- GBV AWARENESS through drama, games, and mobile cinema...
- African Women's Decade 2012 Report...
- GBV AND HIV lessons and experiences...
- 16 Days of Activism ONLINE TOOLKIT...
- MATERIALS AND TOOLS for raising awareness and mobilising men...
The 16 Days of Activism for No Violence Against Women and Children takes place throughout the world every year from 25 November (International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women) to 10 December (International Human Rights Day). This issue of The Soul Beat includes programme experiences, resource materials and research reports related to how media and communication are being used to encourage awareness, dialogue around gender-based violence (GBV) with a focus on the use of edutainment and addressing the links between gender violence and HIV. It also highlights some tools and materials which may be useful for people working to eliminate GBV.
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1. Streets of Life Radio Drama - Angola
Streets of Life (Estrada da Vida in Portuguese) is a serial radio drama designed to tackle violence against women in Angola and show how ordinary people can have a say in local politics. A project of the Forum of Women Journalists for Gender Equality, in collaboration with BBC Media Action, the drama blends information and entertainment designed to help people claim their rights. Streets of Life focuses on the story of Edna, a single woman in her twenties studying law at college whose best friend is a victim of domestic violence.
2. Police Case Television Drama - Sierra Leone
Launched in July 2012 in Sierra Leone, Police Case is a legal-themed television series which follows the story of Adama, a woman who is subject to regular domestic violence from her husband until one day she reacts after a particularly violent fight. The series follows Adama through the criminal justice system, educating viewers about key legal issues, such as rights when you are arrested, bail, rights at court, domestic violence, and the role of paralegals.
3. Raising Women’s Voices Through Radio Drama: Reflections from South Africa (Oct 2012)
By Deborah Walter
This case study shares lessons learned from Zaphamban' izindlela!, a serial radio drama designed to get people thinking, and talking, about women’s rights and the African Union Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa. According to the case study, the drama was an entertaining means to stimulate dialogue and analysis of women’s rights in communities, raise awareness of the AU Protocol and legal protections for women, and encourage local action, as well as provide an opportunity for people to discuss sensitive issues such as gender violence and harmful cultural practices. Produced by CMFD Productions as part of the People Opposing Women Abuse (POWA) Raising Her Voice Campaign in South Africa, the programme was distributed to community radio stations, organisations, and places of safety.
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4. MoRaba Mobile Game - South Africa
MoRaba is a free game for mobile phones designed to educate South Africa’s township youth on gender-based violence. Multiple choice questions like "A girl will claim she has been raped because..." are designed to help youths navigate tricky situations they face every day in a relevant and entertaining way. In MoRaba, players can’t proceed until they correctly answer questions about gender-based violence. The idea is that every time they play, they will see similar questions in order to reinforce the learning through repeated exposure. Intended for boys and girls between the ages of 13 and 18, MoRaba was commissioned by the Southern African Regional Office of UN Women as part of the UNITE campaign to end Violence Against Women and Girls.
5. Brisons le Silence (Break the Silence) - Cote d'Ivoire
In March 2012, the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Ivory Coast launched Brisons le Silence (Break the Silence), a nationwide social marketing campaign to combat violence against women and girls, including domestic violence, in Cote d’Ivoire. The campaign uses social norms marketing to encourage the reporting of conjugal and partner violence, as well as the support of survivors. Several national artists and celebrities are also participating in the campaign.
6. Informing Refugees and Returnees on Gender Based Violence - DRC
This evaluation report shares experiences and lessons learned by Search for Common Ground in using mobile cinema and radio programming to provide a space for discussion, as well as raise awareness and strengthen prevention, around gender-based violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). According to the report, years of conflict in the DRC have given rise to misogynistic attitudes that have made the country one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a woman, with high levels of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV). Focus group discussions and listener feedback showed that mobile cinema screening and radio programming implemented by SFCG has helped to initiate a free and open forum for dialogue around SGBV.
Founded in December 2010, two months after the launch of the African Women's Decade, Make Every Woman Count (MEWC) is a young African women-led organisation that promotes and advocates for the empowerment and rights of African women and girls. The 2012 African Women's Decade report is part of an annual series being published yearly throughout the 10-year duration of the African Women’s Decade. To download the report, please visit the MEWC website.
ADRESSING GBV AND HIV
7. Analysis of Services to Address Gender-based Violence in Three Countries (March 2012)
By Kai Spratt
According to this report, because gender-based violence (GBV) is widely recognised as both a cause and a consequence of HIV infection, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has identified reducing GBV as one of its five high-priority gender strategies. As part of this effort, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)'s AIDSTAR-One conducted case studies in three countries where GBV services were available: Vietnam, Ecuador, and Swaziland. The case studies and this accompanying findings report aim to identify and share promising programmatic approaches and disseminate key elements of success for replication and scale-up.
