards. Each winner will receive a certificate and US$1,000. Three journalists will take home...

    This contest, organised by Hala Nigeria, seeks to reward "compelling stories that use traditional and/or digital tools to engage citizens on health topics that matter to them. The goal is to spur quality journalism, creative presentation, citizen engagement, and sharing of information." Individual winners will receive cash prizes of up to $1,...

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    Print

    Wize up is an ongoing youth campaign in Namibia that seeks to increase young people’s knowledge around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) as well as their access to services, thereby reducing early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, and increasing use of condoms as a dual protection for both HIV and pregnancy prevention. Led by Desert Soul Health...

    This booklet aims to support traditional leaders in Southern Africa to increase knowledge and understanding around sexuality and sexual orientation among other leaders and members of their community. This is in order to promote a culture of tolerance and acceptance and help reduce the spread of HIV, stigma, and discrimination.

    This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

    Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

    Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

    This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

    To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

    The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

    "Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

    This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

    This research report followed a BBC Media Action training in Sierra Leon in October and November of 2012 on election reporting for journalists of the International Radio Network. "The aim was to encourage impartial, fair and accurate reporting. These mentors trained local journalists working at International Radio Network (IRN) stations....BBC...

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    Radio

    Wize up is an ongoing youth campaign in Namibia that seeks to increase young people’s knowledge around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) as well as their access to services, thereby reducing early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, and increasing use of condoms as a dual protection for both HIV and pregnancy prevention. Led by Desert Soul Health...

    Launched in November 2013, Tafigawalo (Working Towards Change) is a 78-episode serial radio drama designed to raise awareness and dialogue around HIV/AIDS, adolescent reproductive health, girls’ education, and gender-based violence in Nigeria. It was produced by Population Media Center (PMC), with support from the MacArthur Foundation, Ford...

    Launched in 2011, the Mtandao wa Wanahabari Watoto Tanzania (Young Reporters' Network Tanzania) recruits and trains children in Tanzania to produce radio programmes exploring issues that are important to them and their peers, while also sharing their perspectives, hopes, and aspirations for the future. The project is designed to increase...

    This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

    Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

    This 39-page final report discusses the experience of the Radio Platform for Community Development (RPCD) project and the use of radio listening clubs to engage marginalised communities in development debates. Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), with funding from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa, supported 15 radio stations...

    Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

    This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

    To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

    On air since 2009, Brekete Family Radio (BFR) is a reality radio talk magazine programme in Nigeria modelled after a public complaint forum or people’s court. People call in to report on issues of impunity, whether public or private and a panel in the studio discusses the issue and invites the public to give advice. The radio programme is...

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    Television

    Broadcasting from January 2014, this 13-episode television talk show aimed to reach young people (age 15-24 years) in Swaziland with information related to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) , HIV and AIDS, and life skills, tackling issues such as condom use, inter-generational sex, multiple concurrent partnerships, and parent-...

    This 3-page case study discusses the experience of leveraging the passion and reach of football (soccer) to communicate messages about malaria prevention and treatment. Beginning during the 2012 World Cup, the United Against Malaria (UAM) partnership and the Voices project of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU-...

    Published by Panos Institute Southern Africa (PSAf), this manual was produced to build the capacity of media to counter hate speech, discrimination, and violence against sexual minorities, particularly related to their sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). It discusses sexuality issues using a human rights-based approach, including...

    Launched in June 2013, the Mediating Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Southern Africa project is working to enhance the media’s capacity to positively report on issues around sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of marginalised groups in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia. The project is providing practical training and...

    This Handbook has been developed to support organisations working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in southern Africa to develop effective information, education and communication (IEC) materials with a focus on HIV, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and broader health issues.

    To help recognise emerging medical science journalists, Germany's medical journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the World Health Summit, the European Union of Science Journalists' Associations (EUSJA), and the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting will grant the "Next Generation of Science Journalists Awards" at the World Health Summit (WHS) in Berlin,...

    This 88-page report shares findings of an evaluation of the second season of Ruka Juu (Jump Up), a television show produced by Femina HIP in Tanzania which was designed to inspire and inform youth to take up viable rural livelihood opportunities. Ruka Juu used a reality television competition format, and the second season focused on young...

    The Highway Africa 2014 Conference is being held under the theme, "Social Media – from the margins to the mainstream." The event will explore how social media has impacted on all aspects of people’s lives in the last ten years. Using plenary sessions, keynote addresses, and panel discussions, the event will bring together journalists, civil...

    Running from February 2014 to May 2014, Wize Up was an urban-based youth television talk show, supported by social media and a radio programme in Malawi. The talk show was designed to communicate information and encourage discussion around young people’s sexual and reproductive health and was broadcast on the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation....

    "Where geography, poverty and lack of infrastructure make face-to-face interaction between disparate communities difficult, media can play a vital role in connecting these groups and in national debates on governance."

    This research briefing discusses the impact of Sema Kenya, BBC Media Action's national radio and television debate...

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