8. Addressing Sexual Violence and HIV in Department of Correctional Services: A Guide for Working with Members of the Department of Correctional Services - South Africa (June 2012)
This guide was produced to build the capacity of Department of Correctional Services members to address inmate vulnerabilities to HIV and sexual abuse in South Africa's prisons. Developed by Just Detention International and Sonke Gender Justice Network, it is intended to be used in workshop settings as a resource and facilitation guide for those working on issues of gender, HIV, sexual violence, and prisons.
9. Gender-Based Violence and HIV/AIDS: Emerging Lessons from the PEPFAR Initiative in Tanzania (July 2012)
By Janet Fleischman
In this Global Health Policy Center report, the effectiveness and potential of the PEPFAR GBV initiative is analysed. As country studies show a four-fold higher risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women in countries with elevated levels of GBV, this initiative works to strengthen GBV and HIV programmes. In Tanzania, the initiative seeks to provide comprehensive services for survivors of GBV, strengthen community-based responses and referral networks, and work with men on changing attitudes and behaviours.
10. Program Guide for Integrating GBV Prevention and Response in PEPFAR Programs (Oct 2011)
Published by AIDSTAR-One, this guide is designed to serve as a tool for programme managers seeking to address gender-based violence (GBV) within their programmes - including through direct services for GBV survivors, community mobilisation to address the root causes of violence, capacity building for service providers, and policy change and leadership to create an enabling environment for preventing, addressing, and ending GBV. Specifically, it is intended to assist PEPFAR programme managers to integrate a basic response to GBV within existing HIV programmes and to establish linkages with other efforts that are addressing GBV.
11. Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) - AIDSTAR-One Case Study Series (Feb 2012)
By Dianne Gardsbane and Sizakele Hlatshwayo
This case study, published by AIDSTAR-One, shares the experience of the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) organisation. According to the case study, entrenched gender inequality is a major contributor to Swaziland's HIV prevalence rate, which in turn, hinders poverty reduction and national development activities. For the past ten years, SWAGAA has been addressing the links between the HIV epidemic, gender-based violence, and human rights. The case study identifies key challenges as sustainability of funding, slow policy response, limited internal capacity, and serving men as clients.
16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence is an international campaign originating from the first Women's Global Leadership Institute coordinated by the Center for Women's Global Leadership in 1991. The 16 Days Campaign is used as an organising strategy by individuals and groups around the world to call for the elimination of all forms of violence against women. The 2012 16 Days Campaign continues with the global theme: From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Let’s Challenge Militarism and End Violence Against Women! To download resources and the campaign toolkit, visit the website.
12. In Her Shoes: Toolkit for Reflecting on Violence against Women in Sub-Saharan Africa (2011)
Developed by the GBV Prevention Network in collaboration with over 100 network members, In Her Shoes is an interactive, educational tool designed to raise awareness about the day-to-day reality for women experiencing violence and encourage activism among service providers and community members. The toolkit comprises a handbook, personal stories, and station cards (illustrating different steps/situations women face) which take participants through an exercise allowing them to walk in the shoes of women who are experiencing violence. The exercise also provides space for discussion about violence against women, as well as a space for brainstorming about how to better support women and prevent violence.
13. Mobilising Men in Practice: Challenging Sexual and Gender-based Violence in Institutional Settings - Tools, Stories, Lessons (2012)
By Alan Greig and Jerker Edström
Since early 2010, the Institute for Development Studies, with support from United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), has partnered with implementing civil society organisations in India, Kenya, and Uganda to identify, recruit, train and support teams of male activists to work with women in developing campaigns to challenge and change the policies and cultures of specific institutional settings that condone or even fuel sexual and gender-based violence. This report brings together the stories and lessons learned from this work, as well as some of the tools used by the partners in India (Centre for Health and Social Justice), Kenya (Men for Gender Equality Now), and Uganda (Refugee Law Project).
14. Women's Voices: eLetter from the Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice
Women's Voices is the regular eLetter produced by the Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice. In the newsletter, the organisation provides updates and analysis on political developments, the pursuit of justice and accountability, the participation of women in peace talks, and reconciliation efforts from the perspective of women's rights activists within armed conflict situations, specifically those countries under investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) including Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Darfur, the Central African Republic (CAR), Kenya, Libya, and Côte d'Ivoire.
15. Toolkit for Integrating LGBTI Issues into HIV and GBV Prevention
Edited by Parnell Mugoni
This toolkit, published by Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) community. It was published to provide accurate and necessary information pertaining to African sexualities, human sexuality, and sexual minorities, and specifically addresses how sexual orientation and gender identity relates to and interconnects with HIV and gender-based violence. The toolkit includes a facilitator's handbook on integrating LGBTI issues into HIV and GBV prevention programmes, as well as information booklets related to LGBTI rights and protection as human rights.
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